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Journals International Journal of Surgi...

International Journal of Surgical Oncology

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38173914/total-mesorectal-excision-with-or-without-lateral-pelvic-lymph-node-dissection-in-rectal-cancer
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohamed Yehia Elbarmelgi, Ahmed Mohamed Abdelaal, Osama Refaie, Mohamed Tamer, Ali Ahmed Shafik
RESULTS: Incidence of local recurrence was slightly higher in Group A (8.7%) than in Group B (4.3%) but was not statistically significant. There was no statistical significance between both groups regarding distant metastasis (8.7% in Group A and 13% in Group B). Urinary and sexual dysfunctions were higher in Group B (26.1%) compared to those in Group A (21.7%) but were not statistically significant. The incidence of lateral pelvic lymph node metastasis was 30.4%. Also, intraoperative blood loss was higher and operative time was longer in Group B which was statistically significant ( P value <0...
2023: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36531148/the-beneficial-impact-of-intraoperative-ultrasound-on-resection-margin-status-during-breast-conserving-surgery
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Osama Almezaien, Ahmed Mohamed Eldeeb, Abdelfattah Kalmoush, Mohamed Shaaban Nassar, Tarek Zaghlol Mohamed, Mohamed Sobhy Shaaban, Mohamed Ibrahim Henish, Sobhy Teama, Saed Abdolmonem Elgohary Khalafallah, Lofty A Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection with clear surgical cut margins is the mainstay of managing malignant breast neoplasms. Multiple techniques have been suggested to enhance resection status during breast-conserving surgery (BCS), including intraoperative ultrasonography (IOUS). Herein, we conducted the current investigation to reveal the benefit of IOUS on the achievement of R0 resection. Patients and Methods . This retrospective investigation included 140 patients who underwent BCS. They were divided into two groups: the IOUS group (40 cases) and the control group (100 cases)...
2022: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35656410/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-thyroid-malignancy-in-patients-with-toxic-nodular-goiter
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tarek Zaghloul Mohamed, Ahmed Abd El Aal Sultan, Mohamed Tag El-Din, Ahmed A Elfattah Mostafa, Mohammed A Nafea, Abd-Elfattah Kalmoush, Mohammed Shaaban Nassar, Mohamad Adel Abdalgaleel, Ahmed M Hegab, Ayman Helmy Ibrahim, Mohamad Baheeg
BACKGROUND: Although hyperfunctioning thyroid disorders were thought to be protective against malignancy, some recent studies reported a high incidence of incidentally discovered cancer in patients with hyperfunctioning benign thyroid disorders. We performed this study to estimate the incidence and predictors of malignant thyroid disease in patients with toxic nodular goiter (TNG). Patients and Methods . The data of 98 patients diagnosed with TNG were reviewed (including toxic multinodular goiter SMNG and single toxic nodule STN)...
2022: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35619894/assessment-of-quality-of-life-qol-of-colorectal-cancer-patients-using-qlq-30-and-qlq-cr-29-at-king-abdulaziz-medical-city-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jumanah T Qedair, Abdullah A Al Qurashi, Saeed Alamoudi, Syed Sameer Aga, Alqassem Y Hakami
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the quality of life (QoL) and its predictors in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah. METHODS: A total of 118 CRC patients at King Abdulaziz Medical City, a tertiary hospital in Jeddah, participated in this study. The participants were provided with the online questionnaire via WhatsApp by trained researchers and data collectors in February 2021. All participants were required to answer the three-section questionnaire comprising of (a) demographic data and a validated Arabic version of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) quality of life questionnaires, (b) a general version (QLQ-30), and (c) a CRC-specific version (QLQ-CR29)...
2022: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35296132/high-cd44-immunoexpression-correlates-with-poor-overall-survival-assessing-the-role-of-cancer-stem-cell-markers-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-from-the-high-risk-population-of-pakistan
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yumna Adnan, S M Adnan Ali, Hasnain A Farooqui, Hammad A Kayani, Romana Idrees, M Sohail Awan
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a top-ranked cancer in the Pakistani population, and patient survival has remained unchanged at ∼50% for several decades. Recent advances have claimed that a subset of tumour cells, called cancer stem cells (CSCs), are responsible for tumour progression, treatment resistance, and metastasis, which leads to a poor prognosis. This study investigated the impact of CSC markers expression on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of OSCC patients. Materials and Methods ...
