Eoin F Cleere, Mel Corbett, Anne-Marie Quinn, Thavakumar Subramaniam
Parathyroid cysts are a rare clinical entity that may arise in the neck or mediastinum. They are more common in women and generally present in the fourth and fifth decades of life. Diagnosis of parathyroid cysts is challenging, and despite thorough radiological and cytological investigation, they are often mistaken for thyroid pathology. Definitive diagnosis is often only confirmed following complete surgical resection and histopathological analysis. We present the case of a woman who was referred to our outpatient clinic with a left-sided neck mass and associated compressive symptoms...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Jeon Mi Lee, Hyun Jin Lee, Sung Huhn Kim
We report a case of conductive hearing loss caused by isolated congenital stapedial suprastructure fixation with normal footplate mobility. A 60-year-old woman visited the clinic for right-sided mixed hearing loss. Exploratory tympanotomy revealed a bony synostosis between the stapedial suprastructure and promontory, while all the ossicles were present and normally shaped. As the bony synostosis was separated, the stapes became mobile. This is the first report in the medical literature of this congenital ear anomaly...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Saikrishna Ananthapadmanabhan, Joe Jabbour, David Brown, Vanaja Sivapathasingam
Objective: Autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED) is a rare disorder characterized by rapidly progressive, sensorineural hearing loss that demonstrates good responsiveness to corticosteroid and immunosuppressive therapy. The pathophysiology is likely driven by chronic trafficking of immune cells into the inner ear, targeting inner ear proteins to coordinate inflammation. Suppression or modulation of the immune response can minimize cochleitis allowing for potential recovery of hearing. It is an otologic emergency requiring a multidisciplinary approach to management to commence immunosuppressive therapy...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Holly Jones, Justin Hintze, Adrien Gendre, Clifton Wijaya, Fergal Glynn, Laura Viani, Peter Walshe
Objectives: Persistent stapedial artery (PSA) is a rare congenital anomaly that can complicate middle ear surgery. Methods: We present the case of a 25-year-old male who underwent right-sided cochlear implantation. A PSA was encountered lying over the middle promontory intraoperatively. Results: The PSA was carefully lifted off the middle ear promontory using a Hughes elevator to divide adhesions and delineate the artery. The implant electrode was placed through the round window niche in the usual fashion...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
S Tüpker, N Ay, L U Scholtz, H B Gehl, V F Mautner, P Goon, H Sudhoff, I Todt
OBJECTIVE: The vestibular schwannoma incidence rate is approximately 4.2 per 100,000/year. Thus far, about 700,000 cochlear implantations have been performed worldwide; therefore, the occurrence of vestibular schwannoma postcochlear implantations can be assumed to be infrequent. Recent developments allow safe observation and surveillance of the implanted-side internal auditory canal (IAC) and cochlea by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), even after cochlear implantation. Patients . A 71-year-old woman with sudden hearing loss and a contralateral vestibular schwannoma without clinical and genetic signs of neurofibromatosis type II...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Abdullah A Alarfaj, Ahmed Zekri, Ibrahim Alyaeesh, Ahmed Alomairin, Abdulrahman Al Naim
Thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDCs) are common developmental anomalies in which the thyroglossal duct is not obliterated. Coexisting papillary thyroid cancer and TGDC are uncommon and should be investigated thoroughly to rule out TGDC carcinoma. We report a rare case of coexisting papillary thyroid cancer and TGDC in a 48-year-old man, who presented with a history of recurrent mild painful midline neck swelling, and ultrasound (US) revealed a TGDC that was subsequently managed conservatively. On follow-up after 1...
2021: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Foteini-Stefania Koumpa, Mark Ferguson, Hesham Saleh
Postoperative pain following a septoplasty is expected to be mild and limited to a few days after the operation. Chronic pain following the procedure is rare. No cases of delayed-onset neuropathic pain or allodynia have been described in the literature. This paper presents a case of delayed-onset neuropathic pain after septoplasty in a previously pain-free asthmatic patient that was successfully managed by administration of intranasal local anaesthesia. Physical examination and imaging excluded any other cause of neuralgia...
