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Journals Osong Public Health and Resear...

Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives

https://read.qxmd.com/read/37920897/evaluation-of-covid-19-vaccine-effectiveness-in-different-high-risk-facility-types-during-a-period-of-delta-variant-dominance-in-the-republic-of-korea-a-cross-sectional-study
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Min Jei Lee, Myung-Jae Hwang, Dong Seob Kim, Seon Kyeong Park, Jihyun Choi, Ji Joo Lee, Jong Mu Kim, Young-Man Kim, Young-Joon Park, Jin Gwack, Sang-Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effectiveness of coronavirus disease 2019 vaccination in high-risk facilities in the Republic of Korea during the period when the highly transmissible Delta variant was prevalent. Additionally, we aimed to explore any disparities in vaccine effectiveness (VE) across various types of institutions, specifically distinguishing between non-medical and medical establishments. METHODS: We examined 8 outbreak clusters covering 243 cases and 895 contacts from 8 high-risk facilities divided into 2 groups: group A (4 non-medical institutions) and group B (4 medical institutions)...
October 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37920896/estimating-the-prevalence-of-oral-manifestations-in-covid-19-patients-a-systematic-review
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ankita Gupta, Kriti Shrivastav, Amit Agrawal, Abhishek Purohit, Roshan Chanchlani
BACKGROUND: Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) present with a variety of oral manifestations. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review to estimate the prevalence of oral lesions among COVID-19 patients. METHODS: An extensive literature search of several electronic bibliographic databases (PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Litcovid) was conducted to retrieve all articles published in the English language from January 1, 2020 to March 31, 2023 that reported the prevalence of oral manifestations among COVID-19 patients...
October 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37920895/factors-associated-with-the-combination-of-general-and-abdominal-obesity-in-middle-aged-and-older-korean-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jin Suk Ra
BACKGROUND: To identify factors associated with general and abdominal obesity in middle-aged and older Korean women based on the biopsychosocial model. METHODS: Data from 4,076 women aged ≥45 years who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2015 to 2020 were analyzed. Complex sampling analysis was performed using IBM SPSS ver. 26.0. RESULTS: The combination of general and abdominal obesity was positively associated with age ≥65 years, postmenopausal status, and without breastfeeding experience among biomedical factors; depressive symptoms and prolonged (≥8 hours a day) sedentary behavior among psychosocial factors; and an educational level lower than middle or high school graduation and the first and second income quantiles among biosocial factors...
October 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37920894/the-risk-associated-with-psychiatric-disturbances-in-patients-with-diabetes-in-indonesia-2018-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Siti Isfandari, Betty Roosihermiatie, Sulistyowati Tuminah, Laurentia Konadi Mihardja
BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of psychiatric disturbances is rising, detrimentally affecting the quality of care and treatment outcomes for individuals, particularly those with diabetes.This study investigated the association of risk factors for psychiatric disturbances among productive-age patients with diabetes (ages 30-59 years), considering sociodemographic characteristics and co-existing diseases. The risk factors considered included sociodemographic factors (e.g., residence, age, sex, marital status, education, and occupation) and co-existing diseases (e...
October 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37920893/the-associations-of-health-behaviors-and-working-hours-with-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-korean-wage-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Choong-Won Seo, Eun-A Park, Tae-Hyung Yoon
BACKGROUND: We investigated differences in high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels by age group according to working hours, socioeconomic level, health behavior and status, and occupational class, and aimed to identify factors affecting hs-CRP levels in various age groups using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination from 2016 to 2018. METHODS: The study included a total of 4,786 male wage workers across the nation, aged between 19 and 65...
October 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37920892/drug-resistance-and-the-genotypic-characteristics-of-rpob-and-katg-in-rifampicin-and-or-isoniazid-resistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-isolates-in-central-vietnam
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Thi Binh Nguyen Nguyen, Thi Kieu Diem Nguyen, Van Hue Trương, Thi Tuyet Ngoc Tran, van Bao Thang Phan, Thi Tuyen Nguyen, Hoang Bach Nguyen, Viet Quynh Tram Ngo, Van Tuan Mai, Paola Molicotti
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) and drug-resistant TB (DR-TB) are national health burdens in Vietnam. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of rifampicin (RIF) and/or isoniazid (isonicotinic acid hydrazide, INH) resistance in patients with suspected TB, and applied appropriate techniques to help rapidly target DR-TB. METHODS: In total, 1,547 clinical specimens were collected and cultured using the BACTEC MGIT system (Becton Dickinson and Co.). A resazurin microtiter assay (REMA) was used to determine the proportions of RIF and/or INH resistance...
