journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38282367/shared-genetic-risk-between-anorexia-nervosa-and-cardiovascular-disease-events-evidence-from-genome-wide-association-studies
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Baiyu Qi, Mariaelisa Graff, Eating Disorders Working Group Of The Psychiatric Genomics Consortium, Cynthia M Bulik, Kari E North, Melissa A Munn-Chernoff
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular complications occur in up to 80% of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), yet the underlying mechanisms warrant further investigation. We assessed the genetic correlation (rg ) between AN and cardiovascular disease (CVD) events to inform whether elevated cardiovascular risk among individuals with AN is due to shared genetic effects. METHOD: We used genome-wide association study summary statistics for AN (N = 72,517), AN with binge eating (N = 12,630), AN without binge eating (N = 12,516), and six CVD events (N = 390,142 to 977,323)...
January 28, 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38641893/visual-evoked-potential-in-generalized-joint-hypermobility-a-case-control-study
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Leila Sadat Mohamadi Jahromi, Amin Sayyadi, Aida Askarian, Alireza Dabbaghmanesh, Sharareh Roshanzamir
INTRODUCTION: Generalized joint hypermobility (GJH) can be the result of several hereditary connective tissue disorders, especially Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Cerebrovascular manifestations are among the most common complications in this disorder, and understanding their extent can help better diagnosis and prevention of hazardous events. We investigated visual evoked potential (VEP) changes in patients with GJH and compared them with healthy individuals. METHODS: Our case-control study included 90 patients who fulfilled the Beighton score (B score) for joint hypermobility and other 90 healthy participants...
April 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38641892/study-on-exosomes-for-identifying-bipolar-disorder-in-early-stage-a-cross-sectional-and-validation-study-protocol
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yanqing Wu, Yuchao Li, Xuguang An, Jiangong Li, Chenghao Yang, Yi Wang
BACKGROUND: The difficulty is remained to accurately distinguish bipolar disorder (BD) from major depressive disorder (MDD) in early stage, with a delayed diagnosis for 5-10 years. BD patients are often treated with antidepressants systematically due to being diagnosed with MDD, affecting the disease course and clinical outcomes. The current study aims to explore the role of plasma exosomes as biomarker to distinguish BD from MDD in early stage. METHODS: Two stages are included...
April 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38641890/establishment-of-a-model-to-predict-mortality-after-decompression-craniotomy-for-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Birui Wu, Juntao Zhang, Junchen Chen, Xibo Sun, Dianhui Tan
BACKGROUND: The mortality rate of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) is still high even while undergoing decompressive craniectomy (DC), and the expensive treatment costs bring huge economic burden to the families of patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify preoperative indicators that influence patient outcomes and to develop a risk model for predicting patient mortality by a retrospective analysis of TBI patients undergoing DC. METHODS: A total of 288 TBI patients treated with DC, admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical School from August 2015 to April 2021, were used for univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis to determine the risk factors for death after DC in TBI patients...
April 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38641887/do-incidental-positive-emotions-induce-more-optimistic-expectations-of-decision-outcomes-an-empirical-study-from-the-perspective-of-event-related-potential
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ruinan Zhao, Liqing Zhou
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has found that incidental emotions of different valences (positive/negative/neutral) influence risky decision-making. However, the mechanism of their influence on psychological expectations of decision outcomes remains unclear. METHODS: We explored the effects of different incidental emotions on the behavioral, psychological, and electrophysiological responses of individuals in risky decision-making through a money gambling task using a one-way (emotion type: positive, negative, neutral emotions) between-subjects experimental design...
April 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38641879/distinct-brain-network-organizations-between-club-players-and-novices-under-different-difficulty-levels
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chantat Leong, Zhiying Zhao, Zhen Yuan, Bin Liu
SIGNIFICANT: Chunk memory is one of the essential cognitive functions for high-expertise (HE) player to make efficient decisions. However, it remains unknown how the neural mechanisms of chunk memory processes mediate or alter chess players' performance when facing different opponents. AIM: This study aimed at inspecting the significant brain networks associated with chunk memory, which would vary between club players and novices. APPROACH: Functional networks and topological features of 20 club players (HE) and 20 novice players (LE) were compared at different levels of difficulty by means of functional near-infrared spectroscopy...
April 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38622897/pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-and-early-age-multiple-sclerosis-in-finland-a-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Juho Laaksonen, Ville Ponkilainen, Ilari Kuitunen, Julius Möttönen, Ville M Mattila
OBJECTIVE: Examine the link between pediatric traumatic brain injury (pTBI) and early-onset multiple sclerosis in Finland. METHODS: Conducted nationwide register study (1998-2018) with 28,750 pTBI patients (< 18) and 38,399 pediatric references with extremity fractures. Multiple sclerosis diagnoses from Finnish Social Insurance Institution. Employed Kaplan-Meier and multivariable Cox regression for probability assessment, results presented with 95% CI. RESULTS: Of 66 post-traumatic multiple sclerosis cases, 30 (0...
