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ISRN Pediatrics

Jyoti Sanghvi, Sudhir Mehta, Ravindra Kumar
Introduction. Despite being an important health problem in developing countries, there is little information available on factors affecting the severe acute malnutrition, especially nondietary factors. Objective. To study the impact of various factors, especially nondietary ones affecting directly or indirectly the weight gain in children with severe acute malnutrition. Method. A total of 300 children in the age group of 6 to 60 months meeting the WHO criteria for severe acute malnutrition were enrolled in the study...
2014: ISRN Pediatrics
Christine Jildeh, Ziad Abdeen, Haleama Al Sabbah, Christopher Papandreou, Ibrahim Ghannam, Nancy Weller, Anastas Philalithis
Background. Labor related injuries among Palestinian schoolchildren are a significant undocumented public health concern. This study aimed at documenting the prevalence and nature of work related injuries among schoolchildren as well as identifying sociodemographic factors that predict these injuries. Methods. A cross-sectional survey included 15,963 children of whom 6458 (40.8%) completed an optional package related to labor. Students aged 12-18 years self-completed the international WHO collaborative HBSC valid questionnaires between April and May of 2006...
2014: ISRN Pediatrics
Hossein Mashhadi Abdolahi, Mohammad Hassan Kargar Maher, Farzaneh Afsharnia, Saeed Dastgiri
Background. Congenital anomalies are responsible for a remarkable proportion of mortality and morbidity in newborns. The aim of this study was to document the epidemiological features of congenital anomalies in rural areas, northwest of Iran. Method. The study population included live births born between 2004 and 2012 in rural areas of Tabriz district. All health records of the children under 8 years were assessed retrospectively. Results. Of 22500 live births, 254 cases were identified with a primary diagnosis of congenital anomalies giving a prevalence rate of 112...
2014: ISRN Pediatrics
Alparslan Sahin, Muhammed Sahin, Fatih Mehmet Türkcü, Abdullah Kürşat Cingü, Harun Yüksel, Yasin Cınar, Seyhmus Arı, Ihsan Caça
Purpose. To investigate the incidence and the severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in extremely preterm infants born before 28 weeks of gestation in southeastern Turkey. Methods. A retrospective chart review was performed for infants born before 28 weeks of gestation. The following data were reviewed: gender, gestational age (GA), birth weight (BW), zone and stage of ROP, presence of plus disease, and treatment for ROP if needed. Infants were divided into 2 groups according to GA as follows: group 1 included infants of GAs 25 weeks and under; group 2 included infants of GAs less than 28 weeks and over 25 weeks...
2014: ISRN Pediatrics
Tusha Sharma, Basu Dev Banerjee, Chandra Shekhar Yadav, Piyush Gupta, Sunil Sharma
Background. Hypospadias is a part of testicular digenesis syndrome (TDS) which includes infertility, cryptorchidism, and spermatogenesis. Heavy metals act as endocrine disrupting compounds. Heavy metals such as cadmium, chromium, arsenic, and lead have been associated with male infertility, cryptorchidism, spermatogenesis, cancer, reproductive disorder, and neurological disorder. However, it remains an important issue to corroborate or refute the hypothesis that the role of heavy metals in male reproductive tract disorders...
2014: ISRN Pediatrics
Joseph C Hodges, Janet Treadwell, Amy D Malphrus, Xuan G Tran, Angelo P Giardino
Background. Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) noncompliance is associated with increased risk of seizures and morbidity in seizure disorder patients. Objective. To identify risk factors that correlated to higher levels of morbidity, measured by emergency room (ER) utilization by seizure disorder members taking AED. Methods. Patients with primary or secondary diagnosis of seizures, convulsions, and/or epilepsy and prescribed AEDs during an 11-month period were included in the study. Variables were analyzed using multivariate statistical analysis including logistic regression...
2014: ISRN Pediatrics
Wegdan Mawlana, Amr Donia, Doaa Elamrousy
Background. Most of the studies done on adults showed that red cell distribution width (RDW) can be used as a prognostic marker in patients with chronic heart failure. However, RDW has not been tested in children with heart failure. Methods and Results. 31 children with heart failure admitted to Cardiology Unit, Tanta University Hospital, during the period of January 2012 to December 2012 were included in this study, RDW as a component of routine blood count was evaluated and correlated to the echocardiographic parameters of left ventricle...