October 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37920891/strategies-to-combat-gram-negative-bacterial-resistance-to-conventional-antibacterial-drugs-a-review
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Priyanka Bhowmik, Barkha Modi, Parijat Roy, Antarika Chowdhury
The emergence of antimicrobial resistance raises the fear of untreatable diseases. Antimicrobial resistance is a multifaceted and dynamic phenomenon that is the cumulative result of different factors. While Gram-positive pathogens, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Clostridium difficile, were previously the most concerning issues in the field of public health, Gram-negative pathogens are now of prime importance. The World Health Organization's priority list of pathogens mostly includes multidrug-resistant Gram-negative organisms particularly carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales, carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii...
October 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37920890/to-combat-covid-19-and-prepare-for-future-pandemics-public-trust-and-communication-are-essential
#28
EDITORIAL
Jong-Koo Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37968743/living-arrangements-and-metabolic-syndrome-a-national-cross-sectional-study-in-the-republic-of-korea
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Junghyun Kim, Aeree Sohn
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the relationship between living arrangements and metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk in the adult population in the Republic of Korea. METHODS: The samples were derived from the data collected during the second year of the seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The study targeted a total of 6,265 adults who were aged 20 years and above, and multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted. Living arrangements were classified into 4 categories: single-person households, 1-generation households, 2-generation households, and other family types...
September 20, 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652687/trends-of-legionellosis-reported-in-jeju-province-republic-of-korea-2015-2022
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Juyoung Park, Jong-Myon Bae
BACKGROUND: The number of reported cases of Legionnaires' disease (LD) in the Republic of Korea surged nationally in 2016; however, in 2022, this number was higher in Jeju Province than the previous national peak. A descriptive epidemiological study was conducted to analyze trends in the incidence of reported LD cases in Jeju Island from 2015 to 2022. METHODS: The data for this study were obtained from case reports submitted to the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency through its Disease and Health Integrated Management System...
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652686/epidemiological-characteristics-of-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-outbreaks-in-the-republic-of-korea-between-2017-and-2022
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hyoseon Jeong, Junghee Hyun, Yeon-Kyeng Lee
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe the epidemiological characteristics of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) outbreaks in healthcare settings in the Republic of Korea between 2017 and 2022. METHODS: Under the national notifiable disease surveillance system, we obtained annual descriptive statistics regarding the isolated species, carbapenemase genotype, healthcare facility type, outbreak location and duration, and number of patients affected and recommended interventions...
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652685/mental-health-and-its-determinants-among-adolescents-living-in-families-with-separated-or-divorced-parents-in-an-urban-area-of-vietnam
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Binh Thang Tran, Minh Tu Nguyen, Minh Tam Nguyen, Thanh Gia Nguyen, Vo Nu Hong Duc, Thi Tra My Tran
BACKGROUND: We assessed the prevalence of stress, anxiety, and depression among adolescents living in families with separated or divorced parents in Hue City, Vietnam and identified factors associated with these conditions. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 309 adolescents, aged 12 to 17 years, living in families with separated or divorced parents in Hue City, Vietnam. The depression anxiety stress scale-21 (DASS-21) was used to measure stress, anxiety, and depression...
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652684/prevalence-and-patterns-of-adverse-events-following-childhood-immunization-and-the-responses-of-mothers-in-ile-ife-south-west-nigeria-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-survey
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Olorunfemi Akinbode Ogundele, Funmito Omolola Fehintola, Mubarak Salami, Rahmat Usidebhofoh, Mary Aderemi Abaekere
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the prevalence and pattern of adverse events following childhood immunization and the responses of mothers in Ile-Ife, South West Nigeria. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 422 mothers of children aged 0 to 24 months attending any of the 3 leading immunization clinics in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. The respondents were selected using the multi-stage sampling technique. Data were collected using a pretested structured interviewer-administered questionnaire and analyzed using IBM SPSS ver...