April 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38622893/multicenter-registry-study-of-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-in-china-retain-ch-rationale-and-design
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hetao Bian, Xia Wang, Lan Liu, Feng Yan, Shan Lu, Wen Hui, Chen Zhou, Jiangang Duan, Min Li, Jian Chen, Ran Meng, Lei Cao, Longde Wang, Xunming Ji
BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare cerebrovascular disorder that mainly affects young and middle-aged adults. Epidemiological data on the incidence, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of CVT are lacking in China. In addition, there is a lack of evidence from large, multicenter, real-world studies on the efficacy and safety of endovascular. AIM: To understand the incidence, diagnosis and treatment status of CVT in China and to estimate the effectiveness and safety of endovascular treatment in the real-world...
April 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38622877/beyond-sleepless-nights-unraveling-the-complexity-of-alexithymia-and-suicide-risk-among-university-students
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ahmad Daghigh
BACKGROUND: There is a solid relationship between alexithymia and suicide risk. Nonetheless, the specific impact of alexithymia's distinct subscales on suicide risk has received the attention it deserves. This article presents a comprehensive exploration of suicide risk among university students, focusing on the interconnections among alexithymia, insomnia, and suicidal behavior. Three components of alexithymia including difficulties in describing emotions or feelings (DDF), difficulties in identifying emotions or feelings (DIF), and the externally oriented thinking were considered...
April 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38616334/expanding-deep-phenotypic-spectrum-associated-with-atypical-pathogenic-structural-variations-overlapping-15q11-q13-imprinting-region
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rabeya Akter Mim, Anjana Soorajkumar, Noor Kosaji, Muhammad Mizanur Rahman, Shaoli Sarker, Noushad Karuvantevida, Tamannyat Binte Eshaque, Md Atikur Rahaman, Amirul Islam, Mohammod Shah Jahan Chowdhury, Nusrat Shams, K M Furkan Uddin, Hosneara Akter, Mohammed Uddin
BACKGROUND: The 15q11-q13 region is a genetic locus with genes subject to genomic imprinting, significantly influencing neurodevelopment. Genomic imprinting is an epigenetic phenomenon that causes differential gene expression based on the parent of origin. In most diploid organisms, gene expression typically involves an equal contribution from both maternal and paternal alleles, shaping the phenotype. Nevertheless, in mammals, including humans, mice, and marsupials, the functional equivalence of parental alleles is not universally maintained...
April 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38616330/alterations-in-brain-functional-connectivity-in-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-studies
#11
REVIEW
Shuangyan Wang, Weijia Wang, Jinglong Chen, Xiaoqi Yu
Emerging evidences suggest that cognitive deficits in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are associated with disruptions in brain functional connectivity (FC). This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to comprehensively evaluate alterations in FC between MCI individuals and healthy control (HC) using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Thirteen studies were included in qualitative analysis, with two studies synthesized for quantitative meta-analysis. Overall, MCI patients exhibited reduced resting-state FC, predominantly in the prefrontal, parietal, and occipital cortex...
April 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38594228/a-pilot-study-examining-hemomania-behaviors-in-psychiatry-outpatients-engaged-with-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ali Kandeger, Omer Faruk Uygur, Emine Yavuz Ataslar, Furkan Cınar, Yavuz Selvi
BACKGROUND: This study aims to conduct the first-ever evaluation of our previously proposed behaviors of "hemomania" in individuals engaged with nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). METHODS: The study encompassed 130 outpatients engaged with NSSI who applied at the psychiatry outpatient clinic. NSSI behaviors were assessed using the Inventory of Statements About Self-Injury, while psychiatric diagnoses were evaluated using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-5 Disorders-Clinician Version...
April 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38594225/interscanner-reproducibility-of-volumetric-quantitative-susceptibility-mapping-about-cerebral-subcortical-gray-nuclei-at-different-mr-vendors-with-the-same-magnetic-strength
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mengqi Liu, Shuqiang Zhao, Zhiye Chen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) technique was a new quantitative magnetic resonance imaging technique to evaluate the cerebral iron deposition in clinical practice. The current study was aimed to investigate the reproducibility of the volumetric susceptibility value of the subcortical gray nuclei at two different MR vendor with the same magnetic strength. METHODS: Cerebral magnitude and phase images of 21 normal subjects were acquired from a 3D multiecho enhanced gradient recalled echo sequence at two different 3...
April 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38558543/the-perception-of-time-is-slowed-in-response-to-exercise-an-effect-not-further-compounded-by-competitors-behavioral-implications-for-exercise-and-health
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Andrew Mark Edwards, Stein Gerrit Paul Menting, Marije Titia Elferink-Gemser, Florentina Johanna Hettinga
INTRODUCTION: The theory of relativity postulates that time is relative to context and exercise seems such a situation. The purpose of this study was to examine whether situational factors such as perceived exertion and the introduction of an opponent influence competitors' perception of time. METHODS: Thirty-three recreationally active adults (F = 16; M = 17) performed three standardized 4-km cycling trials in a randomized order. Velotron 3D software was used to create a visual, virtual environment representing (1) a solo time trial (FAM and SO), (2) a time trial with a passive opponent avatar (PO), and (3) a time trial with an opponent avatar and participant instruction to actively finish the trial before the opponent (AO)...
