journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38702896/theta-and-alpha-oscillations-may-underlie-improved-attention-and-working-memory-in-musically-trained-children
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Leonie Kausel, F Zamorano, P Billeke, M E Sutherland, M I Alliende, J Larrain-Valenzuela, P Soto-Icaza, F Aboitiz
INTRODUCTION: Attention and working memory are key cognitive functions that allow us to select and maintain information in our mind for a short time, being essential for our daily life and, in particular, for learning and academic performance. It has been shown that musical training can improve working memory performance, but it is still unclear if and how the neural mechanisms of working memory and particularly attention are implicated in this process. In this work, we aimed to identify the oscillatory signature of bimodal attention and working memory that contributes to improved working memory in musically trained children...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38702895/melatonin-improves-maternal-sleep-deprivation-induced-learning-and-memory-impairment-inflammation-and-synaptic-dysfunction-in-murine-male-adult-offspring
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yue-Ming Zhang, Ru-Meng Wei, Zong-Yin Li, Xue-Yan Li, Kai-Xuan Zhang, Yi-Jun Ge, Xiao-Yi Kong, Xue-Chun Liu, Gui-Hai Chen
INTRODUCTION: Maternal sleep deprivation (MSD), which induces inflammation and synaptic dysfunction in the hippocampus, has been associated with learning and memory impairment in offspring. Melatonin (Mel) has been shown to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and neuroprotective function. However, the beneficial effect of Mel on MSD-induced cognitive impairment and its mechanisms are unknown. METHODS: In the present study, adult offspring suffered from MSD were injected with Mel (20 mg/kg) once a day during postnatal days 61-88...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38698620/investigating-disparities-in-smoking-cessation-treatment-for-veterans-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-national-analysis
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Carri S Polick, Paul Dennis, Patrick S Calhoun, Tiffany J Braley, Eunice Lee, Sarah Wilson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Smoking is a risk factor for multiple sclerosis (MS) development, symptom burden, decreased medication efficacy, and increased disease-related mortality. Veterans with MS (VwMS) smoke at critically high rates; however, treatment rates and possible disparities are unknown. To promote equitable treatment, we aim to investigate smoking cessation prescription practices for VwMS across social determinant factors. METHODS: We extracted data from the national Veterans Health Administration electronic health records between October 1, 2017, and September 30, 2018...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38698619/detecting-language-network-alterations-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-using-task-based-fmri-and-resting-state-fmri-a-comparative-study
#24
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Kerem Kemik, Emel Ada, Berrin Çavuşoğlu, Cansu Aykaç, Derya Durusu Emek Savaş, Görsev Yener
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the functional changes associated with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) using independent component analysis (ICA) with the word generation task functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and resting-state fMRI. METHODS: In this study 17 patients with MCI and age and education-matched 17 healthy individuals as control group are investigated. All participants underwent resting-state fMRI and task-based fMRI while performing the word generation task...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38698593/implications-of-anti-ganglioside-antibodies-in-isolated-dysphagia-following-covid-19-infection-case-series
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sejoon Kim, Jisun Bae, Geun-Young Park, Sun Im
BACKGROUND: There have been multiple reports about the occurrence of dysphagia after the contraction of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, a detailed pathology and epidemiologic relation between COVID-19 infection and dysphagia have yet to be established. Here, we report three cases of unexplained dysphagia after COVID-19 diagnosis, with atypical clinical presentations. CASE REPORT: All patients showed severe isolated lower cranial nerve involvement with dysphagia and aspiration, which required full tube feeding but showed no evidence of limb weakness or sensory symptoms...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38698583/electroacupuncture-modulates-abnormal-brain-connectivity-after-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats-a-graph-theory-based-approach
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Si-Si Li, Xiang-Xin Xing, Xu-Yun Hua, Yu-Wen Zhang, Jia-Jia Wu, Chun-Lei Shan, He Wang, Mou-Xiong Zheng, Jian-Guang Xu
BACKGROUND: Electroacupuncture (EA) has been shown to facilitate brain plasticity-related functional recovery following ischemic stroke. The functional magnetic resonance imaging technique can be used to determine the range and mode of brain activation. After stroke, EA has been shown to alter brain connectivity, whereas EA's effect on brain network topology properties remains unclear. An evaluation of EA's effects on global and nodal topological properties in rats with ischemia reperfusion was conducted in this study...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38688895/a-comprehensive-assessment-of-the-cholinergic-supporting-and-cognitive-enhancing-effects-of-rosa-damascena-mill-damask-rose-essential-oil-on-scopolamine-induced-amnestic-rats
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kerem Teralı, Dilek Ozbeyli, Duygu Yiğit-Hanoğlu, Kemal Hüsnü Can Başer, Göksel Şener, Asli Aykac
INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative condition characterized by gradual loss of cognitive abilities (dementia) and is a major public health problem. Here, we aimed at investigating the effects of Rosa damascena essential oil (RDEO) on learning and memory functions in a rat model of amnesia induced by scopolamine, as well as on changes in acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) expression, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in the extracted brain tissues...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38688894/mitochondrial-antioxidant-elamipretide-improves-learning-and-memory-impairment-induced-by-chronic-sleep-deprivation-in-mice
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yue-Ming Zhang, Ya-Tao Wang, Ru-Meng Wei, Xue-Yan Li, Bao-Ling Luo, Jing-Ya Zhang, Kai-Xuan Zhang, Shi-Kun Fang, Xue-Chun Liu, Gui-Hai Chen
BACKGROUND: The inflammation and synaptic dysfunction induced by mitochondrial dysfunction play essential roles in the learning and memory impairment associated with sleep dysfunction. Elamipretide (SS-31), a novel mitochondrion-targeted antioxidant, was proven to improve mitochondrial dysfunction, the inflammatory response, synaptic dysfunction, and cognitive impairment in models of cerebral ischemia, sepsis, and type 2 diabetes. However, the potential for SS-31 to improve the cognitive impairment induced by chronic sleep deprivation (CSD) and its underlying mechanisms is unknown...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38688882/clinical-predictors-of-alzheimer-s-disease-like-brain-atrophy-in-individuals-with-memory-complaints
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ahmet Alp Karakasli, Esra Ozkan, Melike Karacam Dogan, Duygu Cap, Ayca Karaosmanoglu, Sevilay Karahan, Nabi Zorlu, Esen Saka, Yavuz Ayhan
OBJECTIVES: The definition and assessment methods for subjective cognitive decline (SCD) vary among studies. We aimed to investigate which features or assessment methods of SCD best predict Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related structural atrophy patterns. METHODS: We assessed 104 individuals aged 55+ with memory complaints but normal cognitive screening. Our research questions were as follows: To improve the prediction of AD related morphological changes, (1) Would the use of a standardized cognitive screening scale be beneficial? (2) Is conducting a thorough neuropsychological evaluation necessary instead of relying solely on cognitive screening tests? (3) Should we apply SCD-plus research criteria, and if so, which criterion would be the most effective? (4) Is it necessary to consider medical and psychiatric comorbidities, vitamin deficiencies, vascular burden on MRI, and family history? We utilized Freesurfer to analyze cortical thickness and regional brain volume meta-scores linked to AD or predicting its development...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38688880/circadian-changes-of-autonomic-function-in-patients-with-zoster-associated-pain-a-heart-rate-variability-analysis
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Peng Mao, Hui-Min Hu, Ran Li, Yuan-Jing Zhang, Yi Zhang, Yi-Fan Li, Bi-Fa Fan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the circadian changes of the autonomic function in patients with zoster-associated pain (ZAP). METHODS: A total of 37 patients with ZAP from April 2022 to October 2022 were enrolled as the observation group, and 37 normal volunteers at the same time were selected as the control group. All participants were required to wear a 24-h Holter, which was used to compare the heart rate variability (HRV) between the two groups. HRV analysis involved time- and frequency-domain parameters...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38688879/combining-neuropsychological-assessment-and-structural-neuroimaging-to-identify-early-alzheimer-s-disease-in-a-memory-clinic-cohort
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yi-En Quek, Yi Leng Fung, Pierrick Bourgeat, Simon J Vogrin, Steven J Collins, Stephen C Bowden
INTRODUCTION: The current study examined the contributions of comprehensive neuropsychological assessment and volumetric assessment of selected mesial temporal subregions on structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to identify patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and mild probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia in a memory clinic cohort. METHODS: Comprehensive neuropsychological assessment and automated entorhinal, transentorhinal, and hippocampal volume measurements were conducted in 40 healthy controls, 38 patients with subjective memory symptoms, 16 patients with aMCI, 16 patients with mild probable AD dementia...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38688878/misperception-of-body-verticality-in-neurological-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#32
REVIEW
Esteban Obrero-Gaitán, David Fuentes-Núñez, María Del Moral-García, María Del Carmen López-Ruiz, Daniel Rodríguez-Almagro, Rafael Lomas-Vega
INTRODUCTION: The internal representation of verticality could be disturbed when a lesion in the central nervous system (CNS) affects the centers where information from the vestibular, visual, and/or somatosensory systems, increasing the risk of falling. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the vestibular and somatosensory contribution to the verticality pattern in patients with stroke and other neurological disorders. METHODS: A literature search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and CINAHL databases...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38688877/escalating-to-medium-versus-high-efficacy-disease-modifying-therapy-after-low-efficacy-treatment-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jannis Müller, Izanne Roos, Tomas Kalincik, Johannes Lorscheider, Edoardo Galli, Pascal Benkert, Sabine Schädelin, Sifat Sharmin, Maximilian Einsiedler, Peter Hänni, Jürg Schmid, Jens Kuhle, Tobias Derfuss, Cristina Granziera, Tjalf Ziemssen, Timo Siepmann, Özgür Yaldizli
BACKGROUND: In patients with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) on low-efficacy disease modifying therapies (DMT), the optimal strategy on how to escalate treatment once needed, remains unknown. METHODS: We studied RRMS patients on low-efficacy DMTs listed in the Swiss National Treatment Registry, who underwent escalation to either medium- or high-efficacy DMTs. Propensity score-based matching was applied using 12 clinically relevant variables. Both groups were also separately matched with control subjects who did not escalate therapy...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38685801/smartphone-app-for-lifestyle-improvement-improves-brain-health-and-boosts-the-vitality-and-cognitive-function-of-healthy-middle-aged-adults
