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Journals Osong Public Health and Resear...

Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives

https://read.qxmd.com/read/37183335/comments-on-the-article-time-series-comparison-of-covid-19-case-fatality-rates-across-21-countries-with-adjustment-for-multiple-covariates
#61
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gaetano Perone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37183334/estimated-impact-of-the-national-hepatitis-b-immunization-program-on-acute-viral-hepatitis-b-among-adolescents-in-republic-of-korea
#62
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chungman Chae, Sangwoo Tak
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to estimate the impact of the national hepatitis B immunization program on the incidence of acute hepatitis B infection among adolescents in South Korea. METHODS: We estimated the counterfactual incidence rate of reported acute hepatitis B among adolescents from 2016 to 2020 compared to the assumption that the national hepatitis B immunization program for children had not been implemented since 1995. The impact of the national hepatitis B immunization program for adolescents was measured by estimating the absolute risk reduction and averted acute hepatitis B infections among adolescents from 2016 to 2020 attributed to the national immunization program...
April 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37183333/analysis-of-pregnant-women-with-critically-severe-covid-19-in-republic-of-korea-from-february-2020-and-december-2021
#63
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ji Joo Lee, Sang-Eun Lee, Yeonjung Kim, Young-Joon Park
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the characteristics and risk factors for severe disease in pregnant women infected with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from the early days of the COVID-19 epidemic in Korea to the predominant period of the Delta variant. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted among pregnant women diagnosed with COVID-19 between February 2020 and December 2021. Logistic regression analysis was performed to compare severe and mild cases after adjusting for pregnant women's age, nationality, infection route, outbreak area, infection period, symptoms, underlying disease, smoking status, trimester, and COVID-19 vaccination status...
April 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37183332/quality-of-life-in-patients-treated-for-covid-19-associated-mucormycosis-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#64
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pragya Kumar, Rajath Rao Ur, Nilanjan Roy, Deepika Agrawal, Shamshad Ahmad, Kranti Bhavana
OBJECTIVES: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-associated mucormycosis (CAM) has emerged as a formidable infection in patients with COVID-19. The aggressive management of CAM affects quality of life (QOL); thus, this study was designed to assess the QOL in patients with CAM at a tertiary healthcare institution. METHODS: This cross-sectional study of 57 patients with CAM was conducted over 6 months using a semi-structured standard questionnaire (the abbreviated World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire [WHO-BREF]) and a self-rated improvement (SRI) scale ranging from 0 to 9...
April 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37183331/covid-19-outbreak-in-a-religious-village-community-in-republic-of-korea-and-risk-factors-for-transmission
#65
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jiae Shim, Eunju Lee, Eunyoung Kim, Yeonhwa Choi, Giseok Kang, Bryan Inho Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the scale and transmission patterns of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in a religious village community in South Korea, to determine the risk factors of transmission, and to evaluate vaccine effectiveness. METHODS: An epidemiological survey was conducted, and data were collected and analyzed from 602 villagers in the religious village community. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for COVID-19 transmission and to evaluate vaccine effectiveness...
April 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37183330/vaccine-hesitancy-in-patients-with-covid-19-who-have-back-pain
#66
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Askeri Türken, Haşim Çapar
OBJECTIVES: Musculoskeletal pain is among the most common symptoms in patients diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and it has placed a significant burden on health worldwide during the pandemic. This study explored vaccine hesitancy and associated factors in patients with positive COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction test results who were hospitalized and had back pain. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 170 hospitalized COVID-19 patients over 18 years of age...
April 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37183329/risk-factors-for-deaths-associated-with-covid-19-according-to-the-cause-of-death-classification-in-republic-of-korea
#67
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Na-Young Kim, Seong-Sun Kim, Hyun Ju Lee, Dong Hwi Kim, Boyeong Ryu, Eunjeong Shin, Donghyok Kwon
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to classify coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related deaths according to whether COVID-19 was listed as the cause of death, and to investigate the differences in demographic characteristics and risk factors for COVID-19 death classifications. METHODS: A total of 5,625 deaths in South Korea among patients with confirmed COVID-19 from January 20, 2020 to December 31, 2021 were selected. Excluding false reports and unnatural deaths, 5,597 deaths were analyzed...
