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Journals Osong Public Health and Resear...

Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives

https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652686/epidemiological-characteristics-of-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-outbreaks-in-the-republic-of-korea-between-2017-and-2022
#41
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hyoseon Jeong, Junghee Hyun, Yeon-Kyeng Lee
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe the epidemiological characteristics of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) outbreaks in healthcare settings in the Republic of Korea between 2017 and 2022. METHODS: Under the national notifiable disease surveillance system, we obtained annual descriptive statistics regarding the isolated species, carbapenemase genotype, healthcare facility type, outbreak location and duration, and number of patients affected and recommended interventions...
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652685/mental-health-and-its-determinants-among-adolescents-living-in-families-with-separated-or-divorced-parents-in-an-urban-area-of-vietnam
#42
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Binh Thang Tran, Minh Tu Nguyen, Minh Tam Nguyen, Thanh Gia Nguyen, Vo Nu Hong Duc, Thi Tra My Tran
BACKGROUND: We assessed the prevalence of stress, anxiety, and depression among adolescents living in families with separated or divorced parents in Hue City, Vietnam and identified factors associated with these conditions. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 309 adolescents, aged 12 to 17 years, living in families with separated or divorced parents in Hue City, Vietnam. The depression anxiety stress scale-21 (DASS-21) was used to measure stress, anxiety, and depression...
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652684/prevalence-and-patterns-of-adverse-events-following-childhood-immunization-and-the-responses-of-mothers-in-ile-ife-south-west-nigeria-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-survey
#43
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Olorunfemi Akinbode Ogundele, Funmito Omolola Fehintola, Mubarak Salami, Rahmat Usidebhofoh, Mary Aderemi Abaekere
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the prevalence and pattern of adverse events following childhood immunization and the responses of mothers in Ile-Ife, South West Nigeria. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 422 mothers of children aged 0 to 24 months attending any of the 3 leading immunization clinics in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. The respondents were selected using the multi-stage sampling technique. Data were collected using a pretested structured interviewer-administered questionnaire and analyzed using IBM SPSS ver...
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652683/effects-of-an-arteriovenous-fistula-stenosis-prevention-program-in-patients-receiving-hemodialysis
#44
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Haegyeong Lee, Gyuli Baek, Eunju Lee
BACKGROUND: To increase the efficiency of hemodialysis, an appropriate vascular pathway must be created, and its function must be maintained. This study aimed to identify the effects of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) stenosis prevention program on upper muscular strength, blood flow, physiological indexes, and self-efficacy among patients receiving hemodialysis. METHODS: The participants were patients receiving hemodialysis at Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center in Daegu, Republic of Korea...
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652682/increased-viral-load-in-patients-infected-with-severe-acute-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-2-omicron-variant-in-the-republic-of-korea
#45
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jeong-Min Kim, Dongju Kim, Nam-Joo Lee, Sang Hee Woo, Jaehee Lee, Hyeokjin Lee, Ae Kyung Park, Jeong-Ah Kim, Chae Young Lee, Il-Hwan Kim, Cheon Kwon Yoo, Eun-Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been declared a global pandemic owing to the rapid spread of the causative agent, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Its Delta and Omicron variants are more transmissible and pathogenic than other variants. Some debates have emerged on the mechanism of variants of concern. In the COVID-19 wave that began in December 2021, the Omicron variant, first reported in South Africa, became identifiable in most cases globally. The aim of this study was to provide data to inform effective responses to the transmission of the Omicron variant...
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652681/household-secondary-attack-rates-and-risk-factors-during-periods-of-sars-cov-2-delta-and-omicron-variant-predominance-in-the-republic-of-korea
#46
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jin Lee, Mijeong Ko, Seontae Kim, Dosang Lim, Gemma Park, Sang-Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: The household secondary attack rate (SAR) of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is an important indicator for community transmission. This study aimed to characterize transmission by comparing household SARs and identifying risk factors during the periods of Delta and Omicron variant predominance in Republic of Korea. METHODS: We defined the period of Delta variant predominance (Delta period) as July 25, 2021 to January 15, 2022, and the period of Omicron variant predominance (Omicron period) as February 7 to September 3, 2022...
