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Current Obesity Reports

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734205/correction-to-psychosocial-concerns-following-bariatric-surgery-current-status
#1
Melissa A Kalarchian, Marsha D Marcus
A word was inadvertently omitted in the original version of this article.
February 8, 2019: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729382/obesity-in-south-asia-phenotype-morbidities-and-mitigation
#2
REVIEW
Anoop Misra, Ranil Jayawardena, Shajith Anoop
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity has increased in South Asian countries that are still grappling with undernutrition. In this review, we highlight the characteristics of obesity, its relation to morbidities, and its management in South Asians. A literature search was conducted using relevant search engines and based on key words focusing on obesity in South Asians. RECENT FINDINGS: The increasing trend in obesity prevalence is caused by imbalanced diets and physical inactivity...
February 7, 2019: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706243/a-critical-examination-of-the-practical-implications-derived-from-the-food-addiction-concept
#3
REVIEW
Adrian Meule
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adopting an addiction perspective on eating disorders and obesity may have practical implications for diagnostic classification, prevention, and treatment of these disorders. The present article critically examines these implications derived from the food addiction concept. RECENT FINDINGS: Introducing food addiction as a new disorder in diagnostic classification system seems redundant as most individuals with an addiction-like eating behavior are already covered by established eating disorder diagnoses...
January 31, 2019: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30701372/loss-of-control-eating-and-obesity-among-children-and-adolescents
#4
REVIEW
Meghan E Byrne, Sarah LeMay-Russell, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes findings on pediatric loss-of-control (LOC) eating and obesity published since 2013 in relation to physiological, socioenvironmental, and psychological factors. RECENT FINDINGS: LOC eating and obesity are highly comorbid in youth. Genetic and physiological risk factors are associated with the development of LOC eating. Adverse physiological outcomes of LOC eating include increased risk for overweight and obesity and greater dysfunction in components of metabolic syndrome...
January 30, 2019: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30666619/women-s-use-of-social-media-what-is-the-evidence-about-their-impact-on-weight-management-and-body-image
#5
REVIEW
Audrée-Anne Dumas, Sophie Desroches
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: This review aims to summarize recent research on the effects of social media-delivered weight management interventions on weight loss and the impact of social media use on body image concerns in women and adolescent girls. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence supports the feasibility, but not the efficacy, of studies using single-component social media-delivered weight management interventions (i.e., including no other modes of intervention delivery) in women...
January 21, 2019: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30659459/psychosocial-concerns-following-bariatric-surgery-current-status
#6
REVIEW
Melissa A Kalarchian, Marsha D Marcus
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this paper is to review the current status of research on psychosocial concerns following bariatric surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Bariatric surgery has a positive overall impact on weight and obesity-related comorbidities, as well as a positive short-term impact on mental health and psychosocial functioning. Nonetheless, research has documented a number of different psychosocial concerns that may emerge following surgery including maladaptive eating, substance use disorders, suicide, lack of social support, and excess skin...
January 18, 2019: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30368736/bipolar-disorder-and-obesity-contributing-factors-impact-on-clinical-course-and-the-role-of-bariatric-surgery
#7
REVIEW
Noreen A Reilly-Harrington, Emily H Feig, Jeff C Huffman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a severe, common, and chronic affective disorder. This review highlights the BD and obesity connection and the role of treatments for obesity in this population. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients with BD are at a significantly increased risk for obesity, as compared to those without BD, with obesity serving as a proxy for severity and predictor of poorer outcome. BD is characterized by substantial medical burden, with obesity-related conditions contributing to premature mortality...
December 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30361871/towards-an-individualized-nutrition-treatment-role-of-the-gastrointestinal-microbiome-in-the-interplay-between-diet-and-obesity
#8
REVIEW
Solveig A Adalsteinsdottir, Ola K Magnusdottir, Thorhallur I Halldorsson, Bryndis E Birgisdottir
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dietary treatments for obesity have relatively low long-term success. Recent studies have identified the gastrointestinal microbiome as a factor of high relevance. The current knowledge on the interplay between diet, obesity, and the gastrointestinal microbiome and the potential for individualized dietary treatment will be discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies indicate that each individual digests and metabolizes identical food substances differently depending on their gastrointestinal microbiome composition...
December 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30349968/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-bangladesh-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Sujan Banik, Mitanoor Rahman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The increasing prevalence of overweight/obesity is a leading public health concern in high-, middle-, and low-income countries. Our study aimed to present published data on the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Bangladeshi children, adolescents, and adults. In this systemic literature review, electronic search engines of PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, and the Bangladesh Journals Online were used to find relevant articles published between 2007 and 2017 based on predefined inclusion/exclusion principles...
December 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30315490/risk-factors-and-implications-of-childhood-obesity
#10
REVIEW
Susann Weihrauch-Blüher, Susanna Wiegand
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes our current understanding of factors associated with childhood obesity, including latest prevalence rates, effectiveness of intervention strategies, and risk for concomitant disease later in life. RECENT FINDINGS: Obesity has reached global dimensions, and prevalence of childhood obesity has increased eightfold since 1975. Interventions for obesity prevention have mainly focused on behavioral settings to date, i.e., interventions that have focused on behavioral changes of the individuum such as increasing daily physical exercise or optimizing diet...
December 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30220074/obesity-and-sexual-functioning
#11
REVIEW
David B Sarwer, Alexis J Hanson, Jessica Voeller, Kristine Steffen
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Sexual functioning is an important, yet often overlooked, aspect of quality of life for many individuals with obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: With the growing recognition of obesity as a significant, international public health issue, a developing body of research has investigated the relationship between obesity and sexual functioning. Several studies have found that obesity is associated with impairments in sexual functioning. The mechanisms of this relationship, whether physiological, psychosocial, or a combination of the two, are yet to be fully elucidated...
