Journals Case Reports in Obstetrics and...

Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Fatemeh Rahimi-Sharbaf, Mahboobeh Shirazi, Kamran Hessami, Maasoumeh Saleh, Fatemeh Golshahi, Sara Saeedi, Abolfazl Shirdel Abdolmaleki, Seyede Houra Mousavi Vahed, Behnaz Nouri, Behrokh Sahebdel
Twin reversed arterial perfusion (TRAP) sequence or acardiac twin is a rare and severe complication of monochorionic multiple pregnancies. Acardiac twin accounts for 10% of all TRAP sequences, which is the most morphologically developed acardius. We present an undiagnosed TRAP sequence case up to 24 weeks of gestation who underwent successful amnioreduction, radiofrequency ablation (RFA), and intrauterine transfusion (IUT). During follow-up, hydrops of surviving co-twin disappeared, and fetal heart function improved...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Yukihiro Azuma, Koji Yamamoto, Mei Matsumoto, Hiroki Nagata, Ikumi Wada, Keisuke Miyamoto, Fuminori Taniguchi
Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome (MRKHS) is a rare congenital anomaly of the genital tract. Since the secretion of sex hormones from the ovaries is preserved, leiomyomas and adenomyomas, which are estrogen-dependent diseases, may develop from the uterine remnant. In contrast, patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), the most common dystrophy in adults, are considered to be at high risk for benign tumors of the female reproductive system, such as uterine leiomyomas and ovarian cysts. A rare case of huge leiomyomas arising from bilateral uterine remnants in a woman with MRKHS with coexisting DM1 is presented...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Hiroharu Kobayashi, Aimi Oda, Yoshihiko Matsuzaki, Yuki Kondo, Yuri Hamada, Masaru Nagashima, Misa Kobayashi, Yoshihiro Takaki, Hiroshi Adachi
OBJECTIVE: To identify surgical manipulations that caused ureter injury during total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) and evaluate the surgical manipulations to identify ways to prevent such injury. Patients and Methods . This single-center, cross-sectional study included 1135 cases of TLH performed for benign diseases from January 2009 to December 2021. Seven cases (0.6%) that needed ureteral stent placement intra- or postoperatively for ureter injury were included. We identified the surgical manipulations that caused ureter injury from surgical videos...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ghazal Mansouri, Leila Allahqoli, Hamid Salehiniya, Ibrahim Alkatout
Human myiasis is an infestation produced by fly larvae invading the tissues. We present a case of a 40-year-old virgin woman with vulvar myiasis. She reported at the gynecology clinic with a bloody discharge, severe pain, and swelling of the genital area for six days. Her menstrual history revealed the use of folded clothes. She had no specific gynecological disease. At the examination of the external genitalia, a tender mass measuring 6 cm × 4 cm and an ulcer measuring 1 cm × 1 cm on the surface of the labia majora were found...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Margaret Caulkins, Jason Ricciuti, Mohamed Desouki, Katherine LaVigne Mager
Leydig cell hyperplasia (LCH) is a rare cause of hyperandrogenism that has been described only in case reports. The cases presented herein contrast the traditional presentation of LCH with an affected asymptomatic individual. The first case involves a 74-year-old woman presenting with symptomatic hyperandrogenism, whose symptoms resolved after bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO). The second patient presented with postmenopausal bleeding and an abdominal mass. Following total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) and BSO, pathology showed ovarian LCH with concomitant endometrial cancer...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Myriam Chlela, Josette Dawkins, Gregory Lewis
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is one of the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality. Uterine artery embolization (UAE) is an effective procedural intervention for controlling PPH. Uterine necrosis (UN) is a rare complication of UAE and its management usually results in hysterectomy. We highlight a case of UAE complicated by UN managed conservatively without hysterectomy. CASE: This is the case of a 30-year-old patient who had a cesarean section delivery and subsequently developed PPH due to uterine atony...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Diana Palacios, Cristina Wallace Huff
A peri-clitoral abscess is a condition that is seldom encountered in practice and is found scarcely in the literature. The cause of spontaneous peri-clitoral abscess not associated with female circumcision/genital mutilation is generally unknown. Additionally, there have been no case reports of positive Actinomyces culture at the time of drainage of a peri-clitoral abscess. This case outlines a 42-year-old female with a spontaneous peri-clitoral abscess. The abscess was initially treated with incision and drainage (I&D) and antibiotics, but it later reoccurred necessitating a second I&D with bedside marsupialization and antibiotics targeted at Actinomyces , which grew on the culture after primary I&D...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
