Shuntaro Nejima, Ken Kumagai, Shunsuke Yamada, Masaichi Sotozawa, Yutaka Inaba
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the expected postoperative total leg length change using preoperative radiographs during surgical planning of four different methods of double level osteotomy (DLO). METHODS: This study included 34 patients (44 knees) who underwent DLO for varus knee osteoarthritis. Surgical planning was performed so that the postoperative weight bearing line ratio was 62.5%. In DLO, lateral closed or medial open wedge distal femoral osteotomy (LCWDFO, MOWDFO) was performed so that the postoperative mechanical lateral distal femoral angle was 85°, and residual deformity was corrected with medial open or lateral closed wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO, LCWHTO)...
September 19, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Bo Seung Bae, Sunin Yoo, Sang Hak Lee
Ramp lesions, commonly observed in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, have been previously defined as longitudinal tears around the meniscocapsular junction. However, the definitions and interpretations of ramp lesions have varied, emphasizing the need to confirm their presence before surgery and the importance of direct visualization using arthroscopy. Recent histological studies have reported new findings on ramp lesions, shedding light on their attachment mechanisms. The anatomical structures around the ramp lesion, such as the posterior horn of medial meniscus (PHMM), semimembranosus (SM), posteromedial (PM) capsule, and meniscotibial ligament (MTL), were assessed regarding how these structures could be attached to each other...
August 25, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Nikit Venishetty, Dane K Wukich, Jack Beale, J Riley Martinez, Michel Toutoungy, Varatharaj Mounasamy, Senthil Sambandam
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing disease that affects millions of people in the USA every year. Many CKD patients progress to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), necessitating the use of hemodialysis to alleviate symptoms and manage kidney function. Furthermore, many of these patients have lower bone quality and experience more postoperative complications. However, there is currently limited information on hospitalization information and perioperative complications in this population following procedures such as total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
August 2, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Kyle W Lawrence, Walter Sobba, Vinaya Rajahraman, Ran Schwarzkopf, Joshua C Rozell
PURPOSE: The study aimed to determine whether body mass index (BMI) classification for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is associated with differences in mean patient reported outcome measure (PROM) score improvements across multiple domains-including pain, functional status, mental health, and global physical health. We hypothesized that patients with larger BMIs would have worse preoperative and postoperative PROM scores, though improvements in scores would be comparable between groups...
July 26, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Dhruv S Shankar, Amanda Avila, Brittany DeClouette, Kinjal D Vasavada, Isabella B Jazrawi, Michael J Alaia, Guillem Gonzalez-Lomas, Eric J Strauss, Kirk A Campbell
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify socioeconomic predictors of time to initial evaluation, time to surgery, and postoperative outcomes among lateral patellar instability patients undergoing medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (MPFLR). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of patients at our institution who underwent primary MPFLR with allograft from 2011 to 2019 and had minimum 12-month follow-up. Patients were administered an email survey in January 2022 to assess symptom history, socioeconomic status, and postoperative outcomes including VAS satisfaction and Kujala score...
July 17, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Ville T Ponkilainen, Mikko Uimonen, Raine Sihvonen, Nikke Partio, Juha Paloneva, Ville M Mattila
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence has led to guidelines to refrain from recommending knee arthroscopy for patients with an osteoarthritis diagnosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the latest changes in the incidence of arthroscopic surgery for degenerative knee disease, changes in the ages of those patients and the delay between knee arthroscopy and arthroplasty, in Finland between 1998 and 2018. METHOD: The data for were collected from the Finnish National Hospital Discharge Register (NHDR)...
July 11, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Dong-Yeong Lee, Dong-Geun Kang, Ho-Seung Jo, Se-Joon Heo, Ji-Ho Bae, Sun-Chul Hwang
PURPOSE: This study sought to clarify treatment evidence to treat patellar dislocation by evaluating which treatment could yield better improvement of clinical outcomes for acute patellar dislocation in children and adolescents 18 years of age or younger. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials electronic databases were searched for relevant articles comparing clinical outcomes of conservative and surgical treatments for acute patellar dislocation in children and adolescents published from March 2008 to August 2022...
