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Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics

Nihaya A Al-Sheyab, Mahmoud A Alomari, Audai A Hayajneh, Smita Shah
Background and aims: There is an urgent need to address the role of healthy diet and behaviors promoting health among school adolescents in order to tailor appropriate interventions in Jordanian schools. This study aims to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Arabic version of Students As LifeStyle Activists (SALSA) survey alongside Jordanian adolescents' attitudes and perceived barriers to healthy eating and physical activity. Methods: This study uses baseline data from a randomized controlled trial recruiting school students from 29 male and 27 female public high schools that have grades 7 and 8...
2019: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Lavinia Teixeira-Machado, Josimari M DeSantana
Purpose: One of the most limiting conditions in cerebral palsy (CP) is the impairment in musculoskeletal mobility. CP may impair the ability to perform efficient movements. The aim of this trial was to investigate the effect of dance on the range of motion (ROM) of lower limbs in young people with CP. Patients and methods: the randomized clinical trial consisted of two groups: dance group (DG) and control group (CG). Both of them underwent a 1-hour treatment, twice a week, for 2 months...
2019: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Milena Cioana, Devin Peterson, Paul Missiuna, Ron El-Hawary, Timothy Carey, Murray A Potter, Laura Banfield, Lehana Thabane, M Constantine Samaan
In this report, we document the discussions and recommendations of a national conference designed to create a coalition to tackle adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) held on June 6 and 7, 2017 in Hamilton, ON, Canada. The goal of the establishment of this coalition is to join the efforts of patients, parents, physicians, researchers and other stakeholders to identify stakeholders' perspectives and to categorize gaps in knowledge and target further AIS research and clinical care priorities. The participants' main priorities included focus on shared decision making regarding clinical and research priorities between the stakeholders on the clinical, research and policy sides with patients and families...
2019: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Nihaya A Al-Sheyab, Mahmoud A Alomari, Omar F Khabour, Khulood K Shattnawi, Karem H Alzoubi
Background: School students' views and perceptions of informed parental consent and child assent about child participation in research in the Middle East are not known. Methods: Focus group interviews were conducted to understand high school students' perspectives toward child and adolescent assents and consents in research including the importance of, and depth of information needed in consent and assent, and perception toward written vs verbal consent and assent...
2019: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Abbey B Berenson, Mihyun Chang, Jacqueline M Hirth, Kevin H Merkley
Background: Cosmetic contact lenses (CCL) are popular among adolescents, but incorrect use can harm the eye. Methods: This study assessed CCL hygiene behaviors among adolescents attending a Texas pediatric clinic. Anonymous surveys about CCL hygiene practices were administered to adolescents 13-18 years old. Results: We found that 14% (53/392) of respondents had worn CCL, of which 83% were females. Over 70% reported first use at <15 years old...
2019: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Brian C Zanoni, Ryan J Elliott, Anne M Neilan, Jessica E Haberer
Introduction: Compared to adults, adolescents and young adults have a higher incidence of HIV infection, yet lower rates of HIV testing. Few evidence-based interventions effectively diagnose new HIV infections among adolescents while successfully providing linkage to care. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of recent interventions to increase HIV testing among adolescents and young adults using data retrieved from PubMed and Google Scholar, and using abstracts presented at the International AIDS Society conferences and Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections published between January 1, 2015, and April 28, 2018...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Jean Marc Guilé, Laure Boissel, Stéphanie Alaux-Cantin, Sébastien Garny de La Rivière
Using the same Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth version ( DSM-V ) criteria as in adults, borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adolescents is defined as a 1-year pattern of immature personality development with disturbances in at least five of the following domains: efforts to avoid abandonment, unstable interpersonal relationships, identity disturbance, impulsivity, suicidal and self-mutilating behaviors, affective instability, chronic feelings of emptiness, inappropriate intense anger, and stress-related paranoid ideation...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Peter Nyasulu, Mercedes Fredericks, Tariro J Basera, Sean Broomhead
Background: The historically marginalized Platfontein San youths have a high rate of teenage pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge and perception of male and female school-going youths in Platfontein of STIs and HIV/AIDS, and the health care services that are available to them. Participants and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey with a sample of 201 learners in grades 6-12 at the !Xunkwesa Combined School in Platfontein was conducted in July 2007...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Abbas Moghimbeigi, Meisam Moghimbeygi, Majid Dousti, Faezeh Kiani, Fatemeh Sayehmiri, Nourkhoda Sadeghifard, Ali Nazari
Introduction: Enterococcus is responsible for 10% of hospital-acquired infections. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the prevalence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) isolates in Iran using a meta-analysis method. Materials and methods: Iranian databases, including Magiran and IranDoc, and international databases, including PubMed and MedLib, were examined carefully, and a total of 20 articles published between 2000 and 2011 were extracted. The data were subjected to meta-analysis and random-effects models...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Sarah Lea, Rachel M Taylor, Ana Martins, Lorna A Fern, Jeremy S Whelan, Faith Gibson
Purpose: Teenage and young adult cancer care in England is centralized around 13 principal treatment centers, alongside linked "designated" hospitals, following recommendations that this population should have access to age-appropriate care. The term age-appropriate care has not yet been defined; it is however the explicit term used when communicating the nature of specialist care. The aim of this study was to develop an evidence-based, contextually relevant and operational model defining age-appropriate care for teenagers and young adults with cancer...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Rhoda Nakiriba, Roy William Mayega, Thereza Piloya, Nicolette Nabukeera-Barungi, Richard Idro