2021: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Yazeed M Qadadha, Nainika Nanda, Chad Ennis, Timothy McCulloch
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is a generally accepted tool for safe diagnostic evaluation in the workup of lesions and masses. Aside from the commonly discussed risks of infection and minor bleeding related to skin puncture, other more serious complications have been reported sparingly. We present two cases of pneumothorax from FNA of neck structures, which have been theorized but not previously reported to our knowledge. Discussion of cases of this complication rather than solely a theoretical understanding of it will aid in diagnosis and management of this complication...
2021: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
W X Yeo, C Y Chan, K K H Tan
Congenital vocal fold paralysis (VFP) is an important cause of respiratory compromise in infants. It can either be unilateral or bilateral, while imaging is routinely performed for bilateral VFP to evaluate for potential neurological causes, and such a practice may not be routine for unilateral VFP. While many of the unilateral VFP cases are idiopathic, the cause may occasionally be more sinister in nature, such as tumors. Therefore, unless an obvious cause of unilateral VFP is present (such as cardiac surgery or birth trauma), routine imaging of the brain, neck, and mediastinum should be performed for congenital unilateral VFP...
2021: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Erin Mulry, Danielle M Blake, Poornima Hegde, Todd E Falcone
Sinonasal malignancies are known for their associated poor prognosis and diversity of histologic features. While poor prognosis is largely due to advanced disease at presentation, histologic features also play a significant role. Therefore, accurate pathologic diagnosis is of utmost importance. Here, we describe a 63-year-old male with chronic left-sided nasal obstruction and left-sided epistaxis who was found to have a large mass occupying most of the nasal cavity extending through the nasopharynx to just below the nasopharyngeal surface of the soft palate...
2021: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Mathieu Chamberland, Marc-Antoine Poulin, Danielle Beaudoin
INTRODUCTION: Triple "A" syndrome (TAS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that presents in childhood with achalasia cardia, alacrima, ACTH-resistant adrenal insufficiency, with sensorimotor and autonomic polyneuropathy developing later in the course of the disease. Case Presentation . An adult white male affected by this syndrome underwent an uneventful total thyroidectomy for malignancy and suffered delayed bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy in the early postoperative hours...
2021: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Nicholas Figaro, Rickhi Ramoutar, Rodolfo Arozarena, Dawn Meyers, Solaiman Juman
Anaplastic large cell lymphoma is a rare subtype of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The morphological diversity with which its anaplastic cells confer make the diagnosis of this hematological entity extremely challenging to the pathologist in a resource poor setting. We present a case of a 35-year-old male with a nasopharyngeal mass and cervical lymphadenopathy and the adversities faced by out otolaryngology department with obtaining the diagnosis of ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma.
2021: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Franck Katembo Sikakulya, Sonye Magugu Kiyaka, Robert Masereka, Robinson Ssebuufu
Background: Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a rare cerebrofacial abnormality resulting from the complete or partial failure of the diverticulation and cleavage of the primitive forebrain. It has an incidence at birth of 1:16000. Case Presentation . We report a case of a 2600 g newborn female delivered by an HIV-infected mother in whom an antenatal ultrasound scan at 34 weeks' gestation reported features of fetal alobar holoprosencephaly. The neonate was born with cebocephaly, a monkey-like head, and did not survive for more than 30 minutes following delivery by caesarian section despite oxygen therapy...
2021: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Apichana Mahattanapreut, Rangsima Aroonroch, Chalermchai Chintrakarn, Chutintorn Sriphrapradang
Deep neck infection is defined as an infectious process in the potential spaces and fascial plane of the neck which may result in a fatal complication. Prompt drainage and broad-spectrum antibiotics are the mainstays of treatment. Deep neck infection as the initial presentation of primary head and neck cancer is not common. Nevertheless, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma is the most common primary head and neck cancer, which could present with cervical metastasis and subsequently becomes infected. Papillary thyroid cancer has a naturally indolent course, and most patients present with a thyroid nodule...
