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Nursing Research and Practice

Afizu Alhassan, Abdul-Ganiyu Fuseini, Wahab Osman, Alhassan Basour Adam
Background. Efforts to reduce under-five mortality across the globe are being hindered by a disproportionately high rate of neonatal deaths. About a quarter of these neonatal deaths are caused by birth asphyxia. Available evidence shows that effective neonatal resuscitation delivered by providers skilled in and knowledgeable about neonatal resuscitation can significantly reduce neonatal mortality rates. Objectives. This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine knowledge and experience in neonatal resuscitation among midwives in Tamale, and the factors associated with their knowledge on neonatal resuscitation...
2019: Nursing Research and Practice
Charlotta Saldert, Hannah Bartonek-Åhman, Steven Bloch
Introduction: Thousands of individuals with communication disorders live in long-term residential care. Nursing staff are often their primary communication partners. The positive effects of social interaction and person-centred care have been recognised but there remains a paucity of research on the content and quality of communicative interaction between long-term care staff and residents with aphasia. This mixed method study investigates the discourse in interaction between nursing staff and residents with aphasia...
2018: Nursing Research and Practice
Puja Sharma Dhital, Kalpana Sharma, Pratik Poudel, Pankaj Raj Dhital
Psychiatric morbidity such as anxiety and depression is common among patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The coexistence of psychiatric morbidity negatively affects the outcome of treatment and increases the overall burden of disease in CAD patients. The objective of the study was to identify the level of anxiety and depression among patients with CAD. Descriptive, cross-sectional research design and purposive sampling were used and a total of 168 patients having coronary artery disease were selected purposively for the study from the patients attending cardiac outpatient department of Sahid Gangalaal National Heart Center, Kathmandu, Nepal...
2018: Nursing Research and Practice
L Huusko, S Sjöberg, A Ekström, E Hertfelt Wahn, S Thorstensson
Background: Research shows that first-time fathers want to take part in preparation for birth and parenthood but they describe being excluded by health professionals. Aim: The aim of this study was to illustrate first-time fathers' experiences of support from midwives in maternity clinics as a step in the validation of "The Father Perceived-Professional-Support" (The FaPPS) scale. Methods: A qualitative content analysis with an inductive and deductive approach was used; seven first-time fathers were strategically selected and interviewed...
2018: Nursing Research and Practice
Thor Arne Haukedal, Inger Åse Reierson, Hanne Hedeman, Ida Torunn Bjørk
Simulation-based learning is an effective technique for teaching nursing students' skills and knowledge related to patient deterioration. This study examined students' acquisition of theoretical knowledge about symptoms, pathophysiology, and nursing actions after implementing an educational intervention during simulation-based learning. A quasi-experimental study compared theoretical knowledge among two groups of students before and after implementation of the intervention. The intervention introduced the following new components to the existing technique: a knowledge test prior to the simulation, video-recording of the performance, and introduction of a structured observation form used by students and facilitator during observation and debriefing...
2018: Nursing Research and Practice
Yihun Miskir, Solomon Emishaw
Nursing process is a framework used to provide an effective, coordinated, and organized quality care for patients. Effective implementation of this framework leads to improved quality of care and decreases potential complication, hospital length of stay, and the cost of care. To assess implementation of nursing process and its hindering factors, a quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted among nurses in Afar region hospitals from October 2016 to December 2016. The data were collected from 102 nurses using primary Brooking's ward nurses' self-report questionnaire and with some newly prepared questions...
2018: Nursing Research and Practice
Shital Adhikari, Ramesh Sharma Poudel, Laxmi Rajbanshi, Shakti Shrestha
Introduction: Sound knowledge and good practice on insulin injection technique are essential for nurses in order to administer insulin correctly and to educate patients or their relatives adequately. This study aimed to assess the insulin injection practice through the use of insulin pen among nurses working in a tertiary healthcare center of Nepal. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 67 nurses working in one of the tertiary healthcare centers of Nepal...
2018: Nursing Research and Practice
Chizuru Nagata, Hironori Yada, Junko Inagaki
In Japan, the number of elderly people who require long-term care is increasing as a result of the country's aging population. Consequently, the burden experienced by caregivers who provide end-of-life care at home has become a social problem. This study aimed to confirm the factor structure of such caregiver burden by analyzing the Japanese version of the Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview (J-ZBI). The J-ZBI was administered to 389 caregivers providing end-of-life care, and 247 answers were analyzed, with exploratory factor analysis performed on the results...
2018: Nursing Research and Practice
Zahide Kaya, Anita Karaca
Background: Nurses, important members of the diabetes treatment team, have an essential role in the prevention of diabetic foot problems and in the care and education of patients at risk of diabetic foot problems. Objective: The study evaluated the knowledge levels of nurses regarding diabetic foot care management and determined influencing factors. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study. The research sample comprised 435 nurses who worked in a private hospital...
2018: Nursing Research and Practice
Ishwori Khatri Chhetri, Bedantakala Thulung
Background: Critical care units' nurses should seek to develop collaborative relationships with patients' family members based on their needs and help them to cope with their distress. The objective of this study was to find out the perception of nurses on needs of family members of patients admitted to critical care units. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Chitwan Medical College Teaching Hospital among all 65 nurses working in critical care units...
