Journals Case Reports in Obstetrics and...

Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Caroline C Davitt, Yingao Zhang, Anthony B Costales
Primary vaginal leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is an unusual cause of aggressive gynecologic cancer which requires prompt surgical treatment for favorable outcomes. Definitive diagnosis and treatment render unique challenges to clinicians based on vague presentation and limited evidence for management. Here, we describe a case of vaginal LMS in a middle-aged woman with a history of cervical dysplasia found to have a proximal vaginal mass after presenting with vaginal discharge and cramping pain. The patient was diagnosed on pathologic surgical specimen and subsequently underwent definitive surgical treatment...
2024: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Demetrio Larraín, María José Gárate, Lidia Díaz, Iván Rojas
Primary ovarian carcinoid tumors (POCT) are well-differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms and account for <0.1% of ovarian tumors. POCT usually arise in the context of mature cystic teratoma; however, pure primary ovarian carcinoids without teratomatous or mucinous elements are very rare. We present a case of a 54-year-old woman that underwent total laparoscopic hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy because of endometrial hyperplasia without atypia. The ovaries were macroscopically normal. Pathology report revealed a primary ovarian carcinoid with mixed trabecular and insular growth patterns...
2024: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Rafael Buck Giorgi, Priscila Teixeira Aroucha, Thalissa M Favreto, Micaela F Montero, Julia M F Velloni, Ilana Korkes, Elisa Napolitano Ferreira, Caroline Olivati, Jose Viana Lima, Claudio E Kater, Flavia A Costa-Barbosa
Hypertension (HT) during pregnancy is not an infrequent obstetric problem, reaching a prevalence of 5-10%. This condition is highly associated with both maternal and fetal complications if not precisely diagnosed and managed. Even though primary HT, obesity, and preeclampsia are the main causes of HT in this period, other less familiar conditions must be considered during the investigation. Pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL) are chromaffin cell tumors that produce, store, and secrete catecholamines, leading to HT and other adrenergic manifestations...
2024: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Adam J Langer, Zenab Saeed, Elizabeth Barrett, Rose A Maxwell, David N Dhanraj, Geoffrey D Towers, Eyra A Agudu
The presence of a vaginal calculus is a rare clinical entity which may develop in the setting of vaginal urinary stagnation. Numerous factors contribute to stone formation, and management can be complicated by variations in size, location of the stone, and location of adjacent structures. Generally, once diagnosed, vaginal calculi should be removed and surrounding anatomy should be evaluated thoroughly for secondary fistula, erosion, or presence of an instituting foreign body. This report presents a case of vaginal calculus formation on exposed midurethral sling mesh in an elderly patient with hemorrhagic cystitis...
2024: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Tatsuji Hoshino, Yoshihiro Takada, Ayako Sugihara, Masato Kinugasa, Yoshiyuki Tsuji
This study reports a case of uterine liposarcoma together with a literature review. At 52 years old, our patient was diagnosed with lipoleiomyoma by MRI. A mass (39 × 32 × 41 mm3 ) protruding from the anterior wall of the uterine body was observed. When the patient was 58, her previous doctor found that the tumor had grown, and she was referred to the gynecology department of our hospital. On MRI, the major diameter was 1.23-fold longer and the volume was 1.85-fold higher compared with the prior imaging findings...
2024: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Francesco Fedele, Giovanna Esposito, Andrea Busnelli, Fabio Parazzini
A case report of a premenarcheal patient with ovarian torsion and mullerian agenesis is presented. A 12-year-old prepubertal girl is presented with severe right lower quadrant abdominal pain and mild rebound. Laparoscopy showed mullerian agenesis and twisted right adnexa. Detorsion and cystectomy of the right ovary were done, and the ovary was fixed to the pelvic sidewall. The postoperative course was uneventful. An association between the lax attachment of the adnexa and torsion may be a contributing factor in this condition...
2024: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Yoko Suzuki, Satoko Eguchi, Takahide Arimoto
We present a case of recurrent ovarian cancer at the age of 75, gravida 1 para 0, with 18 years of disease-free survival. Chemotherapy brought a 10-month partial response status; to further improve the overall survival, the patient was evaluated using the AGO score (DESKTOP III trial, 2020), which was originally intended for cases immediately after the diagnosis of recurrence; the score has indicated a significant outcome; the patient went through a hepatosplenic metastatic site resection; and complete resection was achieved...