December 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30155850/epidemiology-of-obesity-in-adults-latest-trends
#12
REVIEW
Yosuke Inoue, Bo Qin, Jennifer Poti, Rebeccah Sokol, Penny Gordon-Larsen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: An increasing trend in obesity prevalence since the early 1980s has posed a significant population health burden across the globe. We conducted a systematic review for studies using measured anthropometry to examine trends in obesity in the USA published from 2012 to 2018 and for systematic reviews to document trends in obesity across the globe published from 2014 to 2018. RECENT FINDINGS: For the USA, the only nationally representative data source capturing trends in obesity in this period was the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which uses repeated cross-sectional data to document national trends in obesity in the USA...
December 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30145771/classic-and-novel-adipocytokines-at-the-intersection-of-obesity-and-cancer-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-strategies
#13
REVIEW
Nikolaos Spyrou, Konstantinos I Avgerinos, Christos S Mantzoros, Maria Dalamaga
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we investigate the role of classic and novel adipocytokines in cancer pathogenesis synopsizing the mechanisms underlying the association between adipocytokines and malignancy. Special emphasis is given on novel adipocytokines as new evidence is emerging regarding their entanglement in neoplastic development. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent data have emphasized the role of the triad of overweight/obesity, insulin resistance and adipocytokines in cancer...
December 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30099727/australia-s-progress-in-improving-diets-and-preventing-obesity-clear-opportunities-for-action
#14
REVIEW
Jane Martin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Australia, like other developed countries, has a high prevalence of overweight and obesity, in both adults and children. This review examines progress in food policy in Australia, particularly at a national level, around key policy domains as well as in relation to public education. RECENT FINDINGS: Australia lacks a national nutrition strategy or an obesity prevention strategy, incorporating best practice recommendations to improve diets. Examination of current progress shows patchy implementation of key food policy initiatives and significant gaps, particularly at the federal level...
September 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30069717/disordered-eating-attitudes-and-behaviors-in-youth-with-overweight-and-obesity-implications-for-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Jacqueline F Hayes, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Anna M Karam, Jessica Jakubiak, Mackenzie L Brown, Denise E Wilfley
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Children with obesity experience disordered eating attitudes and behaviors at high rates, which increases their risk for adult obesity and eating disorder development. As such, it is imperative to screen for disordered eating symptoms and identify appropriate treatments. RECENT FINDINGS: Family-based multicomponent behavioral weight loss treatment (FBT) is effective at treating childhood obesity and demonstrates positive outcomes on psychosocial outcomes, including disordered eating...
September 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30051313/personality-traits-and-weight-loss-surgery-outcome
#16
REVIEW
Irene Generali, Chiara De Panfilis
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: To update the recent findings on the influence of personality features on postoperative weight loss in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Several studies investigated the influence of pre-surgical psychological variables on the outcome of bariatric surgery, but the effective role of personality factors (i.e., both normal personality traits and personality disturbances) in shaping bariatric surgery outcome is still unclear...
September 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30022469/investing-for-health-potential-mechanisms-for-the-investment-community-to-contribute-to-obesity-prevention-and-improved-nutrition
#17
REVIEW
Gary Sacks, Ella Robinson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is a critical need for corporations to be part of the solutions to major societal issues, such as obesity. Investment decisions can have a substantial impact on both corporate practices and population health. This paper aimed to explore potential mechanisms for incorporating obesity and related nutrition considerations into responsible investment (RI) approaches. RECENT FINDINGS: We found that there are a number of available strategies for the investment community to incorporate obesity considerations into their decisions...
September 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29704182/early-childhood-obesity-risk-factors-socioeconomic-adversity-family-dysfunction-offspring-distress-and-junk-food-self-medication
#18
REVIEW
Erik Hemmingsson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To explore the sequence and interaction of infancy and early childhood risk factors, particularly relating to disturbances in the social environment, and how the consequences of such exposures can promote weight gain and obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: This review will argue that socioeconomic adversity is a key upstream catalyst that sets the stage for critical midstream risk factors such as family strain and dysfunction, offspring insecurity, stress, emotional turmoil, low self-esteem, and poor mental health...
June 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29700718/intermittent-fasting-is-the-wait-worth-the-weight
#19
REVIEW
Mary-Catherine Stockman, Dylan Thomas, Jacquelyn Burke, Caroline M Apovian
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the underlying mechanisms and potential benefits of intermittent fasting (IF) from animal models and recent clinical trials. RECENT FINDINGS: Numerous variations of IF exist, and study protocols vary greatly in their interpretations of this weight loss trend. Most human IF studies result in minimal weight loss and marginal improvements in metabolic biomarkers, though outcomes vary. Some animal models have found that IF reduces oxidative stress, improves cognition, and delays aging...
June 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29696560/prevention-of-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-and-postpartum-weight-retention
#20
REVIEW
Nemencio A Nicodemus
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the current evidence on the prevention of excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) and reduction of postpartum weight retention (PPWR) by lifestyle intervention and pharmacotherapy. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent findings demonstrate that tailored nutrition counseling and adapting certain eating patterns, supervised exercise programs aiming at achieving at least moderate level of physical activity, and interactive and monitored behavior change interventions are effective in reducing excessive GWG and PPWR...
June 2018: Current Obesity Reports
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