June 22, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Diego Agustín Abelleyra Lastoria, Clerin Kulangara Benny, Caroline Blanca Hing
BACKGROUND: Hoffa's fat pad syndrome has been defined as impingement of Hoffa's fat pad, leading to oedema and fibrosis. The primary aim of this systematic review was to identify morphological differences in Hoffa's fat pad between patients with and without Hoffa's fat pad syndrome, evaluating them as risk factors predisposing to its development. The secondary aim was to summarize and evaluate current evidence pertaining to the management of Hoffa's fat pad syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The protocol for this review was prospectively registered (PROSPERO registration: CRD42022357036)...
June 9, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Aiden Jabur, Hyun Jae Nam, Asher Dixon, Tynan Cox, Hayden Randall, Jing Sun
PURPOSE: Adductor canal block has emerged as a favourable element of multimodal analgesia regimens for total knee arthroplasty, due to the exclusive sensory blockade it provides. However, it is controversial as to whether a single shot or continuous technique adductor canal block is superior. This meta-analysis examined the effect of both these techniques on pain management associated with total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: All randomised controlled trials published on Cochrane Library, PubMed, and EMBASE, Scopus, and PsychINFO were systematically searched...
June 1, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Mackenzie A Roof, Shankar Narayanan, Nathan Lorentz, Vinay K Aggarwal, Morteza Meftah, Ran Schwarzkopf
INTRODUCTION: Prior studies have demonstrated an association between time to revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA) and indication; however, the impact of early versus late revision on post-operative outcomes has not been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective, observational study examined patients who underwent unilateral, aseptic rTKA at an academic orthopedic hospital between 6/2011 and 4/2020 with > 1-year of follow-up. Patients were early revisions if they were revised within 2 years of primary TKA (pTKA) or late revisions if revised after greater than 2 years...
May 30, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Riccardo D'Ambrosi, Srinivas B S Kambhampati
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the trends in publications on ramp lesions of the meniscus in the current literature. We hypothesized that publications on ramp lesions have increased rapidly in recent years due to increased knowledge of both clinical and radiological pathology. METHODS: A Scopus search performed on 21/01/23 retrieved 171 documents. A similar search strategy was employed to carry out a search for ramp lesions on PubMed with no time filters and only English articles...
May 27, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Diego Agustín Abelleyra Lastoria, Vathana Gopinath, Omkaar Divekar, Toby Smith, Tobias R W Roberts, Caroline B Hing
BACKGROUND: Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction is a common surgical procedure for treating patellar instability. The primary aim of this systematic review was to determine whether MPFL reconstruction (MPFLR) leads to femoral tunnel enlargement (FTE). The secondary aims were to explore the clinical effects and risk factors of FTE. Electronic databases (MEDLINE, Global Health, Embase), currently registered studies, conference proceedings and the reference lists of included studies were searched independently by three reviewers...
May 2, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Naosuke Nagata, Takafumi Hiranaka, Koji Okamoto, Takaaki Fujishiro, Toshikazu Tanaka, Anjiki Kensuke, Daiya Kitazawa, Ken Kotoura
INTRODUCTION: This retrospective study aims to clarify if there are benefits of performing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) on just one indicated side in patients who undergo simultaneous bilateral knee arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared 33 cases of simultaneous bilateral UKA/total knee arthroplasty (TKA) (S-UT) with 99 cases of simultaneous bilateral TKA (S-TT). Comparison included blood tests [C-reactive protein (CRP), albumin, and D-dimer], the incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), range of motion (ROM), and clinical scores before and 1 year after surgery...
