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Case Reports in Otolaryngology

Lauran Evans, SeHoon Park, Christie Elliott, Courtney Garrett
Ectopic thyroid tissue can deposit anywhere in the body. There are several cases reporting papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) arising from ectopic tissues; however, these cases largely presented with primary PTC within the native thyroid gland as well. Alternatively, some cases report of PTC found solely in an ectopic thyroglossal duct cyst, but reports of isolated malignancy in other types of ectopic thyroid tissue with normal native tissue are sparse throughout the literature. Here, we present an unusual case of PTC in the midline anterior neck that does not appear to be consistent with a thyroglossal duct cyst, accompanied by a completely benign native thyroid gland, of which only few cases have been reported...
2019: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Francisco Monteiro, Pedro Oliveira, Artur Condé
The occurrence of foreign bodies in paranasal sinuses is extremely rare. The symptoms are vague and usually discovered after extra/intracranial complications. They may, therefore, go unnoticed if there isn't a strong clinical suspicion. We present a clinical case of a 64-year-old woman with a paranasal sinus microsurgery history more than 30 years ago, who presented with headache and purulent rhinorrhea. A glass tubular structure was discovered in the ethmoid complex. She underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery...
2019: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Serdal Celik, Osman Kilic, Tulay Zenginkinet, M Tayyar Kalcioglu
Salivary gland tumors are rare among all head and neck tumors. Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most commonly seen subtype, and 85% of the cases are located in the parotid gland. PA may very rarely be seen in minor salivary glands. Minor salivary gland PAs are mostly located in the hard and soft palates. Nasopharyngeal PA is very rare, and a total of 8 cases have been published to date. In this case report, a 51-year-old female patient who had nasopharyngeal PA with chondroid metaplasia is presented, and we review the relevant literature...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Francisco Monteiro, Pedro Oliveira, Artur Condé
This paper presents a case of a perfectly healthy 36-year-old male, who went to the emergency department with a clinical picture of diffuse headache, dizziness, and asthenia with 3 days of evolution, after a long cycling race. He was admitted to the ENT Department with suspected diagnosis of peripheral vertigo. The patient developed hypoesthesia of the face, diplopia, right lateropulsion, and Romberg with preferential rightward fall, and imaging studies demonstrated an extracranial vertebral artery dissection concomitant with PICA territory infarction...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Daniel C O'Brien, Garrett Jones, Maggie Yell, Jason McChesney
Distant metastasis to the jaws, including the maxilla or mandible, is very rare. Although the mandible is the preferred sight of these rare metastases, it is extremely rare for oral cavity malignancies to present as pathological mandibular fractures. Here, we present a case of esophageal adenocarcinoma metastasizing to the mandible, and the first reported case presenting with a pathological mandibular fracture secondary to esophageal adenocarcinoma. We also review the 9 other reported cases of metastatic esophageal adenocarcinoma to either the maxilla or mandible...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Vivian Narana Ribeiro El-Achkar, Andressa Duarte, Fabiano Pinto Saggioro, Francisco Veríssimo De Mello Filho, Jorge Esquiche León, Alfredo Ribeiro-Silva, Estela Kaminagakura
Background: The malignant transformation of laryngeal papillomatosis (LP) into squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) can occur in up to 4% of LP cases. The low-risk HPV types 6 and 11 are those that are most commonly related to LP; however, high-risk HPV types may be present. The present study reviews the literature on cases of malignant transformation of LP in adults and reports a clinical case. Case Report: A 47-year-old male patient exhibiting hoarseness for 4 months presented an exophytic lesion in the right palatine tonsil and a digitiform-like lesion in the right vocal fold...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Kohei Yamahara, Yuki Katsura, Yuki Egawa, Kana Lee, Satoshi Ikegami
The presence of a cartilaginous mass on the bony external auditory canal is an unusual finding. Currently, two different diagnoses have been used to describe this type of mass: chondroma and cartilaginous choristoma. There is currently no consensus on which diagnosis is appropriate for this type of lesion. Choristoma is defined as a tumor-like growth of normal tissue occurring in an abnormal location. Histological examination alone cannot be used to distinguish between cartilaginous choristoma and chondroma, as both lesions comprise normal mature hyaline cartilage...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Habib G Zalzal, Steven Coutras
Objective: To demonstrate lateral pharyngeal wall collapse and increased apnea-hypopnea index in a child posttonsillectomy. Background: Some children have worsening of their sleep symptoms after tonsillectomy for obstructive sleep apnea. This case report demonstrates an open airway on drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) in a child with tonsillar hypertrophy followed by more pronounced airway obstruction related to lateral pharyngeal wall collapse after tonsillectomy...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
James H Kim, Nathan Tu, Bozena Barbara Wrobel
Objectives: To describe a rare case of a paraganglioma arising from the nasal septum and review the diagnosis and management of paragangliomas in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Methods: We present a case of a 70-year-old female presenting with persistent nasal congestion and obstruction. Nasal endoscopy revealed a posterior septal mass approaching the sphenoid sinuses and partially obstructing the nasopharynx. A biopsy of the mass was taken, and histologic analysis confirmed a diagnosis of paraganglioma...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Dionisios A Klonaris, Alexander D Karatzanis, Stylianos G Velegrakis, Eleni D Lagoudakis, Emmanuel P Prokopakis, George A Velegrakis
We present a case of a desmoid tumor recurrence in a patient with a history of a resected desmoid tumor of the right neck area with free surgical margins six months earlier. The neoplasm was found to invade the parapharyngeal space, and wide excision was performed including most of the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM), the thrombosed internal jugular vein (IJV), and the infiltrated spinal accessory nerve (SAN). The histopathologic findings displayed free microscopic margins, with close margins at the site of the parapharyngeal space extension...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
J Vilain, J-C Degols, S Ledeghen
Middle ear adenomatous neuroendocrine tumor (MEANT) poses a diagnostic challenge. Clinical symptoms are nonspecific. Definite diagnosis is made by histopathological analysis of the tumor after a complete surgical resection based on an extensive computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (CT/MRI). Controversial terminology of the neoplasm arises from the differentiation of this tumor composed of both endocrine and exocrine glands. Middle ear (ME) localization is rare and less aggressive than gastrointestinal tract or lung localizations...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Adam M Cassis
We present the case of a young female patient diagnosed with Cogan's syndrome after the rapid onset of profond hearing and vestibular loss with concomitant eye symptoms. After appropriate medical treatment, her hearing did not respond and she underwent bilateral simultaneous cochlear implantation with findings of extensive cochlear ossification in both ears. The case and outcome are described in the body of the paper.