2022: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35096426/prognostic-impact-of-tumor-budding-on-moroccan-colon-cancer-patients
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fatima El Agy, Sanae El Bardai, Laila Bouguenouch, Nada Lahmidani, Mohammed El Abkari, El Bachir Benjelloun, Abdelmalek Ousadden, Khalid Mazaz, ImaneToughrai, Sidi Adil Ibrahimi, Zineb Benbrahim, Laila Chbani
BACKGROUND: Tumor budding is now emerging as one of the robust and promising histological factors that play an important role in colon cancer. In this study, we aimed to investigate the association between tumor budding and tumor clinicopathological factors, tumor molecular signature, and patient survival for the first time in a Moroccan population. METHODS: We collected data of 100 patients operated from colon adenocarcinoma. Tumor budding was assessed on HES slides, according to the International Tumor Budding Consensus Conference 2016 recommendations...
2022: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34912578/comparing-emergent-and-elective-colectomy-outcomes-in-elderly-patients-a-nsqip-study
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mostapha El Edelbi, Ibrahim Abdallah, Rola F Jaafar, Hani Tamim, Samer Deeba, Samer Doughan
INTRODUCTION: With the increasing prevalence of colorectal cancer (CRC) worldwide, especially in the elderly, and the variability between physiological and chronological age and its impact on functional status, acute symptoms leading to emergent surgery due to colorectal malignancy may lead to increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to identify the outcome differences of elective vs. emergent open colectomy in patients above 80 years. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was reviewed from 2010 to 2014 for open colectomy based on CPT codes...
2021: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34567804/the-utility-of-sox2-and-agr2-biomarkers-as-early-predictors-of-tamoxifen-resistance-in-er-positive-breast-cancer-patients
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yomna Zamzam, Yosra Abdelmonem Zamzam, Marwa Aboalsoud, Heba Harras
BACKGROUND: Despite the undeniable benefit of tamoxifen therapy for ER-positive breast cancer patients, approximately one-third of those patients either do not respond to tamoxifen or develop resistance. Thus, it is a crucial step to identify novel, reliable, and easily detectable biomarkers indicating resistance to this drug. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to explore SOX2 and AGR2 biomarker expression in the tumor tissue of ER-positive breast cancer patients in combination with the evaluation of serum AGR2 level of these patients in order to validate these biomarkers as early predictors of tamoxifen resistance...
2021: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34567803/clinicopathological-analysis-of-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix-a-single-institution-retrospective-review-of-9-cases
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Saliha Sağnıç, Özer Birge, Mehmet Sait Bakır, Ceyda Karadag, Tayup Şimşek
AIM: To evaluate the clinicopathological features affecting the recurrence and survival of 9 cases of neuroendocrine cancer of the cervix. METHOD: We retrospectively analyzed 9 cervical neuroendocrine cancer cases identified among 453 cervical cancer patients between 2004 and 2021 at Akdeniz University Gynecological Oncology Outpatient Clinic. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Mathematical functions of mean, standard deviation, median, Min-Max values, and frequencies were used for descriptive statistics...
2021: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34557315/prognostic-value-of-kras-gene-mutation-on-survival-of-patients-with-peritoneal-metastases-of-colorectal-adenocarcinoma
#10
REVIEW
Manuel Díez-Alonso, Fernando Mendoza-Moreno, Remedios Gómez-Sanz, Belén Matías-García, Enrique Ovejero-Merino, Raquel Molina, Sonia Soto-Schütte, Alberto San Juan, Alberto Gutierrez-Calvo
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the study was to determine the effect of the presence of mutation in the KRAS gene on the survival in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and peritoneal metastases (PM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Patients diagnosed with CRC with synchronous or metachronous PM between January 2006 and December 2019 were included. Data on the histopathological, clinical, and treatment factors were collected...
