Leonardo F Tavares, Nathan V Ribeiro, Vitória F B Zocca, Graciely G Corrêa, Laura A S Amorim, Milca R C R Lins, Danielle B Pedrolli
A proper balance of metabolic pathways is crucial for engineering microbial strains that can efficiently produce biochemicals on an industrial scale while maintaining cell fitness. High production loads can negatively impact cell fitness and hinder industrial-scale production. To address this, fine-tuning gene expression using engineered promoters and genetic circuits can promote control over multiple targets in pathways and reduce the burden. We took advantage of the robust carbon catabolite repression system of Bacillus subtilis to engineer a glucose-inducible genetic circuit that supports growth and production...
September 29, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
Vijaydev Ganesan, Lummy Monteiro, Dheeraj Pedada, Anthony Stohr, Mark Blenner
Yarrowia lipolytica is an industrial host with a high fatty acid flux. Even though CRISPR-based tools have accelerated its metabolic engineering, there remains a need to develop tools for rapid multiplexed strain engineering to accelerate the design-build-test-learn cycle. Base editors have the potential to perform high-efficiency multiplexed gene editing because they do not depend upon double-stranded DNA breaks. Here, we identified that base editors are less toxic than CRISPR-Cas9 for multiplexed gene editing...
September 28, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
Zhaoxin Wang, Ying Zhou, Yuefei Wang, Xiaohui Yan
Marmesin is essential in plant defense systems and exhibits various biological activities. In this study, we reconstituted the marmesin biosynthetic pathway in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae BY4741 chassis. We engineered the aromatic amino acid (AAA) biosynthetic pathways by introducing Escherichia coli -derived ppsA to improve the availability of the AAA precursor phosphoenolpyruvate, overexpressing the feedback inhibition resistance genes ARO4 K229L and ARO7 G141S to direct the metabolic flux toward the tyrosine branch, and deleting ARO10 , PDC5 , and PDC6 to reduce the byproducts from the Ehrlich pathway...
September 28, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
Fernanda Piorino, Alexandra T Patterson, Yue Han, Mark P Styczynski
Although cell-free protein expression has been widely used for the synthesis of single proteins, cell-free synthetic biology has rapidly expanded to new, more complex applications. One such application is the prototyping or implementation of complex genetic networks involving the expression of multiple proteins at precise ratios, often from different plasmids. However, expression of multiple proteins from multiple plasmids may inadvertently result in unexpected, off-target changes to the levels of the proteins being expressed, a phenomenon termed plasmid crosstalk...
September 27, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
Wan-Wen Ting, I-Son Ng
The deaminase-fused T7 RNA polymerase (T7RNAP) presents a promising toolkit for in vivo target-specific enzyme evolution, offering the unique advantage of simultaneous DNA modification and screening. Previous studies have reported the mutation efficiency of base editors relying on different resources. In contrast, the mechanism underlying the T7RNAP/T7 system is well-understood. Therefore, this study aimed to establish a new platform, termed dT7-Muta, by tuning the binding efficiency between T7RNAP and the T7 promoter for gene mutagenesis...
September 26, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
Laura Grasemann, Paula Thiel Pizarro, Sebastian J Maerkl
Rolling circle amplification (RCA) is a widely used DNA amplification method that uses circular template DNA as input and produces multimeric, linear single- or double-stranded DNA. Circle-to-circle amplification (C2CA) has further expanded this method by implementing product recircularization using restriction and ligation, leading to a higher amplification yield and enabling the generation of circular products. However, C2CA is a multistep, nonisothermal method, requiring multiple fluid manipulations and thereby compromises several advantages of RCA...
September 20, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
Yuan Zhou, Jinfu Zhang, Haowen Sun, Dagang Tao, Bingrong Xu, Xiaosong Han, Ruimin Ren, Jinxue Ruan, Lucilla Steinaa, Johanneke D Hemmink, Jianlin Han, Xinyun Li, Jing Xu, Shuhong Zhao, Shengsong Xie, Changzhi Zhao
The development of a contamination-free and on-site nucleic acid detection platform with high sensitivity and specificity but low-cost for the detection of pathogenic nucleic acids is critical for infectious disease diagnosis and surveillance. In this study, we combined the recombinase-aided amplification (RAA) with the exonuclease III ( Exo III)-assisted signal amplification into a platform for sensitive and specific detection of nucleic acids of African swine fever virus (ASFV). We found that this platform enabled a naked eye visual detection of ASFV at a detection limit as low as 2 copies/μL in 30 min...
