Journals Case Reports in Obstetrics and...

Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
T Loukopoulos, A Zikopoulos, M Plachoura, A Galani, K Zikopoulos, E Kolibianakis
BACKGROUND: Obstetric hemorrhage is a frequent and life-threatening complication of either vaginal or cesarean delivery. It can be due to many causes, one of which is placenta accreta, the abnormal invasion of the placenta into the myometrial wall of uterus. Ultrasonography is the first line diagnostic method that can lead to the diagnosis of placenta accreta although, the depth of penetration is estimated by magnetic resonance imaging. Placenta accreta is a life-threatening situation requiring an experienced health care team for its management...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Conner Blackwell, Shian McLeish, David Iglesias, Shannon D Armbruster
BACKGROUND: Persistent elevation in beta-human chorionic gonadotropin ( β -hCG) following a pregnancy is concerning for gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN). However, the differential diagnosis should remain broad during the evaluation process. CASE: A 34-year-old G3P3 presented with elevated β -hCG four months after cesarean delivery with bilateral tubal ligation. The patient was treated with methotrexate for a presumed new ectopic pregnancy. Due to persistent β -hCG elevation, she received actinomycin-D for GTN treatment...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Chisa Ito, Hirotada Suzuki, Yusuke Amano, Shigeyoshi Kijima, Akihide Ohkuchi, Hironori Takahashi, Hiroyuki Fujiwara
The clinical signs of cervico-isthmic pregnancy during pregnancy remain unknown. We herein report a case of cervico-isthmic pregnancy showing placental insertion into the cervix with cervical shortening, with a final diagnosis of placenta increta at the uterine body and cervix. A 33-year-old multiparous woman with a history of cesarean section was referred to our hospital at 7 weeks of gestation with suspected cesarean scar pregnancy. Cervical shortening with a cervical length of 14 mm was noted at 13 weeks of gestation...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Dehi Boston Mian, Vedi Andre Serges Loue, Sylvanus Koui
BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a rare high-grade malignant tumor and the most common soft-tissue sarcoma, which occurs in young girl over 5 years old. Multimodality treatment associating with surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiotherapy culminate in a >70% overall 5-year survival. This is the first case reported in 30 years of practice in Côte d'Ivoire, low- and middle-income country (LMIC). OBJECTIVE: To summarize clinical data, the significant alternative chemotherapy efficiency and difficulties related to the prognosis evaluation in an LMIC...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Laryssa Santos Metzker, Luyanne Azevedo Cabral Ferreira, Julia Caroliny Nogueira Borges, Mariana Furieri Guzzo, Rodrigo Neves Ferreira, Lucas Luciano Rocha Silva, Rodrigo Monico Cavedo, Antonio Chambô Filho
Ovarian hyperthecosis or ovarian stromal hyperplasia is a non-neoplastic functional disorder resulting from the presence of luteinized thecal cells within a hyperplastic ovarian stroma. The condition is more common in postmenopausal women than in those of reproductive age and leads to substantial clinical and laboratory alterations, principally androgenetic alopecia, progressive hirsutism, and elevated testosterone levels. Investigation should include clinical evaluation, laboratory tests, and imaging tests to differentiate between the principal diagnostic hypotheses...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Shohei Tanabe, Sachiyo Sugino, Kotaro Ichida, Kiyoshi Niiya, Syuji Morishima
A 23-year-old primigravida visited the hospital frequently since the early phase of her pregnancy because of severe hyperemesis gravidarum. She was hospitalized for the same at 14 weeks and 1 day of pregnancy. After admission, peripheral intravenous nutrition was started; however, her symptoms did not improve. At 17 weeks and 1 day of gestation, a blood sample was collected to determine the presence of trace element deficiencies, and a zinc deficiency was revealed. We examined the patient's symptoms and found that she had developed dysgeusia...
