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Oral Health and Dental Management

Adam J Kimple, Chris M Welch, Jose P Zevallos, Samip N Patel
Inhaled or chewed tobacco is equally addictive and harmful and used daily by over 1 billion people. In addition to increased rates of coronary artery disease, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancers, tobacco is the leading preventable cause of oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma. In addition to tobacco, consumption and abuse of alcohol, and betel nut quid significantly contribute to the burden of oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
Andres Stricker, Stefan Stübinger, Pit Voss, Fabian Duttenhoefer, Jonathan Fleiner
The aim of this case series was to clinically demonstrate successful prevention of bone resorption of the buccal wall after alveolar bone splitting by additional stabilization of the lateral bone plate using a biphasic ceramic bone substitute. In three patients alveolar bone splitting was performed with a piezoelectric device. Clinical as well as radiological results after two and five years revealed stable hard and soft tissue conditions with no soft tissue recessions and peri-implant bone loss in three patients...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
Omar A Bawazir
AIM: The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the microleakage of composite restorations following contamination of access cavity with root canal filling materials of primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty primary canines were selected for this study. Standardized access cavity on the lingual surface of the canine was prepared. The margins of preparation were ended on enamel. The teeth were randomly assigned into 4 groups (10 teeth/group). Teeth in group 1 served as a control, no material applied...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
Ameena Al Jeshi, Anas Al-Mulla, Donald J Ferguson
AIM: The purpose of the study was to compare and contrast the orthodontic treatment needs of Dubai school-age school age children as a function of gender and ethnicity. METHODS: A total of 20,880 subjects were screened in 66 public and private school located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The study sample was grouped according to seven geographic regions. The total sample included 9,765 females and 11,115 males. Ages ranged from 9.08 years to 24.4 years with an overall mean age of 14...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
Walison Arthuso Vasconcellos, Neilor Mateus Antunes Braga, Luciana Dias Moretzsohn, Marcos Daniel Septimio Lanza, Marcos Dias Lanza, Wellington Márcio dos Santos Rocha
The accidental swallowing of prosthetic devices has been discussed in the relevant literature as an unusual, although ordinary, event in clinical practice. This article aims at reporting the ingestion of an inter-occlusal device used to restore the Vertical Dimension of Occlusion (VDO) which, during the ingestion of an analgesic pill, was accidentally swallowed. The patient was sent to the Clinics Hospital UFMG where, upon taking radiographs, the device was located in the upper third of the esophagus. The device was removed during an endoscopic exam with the help of forceps for removing foreign objects...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
B Nazemisalman, S Vahabi, M Bandehpour, A K Aryankia
BACKGROUND: About 30 to 50% of patients taking Phenytoin develop significant gingival alternations especially in buccal anterior part of oral cavity. This study was done to compare the synthesis of its inflammatory mediators and related gingival overgrowth in different ages. METHODS: Samples were collected from biopsy of a healthy gingival of four adults in 35-42 years old through crown lengthening surgery and four children in 4-11 years old through impact tooth surgery, after local anesthesia and from the keratinized soft tissues around the teeth...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
T A Saliba Rovida, S A Saliba Moimaz, D P Lima, C A Saliba Garbin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the oral health indicators by determining the experience of dental caries and periodontal disease and identification of self-perceived oral health status of pregnant adolescents and to assess the association between the studied variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A transversal study, survey type and survey of the oral health status of 127 adolescents, 10-19 years of age, pregnant, accompanied by the Unified Health System of Araçatuba-SP was performed...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
S Donovan Essen, Cynthia Esquivel, Pankaj Jha
All companies, including dentists, rely on their staff to represent their firms in the most positive and effective manner. Today's managers face a multitude of issues, and as such, they must walk a fine line of fostering a productive, harmonious and safe working environment for their employees. Over the last several decades it is apparent that on the- job sexual harassment is no longer the leading issue of employee complaints. Rather, the organization issue which was investigated is workplace bullying, also commonly referred to as employee harassment...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
F Abduljabbar, A Bakhsh, H Abed
Treatment of carious or traumatized teeth with open apex is usually a challenge to a dentist. Recently, some case reports have shown that revascularization process induced maturogenesis of immature non-vital teeth. This case report describes the successful revascularization process of an immature central incisor. The upper left central incisor of 14-year-old boy was treated by revascularization process induced maturogenesis procedures. The tooth was symptomatic and caused a mucogingival swelling before the treatment...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
Prabhath Ramakrishnan, Faris Mohammed Shafi, Anil Subhash, Ajeya E G Kumara, Jithesh Chakkarayan, Janisha Vengalath
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To conduct a survey of the current radiographic prescription practices among implant practitioners in the state of Kerala, India. METHODS: 300 dentists were interviewed by employing a questionnaire which enquired about the radiographic evaluation methods prescribed by practitioners in implant site assessment in their implantology practice. Other reasons for choosing particular imaging modalities were also enquired. The data collected from the survey was analysed using Epi-Info 7...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