September 20, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
Aishwary Shrivastava, Yancheng Du, Harshith K Adepu, Ruixin Li, Anirudh S Madhvacharyula, Alexander A Swett, Jong Hyun Choi
Synthetic cells are artificial systems that resemble natural cells. Significant efforts have been made over the years to construct synthetic protocells that can mimic biological mechanisms and perform various complex processes. These include compartmentalization, metabolism, energy supply, communication, and gene reproduction. Cell motility is also of great importance, as nature uses elegant mechanisms for intracellular trafficking, immune response, and embryogenesis. In this review, we discuss the motility of synthetic cells made from lipid vesicles and relevant molecular mechanisms...
September 20, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
Jiahui Sun, Zhichao Zhang, Shanshan Zhang, Yu Dan, Huili Sun, Yannan Wu, Guodong Luan, Xuefeng Lu
Fructose is an important monosaccharide product widely applied in the food, medicine, and chemical industries. Currently, fructose is mainly manufactured with plant biomass-sourced polysaccharides through multiple steps of digestion, conversion, separation, and purification. The development of cyanobacterial metabolic engineering provides an attractive alternative route for the one-step direct production of fructose utilizing carbon dioxide and solar energy. In this work, we developed a paradigm for engineering cyanobacterial chassis cells into efficient cell factories for the photosynthetic production of fructose...
September 20, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
Fernanda Piorino, Mark P Styczynski
Cell lysis─by sonication or bead beating, for example─is a key step in preparing extracts for cell-free expression systems. To create high protein-production capacity extracts, standard practice is to lyse cells sufficiently to thoroughly disrupt the membrane and thus extract expression machinery but without degrading that machinery. Here, we investigate the impact of different sonication energy inputs on the protein-production capacity of Escherichia coli extracts. While the existence of operator-specific optimal sonication energy inputs is widely known, our findings show that the sonication energy input that yields maximal protein output from a given expression template may depend on plasmid concentration, transcriptional and translational features (e...
September 19, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
Jia-Xiang Ma, Wen-Yan He, Hui-Min Hua, Qian Zhu, Guo-Song Zheng, Andrei A Zimin, Wen-Fang Wang, Yin-Hua Lu
Streptomycetes have a strong ability to produce a vast array of bioactive natural products (NPs) widely used in agriculture and veterinary/human medicine. The recently developed CRISPR/Cas9-based genome editing tools have greatly facilitated strain improvement for target NP overproduction as well as novel NP discovery in Streptomyces . However, CRISPR/Cas9 shows high toxicity to the host, limiting its application in many Streptomyces strains with a low DNA transformation efficiency. In this study, we developed a low-toxicity CRISPR/Cas9D10A nickase (nCas9)-based genome editing tool in the model strain Streptomyces coelicolor M145...
September 18, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
Yoseph Tsegaye, Phoebe Yeh, Victor Holmes, Matthew Jones, Alexander Kilbo, Chris N Micklem, Chia-Hong Tsai, Christopher J Paddon
Valorization, the process whereby waste materials are converted into more valuable products, is rarely practiced in industrial fermentation. We developed a model valorization system whereby Saccharomyces cerevisiae that had previously been engineered to produce high concentrations (>100 g/L) of extracellular β-farnesene was further engineered to simultaneously produce intracellular carotenoids, both products being isoprenoids. Thus, a single fermentation generates two valuable products, namely, β-farnesene in the liquid phase and carotenoids in the solid biomass phase...
September 18, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
Daniela S Strugach, Dagan Hadar, Miriam Amiram
The rational design of light-responsive proteins and protein-based polymers requires both a photoswitch with suitable light-responsive properties and the ability to incorporate it at (multiple) defined positions in the protein chain. This Letter describes the evolution of high-performance aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases for recognizing a photoswitchable arylazopyrazole-bearing unnatural amino acid (AAP-uAA), which we then incorporated at multiple sites within elastin-like polypeptides (ELPs). The incorporation of AAP-uAA into ELPs yielded proteins capable of an isothermal, reversible, and robust light-mediated soluble-to-insoluble phase transition, which occurred faster (after only 1 min of light irradiation) and demonstrated a larger transition temperature difference (up to a 45 °C difference in the ELP transition temperature upon a cis to trans AAP isomerization) than similar azobenzene-containing ELPs...