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652680/risk-factors-for-transmission-in-a-covid-19-cluster-infection-in-a-high-school-in-the-republic-of-korea
#47
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jin-Hwan Jeon, Su Jin Kang, Se-Jin Jeong, Hyeon-Cheol Jang, Young-Joon Park, Sang-Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the scale, characteristics, risk factors, and modes of transmission in a coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak at a high school in Seoul, Republic of Korea. METHODS: An epidemiological survey was conducted of 1,118 confirmed cases and close contacts from a COVID-19 outbreak at an educational facility starting on May 31, 2021. In-depth interviews, online questionnaires, flow evaluations, and CCTV analyses were used to devise infection prevention measures...
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652679/public-health-agencies-use-of-social-media-for-communication-during-pandemics-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#48
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Babatunde Abiodun Balogun, Anne Hogden, Nenagh Kemp, Lin Yang, Maria Agaliotis
Public health agencies (PHAs) have increasingly incorporated social media into their communication mix during successive pandemics in the 21st century. However, the quality, timing, and accuracy of their health messages have varied significantly, resulting in mixed outcomes for communication, audience engagement, and pandemic management. This study aimed to identify factors influencing the effectiveness of pandemic-related health messages shared by PHAs on social media and to report their impact on public engagement as documented in the literature...
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652678/how-we-can-prevent-a-resurgence-this-year
#49
EDITORIAL
Jong-Koo Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37415440/temporal-association-between-the-age-specific-incidence-of-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-and-sars-cov-2-vaccination-in-republic-of-korea-a-nationwide-time-series-correlation-study
#50
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hyunju Lee, Donghyok Kwon, Seoncheol Park, Seung Ri Park, Darda Chung, Jongmok Ha
BACKGROUND: The incidence of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) changed significantly during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Emerging reports suggest that viral vector-based vaccines may be associated with an elevated risk of GBS. METHODS: In this nationwide time-series correlation study, we examined the age-specific incidence of GBS from January 2011 to August 2022, as well as data on severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccinations and infections from February 2021 to August 2022...
June 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37415439/correlations-between-regional-characteristics-of-counties-and-the-ratio-of-intracounty-to-extracounty-sources-of-covid-19-in-gangwon-province-republic-of-korea
#51
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Seungmin Jeong, Chaeyun Lim, Sunhak Bae, Youngju Nam, Eunmi Kim, Myeonggi Kim, Saerom Kim, Yeojin Kim
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the correlations between the regional characteristics of counties in Gangwon Province, Republic of Korea and the ratio of intracounty to extracounty sources of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. METHODS: The region of the infectious contact was analysed for each COVID-19 case reported in Gangwon Province between February 22, 2020 and February 7, 2022. The population, population density, area, the proportion of urban residents, the proportion of older adults (>65 years), financial independence, and the number of adjacent counties were assessed for each of the 18 counties in Gangwon Province...
June 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37415438/risk-factors-for-covid-19-outbreaks-in-livestock-slaughtering-and-processing-facilities-in-republic-of-korea
#52
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Seongju Choi, Tae Jong Son, Yeon-Kyung Lee
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to help prevent and control the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by identifying transmission routes and risk factors in livestock slaughtering and processing facilities (SPFs) and establishing an optimal intervention strategy for outbreaks. METHODS: This case series study was a demographic analysis of patients with confirmed COVID-19 associated with 5 SPFs in Korea between January and June 2021. Additionally, in a retrospective cohort study, the association between COVID-19 infection and risk factors was analyzed for SPFs at which outbreaks occurred...
June 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37415437/effectiveness-of-the-covid-19-vaccine-in-the-honam-region-of-the-republic-of-korea
#53
JOURNAL ARTICLE
In-Sook Shin, Yong-Pyo Lee, Seung-Hoon Lee, Jae-Young Lee, Jong-Ha Park, Yoon-Seok Chung
BACKGROUND: In 2021, the effectiveness of the COVID-19 vaccine was analyzed among people living in the Honam region (Gwangju, Jeollanam-do, Jeollabuk-do, and Jeju) of the Republic of Korea. And we investigated changes in the dominant virus strain. METHODS: This study used the data provided by the Korean Ministry of the Interior and Safety for individuals ≥12 years old in the Honam region, and the Integrated Disease and Health Management System of the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for COVID-19-vaccinated individuals as of December 31, 2021...