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652683/effects-of-an-arteriovenous-fistula-stenosis-prevention-program-in-patients-receiving-hemodialysis
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Haegyeong Lee, Gyuli Baek, Eunju Lee
BACKGROUND: To increase the efficiency of hemodialysis, an appropriate vascular pathway must be created, and its function must be maintained. This study aimed to identify the effects of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) stenosis prevention program on upper muscular strength, blood flow, physiological indexes, and self-efficacy among patients receiving hemodialysis. METHODS: The participants were patients receiving hemodialysis at Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center in Daegu, Republic of Korea...
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652682/increased-viral-load-in-patients-infected-with-severe-acute-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-2-omicron-variant-in-the-republic-of-korea
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jeong-Min Kim, Dongju Kim, Nam-Joo Lee, Sang Hee Woo, Jaehee Lee, Hyeokjin Lee, Ae Kyung Park, Jeong-Ah Kim, Chae Young Lee, Il-Hwan Kim, Cheon Kwon Yoo, Eun-Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been declared a global pandemic owing to the rapid spread of the causative agent, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Its Delta and Omicron variants are more transmissible and pathogenic than other variants. Some debates have emerged on the mechanism of variants of concern. In the COVID-19 wave that began in December 2021, the Omicron variant, first reported in South Africa, became identifiable in most cases globally. The aim of this study was to provide data to inform effective responses to the transmission of the Omicron variant...
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652681/household-secondary-attack-rates-and-risk-factors-during-periods-of-sars-cov-2-delta-and-omicron-variant-predominance-in-the-republic-of-korea
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jin Lee, Mijeong Ko, Seontae Kim, Dosang Lim, Gemma Park, Sang-Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: The household secondary attack rate (SAR) of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is an important indicator for community transmission. This study aimed to characterize transmission by comparing household SARs and identifying risk factors during the periods of Delta and Omicron variant predominance in Republic of Korea. METHODS: We defined the period of Delta variant predominance (Delta period) as July 25, 2021 to January 15, 2022, and the period of Omicron variant predominance (Omicron period) as February 7 to September 3, 2022...
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652680/risk-factors-for-transmission-in-a-covid-19-cluster-infection-in-a-high-school-in-the-republic-of-korea
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jin-Hwan Jeon, Su Jin Kang, Se-Jin Jeong, Hyeon-Cheol Jang, Young-Joon Park, Sang-Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the scale, characteristics, risk factors, and modes of transmission in a coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak at a high school in Seoul, Republic of Korea. METHODS: An epidemiological survey was conducted of 1,118 confirmed cases and close contacts from a COVID-19 outbreak at an educational facility starting on May 31, 2021. In-depth interviews, online questionnaires, flow evaluations, and CCTV analyses were used to devise infection prevention measures...
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652679/public-health-agencies-use-of-social-media-for-communication-during-pandemics-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Babatunde Abiodun Balogun, Anne Hogden, Nenagh Kemp, Lin Yang, Maria Agaliotis
Public health agencies (PHAs) have increasingly incorporated social media into their communication mix during successive pandemics in the 21st century. However, the quality, timing, and accuracy of their health messages have varied significantly, resulting in mixed outcomes for communication, audience engagement, and pandemic management. This study aimed to identify factors influencing the effectiveness of pandemic-related health messages shared by PHAs on social media and to report their impact on public engagement as documented in the literature...
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37652678/how-we-can-prevent-a-resurgence-this-year
#39
EDITORIAL
Jong-Koo Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37415440/temporal-association-between-the-age-specific-incidence-of-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-and-sars-cov-2-vaccination-in-republic-of-korea-a-nationwide-time-series-correlation-study
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hyunju Lee, Donghyok Kwon, Seoncheol Park, Seung Ri Park, Darda Chung, Jongmok Ha
BACKGROUND: The incidence of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) changed significantly during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Emerging reports suggest that viral vector-based vaccines may be associated with an elevated risk of GBS. METHODS: In this nationwide time-series correlation study, we examined the age-specific incidence of GBS from January 2011 to August 2022, as well as data on severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccinations and infections from February 2021 to August 2022...
June 2023: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
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