Nikolaj Warming, Stephanie Balslev Andersen, Dan Dupont Hougaard
Introduction . Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of vertigo among adults. The etiology of BPPV is unknown in approximately 50 percent of cases. This condition is also termed primary BPPV, if the etiology is unknown, and secondary BPPV if patients have identified predisposing factors. A few studies suggest that there is a correlation between the development of BPPV and specific sports. Case Report . A 19-year-old male presented with recurrent episodes of vertigo during soccer play...
2023: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Michael Thrull, Khaled Atasi, Lennart-Maximilian Boese, Mahmut Cakar, Ullrich Heller, Nils Jansen, Leoni-Christine Menzel, Hassan Omaimen, Katharina Theis, Damir Karacic, Diyan Dimov, Roland Coras, Randolf Klingebiel
We report the rare occurrence of a temporal glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) showing transdural tumor extension into adjacent mastoid cells. As the dura mater provides a barrier to intraaxial tumors, GBM seldom penetrates into the skull base, even though it is a high-grade astrocytoma with a tendency to spread. Yet, some mechanisms of GBM-induced skull invasion have been identified, making this entity a very rare but nonetheless relevant differential diagnosis in otherwise ambiguous cases of an intracerebral tumor extending into the skull base...
2023: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Mayuko Sasawaki, Kazuhiro Omura, Teru Ebihara, Nobuyoshi Otori
A 69-year-old male patient presented to the hospital with a chief complaint of nasal obstruction. Physical examination revealed swelling of the anterior nasal septum and nasal dorsum and tender indurated oedema of the dorsum of both hands. Blood tests showed an elevated inflammatory response, and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed a polycystic abscess in the nasal septum. Emergency surgery and histopathology were performed on the day of the initial visit for incisional drainage. Intraoperative findings showed white necrosis between the nasal septal cartilage and nasal septal mucosa, as well as white necrosis and pus accumulation in the periosteum and soft tissue of the piriform aperture and the nasal bone...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Thomas Z Gao, Austin Schafer, Abdulrahman Althubaiti, Bonita Fung, Charles Elmaraghy
Lingual leiomyomatous hamartomas are rare lesions of the tongue with largely unknown mechanisms of formation. These lesions are often asymptomatic, though they may present with symptoms, particularly relating to swallow function. Workup should include imaging of the head and neck, and diagnosis should be made histologically. Treatment is surgical excision. This case is a report of a 4-week-old female who presented for evaluation of an asymptomatic 1 × 1 cm dorsal midline tongue mass discovered at birth...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Yu-Wei Chiang, Li-Jen Liao, Chia-Yun Wu, Wu-Chia Lo, Pei-Wei Shueng, Chen-Xiong Hsu, Deng-Yu Guo, Pei-Yu Hou, Pei-Ying Hsieh, Chen-Hsi Hsieh
Background: To explore spotted temporal lobe necrosis (TLN) and changes in brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) in a patient with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Case presentation: a 57-year-old male was diagnosed with stage III NPC, cT1N2M0, in 2017. He underwent concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) with cisplatin (30 mg/m2 ) and 5- fluorouracil (5-FU, 500 mg/m2 ) plus IGRT with 70 Gy in 35 fractions for 7 weeks. The following MRI showed a complete response in the NPC...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Alexander Karatzanis, Kleanthi Mylopotamitaki, Eleni Lagoudaki, Emmanuel Prokopakis, Sofia Agelaki
Clinical evaluation, differential diagnosis, and management of a neck mass constitute commonly encountered problems for the head and neck surgeon. An asymptomatic neck mass in adults may be the only clinical sign of head and neck cancer. A 50-year-old female patient presented with a painless, slowly enlarging, left lateral neck lump. Ultrasonography described a possible lymph node with cystic degeneration, and fine needle aspiration biopsy only detected atypical cells of squamous epithelium. An open biopsy under general anesthesia was performed...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Yilkal Zemene, Tadele Hailu, Josh Wiedermann