September 15, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
John van Schaik, Zidan Li, John Cheadle, Nathan Crook
Sustainably enhancing crop production is a global necessity to meet the escalating demand for staple crops while sustainably managing their associated carbon/nitrogen inputs. Leveraging plant-associated microbiomes is a promising avenue for addressing this demand. However, studying these communities and engineering them for sustainable enhancement of crop production have remained a challenge due to limited genetic tools and methods. In this work, we detail the development of the Maize Root Microbiome ToolKit (MRMTK), a rapid Modular Cloning (MoClo) toolkit that only takes 2...
September 15, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
Yuechao Ma, Na Guo, Xiao Li, Zhihua Jiang, Dunhua Zhang, Liang Guo, Yi Wang
Recombinant proteins have broad applications. However, there is a lack of a recombinant protein expression system specifically for large-scale production in anaerobic hosts. Here, we developed a powerful and stringently inducible protein expression system based on the bacteriophage T7 system in the strictly anaerobic solvent-producing Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum . With the integration of a codon optimized T7 RNA polymerase into the chromosome, a single plasmid carrying a T7 promoter could efficiently drive high-level expression of the target gene in an orthogonal manner, which was tightly regulated by a lactose-inducible system...
September 15, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
Xianping Bai, Hanna Chen, Xiangmei Ren, Lin Zhong, Xingyan Wang, Xiaoqi Ji, Youming Zhang, Yan Wang, Xiaoying Bian
Bacterial natural products (NPs) are an indispensable source of drugs and biopesticides. Heterologous expression is an essential method for discovering bacterial NPs and the efficient biosynthesis of valuable NPs, but the chassis for Gram-negative bacterial NPs remains inadequate. In this study, we built a Burkholderiales mutant Burkholderia gladioli Δ gbn ::attB by introducing an integrated site ( attB ) to inactivate the native gladiolin ( gbn ) biosynthetic gene cluster, which stabilizes large foreign gene clusters and reduces the native metabolite profile...
September 14, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
Meng Li, Dan Li, Leiruo Lin, Panpan Wang, Wenxue Zhao
RNA-protein interactions are essential nodes of cellular regulatory circuits and play critical roles in normal physiology and disease. However, the precise roles of individual RNA-protein interactions remain elusive. Here we report a method for precise interference of endogenous RNA interacting with the RNA binding protein (RBP). TTP is an RBP that recognizes the AU-rich element (ARE) of mRNA via the binding domain TZF and represses gene expression. We engineer Cas13b, a class 2 type VI CRISPR-Cas endonuclease that exclusively targets RNA, to direct the peptide of TZF to the binding site and compete with endogenous TTP...
September 14, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
Elena Lopez-Martinez, Aitor Manteca, Noelia Ferruz, Aitziber L Cortajarena
Epitopes are specific regions on an antigen's surface that the immune system recognizes. Epitopes are usually protein regions on foreign immune-stimulating entities such as viruses and bacteria, and in some cases, endogenous proteins may act as antigens. Identifying epitopes is crucial for accelerating the development of vaccines and immunotherapies. However, mapping epitopes in pathogen proteomes is challenging using conventional methods. Screening artificial neoepitope libraries against antibodies can overcome this issue...
September 13, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
Jaeyoung K Jung, Blake J Rasor, Grant A Rybnicky, Adam D Silverman, Janet Standeven, Robert Kuhn, Teresa Granito, Holly M Ekas, Brenda M Wang, Ashty S Karim, Julius B Lucks, Michael C Jewett
As the field of synthetic biology expands, the need to grow and train science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) practitioners is essential. However, the lack of access to hands-on demonstrations has led to inequalities of opportunity and practice. In addition, there is a gap in providing content that enables students to make their own bioengineered systems. To address these challenges, we develop four shelf-stable cell-free biosensing educational modules that work by simply adding water and DNA to freeze-dried crude extracts of non-pathogenic Escherichia coli ...
September 12, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
Jianhui Feng, Bartosz Gabryelczyk, Isabell Tunn, Ekaterina Osmekhina, Markus B Linder
Structural engineering of molecules for condensation is an emerging technique within synthetic biology. Liquid-liquid phase separation of biomolecules leading to condensation is a central step in the assembly of biological materials into their functional forms. Intracellular condensates can also function within cells in a regulatory manner to facilitate reaction pathways and to compartmentalize interactions. We need to develop a strong understanding of how to design molecules for condensates and how their in vivo- in vitro properties are related...
September 9, 2023: ACS Synthetic Biology
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