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Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30834222/cardiopulmonary-bypass-strategies-to-maintain-brain-perfusion-during-lung-transplantation-in-a-patient-with-severe-hypercapnia
#1
Bongyeon Sohn, Samina Park, Hyun Joo Lee, Jin Hee Jeong, Sun Mi Choi, Sang-Min Lee, Jeong-Hwa Seo, Young Tae Kim
Herein, we report a case of lung transplantation in a patient with profound preoperative hypercapnia, focusing on the cardiopulmonary bypass strategy used for brain perfusion during the operation. We applied the pH-stat method for acid-base regulation, and thereby achieved the desired outcome without any neurologic deficit.
February 2019: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30834221/robotically-assisted-mitral-valve-repair-as-the-treatment-of-choice-for-patients-with-difficult-anatomies
#2
Marco Russo, Hamed Ouda, Martin Andreas, Maurizio Taramasso, Stefano Benussi, Francesco Maisano, Alberto Weber
Robotically assisted mitral valve repair has proven its efficacy during the last decade. The most suitable approach for patients with difficult anatomies, such as morbid obesity, sternal deformities, cardiac rotation, or vascular anomalies, represents a current challenge in cardiac surgery. Herein, we present the case of a 71-year-old patient affected by severe degenerative mitral valve regurgitation with pectus excavatum and a right aortic arch with an anomalous course of the left subclavian artery who was successfully treated using a Da Vinci-assisted approach...
February 2019: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30834220/development-of-castleman-disease-in-the-paravertebral-space-mimicking-a-neurogenic-tumor
#3
Yu Jin Kwak, Samina Park, Chang Hyun Kang, Young Tae Kim, In Kyu Park
Castleman disease is a relatively rare disease, characterized by well-circumscribed benign lymph-node hyperplasia. The disease may develop anywhere in the lymphatic system, but is most commonly reported as unicentric Castleman disease in the mediastinum along the tracheobronchial tree. It is usually asymptomatic and detected on plain chest radiography as an incidental finding. We report an incidentally detected case of Castleman disease in the paravertebral space that was preoperatively diagnosed as a neurogenic tumor and treated by complete surgical resection...
February 2019: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30834219/thoracic-splenosis-after-splenic-and-diaphragmatic-injury
#4
You Jin Ha, Tae Hee Hong, Yong Soo Choi
Thoracic splenosis is a rare disease that develops as a result of autotransplantation of splenic tissue into the thoracic cavity following splenic and diaphragmatic injury. We report the case of a 53-year-old man with a chief complaint of heartburn and cough. He had a history of traumatic diaphragmatic rupture treated with surgical repair and splenectomy 15 years ago. Imaging studies revealed a paraesophageal mass, and surgical resection was performed considering the possibility of Castleman disease or an esophageal submucosal tumor...
February 2019: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30834218/chylous-manifestations-and-management-of-gorham-stout-syndrome
#5
Sungbin Cho, Seung Ri Kang, Beom Hee Lee, Sehoon Choi
Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) was first described by Gorham and colleagues in 1954, but its precise mechanism and cause remain to be elucidated. In this condition, voluminous and potentially fatal chylous effusions into the thorax can occur. Herein, we describe a case of GSD in which the patient presented with massive pleural effusions and mottled osteolytic bone lesions. We performed multiple operations, including thoracic duct ligation using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and thoracotomic decortication, but these procedures did not succeed in preventing recurrent pleural effusion and chest wall lymphedema...
February 2019: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30834217/a-large-epiphrenic-esophageal-diverticulum-communicating-with-the-left-lower-lobe
#6
Suk Kyung Lim, Jong Ho Cho
Epiphrenic diverticula are known to cause a series of complications. We report the case of a 54-year-old woman who was diagnosed with an epiphrenic diverticulum at a regular checkup in November 2006. Ten years later, she presented with massive hematemesis. Imaging studies revealed an epiphrenic diverticulum measuring 7.8 cm in diameter and a large amount of bleeding inside the diverticulum. Computed tomography showed fistula formation between the diverticulum and the left lower lobe of the lung, leading to the development of a pulmonary abscess...
February 2019: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30834216/long-term-survival-after-wide-resection-of-malignant-fibrous-histiocytoma-of-the-chest-wall
#7
Jin Won Shin, Yong Jin Chang, Deog Gon Cho, Si Young Choi
Primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the chest wall is extremely rare and is characterized by aggressive features, including a high incidence of local recurrence and distant metastasis. Surgical resection of the chest wall is the primary modality of management. However, surgical treatment is not generally recommended in patients with evidence of distant metastasis. Here, we present a case of chest wall MFH along with a schwannoma mimicking distant metastasis in the right upper arm. The patient was treated by radical en bloc resection and survived for more than 9 years without recurrence...
