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Rehabilitation Research and Practice

Hanne Pallesen, Lena Aadal, Siri Moe, Cathrine Arntzen
Objectives: The recovery process is reported by stroke survivors to be a change process fraught with crises and hazard. Interaction with health professionals and others may play a central role in establishing renewed control over life. Research Questions: (1) How do patients handle and overcome experienced changes after stroke? (2) How do they experience the support to handle these changes during the first year after stroke? (3) How do the similarities and differences transpire in Danish and Norwegian contexts? Methodology ...
2019: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Manuel Bayon-Calatayud, Ana Maria Benavente-Valdepeñas
Objective: To investigate short-term outcomes of an interdisciplinary rehabilitation program for elderly inpatients who underwent surgical treatment for hip fractures. Methods: This is a prospective cohort study of fifty older inpatients who were admitted to a geriatric rehabilitation unit. Clinical and functional outcomes were assessed at admission, at discharge, and one month postdischarge. Results: Patients mean age was 84.1 ± 4.7 years...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Mario Bernardo-Filho, Redha Taiar, Borja Sañudo, Trentham Furness
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Maria da Conceição Barros Oliveira, Danylo Rafhael Costa Silva, Bruno Vieira Cortez, Constância Karyne da Silva Coêlho, Francisco Mayron de Sousa E Silva, Giselle Borges Vieira Pires de Oliveira, Danúbia de Cunha de Sá-Caputo, Angela Cristina Tavares-Oliveira, Mário Bernardo-Filho, Janaína De Moraes Silva
Background/Aim: To evaluate, in this pilot study, the effects of the mirror (MT) and vibration therapies (VT) on the functionality of hemiparesis patients after stroke. Materials and Methods: Twenty-one individuals after stroke with upper limb hemiparesis were randomized into control group (CG), Mirror Therapy Group (MTG), and Vibration Therapy Group (VTG). The functionality was evaluated before and after 12 sessions with three tests (i) Mobility Index Rivermead, (ii) Motor Function Wolf Test (time, functional ability), and (iii) Jebsen Taylor Test...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Lena Aadal, Hanne Pallesen, Cathrine Arntzen, Siri Moe
Aim: To explore and compare the content of rehabilitation practices in, respectively, a Danish and a Norwegian region, focusing on how the citizens' rehabilitation needs are met during rehabilitation in the municipalities. Method: Six Danish and five Norwegian cases were followed 12 months after the onset of stroke. Field work and focus group interviews with multidisciplinary teams in the municipalities were conducted. The conceptual frame of the International Classification of Functioning was used to outline general patterns and local variation in the rehabilitation services...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Rabiatul Adawiah Abdul Rahman, Fazira Rafi, Fazah Akhtar Hanapiah, Azlina Wati Nikmat, Nor Azira Ismail, Haidzir Manaf
Background: Tasks requiring simultaneous mobility and cognition (dual tasks) have been associated with incidence of falls. Although these deficits have been documented in individuals with neurologic disorder, the effect of dual task in children with traumatic brain injury has not been fully explored. Objective: To investigate the effect of dual-task (dual-motor and dual-cognitive task) conditions on spatiotemporal gait parameters during timed up and go test in children with traumatic brain injury...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Borja Sañudo, Redha Taiar, Trentham Furness, Mario Bernardo-Filho
Stroke is associated with long-term disability and patients experience numerous physical impairments including muscle weakness, particularly in the paretic limbs, balance, and functional mobility. During acute stroke rehabilitation, when individuals are less likely to be functionally independent and rely on rehabilitative care, the efficacy of low skill interventions that can reduce sedentary behaviour should be established. As such, this narrative revision focused on the use of empirical studies of whole-body vibration exercise (WBVE) on different health outcomes in stroke patients...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Yannik Faes, Clare Maguire, Michele Notari, Achim Elfering
Sixty-two office workers in a Swiss federal department were randomly assigned to a training and a control group. While the training group was instructed to complete 3 stochastic resonance whole-body vibration (SR-WBV) exercises every week for 4 weeks, the control group received no treatment. During this time all participants answered a daily questionnaire concerning their surefootedness, sense of balance, musculoskeletal well-being, and muscle relaxation. Before and after the 4-week SR-WBV intervention, balance was tested with a single-leg stance on a foam mat of the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) using a SwayStar™-System measuring Total Angle Area (TotAngArea) and Total Velocity Area (TotVelArea)...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Alev Alp, Bilge Efe, Mihriban Adalı, Adnan Bilgiç, Sevda Demir Türe, Şeyma Coşkun, Merve Karabulut, Uğur Ertem, Selim Mahmut Günay
Objective: To determine if whole body vibration therapy (WBV) effectively improves functional outcome in patients with poststroke hemiplegia. Materials and Methods: In this single-blind RCT, WBV group ( n = 10) had 40 hz frequency/4 mm amplitude vibration during 5 minutes/session, 3 days a week, for a duration of 4 weeks. The control group ( n = 11) had no vibration therapy for the same duration while standing on the same platform. Patients in both of the groups did 15 minutes of stretching and active range of motion exercises before the intervention...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
René Pelletier, Daniel Bourbonnais, Johanne Higgins, Maxime Mireault, Michel Alain Danino, Patrick G Harris
The Left Right Judgement Task (LRJT) involves determining if an image of the body part is of the left or right side. The LRJT has been utilized as part of rehabilitation treatment programs for persons with pain associated with musculoskeletal injuries and conditions. Although studies often attribute changes and improvement in LRJT performance to an altered body schema, imaging studies suggest that the LRJT implicates other cortical regions. We hypothesized that cognitive factors would be related to LRJT performance of hands and feet and that sensory, motor, and pain related factors would be related to LRJT in the affected hand of participants with wrist/hand pain...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Nelly Darbois, Albin Guillaud, Nicolas Pinsault
