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Medical Gas Research

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713674/the-role-of-hydrogen-sulfide-in-dentistry
#1
Thorakkal Shamim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713673/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-alzheimer-s-dementia-with-positron-emission-tomography-imaging-a-case-report
#2
Paul G Harch, Edward F Fogarty
A 58-year-old female was diagnosed with Alzheimer's dementia (AD) which was rapidly progressive in the 8 months prior to initiation of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT). 18 Fluorodeoxyglucose (18 FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) brain imaging demonstrated global and typical metabolic deficits in AD (posterior temporal-parietal watershed and cingulate areas). An 8-week course of HBOT reversed the patient's symptomatic decline. Repeat PET imaging demonstrated a corresponding 6.5-38% regional and global increase in brain metabolism, including increased metabolism in the typical AD diagnostic areas of the brain...
October 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713672/the-role-of-hydrogen-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
REVIEW
Xin Tan, Fang Shen, Wan-Li Dong, Yi Yang, Gang Chen
Alzheimer's disease is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases in the elderly. It is often manifested as learning and memory impairment, cognitive function decline, normal social and emotional disorders. However, for this high-risk common disease, there is currently no effective treatment, which has plagued many clinicians. As a new type of medical therapeutic gas, hydrogen has attracted much attention recently. As a recognized reducing gas, hydrogen has shown great anti-oxidative stress and anti-inflammatory effect in many cerebral disease models...
October 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713671/combined-application-of-hypothermia-and-medical-gases-in-cerebrovascular-diseases
#4
REVIEW
Hao Li, Xin Tan, Qun Xue, Jue-Hua Zhu, Gang Chen
Cerebrovascular diseases have a heavy burden on society and the family. At present, in the treatment of cerebrovascular diseases, the recognized effective treatment method is a thrombolytic therapy after cerebral infarction, but limited to the time window problem, many patients cannot benefit. Other treatments for cerebrovascular disease are still in the exploration stage. The study found that medical gas and hypothermia have brain protection effects. Further research found that when the two are used in combination, the therapeutic effect has a superimposed effect...
October 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713670/further-application-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-in-prostate-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Qi-Zhong Lu, Xiang Li, Jun Ouyang, Jin-Quan Li, Gang Chen
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) has been used as an adjuvant treatment for multiple pathological states, which involves hypoxic conditions. Over the past 50 years, HBOT has been recommended and used in a wide variety of medical conditions, clinically in the treatment of ischemic or nonhealing wounds and radiation-injured tissue, and in the treatment of malignancy. The mechanism of this treatment is providing oxygen under pressure which is higher than the atmosphere thus increasing tissue oxygen concentration...
October 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713669/daily-ingestion-of-alkaline-electrolyzed-water-containing-hydrogen-influences-human-health-including-gastrointestinal-symptoms
#6
Yoshinori Tanaka, Yasuhiro Saihara, Kyoko Izumotani, Hajime Nakamura
In Japan, alkaline electrolyzed water (AEW) apparatus have been approved as a medical device. And for the patients with gastrointestinal symptoms, drinking AEW has been found to be effective in relieving gastrointestinal symptoms. But some users of AEW apparatus do not have abdominal indefinite complaint. Little attention has been given to the benefit for the users which have no abdominal indefinite complaint. The object of this study is to evaluate the effect on health, including gastrointestinal symptoms, when a person without abdominal indefinite complaint, etc ...
October 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713668/effects-of-hydrogen-on-polarization-of-macrophages-and-microglia-in-a-stroke-model
#7
Ke Ning, Wen-Wu Liu, Jun-Long Huang, Hong-Tao Lu, Xue-Jun Sun
It has been confirmed that inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke. The polarization of microglia as an important participant in the inflammation following stroke is also found to be involved in stroke. This study aimed to investigate the effects of hydrogen gas on the polarization of macrophages/microglia in vitro . Raw264.7 cells were treated with lipopolysaccharides and then exposed to hydrogen. The microglia were treated with the supernatant from oxygen and glucose deprivation-treated neurons and then exposed to hydrogen...