Epistaxis in children can be caused by different systemic and local pathologies. Respiratory infections, nasal mucosa dryness, and foreign bodies are some local causes of bleeding from the nose. In developing countries, infestations still contribute a significant proportion of anemia in children. But it is very unusual for leech-causing persistent epistaxis with a consequence of severe anemia. We herein report a rare cause of severe anemia in a 5-year-old child presented to our clinic for persistent epistaxis...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Siwert de Groot
Disturbed pitch perception is a rare but well-known side effect of the antiepileptic drug carbamazepine and its derivates. A patient is presented who used three antidepressants because of depression. After recovering, the medication was continued, but as a violinist, the patient was told that his intonation was too low with the consequence that he was not allowed to participate in the orchestra where he had been for years. After phasing out the medications, his pitch perception returned to normal. This observation is unique as no other examples of this side effect are found in the literature in relation to antidepressants...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Chia Saw, Noel David Friesen, Anthony Bartley
A 14-year-old adolescent was referred to a regional paediatric outpatient clinic with anosmia by her family doctor in Western Australia. The patient has no recollection of her previous ability to smell, suggesting the possibility of congenital anosmia. She was assessed in the paediatric outpatient clinic. A "noncontrast high-resolution MRI-brain scan with Anosmia-Protocol" was requested as the first-line investigation of choice by the treating paediatrician. The MRI was reported as "absence of olfactory tracts with preserved olfactory bulb volume...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
John M Coggins, Charisse Wright, Michael P Underbrink
The COVID-19 pandemic has shown with certainty that SARS-CoV-2 can cause a variety of clinical findings, with some of the most notable being lasting chemosensory changes. Severe infections with SARS-CoV-2 can also lead to a variety of complications. For example, vocal cord paralysis can be caused by trauma sustained during intubation, which is a necessary procedure for many severe cases. Rarely, SARS-CoV-2 related vocal cord paralysis has occurred outside the context of intubation. These cases contribute to an emerging assortment of evidence supporting the neuropathic capacity of SARS-CoV-2...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Hitoshi Sato, Yoshiro Saito, Tatsuya Kitajima, Shunya Egawa, Toshikazu Shimane
Intraneural lipomas in peripheral nerves of cervical lesions are extremely rare and have not been previously reported. We present a 48-year-old male with a gradually increasing right cervical mass since 5 years. He visited our department because of pain and difficulty in raising the right upper limb. A tumor about 80 mm in size was palpable in the right neck along the cervical nerve. The tumor was suspected to involve fatty degeneration in schwannoma of cervical nerve origin, for which intercapsular resection was performed under general anesthesia...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Andrea Dekanić, Nives Jonjić, Anita Savić Vuković
Leiomyosarcomas are rare malignant tumors of smooth muscles. Head and neck involvement by this disease is very rare, and cutaneous leiomoysarcomas of the ear are even rarer. This is way clinically they are usually mistaken for either squamous or basal cell carcinomas, as was the case in an 85-year-old male patient presented in this report. However, the final diagnosis was even more interesting considering that it was a dedifferentiated leiomyosarcoma of the auricle with a heterologous component of osteosarcoma...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Raid Alhayaza, M Anas Dababo, Suresh Velagapudi
Introduction: Acinic cell carcinoma (ACC) is a low-grade malignant salivary neoplasm that represents 17% of all salivary gland malignancies. It has a tendency to affect young individuals, especially females. ACC mainly originates in the parotid gland and has a potential for recurrence and metastases. Rarely, ACC can affect both parotid glands in a single individual. A bilateral ACC of the parotid gland could either present as a synchronous or a metachronous tumor. Case Report. Our patient is a 19-year-old female known case of ACC of the right parotid gland...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Smrithi Chidambaram, Benjamin M Wahle, David S Leonard