2022: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Noppamart Whangteeranon, Pang Pinyochotiwong
BACKGROUND: Ovarian pregnancy is rare and difficult to diagnose preoperatively, especially in advanced gestational age. Misdiagnosis can increase the chance of emergent complications. CASE: A misdiagnosed case of a 33-week ovarian pregnancy woman who underwent surgery due to a preoperative diagnosis of a dead fetus in utero, and transverse lie was reported with eventful surgical outcomes. This case resulted in the delivery of a dead fetus and a sudden massive hemorrhage that occurred after placental detachment...
2022: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Kaori Yamada, Yukio Yamanishi, Junichi Aratake, Nanayo Sasagasako, Yoshihide Inayama, Rei Gou, Atsuko Kawamura, Megumi Yamanishi, Kenzo Kosaka
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is one of the presentations of perivascular epithelioid cell neoplasm that is frequently complicated by tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Here, we report an uncommon case of uterine LAM treated with everolimus, which is a mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor. A 42-year-old female patient (gravida 0) with a history of TSC presented with abdominal pain. Pelvic magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple masses in the uterine myometrium, suggesting tumors that may contain internal hemorrhagic components...
2022: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sofia Jovina Domingues, Luísa Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Didelphys uterus, two separate uterine horns or a double uterus with two separate cervices, is one of several congenital uterine anomalies (CUA), accounting for 5% of CUA. CUA could be associated with dysmenorrhea, pelvic pain, and decreased fertility. During pregnancy, it has been associated with higher risk of miscarriage, preterm birth, malpresentation, and fetal growth restriction. There still is insufficient evidence on the efficacy and safety of surgical interventions in CUA, including hemihysterectomy, in what improvement of reproductive performance is concerned...
2022: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Boban Gjakov, Darja Kopač, Mateja Vukmanič Pohar, Miha Lučovnik
Maternal severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has been shown in epidemiological studies to be associated with an increased risk of stillbirth. Several histopathologic features of placental SARS-CoV-2 infection have been proposed as potential causes of fetal death. We present a case of an otherwise healthy G3P1 women with mild symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 infection at 23 6/7 weeks of gestation. At 25 2/7 weeks, she presented with signs and symptoms of preterm labor and decreased fetal movements...
2022: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Bailey McGuinness, Natalia Llarena, Tommaso Falcone, Elliott G Richards
Gynecologic emergencies may result from congenital uterine anomalies (CUAs) with outflow tract obstruction. Not limited to the "classic" presentation of an adolescent amenorrheic pain patient, such anomalies should be part of the differential diagnosis for adult female patients presenting with severe pelvic pain. Obstructed rudimentary noncommunicating cavitary horns may result in severe chronic or acute pain and necessitate urgent surgical management. While two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound is often the initial diagnostic tool, three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound and MRI can accurately delineate CUAs for definitive diagnosis...
2022: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Mojgan Javedani Masroor, Anna Zarei, Hossein Sheibani
Background. C ervical pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy in which the fetus implants and grows inside the endocervical canal. This report aims at introducing a case of successful conservative management of cervical ectopic pregnancy. Case presentation. The patient was a 35-year-old woman, who had received treatment for primary infertility for 5 years. She complained of painless bleeding on day 37 of gestational age with a start point from 10 days before. The patient had stable vital signs and was referred to Shahid Akbar Abadi Hospital in Tehran affiliated with the Iran University of Medical Sciences...
2022: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Enyew Abate
BACKGROUND: Perineal groove is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by nonepithelialized mucous membrane that appears as an erythematous sulcus in the perineal midline, extending from the posterior vaginal fourchette to the anterior anal orifice. It is one of the uncommon anomalies of anogenital region that is unknown to many clinicians, and it is usually misdiagnosed as an anal fissure, perineal trauma, diaper dermatitis, infection, or sexual abuse. Case Presentation . Seven-day-old female neonate was brought by her parents after they observe reddish discoloration of her genitalia...
2022: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Maya Gross, Ryan J Spencer
Recurrent cervical cancer has a grim prognosis with 5-year survival <5%. Current treatment options are limited; standards of care such as palliative chemotherapy and surgical resection often provide a small survival advantage. To date, only one targeted agent has FDA approval for the treatment of recurrent cervical cancer. We present the case of a novel application of olaparib, a poly (adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, as single-agent therapy for recurrent metastatic clear cell cervical cancer in a patient with a somatic BRCA2 mutation...