October 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713667/frequency-of-anesthetic-overdose-with-mean-alveolar-concentration-guided-anesthesia-at-high-altitude
#8
Juan C Giraldo, Claudia Acosta, Manuel Giraldo-Grueso
This study reported the frequency of anesthetic overdose measured with the bispectral index in a high altitude city (Bogotá-Colombia, 2600 meters above sea level). We assembled a prospective cohort of patients. Preoperative variables were described, and 10 minutes after the surgical incision, bispectral index, mean alveolar concentration, mean arterial pressure, and oxygen saturation were recorded. Bispectral index was classified as superficial (60), adequate (40-60), and deep (> 40). Mean alveolar concentration was classified as low (< 0...
October 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713666/inhalation-of-hydrogen-gas-elevates-urinary-8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanine-in-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Masaaki Hirayama, Mikako Ito, Tomomi Minato, Asako Yoritaka, Tyler W LeBaron, Kinji Ohno
Hyposmia is one of the earliest and the most common symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD). The benefits of hydrogen water on motor deficits have been reported in animal PD models and PD patients, but the effects of hydrogen gas on PD patients have not been studied. We evaluated the effect of inhalation of hydrogen gas on olfactory function, non-motor symptoms, activities of daily living, and urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanine (8-OHdG) levels by a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover trial with an 8-week washout period in 20 patients with PD...
October 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713665/effects-of-the-long-term-consumption-of-hydrogen-rich-water-on-the-antioxidant-activity-and-the-gut-flora-in-female-juvenile-soccer-players-from-suzhou-china
#10
Ji-Bin Sha, Shuang-Shuang Zhang, Yi-Ming Lu, Wen-Jing Gong, Xiao-Ping Jiang, Jian-Jun Wang, Tong-Ling Qiao, Hong-Hong Zhang, Min-Qian Zhao, Da-Peng Wang, Hua Xia, Zhong-Wei Li, Jian-Liang Chen, Lin Zhang, Cheng-Gang Zhang
Expending a considerable amount of physical energy inevitably leads to fatigue during both training and competition in football. An increasing number of experimental findings have confirmed the relationship between the generation and clearance of free radicals, fatigue, and exercise injury. Recently, hydrogen was identified as a new selective antioxidant with potential beneficial applications in sports. The present study evaluated the effect of 2-month consumption of hydrogen-rich water on the gut flora in juvenile female soccer players from Suzhou...
October 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713664/a-survey-of-anaphylaxis-etiology-and-treatment
#11
Hamid Ahanchian, Fatemeh Behmanesh, Farahzad Jabbari Azad, Elham Ansari, Maryam Khoshkhui, Reza Farid, Yalda Hassanpur, Samaneh Kouzegaran
Identifying the causes of anaphylaxis which is an acute, potentially fatal systemic reaction is very important in every community. Treatment strategies and pitfalls should also be determined. We sought to determine the most common triggers of anaphylaxis, clinical manifestations and treatment strategies in Mashhad, northeast of Iran. An observational cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate all patients with a history of anaphylactic reaction who were referred to University Allergy Clinics between 2006 and 2016 in Mashhad Iran...
October 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319770/the-role-of-argon-in-dentistry
#12
Thorakkal Shamim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319769/nitrous-oxide-in-waste-anesthetic-gases-with-different-fresh-gas-flow-a-case-based-pilot-observation-and-a-practical-thought-on-scavenging
#13
Habib Md Reazaul Karim, Manish Keshwani
Use of nitrous oxide (N2 O) as an anaesthetic gas has been on contradicting views for various reasons; operating room (OR) pollution and occupational exposure is one of those controversies. The present pilot experiment was planned to analyze the anaesthesia gas waste at the machine end of scavenging outlet and calculate the probable portion of N2 O in the OR air, which is likely to help us in informed decision making. Anaesthesia gas waste was sampled at the machine end of scavenging outlet and was connected directly and analyzed using a gas analyzer attached to Mindray A7 anaesthesia workstation...
July 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319768/ozone-therapy-as-a-primary-and-sole-treatment-for-acute-bacterial-infection-case-report
#14
Robert Jay Rowen
The world is facing a crisis of antibiotic resistance, which impacts every treating physician on the planet. Thousands of patients die yearly in the USA from infections that have failed to respond to anti-infectives. Alarms have been ringing about bacterial infection fatality resurgence, the end of the antibiotic era, a calamity in progress. Ozone therapy has been used in medicine since World War I. However, it is not patentable and has suffered from lack of private source funding for research sufficient to have it accepted by the mainstream...