April 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37183328/the-incidence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-myocarditis-and-pericarditis-following-mrna-based-covid-19-vaccination-in-republic-of-korea-adolescents-from-july-2021-to-september-2022
#68
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ju-Young Sim, Seung-Yun Kim, Eun-Kyoung Kim
OBJECTIVES: Age-specific information regarding myocarditis/pericarditis in adolescents following mRNA-based coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination in Asia remains insufficient. This study investigated the incidence and clinical characteristics of myocarditis/pericarditis in Republic of Korea adolescents after mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccination. METHODS: This retrospective descriptive study utilized patient data from the Korea Immunization Management System...
April 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37183327/points-to-consider-when-developing-drugs-for-dry-eye-syndrome
#69
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Suyoung Bae, Hosun Seung, Ho Jung Oh
Changes in both the social environment (e.g., the increased use of electronic media) and the atmospheric environment (e.g., air pollution and dust) have contributed to an increasing incidence of eye disease and an increased need for eye care. Notably, the signs and symptoms of dry eye syndrome can impact the daily quality of life for various age groups, including the elderly, and usually requires active treatment. The symptoms of dry eye syndrome include tear film instability, hyperosmolarity, ocular surface inflammation and damage, and neurosensory abnormalities...
April 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37183326/to-become-a-more-stronger-and-safer-country
#70
EDITORIAL
Jong-Koo Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36944346/early-countermeasures-to-covid-19-at-long-term-care-facilities-in-gwangju-metropolitan-city-republic-of-korea
#71
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hye-Jin Kim, Jieun Kim, Yoon Suk Jang, Hanul Park, Jong Mu Kim, Young Joon Park, So-Yeon Ryu, Jun Hwi Cho, So Yeong Park, Sang-Eun Lee
OBJECTIVES: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has continued since its first detection in the Republic of Korea on January 20, 2020. This study describes the early countermeasures used to minimize the risk of COVID-19 outbreaks during cohort quarantine and compares the epidemiological characteristics of 2 outbreaks in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) in Gwangju Metropolitan City in summer 2020. METHODS: An epidemiological investigation was conducted via direct visits...
February 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36944345/association-between-the-empirical-dietary-inflammatory-index-and-musculoskeletal-pain-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#72
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mahshid Rezaei, Zahra Tajary, Zahra Esmaeily, Atefeh Eyvazkhani, Shahrzad Daei, Marjan Mansouri Dara, Mohaddeseh Rezaei, Abolghassem Djazayeri, Ahmadreza Dorosty Motlagh
OBJECTIVES: Inflammation has been proposed to be one of the main causes of musculoskeletal pain. Diet is a lifestyle factor that plays an important role in managing inflammation; thus, we assessed the inflammatory potential of diets using the empirical dietary inflammatory index (EDII) to investigate the relationship between diet and musculoskeletal pain. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 212 elderly individuals who were selected from health centers in Tehran, Iran...
February 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36944344/evaluation-and-follow-up-of-pain-fatigue-and-quality-of-life-in-covid-19-patients
#73
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sevda Adar, Petek Şarlak Konya, Ali İzzet Akçin, Ümit Dündar, Neşe Demirtürk
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated pain, fatigue, anxiety, depression, and quality of life in patients hospitalized for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and observed them over a period of 3 months. We also investigated the relationship of these symptoms to age, sex, disease severity, and levels of anxiety and depression. METHODS: The study included 100 confirmed COVID-19 patients (i.e., positive on a polymerase chain reaction test) between the ages of 18 and 75 years. Pain (visual analog scale [VAS]), fatigue (fatigue severity scale), anxiety, and depression (hospital anxiety and depression scales) were evaluated on the first day of hospitalization and at 1-month and 3-month follow-ups...
February 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36944343/association-between-face-covering-policies-and-the-incidence-of-coronavirus-disease-2019-in-european-countries
#74
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sookhyun Kim, Jiyoung Oh, Sangwoo Tak
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine the impact of the strengthening or relaxation of face covering mandates on the subsequent national case incidence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Europe as the full vaccination rate was increasing. METHODS: European countries in which case incidence increased for 3 consecutive weeks were monitored and analyzed using COVID-19 incidence data shared by the World Health Organization (WHO). The epidemic trend of COVID-19 in Europe was compared with that of countries elsewhere in the world based on WHO weekly epidemiological reports from June 20 to October 30, 2021...