2022: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Reo Ando, Shuichi Taniguchi, Shuji Arita, Murasaki Aman, Kousuke Marutsuka, Tomihiro Shimamoto
We report a case of an extragastrointestinal stromal tumor diagnosed as a vaginal mass during pregnancy. The mass was detected during routine examination at 24 weeks of gestation. At 26 weeks, the patient underwent transvaginal ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging, which revealed a blood flow-rich mass of approximately 50 × 30 mm in the rectovaginal septum. At 29 weeks of gestation, we resected the mass vaginally and the pathological diagnosis was a gastrointestinal stromal tumor. Chemotherapy was withheld until after full-term birth because the proliferation index of the tumor cells was low...
2022: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Narges Montazeri, Mohammad Hassan Darabi, Kamran Hessami, Ramin Shekouhi, Maryam Sohooli, Tahereh Shamsi, Fateme Bagheri, Mohammad Amin Shahrbaf
A 30-year-old pregnant female presented to the emergency department with labor pain in her 39th week of pregnancy. Cesarean section under spinal anesthesia was the chosen route of delivery for this patient due to previous cesarean section in her first pregnancy. The delivery itself was uneventful but seven hours after the surgery, bilateral swelling of parotid glands were noted. Rehydration therapy and a single dose of hydrocortisone (100 mg IV route) were administered, and swellings were completely resolved on postoperative day 2...
2022: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Oriel Nissim, F Richard Ervin, Susan E Dorman, Deeksha Jandhyala
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis causes significant morbidity and mortality globally. Peritoneal tuberculosis can have a similar presentation to ovarian cancer. CASE: We present a case of a 42-year-old female referred to gynecology oncology with imaging findings of enlarged right ovary, omental caking, and elevated CA-125 (1289 U/mL). A diagnostic laparoscopy revealed diffuse studding of intraperitoneal surfaces. Histopathological examination of omental and abdominal wall biopsies showed granulomas, but stains and cultures for mycobacteria were negative...
2022: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Yuri Suminaga, Mana Taki, Haruko Okamoto, Yosuke Kawamura, Yusuke Sagae, Masumi Sunada, Yoshitsugu Chigusa, Akihito Horie, Masaki Mandai, Haruta Mogami
Background: Diffuse uterine leiomyomatosis is a rare disease in which countless, poorly defined, and small nodules are present in most parts of the uterine myometrium. It frequently occurs in fertile women and causes infertility. A deep, median, longitudinal incision of the uterine corpus with the opening of the endometrial cavity, "extensive myomectomy," is required to restore fertility. However, myomectomy may also be a risk factor for perinatal complications. We present a rare case of adhesive small bowel obstruction after extensive myomectomy for diffuse uterine leiomyomatosis...
2022: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Alexandra D Forrest, Danielle M Vuncannon, Jane E Ellis, Zvi Grunwald, Frederick S Kaplan
Objective: To evaluate maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnant patients with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP; OMIM#135100), an ultrarare genetic disorder characterized by progressive heterotopic ossification of soft tissues and cumulative disability. Methods: This is a retrospective case series of three patients with FOP who were admitted to Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia, from to February 2011 to July 2021. Results: Three women delivered preterm infants at our institution...
2022: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Alicia Martínez-Varea, Clara Martínez-Sáez, María Patrocinio Tarrazó-Millet, Vicente Diago-Almela
Gender dysphoria affects 0.5% of people worldwide. Transgender men display a divergence between the female genetic sex and the gender male identity. To the best of our knowledge, we describe the first case report with regard to a transgender man with a dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy obtained by artificial insemination using donor sperm as a monoparental family, presenting early fetal growth restriction of both twins. The patient is a 35-year-old transgender man who had previously received gender-affirming hormone therapy based on testosterone for five years and had a prior bilateral mastectomy as gender-affirming surgery...
2022: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
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