2021: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34518784/gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-gist-and-synchronous-intra-abdominal-liposarcoma-a-report-of-two-rare-cases-and-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Alexandros Diamantis, Athina A Samara, Ioannis Baloyiannis, Dimitrios Symeonidis, Andreas-Marios Diamantis, Maria Tolia, Konstantinos Bouliaris, Georgios Koukoulis, Konstantinos Tepetes
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) quite frequently occur synchronously with other malignancies, with most cases being adenocarcinomas. GISTs and liposarcomas are both of mesenchymal origin, and their coexistence is extremely rare. METHODS: We conducted a review of the current literature regarding the synchronous occurrence of GISTs and intra-abdominal liposarcomas. An electronic search of the literature was undertaken using MEDLINE (database provider PubMed)...
2021: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34422411/transition-to-targeted-therapies-improved-the-prognosis-and-increased-the-utilization-of-medical-treatments-among-patients-with-synchronous-metastatic-renal-cell-cancer
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lauri Laru, Hanna Ronkainen, Markku H Vaarala
Since the introduction of targeted therapies (TTs) for metastatic renal cell cancer (mRCC) in 2005, a limited amount of epidemiological data on efficacy of modern drug therapies for synchronous mRCC has been published. We present a comprehensive nationwide cohort including all cases of primarily metastasized renal cell cancer among adults diagnosed between 2005 and 2010, based on data from the Finnish Cancer Registry and patient records from treating hospitals. Applied treatment protocols and survival outcomes were analyzed...
2021: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34123423/survival-benefit-of-intervention-treatment-in-advanced-anaplastic-thyroid-cancer
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pornthep Kasemsiri, Pimpika Chaisakgreenon, Patravoot Vatanasapt, Supawan Laohasiriwong, Watchareeporn Teeramatwanich, Cattleya Thongrong, Teeraporn Ratanaanekchai, Surapol Suetrong
BACKGROUND: The management of anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is controversial; thus, proper treatment and prognostic factors should be investigated. OBJECTIVES: To compare the survival outcomes of the intervention and palliative treatment in ATC patients. METHODS: A hospital-based retrospective study was conducted at a single tertiary university hospital. The medical record charts were retrieved from November 20, 1987, to December 31, 2016...
2021: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33996154/correlation-between-prognostic-factors-and-the-histopathological-response-to-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-osteosarcoma-a-retrospective-study
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yogi Prabowo, Iwan Setiawan, Achmad Fauzi Kamal, Evelina Kodrat, Muhammad Luqman Labib Zufar
Background: Multimodality treatment, incorporating neoadjuvant chemotherapy and adjuvant chemotherapy, is the standard management plan for osteosarcoma that increases the overall survival (OS) rate. However, data regarding prognostic factors affecting the histopathological response following neoadjuvant chemotherapy is limited. Patients and Methods. We retrospectively reviewed patients diagnosed with osteosarcoma in our center between 2008 and 2018. We classified patient characteristics according to gender, age, tumor size, site and stage at diagnosis, site of metastasis, type of surgery, necrosis rate based on the Huvos grading system, and the number of neoadjuvant chemotherapy cycles...
2021: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33976936/cytoreductive-surgery-and-perioperative-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-experience-in-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-single-center-analysis-of-180-cases
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kursat Karadayi, Meric Emre Bostanci, Murat Can Mollaoglu, Ufuk Karabacak
BACKGROUND: In peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC), increased life span and disease-free survival times are shown in patients with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) and early postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (EPIC) following cytoreductive surgery (SRC). In this study, our main objective was to present our experience of performing SRC and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC and EPIC) on patients with PC, in light of the literature. METHODS: Demographic data, follow-up results, peritoneal carcinomatosis index (PCI), completeness of cytoreduction (CCR) score, and morbidity and mortality rates of 180 patients treated with SRC + HIPEC + EPIC for PC at the Department of Surgical Oncology at Sivas Cumhuriyet University between January 2008 and July 2020 were analyzed retrospectively...