S Riccio, F Galanti, M Scudo, L Di Troia, M G Ferrillo, F Manzara, P Ianiri, F A Battaglia
Hydatidiform mole, complete or partial (CHM/PHM), is the most common type of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD), which is characterized by excessive trophoblastic proliferation and abnormal embryonic development. Some patients present with sporadic or familiar recurrent hydatidiform moles (RHMs), which are characterized by two or more episodes of the disease. A healthy 36-year-old woman was admitted to the Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit of Santa Maria Goretti Hospital, Latina, because of RHMs at 6 weeks of amenorrhea, with an obstetrical anamnesis of RHMs...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Melissa Bou Malham, Jordy Mehawej, Andreas Filippaios, Christina Kushnir, Paulette Mhawech-Fauceglia
Herein, we are presenting a case of a 33-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department complaining of persistent lower abdominal pain of one-day duration. Physical examination revealed abdominal tenderness with right lower quadrant rebound tenderness. Computed tomography abdomen/pelvis showed a 6 cm possible necrotic mass of the left ovary with moderate amount of complex ascites. A laparoscopic left oophorectomy with bilateral salpingectomy, right ovarian biopsy, and appendectomy were performed without complications...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Somaia Elsayed, Nadine Farah, Mary Anglim
INTRODUCTION: Heterotopic pregnancy (HP) refers to the simultaneous presence of intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) and ectopic pregnancy, which is very rare but potentially life-threatening. The spontaneous incidence of HP in the general population is 1/30,000. With the widespread use of assisted reproductive technology (ART), the incidence rises to 1/1,000. Aims and Methods. This is a prospective case series looking at the cases of heterotopic pregnancies presenting to the early pregnancy unit (EPU) in a tertiary maternity hospital, from November 2015 to November 2016...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Alina Tvina, Emily Smith, Meredith Cruz
BACKGROUND: Cervical pregnancy, an uncommon type of ectopic pregnancy, can lead to devastating consequences if not diagnosed and treated early. Despite this, there are no specific guidelines on how to treat such pregnancies especially in advanced gestational ages (GAs). CASE: This is a 35-year-old patient who presented to our hospital at 13 weeks GA after failing systemic multidose methotrexate therapy for a cervical ectopic pregnancy. Given desire to preserve fertility, a minimally invasive conservative approach was taken involving potassium chloride (KCl) and methotrexate injections into the gestational sac, followed by immediate Cook intracervical double balloon placement under direct ultrasound visualization, with removal of the balloon after 72 hours, and ultimately resolution of the pregnancy 12 weeks after the removal...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Vito Leanza, Giosuè Giordano Incognito, Ferdinando Antonio Gulino, Attilio Tuscano, Monia Cimino, Marco Palumbo
A correct management of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is mandatory to avoid further complications. There is no consensus for the standard therapy and the most frequent methods used are not free from failures and sequelae. A 38-year-old woman was admitted referring amenorrhea lasting 9 weeks, pelvic pain, and vaginal bleeding. She had three previous cesarean sections. Transvaginal ultrasound showed a gestational sac of 16 mm in the cervico-isthmic site and inside the thickness of the uterine wall, and the dosage of beta-human chorionic gonadotropin was 12,770 mU/mL...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Liubin Yang, Lydia Kao
Intestinal obstruction rarely occurs after uncomplicated vaginal deliveries. Here, we present a case of a multiparous woman with a history of prior appendectomy presenting with generalized, nonspecific abdominal pain that was out of proportion to exam findings. Initial abdominal X-ray was nonspecific, and subsequent computed tomography (CT) abdomen showed closed small bowel obstruction requiring surgical repair. We present a case of intestinal obstruction occurring within 24 hours of uncomplicated vaginal delivery with a risk factor of a prior appendectomy surgery and the use of CT abdomen and pelvis to expedite diagnose...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
A Ivert, C Lindblad Wollmann, K Pettersson