February 2019: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30834215/staged-repair-after-hybrid-palliation-for-interrupted-aortic-arch-with-systemic-outflow-tract-obstruction
#8
June Lee, Yong Han Kim, Cheul Lee
Surgical management of interrupted aortic arch (IAA) with systemic outflow tract obstruction is clearly a challenge. If both ventricles are adequate, the Yasui operation is a useful option. Otherwise, a staged approach through initial hybrid palliation and delayed biventricular repair, tailored to the degree of obstructed outflow, serves to avoid a high-risk neonatal procedure. Herein, we present a patient with IAA and severe systemic outflow tract obstruction whose treatment involved hybrid palliation, followed by a Yasui operation...
February 2019: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30834214/extracorporeal-life-support-in-adult-patients-with-hematologic-malignancies-and-acute-circulatory-and-or-respiratory-failure
#9
Sungbin Cho, Won Chul Cho, Ju Yong Lim, Pil Je Kang
Background: The primary goal of this study was to characterize the clinical outcomes of adult patients with hematologic malignancies (HM) who were treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support when conventional treatments failed. Methods: In this retrospective, observational study at a tertiary medical center, we reviewed the clinical course of 23 consecutive patients with HM requiring ECMO who were admitted to the intensive care unit at Asan Medical Center from March 2010 to April 2015...
February 2019: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30834213/graft-strategy-for-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-with-severe-left-ventricular-dysfunction
#10
Tae Hee Hong, You Jin Ha, Dong Seop Jeong, Wook Sung Kim, Young Tak Lee
Background: Optimal graft selection for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction remains debatable. We report an analysis of our experiences of isolated CABG in patients with severe LV dysfunction and the impact of graft strategy on long-term outcomes. Methods: We analyzed 209 patients with severe LV dysfunction (ejection fraction [EF] <30%) who underwent primary isolated CABG. Of these, 169 were revascularized with a bilateral internal thoracic arterial (ITA) graft (BITA group) and 40 were revascularized with a single ITA graft (SITA group)...
February 2019: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30834212/long-term-results-of-the-leaflet-extension-technique-for-rheumatic-aortic-regurgitation-a-20-year-follow-up
#11
Yu-Jin Kwak, Hyuk Ahn, Jae Woong Choi, Kyung-Hwan Kim
Background: Although aortic valve repair can reduce prosthesis-related complications, rheumatic aortic regurgitation (AR) caused by leaflet restriction is a significant risk factor for recurrent AR. In this study, we evaluated the long-term results of the leaflet extension technique for rheumatic AR. Methods: Between 1995 and 2016, 33 patients underwent aortic valve repair using the leaflet extension technique with autologous pericardium for rheumatic pure AR. Twenty patients had severe AR and 9 had combined moderate or greater mitral regurgitation...
February 2019: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30834211/timing-of-esophagectomy-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-therapy-affects-the-incidence-of-anastomotic-leaks
#12
Simon Roh, Mark D Iannettoni, John Keech, Evgeny V Arshava, Anthony Swatek, Miriam B Zimmerman, Ronald J Weigel, Kalpaj R Parekh
Background: Neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (nCRT) has become the standard of care for esophageal cancer patients prior to esophagectomy. However, the optimal timing for surgery after completion of nCRT remains unclear. Methods: A retrospective review was performed of patients who underwent esophagectomy with cervical anastomosis for esophageal cancer at a single institution between January 2000 and June 2015. Patients were categorized into 3 cohorts: those who did not receive nCRT prior to esophagectomy (no nCRT), those who underwent esophagectomy within 35 days after nCRT (≤35d), and those who underwent esophagectomy more than 35 days after nCRT (>35d)...
February 2019: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588455/cuff-technique-for-small-diameter-vascular-grafts-in-the-systemic-arterial-circulation-of-the-rat
#13
Sukki Cho, In Hag Song
This study determined the feasibility of the cuff technique for small-caliber vascular grafts in a rat model. A graft was implanted with the cuff technique or suture technique in a 1-cm segment of the abdominal aorta in 12 rats. The mean aortic clamp time was 29 minutes with the cuff technique and 44 minutes with the suture technique; the cuff technique was significantly shorter. Abdominal angiography at 1 week after implantation showed no significant stenosis in 9 rats, focal stenosis of the mid-portion of the graft in 1 rat with each technique, and total occlusion of the graft in 1 rat with the suture technique...
December 2018: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588454/an-aggressive-large-epithelioid-hemangioendothelioma-of-the-anterior-mediastinum-in-a-young-woman
#14
Roman Dutta, Harish Pal, Garima Garg, Sambit Mohanty
Hemangioendothelioma is a rare vascular tumor with involvement of the liver, brain, long bones, and lung. Among the 6 histological subtypes, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is the most aggressive. Its occurrence in the mediastinum is quite rare, and very few cases have been documented. The reported cases in the literature have described difficulties in the preoperative diagnosis due to the unusual histological appearance of the tumor. Immunohistochemistry remains the mainstay for a definitive diagnosis...
