Frederik Boxberg, Mohammad Al-Tibi, Katharina Schulz, Heinrich Lanfermann, Martin Schlunz-Hendann, Dominik Grieb
PURPOSE: We report our initial experience with endovascular embolization of intracranial aneurysms using this new self-expanding open-cell stent system (pEGASUS stent system) with the antithrombogenic hydrophilic polymer coating. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients treated with stent-assisted coiling or the Woven EndoBridge device using the pEGASUS stent system between September 2022 and June 2023. Demographic, clinical, and angiographic data were analyzed as well as short-term follow-up, including procedural complication rates and aneurysmal occlusion rates using the Raymond-Roy occlusion classification (RROC)...
April 18, 2024: Neurointervention
Jinwook Baek, Hae Woong Jeong, Ji-Yeon Han, Young Jin Heo, Sooyoung Yun, Won Hee Lee, Sung Tae Kim
PURPOSE: In this study, we determined whether there were significant differences in procedure time, radiation dose, fluoroscopy time, and total contrast media dose when unruptured wideneck bifurcation aneurysms (WNBAs) were treated with the Woven EndoBridge (WEB) device and stent-assisted coil (SAC) embolization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The WEB device and SAC embolization (14:17) were used to treat 31 cases of internal carotid artery bifurcation, anterior communicating artery, middle cerebral artery bifurcation, and basilar bifurcation aneurysms between August 2021 and December 2022...
April 15, 2024: Neurointervention
Jang-Hyun Baek
Endovascular thrombectomy is the primary treatment for acute intracranial vessel occlusion and significantly improves recanalization success rate. However, achieving optimal recanalization remains a challenge. The histopathological components of thrombus composition play a crucial role in determining endovascular outcomes. This review aimed to consolidate the recent evidence on the impact of thrombus composition on mechanical properties and endovascular outcomes. The relationship between thrombus composition and mechanical properties was significant, with fibrin and/or platelet-rich thrombi being stiff, tough, elastic, and less deformable; fibrin-rich thrombi were sticky and had higher friction with the vessel wall...
April 4, 2024: Neurointervention
Jong-Tae Yoon, Boseong Kwon, Joon Ho Choi, Sun Moon Hwang, Mihyeon Kim, Sungbin Hwang, Yunsun Song, Deok Hee Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2024: Neurointervention
Jong-Tae Yoon, Boseong Kwon, Joon Ho Choi, Sun Moon Hwang, Mihyeon Kim, Sungbin Hwang, Yunsun Song, Deok Hee Lee
PURPOSE: To compare the embolization effects of a non-fibered pushable coil with a conventional fibered pushable coil in an in vitro bench-top experiment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A simplified vascular phantom with 4 channels (1 for the non-fibered coil, 1 for the fibered coil, and 2 for continuous circuit flow) was used. A single coil of the longest length was inserted to evaluate the effect of single-coil embolization, and 3 consecutive coils were inserted to assess the effect of multiple-coil embolization...
February 20, 2024: Neurointervention
Ritu Shah, Rashmi Saraf
Isolated posterior communicating artery (PCoA) aneurysms are rare, predominantly fusiform in morphology, and rarely present with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Endovascular management of this pathology is technically challenging due to extreme tortuosity, the artery course in the subarachnoid space, sharp angulations at PCoA junctions with the parent artery, and, at times, associations with either internal carotid artery or basilar artery occlusions. We present a case of a ruptured fusiform PCoA at the junction of middle and distal third with concomitant proximal basilar artery occlusion...
February 16, 2024: Neurointervention
Oktay Algin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2024: Neurointervention
Jeong-Yoon Lee, Jonguk Kim, Do Yeon Kim, Jun Yup Kim, Sung Hyun Baik, Jihoon Kang, Beom Joon Kim, Hee-Joon Bae, Cheolkyu Jung
PURPOSE: Cutting balloon-percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (CB-PTA) is a feasible treatment option for in-stent restenosis (ISR) after carotid artery stenting (CAS). However, the longterm durability and safety of CB-PTA for ISR after CAS have not been well established. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients with ISR after CAS who had been treated with CB-PTA from 2012 to 2021 in our center. Detailed information of baseline characteristics, periprocedural and long-term outcomes, and follow-up imaging was collected...
February 8, 2024: Neurointervention
Taedong Ok, Kwon-Duk Seo, Il Hyung Lee
A rupture of a femoral pseudoaneurysm is an extremely rare complication of endovascular procedures, but its outcome can be life-threatening. In this report, we present a case of a femoral pseudoaneursym rupture in a patient in their early 90s following intra-arterial mechanical thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke. Despite receiving medical and surgical interventions, the patient subsequently developed multiple organ failure, ultimately resulting in death. This case emphasizes the critical role of appropriate selection of vascular closure technique and careful post-procedural monitoring, particularly in high-risk patients...
February 5, 2024: Neurointervention
Sujin Jeon, Heejae Park, Hyo Sung Kwak, Seung Bae Hwang
PURPOSE: Vessel wall imaging (VWI) for carotid plaque is better for detecting unstable carotid plaque such as intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH), lipid-rich necrotic core (LRNC), and thin/ruptured fibrous cap. However, the role of VWI before carotid artery stenting (CAS) is unclear. Thus, this study aimed to determine the findings of symptomatic carotid stenosis before CAS on angiography and carotid VWI and to evaluate the imaging findings associated with post-procedural clinical events after CAS...