February 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36944342/chronic-kidney-disease-in-indonesia-evidence-from-a-national-health-survey
#75
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Puti Sari Hidayangsih, Dwi Hapsari Tjandrarini, Noor Edi Widya Sukoco, Nikson Sitorus, Ika Dharmayanti, Feri Ahmadi
OBJECTIVES: Several previous studies have stated that consuming certain foods and beverages might increase the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study aimed to examine the relationships of food and beverage consumption with other risk factors for CKD. METHODS: Data sources included the 2018 Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) and the National Socio-Economic Survey (Susenas), which were analyzed using a cross-sectional design. The study samples were households from 34 provinces in Indonesia, and the analysis was performed with provincial aggregates...
February 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36944341/the-first-reported-hepatitis-e-outbreak-in-a-food-manufacturing-factory-korea-2022
#76
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hansol Yeom, Soonryu Seo, Youngsil Yoon, Jaeeun Lee, Myung-Guk Han, Deog-Yong Lee, Sun-Whan Park, Song A Park, Sook-Hyang Jeong, Jin Gwack
OBJECTIVES: On February 16, 2022, 12 cases of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection were reported in a food manufacturing factory in Korea. The aim of this study was to identify additional cases and to determine the source of this HEV outbreak. METHODS: This study was an in-depth investigation of 12 HEV immunoglobulin M (IgM)-positive cases and their demographic, clinical, and epidemiological characteristics. On-site specimens were collected from the environment and from humans, and a follow-up investigation was conducted 2 to 3 months after the outbreak...
February 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36944340/a-framework-for-nationwide-covid-19-vaccine-safety-research-in-the-republic-of-korea-the-covid-19-vaccine-safety-research-committee
#77
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Na-Young Jeong, Hyesook Park, Sanghoon Oh, Seung Eun Jung, Dong-Hyun Kim, Hyoung-Shik Shin, Hee Chul Han, Jong-Koo Lee, Jun Hee Woo, Byung-Joo Park, Nam-Kyong Choi
With the introduction of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines, the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency (KDCA) commissioned the National Academy of Medicine of Korea to gather experts to independently assess post-vaccination adverse events. Accordingly, the COVID-19 Vaccine Safety Research Committee (CoVaSC) was launched in November 2021 to perform safety studies and establish evidence for policy guidance. The CoVaSC established 3 committees for epidemiology, clinical research, and communication...
February 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36944339/how-we-will-reach-a-safer-community
#78
EDITORIAL
Jong-Koo Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36617551/a-low-risk-of-nosocomial-transmission-of-subclinical-tuberculosis-to-neonates-in-a-postpartum-care-center-under-covid-19-control-measures
#79
JOURNAL ARTICLE
In Kyoung Kim, So Jung Kim, Kyoung Hee Bae, Mi Young Kim, Ji Eun Oh, Mi Gyeong Lee, Young Ae Kang, Jin Su Song
We report the results of investigating and managing a tuberculosis (TB) exposure in apostpartum care center. Among the contacts exposed to a nursing assistant with subclinical TB,5 of 44 neonates (11.4%) had positive tuberculin skin tests (TSTs) at 3 months of age, and all theTST-positive neonates received the Bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccination. Seven of 28 healthcareworkers (25.0%) and 1 of 3 household contacts (33.3%) were positive in the initial or repeatedinterferon-gamma release assay. None of the contacts developed TB disease during the studyperiod...
December 2022: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36617550/the-effectiveness-of-paxlovid-treatment-in-long-term-care-facilities-in-south-korea-during-the-outbreak-of-the-omicron-variant-of-sars-cov-2
#80
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hanul Park, Young Joon Park, Hye Young Lee, Mi Yu, Yeong-Jun Song, Sang Eun Lee, Ji-Joo Lee, Eun-Sol Lee, Yeonjung Kim
OBJECTIVES: On November 5, 2021, Pfizer Inc. announced Paxlovid (nirmatrelvir +ritonavir) asa treatment method that could reduce the risk of hospitalization or death for patients withconfirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: From February 6, 2022 to April 2, 2022, the incidence of COVID-19 and the effectsof treatment with Paxlovid were analyzed in 2,241 patients and workers at 5 long-term carefacilities during the outbreak of the Omicron variant of severe acute respiratory syndromecoronavirus 2 in South Korea...
December 2022: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
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