2014: ISRN Pediatrics
Ruth M Garrison, Jeremy L Johnson, Michelle E Condren, Kevin C Farmer, David H Jelley
Background. Basal insulin detemir and glargine each have characteristics that may make them a superior choice in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes, but there is a paucity of data on glycemic results in this population. Objective. Examination of variables associated with achievement of HbA1c goal in children and adolescents with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes. Methods. The primary outcome, factors associated with achievement of HbA1c goal, was examined in a retrospective chart review. Variables, including type of basal insulin, were collected during the first year of diagnosis of patients in a pediatric diabetes clinic...
2014: ISRN Pediatrics
Wojciech Durlak, Przemko Kwinta
This paper summarizes current knowledge about electrical impedance tomography (EIT) and its present and possible applications in clinical practice in pediatric respiratory medicine. EIT is a relatively new technique based on real-time monitoring of bioimpedance. Its possible application in clinical practice related to ventilation and perfusion monitoring in children has gaine increasing attention in recent years. Most of the currently published data is based on studies performed on small and heterogenous groups of patients...
December 25, 2013: ISRN Pediatrics
Rashmi Ranjan Das, Meenu Singh, Inusha Panigrahi, Sushree Samiksha Naik
Background. Studies have found an increased incidence of vitamin D deficiency in children with pneumonia; however, there is no conclusive data regarding the direct effect of vitamin D supplementation in acute pneumonia. Methods. A comprehensive search was performed of the major electronic databases till September 2013. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing treatment with vitamin D3 versus placebo in children ≤5 years old with pneumonia were included. Results. Out of 32 full text articles, 2 RCTs including 653 children were eligible for inclusion...
December 19, 2013: ISRN Pediatrics
Shubhangi Mhaske, Monal B Yuwanati, Ashok Mhaske, Raju Ragavendra, Kavitha Kamath, Swati Saawarn
The occurrence of natal and neonatal teeth is an uncommon anomaly, which for centuries has been associated with diverse superstitions among different ethnic groups. Natal teeth are more frequent than neonatal teeth, with the ratio being approximately 3 : 1. It must be considered that natal and neonatal teeth are conditions of fundamental importance not only for a dental surgeon but also for a paediatrician since their presence may lead to numerous complications. Early detection and treatment of these teeth are recommended because they may induce deformity or mutilation of tongue, dehydration, inadequate nutrients intake by the infant, and growth retardation, the pattern and time of eruption of teeth and its morphology...
August 18, 2013: ISRN Pediatrics
Arpana Sharma, Manzur Kader
Background. Low birth weight (LBW), an outcome of maternal undernutrition, is a major public health concern in Bangladesh where the problem is most prominent. Women's decision-making autonomy is likely an important factor influencing maternal and child health outcomes. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of women's decision-making autonomy on infant's birth weight (BW). Methods. The study included data of 2175 enrolled women (14-45 years of age) from the Maternal and Infant Nutritional Intervention in Matlab (MINIMat-study) in Bangladesh...
2013: ISRN Pediatrics
Shilpa Khanna Arora, Prerna Batra, Tusha Sharma, Basu Dev Banerjee, Sushan Gupta
Background. Organochlorine pesticides (OCP) are persistent organic pollutants that have been implicated in causing several deleterious effects in humans. These are known neurotoxins in high doses, but the role of environmentally acquired OCPs in the body to induce seizures in children has not been investigated yet. Objectives. To assess the serum levels of OCPs in children aged 2-12 with idiopathic seizure and to find out any association between the two are our objectives. Methods. It was a cross-sectional pilot study...
2013: ISRN Pediatrics
Surangrat Pongpan, Apichart Wisitwong, Chamaiporn Tawichasri, Jayanton Patumanond, Sirianong Namwongprom
Objectives. To develop a simple scoring system to predict dengue infection severity based on patient characteristics and routine clinical profiles. Methods. Retrospective data of children with dengue infection from 3 general hospitals in Thailand were reviewed. Dengue infection was categorized into 3 severity levels: dengue infection (DF), dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), and dengue shock syndrome (DSS). Coefficients of significant predictors of disease severity under ordinal regression analysis were transformed into item scores...