July 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319767/potential-application-value-of-xenon-in-stroke-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Chong-Shun Zhao, Hao Li, Zhong Wang, Gang Chen
Stroke is an acute disease with extremely high mortality and disability, including ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. Currently only limited drugs and treatments have been shown to have neuroprotective effects in stroke. As a medical gas, xenon has been proven to have neuroprotective effect in considerable amount of previous study. Its unique properties are different from other neuroprotective agents, making it is promising to play a special therapeutic role in stroke, either alone or in combination with other treatments...
July 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319766/ozone-therapy-for-diabetic-foot
#16
REVIEW
Robert Kushmakov, Jason Gandhi, Omar Seyam, Wendy Jiang, Gunjan Joshi, Noel L Smith, Sardar Ali Khan
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) are a burden to the diabetic community. With increasing medical bills, to unsuccessful treatment, those suffering from DFUs can use alternative therapeutics. First seen in the mid-1800s, ozone (O3 ) is thought to be unstable, due to inherent molecular nature. With the help of pharmaceutical science, various O3 treatments have flourished in the medical community to help those suffering from DFUs. Promising results are seen through numerous studies. Usually, a mixture of both O2 and O3 is seen in pressurized machines as administered to the foot ulcer...
July 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319765/clinical-utility-of-ozone-therapy-for-musculoskeletal-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Omar Seyam, Noel L Smith, Inefta Reid, Jason Gandhi, Wendy Jiang, Sardar Ali Khan
Oxygen-ozone (O3 ) therapy serves as an alternative medical technique that increases the oxygen in the body along with the introduction of O3 . O3 therapy has finally reached a level where the biological mechanisms of action have been understood, showing that they are in the domain of physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology. Few clinical applications have been reviewed here as well as exemplifying that O3 therapy is particularly useful in musculoskeletal disorders. In the therapeutic range, O3 can be used as a more effective and safe substitute of standard medications...
July 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319764/emerging-mechanisms-and-novel-applications-of-hydrogen-gas-therapy
#18
REVIEW
Nathanael Matei, Richard Camara, John H Zhang
Clinical and pre-clinical studies have reported a broad range of applications for hydrogen gas therapy. Classically, conventional antioxidant therapy is limited because it neutralizes both the detrimental and protective effects of reactive oxygen species. As a weak reducing agent, hydrogen gas avoids this paradox by reacting with strong oxidants while leaving other beneficial oxidants reactive. This review gathers a promising list of hydrogen gas applications that merit further mechanistic investigation and additional therapeutic trials...
July 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319763/removal-of-toluene-vapors-from-the-polluted-air-with-modified-natural-zeolite-and-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles
#19
Hasan Irvani, Mojtaba Nakhaei Pour, Ali Vahidi, Somayeh Arezoomandan, Hosein Shojaee-Farah Abady
Toluene is a colorless and flammab1le liquid with the same solubilizing capacity as benzene that is in many cases used as an alternative to benzene, because of the uncertainty of being carcinogens. Workers can be exposed to toluene by breathing the chemical. To avoid inhalation and dermal effects caused by exposure to toluene, solutions such as adsorption, thermal oxidation, membrane separation and photocatalytic processes are applied. In this study, removal of toluene vapors with modified natural zeolite and titanium dioxide nanoparticles was discussed...
July 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319762/efficacy-of-dexmedetomidine-versus-remifentanil-to-blunt-the-hemodynamic-response-to-laryngoscopy-and-orotracheal-intubation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Hesameddin Modir, Bijan Yazdi, Esmail Moshiri, Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi, Samira Afshari
The study aims to compare the efficacy of dexmedetomidine (DEX) vs . remifentanil (REM) to blunt the hemodynamic response to laryngoscopy and orotracheal intubation. Enrolled in a double-blind clinical trial, 124 patients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia at Amirkabir Hospital (Arak, Iran), were assigned into four groups equally (31 patients in each group), DEX, REM, DEX-REM, and normal saline (NS), who received intravenous DEX (1 µg/kg), REM (1 µg/kg), their equal mixture (each 0.5 µg/kg, 1 minute before tracheal intubation), and NS, respectively...
July 2018: Medical Gas Research
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