2018: Nursing Research and Practice
Marie Claire Mukakarangwa, Geldine Chironda, Busisiwe Bhengu, Godfrey Katende
Introduction: Worldwide, End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) has become a public health concern increasing the number of patients maintained on hemodialysis prior to renal transplantation. Nonadherence to hemodialysis continues to impact on the care of ESRD patients, causing high increase in morbidity and mortality. Purpose of the Study: The purpose of this study was to determine the level of adherence to hemodialysis and the associated factors among End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) patients in selected nephrology units in Rwanda...
2018: Nursing Research and Practice
Suzanne Adams, Bridget Toroni, Meenal Lele
Short peripheral catheters (SPC) are an existing conduit into many patients' veins and line draws from SPC are a desired method of routine blood collection especially in difficult venous access patients. The PIVO device facilitates blood collection through SPC and is being used clinically in a number of hospitals. This study aimed to determine the appropriate wait time following a flush and the minimum waste volume required to obtain an undiluted blood sample when using the PIVO device and how that differed from current guidelines from SPC line draws...
2018: Nursing Research and Practice
Nefsu Awoke, Biftu Geda, Aseb Arba, Tiwabwork Tekalign, Kebreab Paulos
Background: Nurses, who are the majority, can contaminate their hands with different types of microorganism during "clean" activities (e.g., lifting a patient; taking a patient's pulse, blood pressure, or oral temperature; or touching a patient's hand, shoulder, or groin). Yet good hand hygiene, the simple task of cleaning hands at the right time and in the right way, can reduce HCAIs that are transmitted by healthcare workers' hands. Method: Observational study conducted among nurses by observational tool which was adopted from WHO observational tool...
2018: Nursing Research and Practice
Bjørg Karlsen, Bettina Rasmussen Bruun, Bjørg Oftedal
Research suggests that guided self-determination programmes can support self-management of diabetes by empowering self-determined goal setting and competence building. As most research in this area has focused on people with type 1 diabetes, knowledge is lacking on how adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus experience participation in such programmes. This study reports the modelling phase of a complex intervention design that explored the experiences of adults with type 2 diabetes who participated in a nurse-led guided self-determination programme in general practice and examines how the programme affected patients' motivation to self-manage diabetes...
2018: Nursing Research and Practice
Elisabeth Solvik, Solveig Struksnes
Introduction: Requirements for Patient Safety suggest that students encounter patients well prepared. In clinical laboratory practice (CLP), the students simulate patient situations as a preparation for internship. Various CLP models have been tried out to meet the students' prerequisites and learning strategies. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to try out two different learning sessions related to the bed bath procedure. Design and Methods: The study has a descriptive, quantitative design with elements from clinically controlled trials...
2018: Nursing Research and Practice
Mchidi Kiguhe Nebert, B M Okello Agina, Yitambe Andre
Health behaviour refers to actions undertaken by a person who perceives self to be ill for the purpose of finding an appropriate remedy. Nurses as gate keepers of health are expected to seek formal treatment when they are taken ill because this is what they teach their patients. Nurses' working conditions all over the world are described as squalid with long working hours and workload. This scenario predisposes them to occupational health hazards and at the same time denies them time for self-care. Although nurses are knowledgeable about disease and its treatment and have access to health care, they engage in self-treatment in contrast to what they teach patients...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
Mahbobeh Abdolrahimi, Shahrzad Ghiyasvandian, Masoumeh Zakerimoghadam, Abbas Ebadi
In recent years, particular attention has been paid to nursing students' therapeutic communication (TC) with patients, due to a strong emphasis on patient-centered education in the Iranian healthcare reform. However, various studies have highlighted the poor communication of future nurses. Therefore, researchers have used qualitative methodology to shed light on the antecedents and consequences of nursing students' TC and promote it. We carried out a conventional content analysis using semistructured interviews with a purposefully selected sample of 18 participants, including nursing instructors, students, and patients in hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
Lolemo Kelbiso, Admasu Belay, Mirkuzie Woldie
Background: A high quality of work life (QWL) is a crucial issue for health care facilities to have qualified, dedicated, and inspired employees. Among different specialties in health care settings, nurses have a major share among other health care providers. So, they should experience a better QWL to deliver high-quality holistic care to those who need help. Objective: To assess the level of quality of work life and its predictors among nurses working in Hawassa town public health facilities, South Ethiopia...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
Mehammed Adem Getnet, Berhanu Boru Bifftu
Background: During medication administration process, including preparation, administration, and documentation, there is high proportion of work interruption that results in medication administration errors that consequently affect the safety of patients. Thus, the main purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of work interruption and associated factors during medication administration process. Methods: A prospective, observation-based, cross-sectional study was conducted on 278 nurses...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
Mulugeta Wassie Alamirew, Netsanet Habte Bayu, Nigusie Birhan Tebeje, Selam Fiseha Kassa
Introduction: To assess knowledge and attitude towards exclusive breast feeding among mothers attending antenatal care and immunization clinic in Dabat Health Center, Northwest Ethiopia, 2016. Methodology: Institutional based descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted. The data was collected by using pretested, structured interview based questionnaires. The data were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 20. Result: A total of 384 participants were included in the study with a response rate of 100%...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
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