Stephanie N Oprescu, Nick Baumann, Xiyue Chen, Qiang Sun, Yu Zhao, Feng Yue, Huating Wang, Shihuan Kuang
Transcription factors (TFs) play key roles in regulating differentiation and function of stem cells, including muscle satellite cells (MuSCs), a resident stem cell population responsible for postnatal regeneration of the skeletal muscle. Sox11 belongs to the Sry-related HMG-box (SOX) family of TFs that play diverse roles in stem cell behavior and tissue specification. Analysis of single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) datasets identify a specific enrichment of Sox11 mRNA in differentiating but not quiescent MuSCs...
September 13, 2023: Skeletal Muscle
Marcelo Dos Santos Voltani Lorena, Estela Kato Dos Santos, Renato Ferretti, G A Nagana Gowda, Guy L Odom, Jeffrey S Chamberlain, Cintia Yuri Matsumura
BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe form of muscular dystrophy without an effective treatment, caused by mutations in the DMD gene, leading to the absence of dystrophin. DMD results in muscle weakness, loss of ambulation, and death at an early age. Metabolomics studies in mdx mice, the most used model for DMD, reveal changes in metabolites associated with muscle degeneration and aging. In DMD, the tongue muscles exhibit unique behavior, initially showing partial protection against inflammation but later experiencing fibrosis and loss of muscle fibers...
September 13, 2023: Skeletal Muscle
Anne Danckaert, Aurélie Trignol, Guillaume Le Loher, Sébastien Loubens, Bart Staels, Hélène Duez, Spencer L Shorte, Alicia Mayeuf-Louchart
Histological analysis of skeletal muscle is of major interest for understanding its behavior in different pathophysiological conditions, such as the response to different environments or myopathies. In this context, many software programs have been developed to perform automated high-content analysis. We created MuscleJ, a macro that runs in ImageJ/Fiji on batches of images. MuscleJ is a multianalysis tool that initially allows the analysis of muscle fibers, capillaries, and satellite cells. Since its creation, it has been used in many studies, and we have further developed the software and added new features, which are presented in this article...
August 23, 2023: Skeletal Muscle
Grith Højfeldt, Trent Sorenson, Alana Gonzales, Michael Kjaer, Jesper L Andersen, Abigail L Mackey
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of hyperplasia, through myofibre splitting, remains a widely debated phenomenon. Structural alterations and fibre typing of skeletal muscle fibres, as seen during regeneration and in certain muscle diseases, can be challenging to interpret. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation can induce myofibre necrosis followed by changes in spatial and temporal cellular processes. Thirty days following electrical stimulation, remnants of regeneration can be seen in the myofibre and its basement membrane as the presence of small myofibres and encroachment of sarcolemma and basement membrane (suggestive of myofibre branching/splitting)...
August 12, 2023: Skeletal Muscle
Wouter Vankrunkelsven, Steven Thiessen, Sarah Derde, Ellen Vervoort, Inge Derese, Isabel Pintelon, Hanne Matheussen, Alexander Jans, Chloë Goossens, Lies Langouche, Greet Van den Berghe, Ilse Vanhorebeek
BACKGROUND: Critical illness is hallmarked by severe stress and organ damage. Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) has been shown to rise during critical illness. FGF21 is a pleiotropic hormone that mediates adaptive responses to tissue injury and repair in various chronic pathological conditions. Animal studies have suggested that the critical illness-induced rise in FGF21 may to a certain extent protect against acute lung, liver, kidney and brain injury. However, FGF21 has also been shown to mediate fasting-induced loss of muscle mass and force...
August 4, 2023: Skeletal Muscle
Tea Shavlakadze, Kun Xiong, Shawn Mishra, Corissa McEwen, Abhilash Gadi, Matthew Wakai, Hunter Salmon, Michael J Stec, Nicole Negron, Min Ni, Yi Wei, Gurinder S Atwal, Yu Bai, David J Glass
BACKGROUND: As a result of aging, skeletal muscle undergoes atrophy and a decrease in function. This age-related skeletal muscle weakness is known as "sarcopenia". Sarcopenia is part of the frailty observed in humans. In order to discover treatments for sarcopenia, it is necessary to determine appropriate preclinical models and the genes and signaling pathways that change with age in these models. METHODS AND RESULTS: To understand the changes in gene expression that occur as a result of aging in skeletal muscles, we generated a multi-time-point gene expression signature throughout the lifespan of mice and rats, as these are the most commonly used species in preclinical research and intervention testing...
July 12, 2023: Skeletal Muscle
Yuqing Guan, Xiongda Liang, Wei Li, Wanying Lin, Guanxia Liang, Hongting Xie, Yu Hou, Yafang Hu, Xuan Shang
BACKGROUND: Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy R8 (LGMD R8) is a rare autosomal recessive muscle disease caused by TRIM32 gene biallelic defects. The genotype-phenotype correlation of this disease has been reported poorly. Here, we report a Chinese family with two female LGMD R8 patients. METHODS: We performed whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and Sanger sequencing on the proband. Meanwhile, the function of mutant TRIM32 protein was analyzed by bioinformatics and experimental analysis...