April 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38558538/manifestations-social-impact-and-decay-of-conceptual-beliefs-a-cultural-perspective
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rüdiger J Seitz, Raymond F Paloutzian, Hans-Ferdinand Angel
INTRODUCTION: Believing comprises multifaceted processes that integrate information from the outside world through meaning-making processes with personal relevance. METHODS: Qualitative Review of the current literature in social cognitive neuroscience. RESULTS: Although believing develops rapidly outside an individual's conscious awareness, it results in the formation of beliefs that are stored in memory and play an important role in determining an individual's behavior...
April 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38549560/characteristics-and-influencing-factors-of-anticipated-hiv-stigma-among-hiv-negative-unknown-msm-in-china-a-regression-mixture-model
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zhenwei Dai, Yijin Wu, Xin Liu, Jiaqi Fu, Mingyu Si, Xu Chen, Hao Wang, Weijun Xiao, Yiman Huang, Fei Yu, Guodong Mi, Xiaoyou Su
BACKGROUND: Anticipated HIV stigma among men who have sex with men's (MSM) has a severe negative effect on their physical and mental health wellbeing and hence requires specific attention. The current study aims to identify the characteristics and the psychosocial influencing factors of anticipated HIV stigma in MSM using regression mixture model (RMM) and to determine the cut-off point of the seven-item Anticipated HIV Stigma Questionnaire (AHSQ) using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis...
April 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38538928/analysis-of-gait-characteristics-and-related-factors-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-based-on-wearable-devices
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hongyin Tang, Xianglian Liao, Jian Yao, Yilan Xing, Xin Zhao, Weibin Cheng, Tianxiang Gu, Yan Huang, Guang Xu, Ping Luan, Junzhang Tian, Guihua Li
BACKGROUND: Postural instability and gait disorder dominant (PIGD) is one of the most common disabling symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD), which seriously affects patients' quality of life. Therefore, it is essential to identify PIGD and develop targeted interventions to reduce the risk of PIGD in PD patients. AIM: This study aimed to investigate the gait characteristics of PD patients based on wearable devices and to establish a predictive model for their related influencing factors...
April 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38494763/communicative-impairment-and-its-neural-correlates-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-frontotemporal-dementia
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alexa Haeger, Janka Muising, Sandro Romanzetti, Bruno Fimm, Oliver Matz, Jörg B Schulz, Stefan Heim, Kathrin Reetz
OBJECTIVE: Communication skills can deteriorate in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD); however, their clinical assessment and treatment in patient care can be challenging. In the present study, we aimed to quantify the distinctive communication resources and barriers reported by patients and their relatives in AD and FTD and associated these communicative characteristics with clinical parameters, such as the degree of cognitive impairment and atrophy in language-associated brain areas...
March 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38494747/rapid-eye-movement-sleep-behavior-disorder-and-its-relation-to-parkinson-s-disease-the-potential-of-graph-measures-as-brain-biomarkers-to-identify-the-underlying-physiopathology-of-the-disorder
#19
REVIEW
Milad Najafzadeh, Fatemeh Mohammadian, Sara Mirabian, Zohre Ganji, Hossein Akbari, Masoud Rezaie, Esmaeil Ranjbar, Hoda Zare, Shahrokh Nasseri, Luigi Ferini-Strambi
Rapid eye movement behavior disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia characterized by the loss of skeletal muscle atonia during the rapid eye movement (REM) sleep phase. On the other hand, idiopathic RDB (iRBD) is considered the prelude of the various α-synucleinopathies, including Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with Lewy bodies and multiple system atrophy. Consequently, over 40% of patients eventually develop PD. Recent neuroimaging studies utilizing structural magnetic resonance imaging (s-MRI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with graph theoretical analysis have demonstrated that patients with iRBD and Parkinson's disease have extensive brain abnormalities...
March 2024: Brain and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38494708/identifying-and-verifying-huntington-s-disease-subtypes-clinical-features-neuroimaging-and-cytokine-changes
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ling-Xiao Cao, Jin-Hui Yin, Gang Du, Qing Yang, Yue Huang
AIMS: Huntington's disease (HD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder with heterogeneous clinical manifestations. Identifying distinct clinical clusters and their relevant biomarkers could elucidate the underlying disease pathophysiology. METHODS: Following the Enroll-HD program initiated in 2018.09, we have recruited 104 HD patients (including 21 premanifest) and 31 health controls at Beijing Tiantan Hospital. Principal components analysis and k-means cluster analysis were performed to determine HD clusters...
March 2024: Brain and Behavior
journal
journal
43782
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.