April 27, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Varun Dewan, Suribabu Gudipati, Joanna Rooney, Adam Lloyd, Sanjiv Chugh, Ejaz Mughal
BACKGROUND: Management of patella instability remains a challenge particularly in the presence of trochlea dysplasia. The aim of this study is to assess the recurrence rates of those with patellar instability who have undergone a combined tibial tuberosity transfer (TTT) and medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (MPFLR) in the setting of trochlea dysplasia. METHODS: All skeletally mature patients who underwent combined TTT and MPFLR for recurrent patella instability were identified between January 2009 and December 2019...
April 27, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Mikko Uimonen, Ville Ponkilainen, Ville M Mattila, Heikki Nurmi, Juha Paloneva, Jussi P Repo
BACKGROUND: We characterized the relation of primary treatment approaches to the need of later surgical interventions and the outcomes of patellar dislocation in patients with patellofemoral osteochondral fracture (OCF). METHODS: Overall, 134 patients with OCF were categorized in two groups according to treatment approach: primary surgery (operation within 90 days from injury) and conservative treatment. Data on surgical procedures, OCF characteristics, and patellofemoral anatomy were retrospectively collected...
April 13, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Katherine L Elcock, Deborah J MacDonald, Nick D Clement, Chloe E H Scott
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe obesity [body mass index (BMI) ≥ 40 kg/m2 ] potentially overload the tibial component after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), risking tibial subsidence. Using a cemented single-radius cruciate-retaining TKA design, this study compared the outcomes of two tibial baseplate geometries in patients with BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2 : standard keeled (SK) or universal base plate (UBP), which incorporates a stem. METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-centre cohort study with minimum 2 years follow-up of 111 TKA patients with BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2 : mean age 62...
April 11, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Takayuki Furumatsu, Keisuke Kintaka, Naohiro Higashihara, Masanori Tamura, Koki Kawada, Haowei Xue, Toshifumi Ozaki
BACKGROUND: Patients with partial medial meniscus posterior root tears (MMPRTs) sometimes require arthroscopic pullout repair because of their intolerable/repeated knee pains and continuous disturbance in gait during activities of daily living. However, the predisposing factors for future knee surgery in patients with partial MMPRTs remain unclear. We compared the findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) between patients who underwent pullout repair and nonoperative management following partial MMPRTs...
March 14, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Roberto M Barbosa, Manuel Vieira da Silva, Carlos Sampaio Macedo, Cristina P Santos
The multifactorial origin of anterior knee pain in patellofemoral joint disorders leads to a demanding diagnostic process. Patellofemoral misalignment is pointed out as one of the main causes of anterior knee pain. The main anatomical risk factors of patellofemoral instability addressed in the literature are trochlear dysplasia, abnormal patellar height, and excessive tibial tubercle-trochlear groove distance. Diagnostic imaging of the patellofemoral joint has a fundamental role in assessing these predisposing factors of instability...
March 13, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Jung-Ro Yoon, Tae-Hyuck Yoon, Seung Hoon Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the effect of Parkinson's disease (PD) on clinical outcomes and complications after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Our systematic review was conducted to answer the following questions: (1) does TKA negatively affect clinical outcomes in patients with PD? and (2) does TKA cause more complications in patients with PD? METHODS: A rigorous and systematic approach was used, and each selected study was evaluated for methodological quality...
February 14, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
Jae Joon Ryu, Yeong Hwan Kim, Choong Hyeok Choi
PURPOSE: To determine whether additional stem extension for stability is necessary, we performed mid-term follow-up of patients who had been managed with 5-mm metal block augmentation for a tibial defect, where tibial prosthesis was fixed using bone cement without stem extension. Also, we evaluated clinical and radiologic results including survival rate of patients without stem extension. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with tibial bone defect, had undergone primary total knee arthroplasty, and had been treated with 5-mm metal block augmentation without stem extension between March 2003 and September 2013...
February 1, 2023: Knee Surgery & related Research
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