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Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30881728/statistical-tools-for-air-pollution-assessment-multivariate-and-spatial-analysis-studies-in-the-madrid-region
#1
David Núñez-Alonso, Luis Vicente Pérez-Arribas, Sadia Manzoor, Jorge O Cáceres
The present work reports the distribution of pollutants in the Madrid city and province from 22 monitoring stations during 2010 to 2017. Statistical tools were used to interpret and model air pollution data. The data include the annual average concentrations of nitrogen oxides, ozone, and particulate matter (PM10 ), collected in Madrid and its suburbs, which is one of the largest metropolitan places in Europe, and its air quality has not been studied sufficiently. A mapping of the distribution of these pollutants was done, in order to reveal the relationship between them and also with the demography of the region...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30881727/application-of-a-combined-homogenate-and-ultrasonic-cavitation-system-for-the-efficient-extraction-of-flavonoids-from-cinnamomum-camphora-leaves-and-evaluation-of-their-antioxidant-activity-in-vitro
#2
Zaizhi Liu, Lingtao Kong, Shunbao Lu, Zhengrong Zou
A free-of-dust pollution extraction method combined-homogenate and ultrasonic cavitation system, namely, homogenate-combined ultrasonic cavitation synergistic extraction (HUCSE), was proposed for the efficient extraction of flavonoids from Cinnamomum camphora leaves. Response surface methodology of Box-Behnken design was employed to optimize the HUCSE process, and the optimum operation conditions attained with an extraction yield of 7.95 ± 0.27 mg/g were ethanol concentration 76%, homogenate/ultrasonic time 25 min, solvent-to-solid ratio 22 mL/g, and ultrasonic power 240 W...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30881726/simultaneous-gc-fid-quantification-of-main-components-of-rosmarinus-officinalis-l-and-lavandula-dentata-essential-oils-in-polymeric-nanocapsules-for-antioxidant-application
#3
Perla Giovanna Silva-Flores, Luis Alejandro Pérez-López, Verónica Mayela Rivas-Galindo, David Paniagua-Vega, Sergio Arturo Galindo-Rodríguez, Rocío Álvarez-Román
The essential oils (EO) of R. officinalis and L. dentata have been widely used due to their antioxidant activity. However, due to their high volatility, the loading of EO into polymeric nanocapsules (NC) represents an efficient way of retaining their effect in future topical administration. In this way, the quantitative determination of EO incorporated into NC is necessary for simultaneous monitoring of the main components of the EO during the nanoencapsulation process as well as for precise and exact dosing of the components used during the performance of in vitro and in vivo biological tests...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30881725/advantageous-extraction-cleanup-and-uhplc-ms-ms-detection-of-patulin-mycotoxin-in-dietary-supplements-and-herbal-blends-containing-hawberry-from-crataegus-spp
#4
Anna Przybylska, Grzegorz Bazylak, Robert Kosicki, Iwona Altyn, Magdalena Twaruzek, Jan Grajewski, Anna Soltys-Lelek
Patulin (PAT) is a highly genotoxic mycotoxin still found as the common contaminant of various kinds of spoiled fruits and related commodities which are often endorsed as the health-enhancing products. Thus, a fast and convenient liquid-solid extraction followed by a solid-phase cleanup with the MycoSep®228 AflaPat multifunctional column was used for the highly efficient isolation of PAT with an average recovery of 112.7% from commercial dietary supplements and herbal blends formulated with dried hawberry...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30881724/extraction-and-analysis-of-xylitol-in-sugar-free-gum-samples-by-gc-ms-with-direct-aqueous-injection
#5
Suranga M Rajapaksha, Katherine Gerken, Todd Archer, Patty Lathan, Achala S Liyanage, Deb Mlsna, Todd E Mlsna
Xylitol, a sugar substitute frequently used in sugar-free gum, is generally considered harmless to humans but it can be extremely toxic to dogs. Dog-owning customers are becoming increasingly aware of the risks associated with xylitol-containing chewing gums. However, there remains some uncertainty if these chewing gums are still dangerous to dogs after they have been partially consumed. In this work, a reliable low-cost analytical method has been developed to quantify the xylitol in sugar-free gum samples...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30867973/ultrasensitive-detection-of-pb-2-based-on-a-dnazyme-and-digital-pcr
#6
Tao Zhang, Cong Liu, Wuping Zhou, Keming Jiang, Chenyu Yin, Cong Liu, Zhiqiang Zhang, Haiwen Li
In this study, an ultrasensitive detection method for aqueous Pb2+ based on digital polymerase chain reaction (dPCR) technology and a Pb2+ -dependent DNAzyme was developed. In the presence of Pb2+ , the Gr-5 DNAzyme was activated and catalyzed the hydrolytic cleavage of the substrate strand, resulting in an increase in the amount of template DNA available for dPCR and a resultant change in the number of droplets showing a positive signal. Moreover, the detection system was found to be sensitive and stable in environmental sample detection...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30863657/research-on-enrichment-of-p-2-o-5-from-low-grade-carbonaceous-phosphate-ore-via-organic-acid-solution
#7
Fei Xie, Jie Zhang, Jiyan Chen, Jianrui Wang, Lin Wu