In this case series, we present five cases of pregnant women who sought medical attention for reduced fetal movements with an ongoing mild maternal Covid-19 infection at a Stockholm hospital in Spring of 2021. At the time of admission, the patients were in gestational week between 24 + 0 and 33 + 5. Abdominal ultrasound at the hospital showed no fetal movements, and cardiotocography (CTG) was pathological. All women delivered via cesarean section within 24 hours after admission. Placental pathology in all cases showed massive perivillous fibrin deposition and extensive histiocytic intervillositis...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ekasak Thiangphak, Ingporn Jiamset, Phawat Matemanosak, Athithan Rattanaburi
Myomatous erythrocytosis syndrome (MES) is a rare gynecological condition, defined by the presence of the clinical triad of erythrocytosis, uterine fibroids, and normalization of red blood cell counts after the surgical removal of uterine fibroids. Herein, we report the case of a woman, in the postmenopausal stage, with the clinical triad of MES. She had a history of erythrocytosis of unknown etiology and underwent phlebotomy for a year prior to visiting our hospital. Pre-operative hemoglobin (Hb) level, hematocrit (Hct) level, and red blood cell (RBC) count were 18...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
T Loukopoulos, A Zikopoulos, M Plachoura, A Galani, K Zikopoulos, E Kolibianakis
BACKGROUND: Obstetric hemorrhage is a frequent and life-threatening complication of either vaginal or cesarean delivery. It can be due to many causes, one of which is placenta accreta, the abnormal invasion of the placenta into the myometrial wall of uterus. Ultrasonography is the first line diagnostic method that can lead to the diagnosis of placenta accreta although, the depth of penetration is estimated by magnetic resonance imaging. Placenta accreta is a life-threatening situation requiring an experienced health care team for its management...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Conner Blackwell, Shian McLeish, David Iglesias, Shannon D Armbruster
BACKGROUND: Persistent elevation in beta-human chorionic gonadotropin ( β -hCG) following a pregnancy is concerning for gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN). However, the differential diagnosis should remain broad during the evaluation process. CASE: A 34-year-old G3P3 presented with elevated β -hCG four months after cesarean delivery with bilateral tubal ligation. The patient was treated with methotrexate for a presumed new ectopic pregnancy. Due to persistent β -hCG elevation, she received actinomycin-D for GTN treatment...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Chisa Ito, Hirotada Suzuki, Yusuke Amano, Shigeyoshi Kijima, Akihide Ohkuchi, Hironori Takahashi, Hiroyuki Fujiwara
The clinical signs of cervico-isthmic pregnancy during pregnancy remain unknown. We herein report a case of cervico-isthmic pregnancy showing placental insertion into the cervix with cervical shortening, with a final diagnosis of placenta increta at the uterine body and cervix. A 33-year-old multiparous woman with a history of cesarean section was referred to our hospital at 7 weeks of gestation with suspected cesarean scar pregnancy. Cervical shortening with a cervical length of 14 mm was noted at 13 weeks of gestation...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Dehi Boston Mian, Vedi Andre Serges Loue, Sylvanus Koui
BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a rare high-grade malignant tumor and the most common soft-tissue sarcoma, which occurs in young girl over 5 years old. Multimodality treatment associating with surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiotherapy culminate in a >70% overall 5-year survival. This is the first case reported in 30 years of practice in Côte d'Ivoire, low- and middle-income country (LMIC). OBJECTIVE: To summarize clinical data, the significant alternative chemotherapy efficiency and difficulties related to the prognosis evaluation in an LMIC...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Laryssa Santos Metzker, Luyanne Azevedo Cabral Ferreira, Julia Caroliny Nogueira Borges, Mariana Furieri Guzzo, Rodrigo Neves Ferreira, Lucas Luciano Rocha Silva, Rodrigo Monico Cavedo, Antonio Chambô Filho
Ovarian hyperthecosis or ovarian stromal hyperplasia is a non-neoplastic functional disorder resulting from the presence of luteinized thecal cells within a hyperplastic ovarian stroma. The condition is more common in postmenopausal women than in those of reproductive age and leads to substantial clinical and laboratory alterations, principally androgenetic alopecia, progressive hirsutism, and elevated testosterone levels. Investigation should include clinical evaluation, laboratory tests, and imaging tests to differentiate between the principal diagnostic hypotheses...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.