2024: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Shlomo M Stemmer, Cintia Gomes, Elyce H Cardonick
Desmoid fibromatosis (DF) is a rare and locally aggressive neoplasm. We present a case of a 28-year-old previously healthy multigravida who noticed a lump in her abdomen near the umbilicus two months before becoming pregnant. It underwent rapid growth during pregnancy, causing pain and discomfort. Targeted ultrasound of the area showed an irregular mass measuring 0.9 × 1.7 × 1.4 cm. The origin of the mass was unclear, suggesting a connection with the intra-abdominal contents. An MRI done three weeks later revealed a subcutaneous ovoid mass measuring 3...
2024: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Alemayehu Shiferaw Lema, Jemila Salih Suleyman
Neural tube defects are serious birth defects of the central nervous system that result from a multifaceted disruption of normal embryogenesis of the nervous system. Although largely preventable, they nonetheless pose a serious threat to global morbidity, disability, mortality, and financial expenses. Despite this, it has been neglected and has only been the subject of limited research until recently. Furthermore, surveillance efforts for neural tube defects remain limited, and no decline in defects has been documented in less developed countries...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Gisella M Newbery, Christine E Henricks, Julie A Vircks, Andreina Colina, David C Mundy
BACKGROUND: The incidence of syphilis throughout the world is increasing. Rates in pregnancy are similarly rising, presenting risks of an untreated syphilis infection that can be detrimental to the mother and fetus. Although routine screening for syphilis infections is recommended at the initial prenatal visit, there is a lack of universal agreement on rescreening pregnant people and approximately 50% of syphilis cases are asymptomatic in the general population. Furthermore, some symptoms of syphilis can overlap with nonspecific pregnancy-related symptoms...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Masatake Toshimitsu, Takayuki Iriyama, Jiro Sato, Osamu Abe, Mari Ichinose, Seisuke Sayama, Takahiro Seyama, Kenbun Sone, Keiichi Kumasawa, Yutaka Osuga
A uterine artery pseudoaneurysm (UAP) is a life-threatening complication during pregnancy and postpartum. Early diagnosis of exophytic UAP rupture is difficult due to the absence of vaginal bleeding. This study reports the case of a 31-year-old postpartum woman who presented with abdominal pain and fever seven days after vaginal delivery, without symptoms of maternal shock. Ultrasonography revealed a ruptured exophytic UAP with hemoperitoneum, which was confirmed using computed tomography. Interventional radiology confirmed that the site of the pseudoaneurysm was at the level of the uterine artery bifurcation, and embolization was performed immediately after diagnosis using a coil and n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Tomohiro Okuda, Yoko Uda, Shiho Sakai, Taishi Harada
Although laparoscopic cystectomy is a safe and effective management strategy for ovarian mature cystic teratoma (MCT) in pediatric and adolescent patients, it has been challenged because of its association with a higher risk of intraoperative spillage leading to chemical peritonitis, adhesion formation, and iatrogenic implantation of malignant cells. Here, we report a rare case of a 23-year-old female patient with MCT tissue during laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy that remained in the peritoneum, possibly becoming malignant thereafter...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Nana Yara, Yoshino Kinjyo, Yukiko Chinen, Tadatsugu Kinjo, Keiko Mekaru
Expectant management is not recommended for cesarean scar pregnancies because they are often associated with placenta accreta, cesarean hysterectomy, and massive life-threatening hemorrhages during delivery. Herein, we report a case of placenta accreta spectrum with ureteral invasion due to the progression of a cesarean scar pregnancy. Case . A 41-year-old woman, with a history of three cesarean sections and two miscarriages, was referred to our hospital at 25 weeks of gestation with a diagnosis of placenta accreta spectrum and bladder invasion...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Rachel Hartman, Olga Colón-Mercado, Valario Johnson, James Baron, Lauren Davis
BACKGROUND: Pyomyomas are an infrequent complication of uterine fibroids and, in extremely rare cases, the cause of spontaneous uterine rupture. A few documented cases were managed conservatively with oral antibiotics and CT-guided drainage or myomectomy with fertility preserved. However, treatment more frequently involves IV antibiotics and a hysterectomy. Case Description . A 31-year-old G2P0111 PPD 7 presented with intra-abdominal abscesses of unknown source. She was treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics, image-guided percutaneous (IR) drainage of the largest abscess, and surgical exploration with debridement...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Pham Ba Nha, Pham Van Tuyen, Nguyen Viet Ha, Nguyen Thi Thu Phuong