2021: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Kohei Matsuo, Satoshi Tanaka, Masayuki Sakata, Hiroki Takeda, Akihiro Nagata, Masashi Mori, Rie Ito, Yoshifumi Yamamoto, Kiyonobu Ueno, Atsuhiko Uno
Primary nasopharyngeal mycobacteriosis is a rare disease. We present a case in which skull base bone erosion appeared and was alleviated during the course of the treatment. Bone complications occur in osteoarticular mycobacteriosis, but their occurrence in primary nasopharyngeal mycobacteriosis has not been reported. A 77-year-old immunocompromised Asian woman presented with a right occipitotemporal headache. An ulcerative mass covered with a thick yellowish discharge was found in the roof and posterior walls of the right nasopharynx...
2021: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Junhui Jeong
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a vascular lesion with a direct communication between an artery and a vein without a capillary system. AVM primarily occurs in the intracranial area, but can also occur in the extracranial area. If there is a tender mass with pulsation or recurrent bleeding in the auricle, AVM should be considered even though it rarely occurs in the auricle. AVM in the ear should be managed carefully because the skin is thin in the ear, the cartilage could be involved, and progressive growth or inappropriate management could cause bleeding, infection, and cosmetic problems such as deformity...
2021: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Hannah Gibbs, Rishabh Sethia, Patrick I McConnell, Jennifer H Aldrink, Toshiharu Shinoka, Kent Williams, Kris R Jatana
Button batteries (BBs) are found in many households and are a source of esophageal foreign body in the pediatric population. Upon ingestion, significant caustic injury can occur within 2 hours leading to tissue damage and severe, potentially fatal sequelae. Aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) is a rare complication that nearly always results in mortality. We report a rare case of a toddler who developed an AEF after BB ingestion and survived following staged aortic repair. There should be a high index of suspicion for this complication with the history of BB ingestion and presence of hematemesis, hemoptysis, or melena...
2021: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Takumi Okuda, Shinsuke Ide, Kei Kajihara, Tetsuya Tono
We report a case of amelanotic malignant melanoma (AMM) in a 66-year-old female. AMM of the lingual base was diagnosed based on a biopsy of late metastasis to the bone marrow of the L4 lumbar vertebra. The patient was initially treated with chemoradiotherapy after being misdiagnosed with poorly differentiated human papillomavirus- (HPV-) related squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharyngeal anterior wall. p16 immunostaining is used to diagnose HPV-related oropharyngeal cancer. However, while p16 expression is used as a surrogate marker of HPV infection, it is important to be aware that p16 protein overexpression can also be caused by other factors...
2021: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Ahmad Saeed A Alghamdi, Nasser Almutairi, Ghassan Alokby
Hairy polyps are benign embryological tumors of the head and neck region that are derived from two germinal layers, the ectoderm and mesoderm. At an incidence of 1 : 40000, hairy polyps are considered rare growths. Presenting symptoms of hairy polyps can vary greatly depending on the size and location of the tumor. To the best of our knowledge, our reported case is the first in the literature to highlight an extremely rare occurrence of two separate hairy polyps being simultaneously present in one patient, in the clivus and the nasion, with the presence of meningothelial cells within both tumors, histopathologically...
2021: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Nazli Ay, Ingo Todt, Holger Sudhoff
Objective: Severe epistaxis caused by ruptured intracranial pseudoaneurysms can be effectively treated by coil embolization. This is generally an efficient and safe procedure and provides sufficient protection recurrent epistaxis. However, complications such as aneurysm rupture, arterial dissection, bleeding, and emboli can occur. A dislocation of a nasopharyngeal coil is an extremely rare event. Patient . We present a case of a 61-year-old patient with a recurrent undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with severe epistaxis...
2021: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
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