The theory of using dilute organic acid solutions to leach the carbonaceous part from low-grade carbonaceous phosphate ore has been proposed by researchers as an effective approach to increase the proportion of P and to utilize the abundant low-grade resource. In this paper, a comprehensive experimental study was carried out to confirm the feasibility of organic acid leaching and investigate the optimized leaching conditions. Utilizing the low-grade carbonaceous phosphate ore produced in Zhijin, southwest of China, the effects of different types of acid, acid concentrations, reaction temperatures, reaction times, and liquid-solid ratios on leaching rate of P2 O5 were evaluated using single-factor experiments and orthogonal experiments...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30863656/investigating-advanced-approaches-based-on-iso-absorptivity-coefficient-in-unresolved-spectral-signals-of-binary-mixtures
#8
Hayam M Lotfy, Sarah S Saleh
Several spectrophotometric approaches utilize different functions of the iso-absorptivity coefficient in zero-order absorption signals and its manipulated spectra. This work introduced an investigation concerning the efficiency power of recent methods based on iso-absorptivity coefficient in different spectral signals. These methods were as follows: absorptivity centering method (a-Centering), absorbance subtraction method (AS), amplitude modulation method (AM,) and amplitude summation method (A-Sum). These methods were applied to determine the binary mixture of ofloxacin (OFX) and dexamethasone (DXM)...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30863655/determination-of-morphine-in-human-urine-by-the-novel-competitive-fluorescence-immunoassay
#9
Jie Cao, Xiao-Ying Chen, Wu-Rong Zhao
A competitive fluorescence immunoassay for the identification and quantification of morphine has been developed on the basis of hapten-coated plate format. Hapten was prepared through covalent conjugating a morphine derivative with albumin bovine. In the immunoassay, the hapten was inoculated on a 96-well plate and then bound with monoclonal antibodies labeled with a signal indicating dye, fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC). Unbound FITC-antibodies were rinsed off from the plate. The fluorescein intensity decreases in the presence of morphine molecules due to the competitively binding to antibodies against hapten...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30863654/expression-of-concern-on-monitoring-of-the-physical-and-chemical-properties-of-a-gasoline-engine-oil-during-its-usage
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30863653/study-of-complexes-of-tannic-acid-with-fe-iii-and-fe-ii
#11
Zhaofeng Fu, Rui Chen
UV-Vis absorption spectra of tannic acid were gained at pH 1.0∼9.0. Due to the pH value dependence of complex, the stoichiometry of tannic acid with iron ions was tested in buffer solution by the mole ratio method. The result suggests that the complex ratio of tannic acid to Fe(III) is 1 : 1 and to Fe(II) 3 : 1 in the carbonate buffer solution, and the complex ratio of iron-tannic complexes is 1 : 1 at pH 2.2. Due to the different color changes of tannic acid with iron ions in the coordination reactions, a tannic acid test paper was designed...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30809416/simultaneous-determination-of-six-active-components-in-danggui-kushen-pills-via-quantitative-analysis-of-multicomponents-by-single-marker
#12
Huiwei Bao, Jihong Chi, Huailei Yang, Fangxin Liu, Kuo Fang, Yang Xu
In this paper, a valid evaluation method for the quality control of Danggui Kushen pills (DKP) has been established based on quantitative analysis of multicomponents by single marker (QAMS). Gallic acid, matrine, oxymatrine, catechin, ferulic acid, and rutin were selected as the indexes for quality evaluation of DKP. The analysis was achieved on an Agilent ZORBAX SB-C18 column (250  mm × 4.6  mm, 5  μ m) via gradient elution. Gallic acid was used as internal standard to determine the relative correction factors (RCF) between gallic acid and other five constituents in DKP...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30809415/electrodeposition-of-4-benzenesulfonic-acid-onto-a-graphite-epoxy-composite-electrode-for-the-enhanced-voltammetric-determination-of-caffeine-in-beverages
#13
Leonardo de A Furtado, Mariana C de O Gonçalves, Carlos V M Inocêncio, Edilson M Pinto, Daniela de L Martins, Felipe S Semaan
Caffeine is widely present in food and drinks, such as teas and coffees, being also part of some currently commercialized medicines, but despite its enhancement on several functions of human body, its exceeding use can promote many health problems. In order to develop new fast approaches for the caffeine sensing, graphite-epoxy composite electrodes (GECE) were used as substrate, being modified by different diazonium salts, synthetized as their tetraflouroborate salts. An analytical method for caffeine quantification was developed, using sware wave voltammetry (SWV) in Britton-Robinson buffer pH 2...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30809414/a-simple-method-for-the-screening-and-measurement-of-phenols-in-dendrobium-chrysotoxum-by-a-miniature-mass-detector-using-a-matrix-solid-phase-dispersion-method
#14
Hongcheng Liu, Duo Mu, Tao Lin, Qiwan Li