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Keisuke Kokubun, Kiyotaka Nemoto, Yoshinori Yamakawa
INTRODUCTION: The number of smartphone apps for brain training is increasing, and the number of people who are working on brain training is also increasing. However, researchers disagree about the effectiveness of brain training. METHODS: Therefore, in this study, we conducted an intervention test with the participation of 70 healthy middle-aged men and women and measured the effect of smartphone apps on lifestyle improvement using brain healthcare quotient calculated from brain imaging data...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38680078/can-neurocognition-brain-neurotrophic-factor-triglyceride-and-total-cholesterol-predict-suicidal-ideation-in-first-episode-han-chinese-patients-with-schizophrenia
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Li Dongxia, Ma Li, Feng Yingying
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have suggested that the suicide rate of patients with schizophrenia is high. This study investigates factors influencing suicidal ideation in first-episode schizophrenia patients, focusing on cognitive function, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), triglyceride (TG), and total cholesterol (TC) in patients with first-episode schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 123 patients with first-episode schizophrenia and 38 healthy controls were included in the study...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38680077/a-modified-neural-circuit-framework-for-semantic-memory-retrieval-with-implications-for-circuit-modulation-to-treat-verbal-retrieval-deficits
#36
REVIEW
Hsueh-Sheng Chiang, Raksha A Mudar, Christine S Dugas, Michael A Motes, Michael A Kraut, John Hart
Word finding difficulty is a frequent complaint in older age and disease states, but treatment options are lacking for such verbal retrieval deficits. Better understanding of the neurophysiological and neuroanatomical basis of verbal retrieval function may inform effective interventions. In this article, we review the current evidence of a neural retrieval circuit central to verbal production, including words and semantic memory, that involves the pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA), striatum (particularly caudate nucleus), and thalamus...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38680075/executive-functions-and-brain-morphology-of-male-and-female-dominant-and-subordinate-cichlid-fish
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Angelo Guadagno, Zegni Triki
BACKGROUND: Living in a social dominance hierarchy presents different benefits and challenges for dominant and subordinate males and females, which might in turn affect their cognitive needs. Despite the extensive research on social dominance in group-living species, there is still a knowledge gap regarding how social status impacts brain morphology and cognitive abilities. METHODS: Here, we tested male and female dominants and subordinates of Neolamprologus pulcher, a social cichlid fish species with size-based hierarchy...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38680072/methyl-jasmonate-ameliorates-pain-induced-learning-and-memory-impairments-through-regulating-the-expression-of-genes-involved-in-neuroinflammation
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fatemeh Mohammadinia, Saeed Esmaeili-Mahani, Mehdi Abbasnejad, Manijeh Dogani, Ali Mohammad Poorrahimi
OBJECTIVE: Orofacial pain with high prevalence is one of the substantial human health issues. The importance of this matter became more apparent when it was revealed that orofacial pain, directly and indirectly, affects cognition performances. Currently, researchers have focused on investigating pharmaceutics to alleviate pain and ameliorate its subsequent cognitive impairments. DESIGN: In this study, the rats were first treated with the central administration of methyl jasmonate (MeJA), which is an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory bio-compound...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38680038/knowledge-mapping-of-neonatal-electroencephalogram-a-bibliometric-analysis-2004-2022
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ruijie Zhang, Lifeng Shi, Lu Zhang, Xinao Lin, Yunlei Bao, Feng Jiang, Chuyan Wu, Jimei Wang
BACKGROUND: Electroencephalography (EEG), a widely used noninvasive neurophysiological diagnostic tool, has experienced substantial advancements from 2004 to 2022, particularly in neonatal applications. Utilizing a bibliometric methodology, this study delineates the knowledge structure and identifies emergent trends within neonatal EEG research. METHODS: An exhaustive literature search was conducted on the Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC) database to identify publications related to neonatal EEG from 2004 to 2022...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38680021/diabetes-and-vascular-mild-cognitive-impairment-among-chinese-%C3%A2-50-years-a-cross-sectional-study-with-2020-participants
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yu Zhang, Wenna Liu, Chen Fu, Xuemei Liu, Xiaobing Hou, Huanmin Niu, Tao Li, Chunyan Guo, Aixun Li, Baoxin Chen, Xianglan Jin
BACKGROUND: With the decline of cognitive function in vascular cognitive impairment, the burden on the family and society will increase. Therefore, early identification of vascular mild cognitive impairment (VaMCI) is crucial. The focus of early identification of VaMCI is on the attention of risk factors. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between diabetes and VaMCI among the Chinese, hoping to predict the risk of VaMCI by diabetes and to move the identification of vascular cognitive impairment forward...
May 2024: Brain and Behavior
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