Background: There is limited information on dysglycemia in adolescents in low-income countries. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with dysglycemia among boarding secondary school adolescent girls in a peri-urban district. Methods: The design was a cross-sectional survey. A total of 688 adolescents from four randomly selected girls-only boarding secondary schools in Wakiso District, Uganda, participated in this study...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
E Danielle Sims, Sama Anvari, Yung Lee, Zainab Samaan, Laura Banfield, Lehana Thabane, M Constantine Samaan
Purpose: Several countries are legalizing the use of medicinal cannabis and easing restrictions on its recreational use. While adults have been the primary target of these initiatives, expanding access to cannabis will likely lead to increased use by children. While the effects of cannabis on pediatric neuropsychological and mental health outcomes have been broadly studied, there are limited data on the physical health effects of cannabis, including endocrine health. Animal studies have shown that chronic cannabis use leads to delayed sexual maturation; however, its effects on pubertal outcomes in children are not well studied...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Sarah Lea, Ana Martins, Sue Morgan, Jamie Cargill, Rachel M Taylor, Lorna A Fern
Purpose: The Internet is a fully integrated part of young people's life and it is pivotal that online resources are developed to maximize the potential of the Internet to support those living with and beyond cancer. We sought to understand how young people with a cancer diagnosis use the Internet and to what extent information and support needs are met by existing online resources. Patients and methods: This was a participatory action research study involving 21 young people participating in workshops and individual interviews...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Jessica Keim-Malpass, Austin C Cohrs, Lisa C Lindley, Douglas L Leslie
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to generate baseline data on the health characteristics, health care utilization, and health care spending among privately insured adolescents and young adults (AYA), who were enrolled in hospice care during their last year of life. Methods: A retrospective, nonexperimental design was used to collect and analyze longitudinal claims data from the Truven Health MarketScan™ database. The sample included AYA (aged 15-24 years) who utilized hospice during their last year of life...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Christine A Limbers, L Adelyn Cohen, Bethany A Gray
Males have largely been underrepresented in the eating disorder (ED) peer-reviewed literature. The current review paper examines prevalence rates, ED symptom presentation, and assessment and treatment strategies relevant to adolescent and young adult males. Adolescent and young adult males often report a greater desire to be bigger and more muscular compared to their female counterparts. Due to concerns that contemporary ED assessment tools are over reliant on items that evaluate stereotypically feminine indicators of ED pathology, male-specific ED measures, such as the Eating Disorder Assessment for Men, have been developed...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Christine Hong Ting Yang, Aparna Goel, Aijaz Ahmed
Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) affects an estimated 0.1%-2% of the pediatric population in the United States. While the clinical course in young children is indolent, adolescents who contract HCV have a disease course similar to adults, with a 26-fold increased risk of chronic liver disease-associated mortality, hepatocellular carcinoma, and need for curative liver transplantation. Furthermore, adolescent patients are entering childbearing age and carry a risk of passing HCV to their offspring via vertical transmission...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Takashi Takeda, Masami Shiina
Background: Catastrophic disasters such as great earthquakes cause tremendous physical and mental damage. We previously reported that the Great East Japan Earthquake worsened premenstrual symptoms among adolescent girls in the disaster-stricken area. Objectives: We reanalyzed these data to determine the positive effects of education on premenstrual symptoms. Materials and methods: Annual school-based surveys about premenstrual syndrome (PMS) or premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) have been conducted in Sendai since 2009...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Victoria Forcina, Branavan Vakeesan, Chelsea Paulo, Laura Mitchell, Jennifer Ah Bell, Seline Tam, Kate Wang, Abha A Gupta, Jeremy Lewin
Purpose: Although cancer clinical trials (CT) offer opportunities for novel treatments that may lead to improved outcomes, adolescents and young adults (AYA) are less likely to participate in these trials as compared to younger children and older adults. We aimed to identify the perceptions and attitudes toward CT in AYA that influence trial participation. Materials and methods: A systematic review of cancer literature was conducted that assessed perceptions and attitudes toward CT enrollment limited to AYA patients (defined as age 15-39)...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Anne Marie Kleinke, Carl Friedrich Classen
Purpose: For adolescents and young adults (AYAs), a cancer diagnosis represents an extraordinary strike in a vulnerable phase of life. They have special needs that the medical system has to take into consideration, and they exhibit a lower degree of therapy adherence than both older and younger patients. The purpose of this study was first to analyze the adherence of AYAs with cancer compared to a group of older patients and, second, to determine correlated parameters, with focus on the psychosocial interaction between physicians and patients...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Parya Saberi, Kristin Ming, Carol Dawson-Rose
Purpose: Given the consistent associations between younger age and numerous suboptimal clinical outcomes, there is a critical need for more research in youth living with human immunodeficiency virus (YLWH) and tailoring of health care delivery to the unique and complex needs of this population. The objective of this study was to examine the facilitators of and barriers to engagement in care among YLHW at the system and provider/staff level, as well as the barriers to using technology-based forms of communication with YLWH to improve retention and engagement in care...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
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