The present study aims at building a miniature mass method for the simultaneous determination of 12 phenols including the subtypes of bibenzyl, phenanthrene, and fluorenone, which was used to evaluate the quality of Dendrobium chrysotoxum . Through the full scan mode, new compounds were elucidated. The new compounds were quantified by carrying out the analysis of the ratio of the standard solution areas to new compound areas versus analyte concentration. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) for phenols were 0...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30766739/degradation-characteristics-of-a-novel-paf-receptor-antagonist-sy0916-in-aqueous-solution
#15
Bo Jin, Yanan Wang, Tingting Zhang, Wanting Yin, Dongfeng Zhang, Haihong Huang, Chen Ma
SY0916 has been proven to be a potent treatment agent against rheumatoid arthritis in preclinical studies and has been shown to be safe in phase I clinical trials. However, SY0916 is unstable in water, which is frequently used in pharmaceutical development processes. The degradation behaviour and stability of SY0916 in aqueous solutions were investigated at different pH levels, periods of time, and temperatures. Two degradation products (DPs) were successfully separated and characterized by liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS/MS), liquid chromatography coupled to nuclear magnetic resonance with solid phase extraction (LC-SPE-NMR), and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30733887/comparison-of-phenolic-compound-separations-by-hptlc-and-ppec-with-sds-as-the-mobile-phase-component
#16
Beata Polak, Adam Traczuk, Marta Kamińska, Małgorzata Kozyra
The application of the surfactant (sodium dodecyl sulphate, SDS) as the component of the water-organic mobile phase in thin-layer chromatography and pressurized planar electrochromatography is presented. The influence of various variables on the separation of various phenolic compounds (flavonoids and phenolic acids) as model compounds with systems containing surfactant is discussed. The effect of concentration of butanol and SDS as well as pH of the mobile phase buffer on migration distance of the solute zones is investigated...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30733886/fast-simultaneous-determination-of-eight-sudan-dyes-in-chili-oil-by-ultra-high-performance-supercritical-fluid-chromatography
#17
Yunjia Yang, Jing Zhang, Jie Yin, Yi Yang
A rapid and simple ultra-high-performance supercritical fluid chromatography (UHPSFC) with photodiode array (PDA) method was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of eight Sudan dyes in chili oil. In particular, a pair of isomer, Sudan red B and Sudan IV, was included in the analysis. After being diluted with dichloromethane, the analytes were separated on an Acquity UPC2 HSS C18 SB column with gradient elution using CO2 as the mobile phase and acetonitrile/methanol (v/v, 45/55, containing 0...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30733885/a-visible-colorimetric-fluorescent-probe-for-hydrogen-sulfide-detection-in-wine
#18
Haitao Chen, Xiaoming Wu, Shaoxiang Yang, Hongyu Tian, Yongguo Liu, Baoguo Sun
A new efficient and practical fluorescent probe 6-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-yl)naphthalen-2-yl-thiophene-2-carboxylate (probe 1 ) was synthesized to detect hydrogen sulfide (H2 S). The addition of H2 S caused the solution of probe 1 to change from colorless to yellow, and the solution of probe 1 changes to different colors with respect to different concentrations of H2 S. Importantly, probe 1 could help detect H2 S efficiently by a distinct color response as a visible detection agent. Probe 1 reacted with various concentrations of H2 S (0-200  μ M), and the detection limit for H2 S was 0...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729060/optimization-of-extraction-conditions-for-determination-of-tiliroside-in-tilia-l-flowers-using-an-lc-esi-ms-ms-method
#19
Aleksandra Pieczykolan, Wioleta Pietrzak, Renata Nowak, Józefina Pielczyk, Karolina Łamacz
Tiliroside exhibits a wide spectrum of effects on the human body; considering expensive synthesis of tiliroside, linden trees seem to be a good source of this compound. For the first time, 46 various extraction methods were developed to receive tiliroside from Tilia L., including ultrasound-assisted extraction, maceration, maceration with stirring, accelerated solvent extraction, and extraction under reflux. The effects of extraction techniques, solvents, additives, and temperature on the content of tiliroside were studied using analytical and statistical methods...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719375/a-sensitive-and-efficient-method-for-determination-of-capecitabine-and-its-five-metabolites-in-human-plasma-based-on-one-step-liquid-liquid-extraction
#20
Zhipeng Wang, Xinxing Li, Yang Yang, Feng Zhang, Mingming Li, Wei Chen, Shouhong Gao, Wansheng Chen
Colorectal cancer is the most common critical disease both in the developed and developing countries. Capecitabine, which has served in clinical practice at least for 10 years, is a first-line antidigestive tract cancer drug for its better efficacy, patient compliance, and lower side effects. An ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method has been developed and completely validated for simultaneous determination of capecitabine and its five metabolites in human plasma from colorectal cancer patients after administration of capecitabine tablet...
2019: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
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