BACKGROUND: The coexistence of a granulosa cell tumor with a teratoma is extremely rare and impossible to diagnose preoperatively. For most patients with advanced age and stage, the standard treatment is hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy; however, fertility-preserving surgery should be considered for young nulligravid women. CASE: We present a case of a 24-year-old nulligravid female with bilateral adnexal masses, imaging findings of ovarian teratomas, and normal levels of tumor markers...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Hiroharu Kobayashi, Misa Kobayashi, Yoshihiro Takaki, Yuki Kondo, Yuri Hamada, Haruhiko Shimizu, Yumi Shimizu, Masaru Nagashima, Hiroshi Adachi
The patient was 66 years old, had three pregnancies and two deliveries, and was menopausal at the age of 51. She had irregular bleeding and was found to have a chicken-egg-sized uterus and a thickened endometrium (23 mm). She underwent laparoscopic surgery for uterine endometrial cancer (endometrioid carcinoma G1, stage IB). Laparoscopic simple hysterectomy, bilateral adnexectomy, pelvic lymph node dissection, para-aortic lymph node dissection, and partial omentectomy were performed using the transperitoneal approach (TPA)...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Risa Miyatake, Tatsuya Fujii, Keiichi Kumasawa, Mari Ichinose, Masatake Toshimitsu, Seisuke Sayama, Takahiro Seyama, Takayuki Iriyama, Takeshi Nagamatsu, Yutaka Osuga
Hyperreactio luteinalis (HL) is a rare condition that presents as bilateral ovarian enlargement during pregnancy. Typically, it is thought to be caused by increased production of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) associated with gestational trophoblastic diseases or multiple pregnancies. The prognosis is relatively good, with many cases resulting in term birth. However, some obstetric complications, such as preeclampsia (PE) and preterm births, have been reported. We present a serious case of HL with subsequent PE that resulted in preterm delivery at 31 weeks of gestation...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Fatemeh Rahimi-Sharbaf, Mahboobeh Shirazi, Kamran Hessami, Maasoumeh Saleh, Fatemeh Golshahi, Sara Saeedi, Abolfazl Shirdel Abdolmaleki, Seyede Houra Mousavi Vahed, Behnaz Nouri, Behrokh Sahebdel
Twin reversed arterial perfusion (TRAP) sequence or acardiac twin is a rare and severe complication of monochorionic multiple pregnancies. Acardiac twin accounts for 10% of all TRAP sequences, which is the most morphologically developed acardius. We present an undiagnosed TRAP sequence case up to 24 weeks of gestation who underwent successful amnioreduction, radiofrequency ablation (RFA), and intrauterine transfusion (IUT). During follow-up, hydrops of surviving co-twin disappeared, and fetal heart function improved...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Yukihiro Azuma, Koji Yamamoto, Mei Matsumoto, Hiroki Nagata, Ikumi Wada, Keisuke Miyamoto, Fuminori Taniguchi
Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome (MRKHS) is a rare congenital anomaly of the genital tract. Since the secretion of sex hormones from the ovaries is preserved, leiomyomas and adenomyomas, which are estrogen-dependent diseases, may develop from the uterine remnant. In contrast, patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), the most common dystrophy in adults, are considered to be at high risk for benign tumors of the female reproductive system, such as uterine leiomyomas and ovarian cysts. A rare case of huge leiomyomas arising from bilateral uterine remnants in a woman with MRKHS with coexisting DM1 is presented...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Hiroharu Kobayashi, Aimi Oda, Yoshihiko Matsuzaki, Yuki Kondo, Yuri Hamada, Masaru Nagashima, Misa Kobayashi, Yoshihiro Takaki, Hiroshi Adachi
OBJECTIVE: To identify surgical manipulations that caused ureter injury during total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) and evaluate the surgical manipulations to identify ways to prevent such injury. Patients and Methods . This single-center, cross-sectional study included 1135 cases of TLH performed for benign diseases from January 2009 to December 2021. Seven cases (0.6%) that needed ureteral stent placement intra- or postoperatively for ureter injury were included. We identified the surgical manipulations that caused ureter injury from surgical videos...
2023: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.