Seema Kurup, Renju Jose, Marina Lazar Chandy
Advances in radiology have helped in early diagnosis, surveillance and proper management of disease processes. SPECT scintigraphy is an imaging modality that helps in the detection & diagnosis of facial & skull osteomyelitis and is also useful for detecting silent lesions. Pentoxifylline-tocopherol together helps in faster healing of diseased bone. Pentoxifylline reduces blood viscosity and thus improves microcirculation. Tocopherol has a synergistic action with pentoxifylline and increases the oxygenation of tissues...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
Chaya Chhabra, Kumar Gaurav Chhabra, Sharda Bishnoi, Jaspal Singh, Vimlesh Sahu, Abhishek Lohra, Ashish Sharma
BACKGROUND: Burden of tobacco epidemic has swiftly moved to developing countries making the exploration of predictors of quitting tobacco usage extremely important. AIM: To assess the willingness to quit tobacco use and to ascertain the predictors of quitting tobacco as well as tobacco dependency by employing Fagerstrom scale. METHODS: The study consisted of 252 subjects visiting the Public Health Dentistry department in a Dental institution JDCGH (Jodhpur Dental College General Hospital), Rajasthan, India...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
R K Sübay, M O Sübay, C M Balkaya
Teeth being exposed to multiple iatrogenic complications during root canal treatment are usually extracted and replaced with a dental implant. This case report presents the treatment of a mandibular canine that had multiple endodontic complications using an intentional replantation technique. The case was showing swelling and pain, unusual canal anatomy, periapical lesion, broken instruments, and root perforation in association with overfilling. After extraction of the root, the resected root end and perforation were sealed using mineral trioxide aggregate...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
V Ambarkova, M Jankulovska, D Arian, D Glavina, A Soleva
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the dental caries in 15-year-old children attending regular public secondary schools in Veles. METHODS: The study has been carried out during 2013 on adolescents aged 15.01(± 0.42).In this cross-sectional study, the secondary school children from first grades (N = 127) have been selected from 2 Secondary Schools in Veles. The dental status of the participants was evaluated on the basis of the 1997 World Health Organization caries diagnostic criteria for Decayed, Missing or Filled Teeth (DMFT) by 2 calibrated examiners...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
Imaneh Asgari, Arezoo Ebn Ahmady
AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the dental caries and oral health behavior status of urban adolescents in Iran. Also it assesses the influence of the socioeconomic background on their oral health outcomes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the students living in the city of Isfahan, Iran. 597 adolescents by 13 to 17 years old participated in the study. The asset-based wealth index, household income and parents' educational history were the indicators of socioeconomic status...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
Nidhi Gupta, Kunwarjeet Singh, Ritika Ahuja, Tanvi Saxena
PURPOSE: The present study was undertaken to evaluate and assess, through questionnaire, the knowledge of mothers with different education levels regarding the emergency management of avulsed permanent teeth. BACKGROUND: The replantation is the preferred treatment for avulsed tooth. The prognosis depends upon the handling of the periodontal ligament and speed of replantation. Mothers are commonly taking care of children and are around them when such injuries can occur...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
Dinesh Rao, Sapna Hegde, Smitha Naik, Pramod Shetty
The occurrence of malocclusion in individuals with mental disability poses an additional obstacle to social acceptance; not only from an esthetic point of view, but also in that it compromises all aspects of oral function. This review examines the reported prevalence of malocclusion in individuals with mental subnormality including Down syndrome, from 1981 to 2013, assessed according to Angle's classification, the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI), the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) and certain malocclusions...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
Vishal N Sahayata, Neeta V Bhavsar, Nilam A Brahmbhatt
AIM: Hyaluronic acid is a glycosaminoglycan with anti-inflammatory & anti edematous properties. This study is seeking to ascertain whether Hyaluronic acid gel formulation is clinically and microscopically effective in treatment of gingivitis. METHODS: In longitudinal, randomized, and placebo-controlled clinical trial, 105 patients with chronic plaque induce gingivitis were randomly divided into three groups; negative control group, placebo control group and test group...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
Justyna Warmuz, Piotr Puszkiel, Ute Botzenhart, Tomasz Gedrange, Marzena Dominiak
AIMS: The objective of the present study was to discuss the practical application of a new method for measuring bone width in the anterior section of the mandible to assess the progression of gingival recessions after orthodontic treatment based on a description of case studies. METHODS: Three cases with skeletal classes I, II and III aged 20-29 were presented. We assessed the risk of gingival recessions around lower incisors by analysing cephalograms before and after orthodontic treatment...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
I Ahmed, S Hashmi, F Tanwir, S Ahmed, M S Khan
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is highly prevalent in Pakistan and the numbers are on increase each year. Cervical lymphadenopathy, a common finding in tuberculosis and other inflammatory, infectious and malignant etiologies, is commonly encountered in hospital setting in Karachi, Pakistan. Signs and symptoms of tuberculosis are blood tinged sputum, weight loss, night sweats, loss of appetite and weakness. A through history, complete physical examination and investigations are needed to diagnose tuberculosis...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
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