2013: ISRN Pediatrics
Lydian Veldhuis, Mara van Dooremaal, Willemieke Kroeze, Carry M Renders, Remy A Hirasing, Hein Raat
Introduction. This study investigates the association between ethnic background and overweight (obesity included) among 5 year olds. Methods. We used baseline data from 5 year olds (n = 7801) and their parents collected for the "Be active, eat right" study. A child was considered to be of non-Dutch ethnic background when at least one of the parents was born abroad. Odds ratios (ORs) were adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics. Results. Compared to children of Dutch ethnic background, for children with a Moroccan ethnic background the OR for being overweight (obesity included) was 2...
2013: ISRN Pediatrics
Karina Mescouto Melo, Ellen Dantas, Maria Isabel De Moraes-Pinto, Antonio Condino-Neto, Isabela G S Gonzalez, Marcia C Mallozi, Jackeline M Franco, Beatriz T Costa-Carvalho
Introduction. The presence of eczema and gastrointestinal manifestations are often observed in cow's milk allergy (CMA) and also in some primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID). Objective. To describe 7 patients referred to a tertiary allergy/immunology Center with a proposed diagnosis of CMA, who were ultimately diagnosed with PID. Methods. This was a retrospective study based on clinical and laboratory data from medical records. Results. Seven patients (6 males) aged between 3 mo and 6 y were referred to our clinic with a proposed diagnosis of CMA...
2013: ISRN Pediatrics
Yehia Mohamad El Gamal, Ola Abd Elaziz Elmasry, Iman Saleh El Hadidi, Ola Kamel Soliman
Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are prone to premature atherosclerosis and are at risk for the development of cardiovascular disease. Increased arterial stiffness is emerging as a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis. Purpose. To measure proximal aortic stiffness in children and adolescents with SLE. Methods. We studied 16 patients with SLE in activity (mean age 15 ± 2.42 years; 16 females), 14 patients with SLE not in activity (mean age 15.7 ± 1.89 years; 4 males, 10 females), and 16 age- and sex-comparable healthy children and adolescents (15...
2013: ISRN Pediatrics
Safaa S Imam, Rania A El-Farrash, Hesham M Taha, Helbees E Bishoy
Aim. To compare targeted neonatal hearing screening (TNHS) and universal neonatal hearing screening (UNHS) since many developing countries, including Egypt, implement selective screening for high-risk neonates. Methods. 150 neonates were assessed; 50 full terms consecutively admitted to the well-baby nursery and 100 neonates consecutively admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), Ain Shams University. Patients were further subdivided into high-risk group which included 50 neonates with multiple risk factors for hearing loss and low risk group which included 50 neonates with only one risk factor...
2013: ISRN Pediatrics
Alyaa A Kotby, Ghada S El-Shahed, Ola A Elmasry, Iman S El-Hadidi, Rowaida N S El Shafey
Background. Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a leading cause of heart failure in children and young adults worldwide. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a useful marker of critical pediatric heart disease, and its N-terminal peptide, NT-proBNP, is elevated in congenital and acquired heart disease in children. Aim. To measure NT-proBNP levels as a marker of carditis in children with acute rheumatic carditis, as compared to children with quiescent RHD and healthy controls. Methods. 16 children with acute rheumatic carditis, 33 children with quiescent RHD, and a cohort of 30 healthy children were studied...
2013: ISRN Pediatrics
A M Hamdy, M M Abdel Aleem, A A El-Shazly
Background. Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) during pregnancy represents a major public health problem in developing countries. Anemia is a common consequence of VAD. We aimed to measure serum retinol concentrations of a sample of poor Egyptian mothers and correlate it with their Hb% and cord Hb%. Methods. This cross-sectional study included 200 healthy mothers and their healthy full term newborns. Maternal and cord blood samples were collected for CBC and measurement of serum retinol concentrations. Results. Forty-seven mothers (23...
2013: ISRN Pediatrics
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