2021: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33953982/comparison-of-iort-radical-and-boost-dose-and-ebrt-in-terms-of-disease-free-survival-and-overall-survival-according-to-demographic-pathologic-and-biological-factors-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Solmaz Hashemi, Seyedmohammadreza Javadi, Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari, Hamidreza Mirzaei, Seied Rabi Mahdavi
Background: The standard treatment for breast cancer is breast-conserving surgery (BCS) with radiotherapy. If external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) can be safely replaced with intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT), it will help patients to save their breast and to have equivocal or better results in DFS and overall survival (OS). Methods: A total of 2022 patients with breast cancer treated during 6 years were enrolled in the current study. A total of 657, 376, and 989 patients received EBRT, radical, and boost dose by IORT, respectively, according to the IRIORT consensus protocol...
2021: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33833875/how-can-a-multidisciplinary-approach-improve-prognosis-of-soft-tissue-sarcomas-of-extremities
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Asmae Mazti, Mohamed El Idrissi, Abdelhalim El Ibrahimi, Mustapha El Maaroufi, Ghizlane El Koubaiti, Touria Bouhafa, Samira El Fakir, Samia Arifi, Abdelmajid Mrini, Laila Chbani
Soft-tissue sarcomas are malignant tumors that require good management within specialized centers. Our study aims to assess the benefit of handling these kinds of tumors using the Multidisciplinary Meeting (MDM) approach. The current paper details this approach through a prospective study that has lasted for 42 months in the HASSAN II University Hospital Center, Fez, Morocco. During this research work, 116 cases were selected with an average age of 53 years. In 95.7% of the cases, it was found that the lower limb was the most frequent tumor type (78...
2021: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33628502/from-diagnosis-to-management-mucocele-of-stump-appendicitis-extremely-rare-finding-in-an-uncommon-surgical-disease-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Syed Muhammad Ali, Mohannad Al-Tarakji, Fakhar Shahid, Amjad Salah Qabani, Amjad Ali Shah, Khalid Ahmed, Muhammad Burhan Khan, Inamullah
Mucocele of the appendix is the accumulation of mucoid material in the appendiceal lumen. Although the terminology is imprecise, as it does not differentiate between the benign and malignant nature of the condition, preoperative recognition is imperative as spillage of the mucus during surgical handling can result in grave complications like pseudomyxoma peritonei. Mucocele developing in a stump of the appendix, i.e., a remnant of appendiceal tissue after surgical removal of an inflamed organ, is an extremely uncommon phenomenon, as not many cases are reported in the literature...
2021: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33604087/laparoscopic-versus-open-complete-mesocolic-excision-for-right-colon-cancer
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ali Zedan, Essam Elshiekh, Mohamed I Omar, Mohamad Raafat, Salah M Khallaf, Haisam Atta, Marwa T Hussien
RESULTS: The mean operative time was significantly longer in the LCME group than that in the OCME group with less mean intraoperative blood loss. Conversion was required in 4 patients (8.3%) in the LCME group. The use of laparoscopy increased the number of harvested lymph nodes compared to the open approach (39.81 ± 16.74 vs. 32.65 ± 12.28, respectively, P =0.010). The laparoscopic approach was associated with a shorter time interval to first flatus as well as shorter time interval to liquid and normal diet after surgery...
2021: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33489372/inadvertent-inguinal-sarcoma-excision-during-hernia-surgery-outcomes-gender-analysis-and-prevention
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Joshua M Lawrenz, James P Norris, Marcus C Tan, Eric T Shinohara, John J Block, Elizabeth J Davis, Vicki L Keedy, Jennifer L Halpern, Ginger E Holt, Herbert S Schwartz
Introduction: Inadvertent excision of a soft tissue sarcoma during hernia surgery is a preventable clinical scenario that leads to unnecessary patient morbidity. Prior series are few, which only include male patients with little focus on prevention. The purpose of this study is to report the presenting features and outcomes of both male and female patients who underwent inadvertent inguinal sarcoma excision during hernia surgery. Methods: A retrospective analysis of a single sarcoma referral center identified 33 patients who were referred for definitive treatment...
2020: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
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