Background: Mirror therapy has been used in rehabilitation for multiple indications since the 1990s. Current evidence supports some of these indications, particularly for cerebrovascular accidents in adults and cerebral palsy in children. Since 2000s, computerized or robotic mirror therapy has been developed and marketed. Objectives: To map the extent, nature, and rationale of research activity in robotic or computerized mirror therapy and the type of evidence available for any indication...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Jolita Rapolienė, Erika Endzelytė, Indrė Jasevičienė, Raimondas Savickas
Introduction: Individuals who have experienced stroke are often described as apathetic, having lost of interest, and unmotivated. This might be a problem in achieving treatment results. It is still unclear what impact age and gender have on the motivation. The Aim of Research: To evaluate motivation influence on the effectiveness of occupational therapy in patients with stroke. Methods: Study included 30 patients who experienced acute stroke...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Kaspar Herren, Stefan Schmid, Slavko Rogan, Lorenz Radlinger
Introduction: Stochastic resonance whole-body vibration (SR-WBV) devices are promising sensorimotor interventions to address muscle weakness and to improve balance and mobility particularly in the elderly. However, it remains inconclusive whether individuals with stroke or traumatic brain injury (TBI) can profit from this method. The aim of this prospective single-blind randomized controlled trial was to investigate the effects of SR-WBV on muscle strength as well as gait and balance performance in this population...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Cosimo Costantino, Federica Petraglia, Laura Luigia Sabetta, Riccardo Giumelli
Background and Purpose: Recently new technologies and new techniques, such as Whole Body Vibration (WBV), have been introduced by the health and fitness industry to pursue therapeutic or physical performance goals. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the effectiveness of single or multiple WBV sessions alone or in association with traditional rehabilitation, compared to traditional rehabilitation therapy or with sham therapy in poststroke patients. Methods: Randomized Control Trials and controlled clinical trials written in English between January 1st, 2003, and December 31st, 2017, were selected from PubMed, Cochrane-Central-Register-of-Controlled-Trials, and Physiotherapy-Evidence-Database (PEDro)...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Maiken Bay Ravn, Tinna Klingberg, Kirsten Schultz Petersen
Introduction: The background of this study is the pilot testing of the Adolescent /Adult Sensory Profile (A/ASP) in dementia units at municipal nursing homes. Based on the results from therapists' A/ASP assessment, recommendations are made according to individual needs and forwarded to the health care providers. This study looks into the health care providers' perspective on the usability of these recommendations. Aim: The aim of this qualitative study is to explore the health care providers' perspective on the usability of recommendations derived from the A/ASP during a pilot testing of the profile in dementia units for people living with severe dementia...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Edem Korkor Appiah-Dwomoh, Steffen Müller, Frank Mayer
Static (one-legged stance) and dynamic (star excursion balance) postural control tests were performed by 14 adolescent athletes with and 17 without back pain to determine reproducibility. The total displacement, mediolateral and anterior-posterior displacements of the centre of pressure in mm for the static, and the normalized and composite reach distances for the dynamic tests were analysed. Intraclass correlation coefficients, 95% confidence intervals, and a Bland-Altman analysis were calculated for reproducibility...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Vanessa K S Lage, Ana Cristina R Lacerda, Camila D C Neves, Maria Gabriela A Chaves, Aline A Soares, Liliana P Lima, Jeanne B Martins, Mariana A Matos, Érica L M Vieira, Antônio L Teixeira, Hércules R Leite, Vinicius Cunha Oliveira, Vanessa A Mendonça
Whole-body vibration (WBV) has gained prominence in the rehabilitation of individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) because it is a safe and low intensity exercise that promises beneficial effects on physical performance and quality of life. However, its effects on plasma cytokine levels in COPD are still unclear. The aim of the current study was to investigate the acute effects of WBV on inflammatory biomarkers in people with COPD. Twenty-six participants, COPD people (n=13) and healthy controls (n=13), were included...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Marietta L van der Linden, Georgia Andreopoulou, Judy Scopes, Julie E Hooper, Thomas H Mercer
Foot drop is a common gait impairment in people with MS (pwMS) but in some foot drop may only occur after a period of prolonged walking and may be a sign of motor fatigability. The purpose of the study was to explore whether, for pwMS, an adapted six-minute walk test (6minWT) would result in an increase in foot drop as measured using electrogoniometry. Sagittal ankle kinematics were recorded for fifteen participants (10 females and 5 males, aged 37-64) with MS (EDSS 4-6) throughout the 6minWT. Ankle kinematics and temporal stride parameters were compared between the first and last 10 gait cycles of the 6minWT...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Anne Marie Dahler
Contemporary policy strategies frame welfare technologies as a solution for welfare states facing the challenges of demographic change. Technologies are supposed to reduce or substitute the work of care workers and thereby reduce attrition among their ranks, reduce costs, and at the same make elderly people self-reliant and independent. In this paper, it is suggested that this way of framing how welfare technologies work with elderly people holds an instrumental view of technologies as well as of bodies and needs to be challenged...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Bekir Serhat Yildiz, Gulin Findikoglu, Yusuf Izzettin Alihanoglu, Ismail Dogu Kilic, Harun Evrengul, Hande Senol
Aim: This study was designed to assess the effect of patient education on the knowledge of safety and awareness about living with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) within the context of phase I cardiac rehabilitation. Methods: The study was conducted with 28 newly implanted CIED patients who were included in "education group (EG)". Patients were questioned with a survey about living with CIEDs and electromagnetic interference (EMI) before and 1 month after an extensive constructed interview...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
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