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Nabin Lageju, Prabhat Chandra Thakur, Pravin Kumar Jaiswal
Knowledge of different anatomical structures is very important in parotid surgery to preserve facial nerve. Retromandibular vein is one of the landmarks used to identify facial nerve. So, the relation of the vein with facial nerve is very important in parotid surgery. The typical position of RMV is deep to facial nerve in almost 88% of cases reported in various literatures. Here, we present an unusual position of RMV found during parotid surgery for pleomorphic adenoma.
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Laura Mc Loughlin, Orla Young
Cranial nerve palsy is a rare but recognised complication of epidural anaesthesia, most commonly presenting as diplopia secondary to abducens nerve palsy. While upper cranial nerve palsies have been documented on numerous occasions, lower cranial nerve palsies, including recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy, are exceedingly rare. This case describes a 37-year-old female who, following epidural anaesthesia for spontaneous vaginal delivery of her first child, presented with dysphonia. Flexible laryngoscopy confirmed a left vocal cord palsy, and computed tomography ruled out any mass lesions along the course of the recurrent laryngeal nerve...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Pedro Carneiro de Sousa, Inês Gambôa, Delfim Duarte, Nuno Trigueiros-Cunha
Nontraumatic haematoma of parapharyngeal space is very rare and may cause dysphagia and dyspnea. The authors present a case report of a 74-year-old woman with sudden nontraumatic neck swelling without dyspnea and with left pharyngeal bulging and endolaryngeal displacement. Parathyroid hormone elevation and imaging exams confirmed bleeding from a parathyroid adenoma. Symptoms and signs resolved after one week of conservative treatment. There are few cases of parapharyngeal haematomas caused by parathyroid adenomas...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Marwan Alqunaee, Abdullah Aldaihani, Mohammed AlHajery
Lymphoma originating from the middle ear is rare. The diagnosis of lymphoma as with other cancers of the temporal bone is often made late, and this has a negative implication on the treatment and prognosis of the condition. The delay of diagnosis is mainly due to the similar presentation shared with other benign conditions of the middle ear. We present a case of a 62-year-old man who was treated as a case of chronic otitis media for a period of time before presenting with advanced symptoms; a final diagnosis of lymphoma of the middle ear was given...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Yassmeen Abdel-Aty, Michael P Bellew
Introduction: This case report shows successful treatment of a refractory sternocleidomastoid branch of the superior thyroid artery (SBSTA) pseudoaneurysm using endovascular glue embolization in a patient who refused surgery. Case Presentation: A 63-year-old female with multiple comorbidities presented with a firm 7 cm tender mass located in the right neck. Ultrasound showed pseudoaneurysm and a 7 × 3.3 × 4 cm multilobular hematoma in the location of the previous central line...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Shori Tajima, Takashi Anzai, Rina Matsuoka, Hiroko Okada, Takuma Ide, Mitsuhisa Fujimaki, Shota Kaya, Shin Ito, Katsuhisa Ikeda
Deep neck abscess is a life-threatening infection that causes laryngeal edema and upper airway occlusion. The predominant bacterial species involved in this disorder is group A streptococcus. Group G streptococcus (GGS) constitutes the normal commensal flora of the human upper airway. Although rarely, it can cause pharyngitis, tonsillitis, and peritonsillar abscess. Here, we report a case of a woman with parapharyngeal abscess caused by GGS. A 56-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with complaints of sore throat and cervical swelling, and a diagnosis of parapharyngeal abscess was established...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Lama S Alalula, Abdullah S Arafat, Riyadh A Alhedaithy, Mohammed Elkrim
In the present case report, we describe a 33-year-old pregnant woman in the third trimester with a history of recurrent epistaxis leading to frequent visits to the emergency department. Each episode of epistaxis was managed by anterior nasal packing. During endoscopic examination, a left nasal mass was seen. She was admitted and managed conservatively until she delivered her baby without complication. After delivery, a CT scan was taken, which showed an enhancing mass in the middle and lower meatus of the nasal cavity with no bony erosions...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Karuna Dewan, Andrew Erman, Jennifer L Long, Dinesh K Chhetri
Tracheoesophageal prosthesis (TEP) is the most common voice restoration method following total laryngectomy. Prosthesis extrusion and aspiration occurs in 3.9% to 6.7% and causes dyspnea. Emergency centers are unfamiliar with management of the aspirated TEP. Prior studies report removal of aspirated TEP prostheses under general anesthesia. Laryngectomees commonly have poor pulmonary function, posing increased risks for complications of general anesthesia. We present a straightforward approach to three cases of aspirated TEP prosthesis removed in the ambulatory setting...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
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