Utilization of frontal balloon sinuplasty in pediatric complicated acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) is demonstrated to be a safe and expedient alternative to other procedures such as trephination or functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) in this case series. We performed a retrospective review of six pediatric cases of frontal balloon sinuplasty for ARS with intracranial complications at a tertiary academic center. Patients underwent unilateral ( n  = 5) or bilateral dilation ( n  = 1) in addition to functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) including anterior ethmoidectomy ( n  = 5) and maxillary antrostomy ( n  = 6)...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
R Kim, L U Scholtz, R Jadeed, C J Pfeiffer, H Sudhoff, I Todt
Eustachian tube dilation (ETD) is an established, minimally invasive therapeutic approach for chronic eustachian tube dysfunction. The complications associated with performing a ETD are rare. A 22-year-old female patient presented with chronic otitis media on the right side and chronic obstructive tube dilation disorder on both sides. A type I tympanoplasty was performed on the right side because of a tympanic membrane perforation after a ETD on both sides without apparent complications. On the 5th postoperative day, she presented with headache, dizziness and hearing loss on the right side...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Sai V Nimmagadda, Li-Xing Man, Margo K McKenna, John J Faria, Isaac L Schmale
Objective: To describe a rare case of pediatric actinomycotic rhinosinusitis with orbital subperiosteal abscess and review the current literature to assess methods of diagnosis, treatment modalities, and outcomes with appropriate treatment. Methods: A case report and a review of the literature. Results: A 12-year-old patient with Crohn's disease on infliximab presented with rhinosinusitis with orbital subperiosteal abscess formation. Endoscopic sinus surgery was performed and cultures grew actinomyces...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Eoin F Cleere, Mel Corbett, Anne-Marie Quinn, Thavakumar Subramaniam
Parathyroid cysts are a rare clinical entity that may arise in the neck or mediastinum. They are more common in women and generally present in the fourth and fifth decades of life. Diagnosis of parathyroid cysts is challenging, and despite thorough radiological and cytological investigation, they are often mistaken for thyroid pathology. Definitive diagnosis is often only confirmed following complete surgical resection and histopathological analysis. We present the case of a woman who was referred to our outpatient clinic with a left-sided neck mass and associated compressive symptoms...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Jeon Mi Lee, Hyun Jin Lee, Sung Huhn Kim
We report a case of conductive hearing loss caused by isolated congenital stapedial suprastructure fixation with normal footplate mobility. A 60-year-old woman visited the clinic for right-sided mixed hearing loss. Exploratory tympanotomy revealed a bony synostosis between the stapedial suprastructure and promontory, while all the ossicles were present and normally shaped. As the bony synostosis was separated, the stapes became mobile. This is the first report in the medical literature of this congenital ear anomaly...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Saikrishna Ananthapadmanabhan, Joe Jabbour, David Brown, Vanaja Sivapathasingam
Objective: Autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED) is a rare disorder characterized by rapidly progressive, sensorineural hearing loss that demonstrates good responsiveness to corticosteroid and immunosuppressive therapy. The pathophysiology is likely driven by chronic trafficking of immune cells into the inner ear, targeting inner ear proteins to coordinate inflammation. Suppression or modulation of the immune response can minimize cochleitis allowing for potential recovery of hearing. It is an otologic emergency requiring a multidisciplinary approach to management to commence immunosuppressive therapy...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Holly Jones, Justin Hintze, Adrien Gendre, Clifton Wijaya, Fergal Glynn, Laura Viani, Peter Walshe
Objectives: Persistent stapedial artery (PSA) is a rare congenital anomaly that can complicate middle ear surgery. Methods: We present the case of a 25-year-old male who underwent right-sided cochlear implantation. A PSA was encountered lying over the middle promontory intraoperatively. Results: The PSA was carefully lifted off the middle ear promontory using a Hughes elevator to divide adhesions and delineate the artery. The implant electrode was placed through the round window niche in the usual fashion...
2022: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
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