January 17, 2024: Neurointervention
Stefano Molinaro, Riccardo Russo, Francesco Mistretta, Gaetano Risi, Umberto Amedeo Gava, Mauro Bergui
PURPOSE: Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is the standard of care for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) due to large vessel occlusion (LVO). The choice of a transradial approach (TRA) for anterior circulation LVOs is still debatable; the use of a specific tricoaxial system could help mitigate numerous issues related to transradial MT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From November 2022 to November 2023, 22 patients underwent TRA-MT for anterior circulation LVOs, both as first-line and rescue from transfemoral approach (TFA) failure, with the same triaxial setup consisting of a 7F introducer sheath, 7F guide catheter, and aspiration catheters ranging from 5...
January 16, 2024: Neurointervention
Meshari AlAli, Boseong Kwon, Yunsun Song, Deok Hee Lee
Management of cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (CSDAVF) continues to present significant challenges, particularly when the inferior petrosal sinus is thrombosed, collapsed, or angiographically invisible. In this study, we introduce facilitated retrograde access via the facial vein, which is employed in the transvenous embolization of CSDAVF with isolated superior ophthalmic venous drainage. We also present illustrative cases and technical points.
January 12, 2024: Neurointervention
Ryo Sakisuka, Takumi Morita, Yuya Tanaka, Shinya Hori, Daisuke Shimo, Naoki Hashimura, Takahiro Kuroyama, Yasushi Ueno
Vertebral artery stump syndrome (VASS) is a rare condition that can cause posterior circulation ischemic stroke due to occlusion of the ipsilateral vertebral artery (VA) orifice, resulting in blood flow stagnation and embolus formation. Although there is no established treatment for this condition, we observed 3 cases of VASS out of 326 acute ischemic stroke cases at a single institution from April 2021 to October 2022. Despite the best possible antithrombotic treatment, all 3 patients had recurrent ischemic strokes...
November 10, 2023: Neurointervention
Min A Lee, Byoung Wook Hwang, Sang Woo Ha, Jae Ho Kim, Hak Sung Kim, Seong Hwan Ahn
PURPOSE: Patients with minor stroke (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score ≤5) and large vessel occlusion (LVO) often experience neurological deterioration >24 hours after onset. However, the efficacy of endovascular reperfusion therapy in these patients remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of reperfusion therapy in patients with minor stroke and neurological deterioration >24 hours after onset. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were retrospectively reviewed from patients between January 2019 and April 2022 who met the following criteria: (1) minor stroke and small definitive ischemic lesions at initial visit, (2) onset to neurological deterioration >24 hours, (3) cortical signs, Alberta Stroke Program Early computed tomography (CT) Score >6 points, and large artery occlusion confirmed by CT angiography at neurological deterioration...
November 2023: Neurointervention
Byoung Wook Hwang, Min A Lee, Sang Woo Ha, Jae Ho Kim, Hak Sung Kim, Seong Hwan Ahn
Bilateral vertebral artery occlusive disease has been considered as a favorable condition with good collaterals. However, the prognosis of acute ischemic stroke secondary to symptomatic bilateral vertebral artery occlusion (BVAO) and endovascular treatment (EVT) has rarely been reported. We retrospectively selected patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted for symptomatic BVAO between January 2020 and February 2023. All patients with ischemic stroke were evaluated for ischemic lesion and arterial status using brain imaging and angiography...
November 2023: Neurointervention
Rasmus Holmboe Dahl, Mohammad Ghasemi-Rad, Vagn Eskesen, Susanne Christiansen Frevert, Christine Sølling, Goetz Benndorf
Vertebro-vertebral fistulas (VVFs) are vascular lesions that may develop after trauma or spontaneously in association with connective tissue disorders. We present a rare case of a post-traumatic VVF in a young patient presenting with a painless swelling and a bruit in her left upper neck. Digital subtraction angiography showed an arteriovenous fistula between the left vertebral artery (VA) and the vertebral venous plexus with significant steal phenomenon. Endovascular therapy was performed using a Woven EndoBridgeTM (WEB)-device combined with coils that allowed preservation of the VA...
November 2023: Neurointervention
Sangil Park, Boseong Kwon, Deok Hee Lee, Jae-Sung Ahn, Yunsun Song
Hemangioblastomas (HBMs) are rare vascular tumors commonly located in the posterior fossa of adults. A mid-50s patient presented with sudden unconsciousness. Computed tomography scans revealed acute hemorrhages around the posterior fossa, predominantly in the subarachnoid space. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) revealed an 8-mm round lesion filled with contrast agent, fed by the C1 segmental artery of the left vertebral artery (VA), showing early venous drainage to the spinal cord and brainstem. Emergent embolization was attempted under suspicion of a ruptured dural arteriovenous fistula, resulting in parent artery occlusion due to feeder selection failure...
November 2023: Neurointervention
Jae Ho Kim, Kwang-Chun Cho, Taemin Kim, Sang Woo Ha, Sang Hyun Suh
PURPOSE: While symptomatic basilar artery (BA) stenosis is associated with a higher risk of recurrent stroke or death, there is no consensus on the management of these patients who are refractory to antiplatelet therapy. This study retrospectively assesses the outcomes of endovascular treatment (EVT) for symptomatic BA stenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of patients with symptomatic BA stenosis who underwent EVT, including angioplasty or stenting, from 2006 to 2018...
November 2023: Neurointervention
Minjae Kim, Seung Chai Jung, Soo Chin Kim, Bum Joon Kim, Woo-Keun Seo, Byungjun Kim
PURPOSE: To propose standardized and feasible imaging protocols for constructing artificial intelligence (AI) database in acute stroke by assessing the current practice at tertiary hospitals in South Korea and reviewing evolving AI models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A nationwide survey on acute stroke imaging protocols was conducted using an electronic questionnaire sent to 43 registered tertiary hospitals between April and May 2021. Imaging protocols for endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) in the early and late time windows and during follow-up were assessed...
November 2023: Neurointervention
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