December 2018: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588453/two-stage-surgical-treatment-of-a-giant-solitary-fibrous-tumor-occupying-the-thoracic-cavity
#15
Joon Young Song, Kyung Hwa Kim, Ja Hong Kuh, Tae Youn Kim, Jong Hun Kim
A solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal fibroblastic tumor inside the pleura, for which complete surgical resection is the standard treatment. For large SFTs, preoperative identification of tumor-feeding vessels using angiography is important for achieving complete resection without unexpected operative bleeding. Extensive adhesions can make resection difficult in a limited operative window, and pulmonary resection may be required to achieve complete SFT resection. Herein, we report successful resection of a large pleural SFT in a 39-year-old man without any complications using a 2-stage approach, in which ligation of the feeding vessels through small another operative window was the first step...
December 2018: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588452/primary-pulmonary-chordoid-meningioma
#16
So Young Bae, Hye-Seon Kim, Hyo-Jun Jang, Won-Sang Chung, Hyuck Kim, Young Hak Kim, Jun Ho Lee, Seong Sik Bang
Primary pulmonary meningioma is a rare disease, and chordoid meningioma is an uncommon variant of meningioma in the central nervous system (CNS) with a high recurrence rate. We report a case of primary pulmonary chordoid meningioma that presented as a solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN). The SPN was resected by thoracoscopic wedge resection and was revealed to have characteristics of chordoid meningioma. After confirming the absence of a meningioma in the CNS by brain imaging, the nodule was diagnosed as a primary pulmonary chordoid meningioma...
December 2018: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588451/surgical-repair-of-aortocaval-fistula-presenting-with-cardiogenic-shock
#17
In Ha Kim, Ho-Ki Min, Ji Yong Kim, Dong-Kie Kim, Do Kyun Kang, Hee Jae Jun, Youn-Ho Hwang
Aortocaval fistula (ACF) occurs in <1% of all abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), and in 3% to 7% of all ruptured AAAs. The triad of clinical findings of AAA with ACF are abdominal pain, abdominal machinery bruit, and a pulsating abdominal mass. Other findings include pelvic venous hypertension (hematuria, oliguria, scrotal edema), lower-limb edema with or without arterial insufficiency or venous thrombus, shock, congestive heart failure, and cardiac arrest. Surgery is the main treatment modality. We report successful surgical treatment in a patient with a ruptured AAA with ACF who presented with cardiogenic shock...
December 2018: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588450/anomalous-origin-of-the-right-subclavian-artery-in-a-patient-with-d-transposition-of-the-great-arteries
#18
Hyojung Park, Jinyoung Song, June Huh, I-Seok Kang, Tae-Gook Jun, Ji-Hyuk Yang
This case report concerns a young patient with an extremely rare combination of d-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) and anomalous origin of the right subclavian artery. In our patient, the right subclavian artery originated from the pulmonary artery, which is why he did not show reversed differential cyanosis. We conclude that the presence of an aortic arch anomaly should be considered in patients with d-TGA who do not present with reversed differential cyanosis. A further imaging work-up, including computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, might be helpful...
December 2018: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588449/a-minimally-invasive-approach-for-the-treatment-of-mid-aortic-syndrome-in-takayasu-arteritis
#19
Keong Jun Ha, Won Chul Cho, Wan Kee Kim, Joon Bum Kim
A 61-year-old woman who presented with claudication and dyspnea on exertion was found to have severe calcified narrowing of the descending aorta and severe insufficiency of the aortic valve. These findings were compatible with Takayasu arteritis. To treat these hemodynamic abnormalities, extra-aortic bypass surgery combined with replacement of the aortic valve and ascending aorta-to-hemiarch replacement was performed through a separated upper hemi-sternotomy and limited median laparotomy. We present our successful surgical experience with this case...
December 2018: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588448/aortic-root-reimplantation-in-a-patient-who-underwent-an-arterial-switch-operation
#20
Young Kern Kwon, Seung Ri Kang, Sung Jun Park, Wan Kee Kim, Joon Bum Kim
Neo-aortic insufficiency associated with root enlargement following an arterial switch operation is a serious late complication. To achieve successful surgical correction of this condition, multiple factors should be considered, including the individual patient's anatomy, the challenging nature of the redo procedure, and the patient's young age. However, limited publications have described the use of valve-sparing techniques for the treatment of neo-aortic insufficiency associated with root enlargement following an arterial switch operation...
December 2018: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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