June 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37415436/vaccine-effectiveness-and-the-epidemiological-characteristics-of-a-covid-19-outbreak-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-republic-of-korea
#54
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Seonhee Ahn, Tae Jong Son, Yoonsuk Jang, Jihyun Choi, Young Joon Park, Jiseon Seong, Hyun Hee Kwon, Muk Ju Kim, Donghyok Kwon
BACKGROUND: Healthcare facilities are high-risk sites for infection. This study analyzed the epidemiological characteristics of a coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in a tertiary hospital after COVID-19 vaccination had been introduced in Republic of Korea. Vaccine effectiveness (VE) and shared anti-infection strategies are also assessed. METHODS: The risk levels for 4,074 contacts were evaluated. The epidemiological characteristics of confirmed cases were evaluated using the chi-square test...
June 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37415435/the-covid-19-pandemic-and-healthcare-utilization-in-iran-evidence-from-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#55
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Monireh Mahmoodpour-Azari, Satar Rezaei, Nasim Badiee, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Ali Mohammadi, Ali Kazemi-Karyani, Shahin Soltani, Mehdi Khezeli
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the effect of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak on the hospitalization rate, emergency department (ED) visits, and outpatient clinic visits in western Iran. METHODS: We collected data on the monthly hospitalization rate, rate of patients referred to the ED, and rate of patients referred to outpatient clinics for a period of 40 months (23 months before and 17 months after the COVID-19 outbreak in Iran) from all 7 public hospitals in the city of Kermanshah...
June 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37415434/results-of-contact-tracing-for-sars-cov-2-omicron-sub-lineages-ba-4-ba-5-ba-2-75-and-the-household-secondary-attack-risk
#56
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mi Yu, Sang-Eun Lee, Hye Young Lee, Hye-Jin Kim, Yeong-Jun Song, Jian Jeong, Ae Kyung Park, Il-Hwan Kim, Eun-Jin Kim, Young-Joon Park
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the contact tracing outcomes of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron sub-lineages BA.4, BA.5, and BA.2.75 within Republic of Korea, and to generate foundational data for responding to future novel variants. METHODS: We conducted investigations and contact tracing for 79 confirmed BA.4 cases, 396 confirmed BA.5 cases, and 152 confirmed BA.2.75 cases. These cases were identified through random sampling of both domestically confirmed and imported cases, with the goal of evaluating the pattern of occurrence and transmissibility...
June 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37415433/estimating-the-number-of-severe-covid-19-cases-and-covid-19-related-deaths-averted-by-a-nationwide-vaccination-campaign-in-republic-of-korea
#57
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ji Hae Hwang, Ju Hee Lee, Eun Jung Jang, Ryu Kyung Kim, Kil Hun Lee, Seon Kyeong Park, Sang Eun Lee, Chungman Chae, Sangwon Lee, Young Joon Park
BACKGROUND: The Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency promotes vaccination by regularly providing information on its benefits for reducing the severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study aimed to analyze the number of averted severe COVID-19 cases and COVID-19-related deaths by age group and quantify the impact of Republic of Korea's nationwide vaccination campaign. METHODS: We analyzed an integrated database from the beginning of the vaccination campaign on February 26, 2021 to October 15, 2022...
June 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37415432/risk-factors-associated-with-death-due-to-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-in-hospitalized-korean-patients-2018-2022
#58
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jia Kim, Hyo-Jeong Hong, Ji-Hye Hwang, Na-Ri Shin, Kyungwon Hwang
BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) has no vaccine or treatment and an extremely high fatality rate. We aimed to analyze and evaluate the risk factors for death associated with SFTS. METHODS: Among reports from 2018 to 2022, we compared and analyzed 1,034 inpatients aged 18 years or older with laboratory-confirmed SFTS who underwent complete epidemiological investigations. RESULTS: Most of the inpatients with SFTS were aged 50 years or older (average age, 67...
June 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37415431/neglected-issues-related-to-the-covid-19-pandemic
#59
EDITORIAL
Jong-Koo Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37183336/response-to-the-comment-of-perone-by-the-corresponding-author-kim
#60
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yongmoon Kim, Bryan Inho Kim, Sangwoo Tak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
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