May 22, 2023: Skeletal Muscle
Dongwoo Hahn, Joseph D Quick, Brian R Thompson, Adelyn Crabtree, Benjamin J Hackel, Frank S Bates, Joseph M Metzger
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is caused by the lack of dystrophin, a cytoskeletal protein essential for the preservation of the structural integrity of the muscle cell membrane. DMD patients develop severe skeletal muscle weakness, degeneration, and early death. We tested here amphiphilic synthetic membrane stabilizers in mdx skeletal muscle fibers (flexor digitorum brevis; FDB) to determine their effectiveness in restoring contractile function in dystrophin-deficient live skeletal muscle fibers. After isolating FDB fibers via enzymatic digestion and trituration from thirty-three adult male mice (9 C57BL10, 24 mdx), these were plated on a laminin-coated coverslip and treated with poloxamer 188 (P188; PEO75 -PPO30 -PEO75 ; 8400 g/mol), architecturally inverted triblock (PPO15 -PEO200 -PPO15 , 10,700 g/mol), and diblock (PEO75 -PPO16 -C4 , 4200 g/mol) copolymers...
May 19, 2023: Skeletal Muscle
Phillip C Witcher, Chengyi Sun, Douglas P Millay
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle development and regeneration depend on cellular fusion of myogenic progenitors to generate multinucleated myofibers. These progenitors utilize two muscle-specific fusogens, Myomaker and Myomerger, which function by remodeling cell membranes to fuse to each other or to existing myofibers. Myomaker and Myomerger expression is restricted to differentiating progenitor cells as they are not detected in adult myofibers. However, Myomaker remains expressed in myofibers from mice with muscular dystrophy...
May 1, 2023: Skeletal Muscle
Anna K Redmond, Tilman M Davies, Matthew R Schofield, Philip W Sheard
BACKGROUND: The functional and metabolic properties of skeletal muscles are partly a function of the spatial arrangement of fibers across the muscle belly. Many muscles feature a non-uniform spatial pattern of fiber types, and alterations to the arrangement can reflect age or disease and correlate with changes in muscle mass and strength. Despite the significance of this event, descriptions of spatial fiber-type distributions across a muscle section are mainly provided qualitatively, by eye...
April 22, 2023: Skeletal Muscle
Ahmed Ismaeel, Douglas W Van Pelt, Zachary R Hettinger, Xu Fu, Christopher I Richards, Timothy A Butterfield, Jonathan J Petrocelli, Ivan J Vechetti, Amy L Confides, Micah J Drummond, Esther E Dupont-Versteegden
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle (SkM) is a large, secretory organ that produces and releases myokines that can have autocrine, paracrine, and endocrine effects. Whether extracellular vesicles (EVs) also play a role in the SkM adaptive response and ability to communicate with other tissues is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate EV biogenesis factors, marker expression, and localization across cell types in the skeletal muscle. We also aimed to investigate whether EV concentrations are altered by disuse atrophy...
March 10, 2023: Skeletal Muscle
Clothilde Claus, Moriya Slavin, Eugénie Ansseau, Céline Lancelot, Karimatou Bah, Saskia Lassche, Manon Fiévet, Anna Greco, Sara Tomaiuolo, Alexandra Tassin, Virginie Dudome, Benno Kusters, Anne-Emilie Declèves, Dalila Laoudj-Chenivesse, Baziel G M van Engelen, Denis Nonclercq, Alexandra Belayew, Nir Kalisman, Frédérique Coppée
BACKGROUND: We have previously demonstrated that double homeobox 4 centromeric (DUX4C) encoded for a functional DUX4c protein upregulated in dystrophic skeletal muscles. Based on gain- and loss-of-function studies we have proposed DUX4c involvement in muscle regeneration. Here, we provide further evidence for such a role in skeletal muscles from patients affected with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD). METHODS: DUX4c was studied at RNA and protein levels in FSHD muscle cell cultures and biopsies...
March 7, 2023: Skeletal Muscle
Anna L Schorr, Alejandro Felix Mejia, Martina Y Miranda, Marco Mangone
The body muscle is an important tissue used in organisms for proper viability and locomotion. Although this tissue is generally well studied and characterized, and many pathways have been elucidated throughout the years, we still lack a comprehensive understanding of its transcriptome and how it controls muscle development and function. Here, we have updated a nuclear FACS sorting-based methodology to isolate and sequence a high-quality muscle transcriptome from Caenorhabditis elegans mixed-stage animals. We have identified 2848 muscle-specific protein-coding genes, including 78 transcription factors and 206 protein-coding genes containing an RNA binding domain...
March 2, 2023: Skeletal Muscle
Nicole L Jacobsen, Aaron B Morton, Steven S Segal
BACKGROUND: Acute injury to skeletal muscle damages myofibers and fragment capillaries, impairing contractile function and local perfusion. Myofibers and microvessels regenerate from satellite cells and from surviving microvessel fragments, respectively, to restore intact muscle. Established models of injury have used myotoxins and physical trauma to demonstrate the concurrence of myogenesis and angiogenesis during regeneration. In these models, efferocytosis removes cellular debris while basal laminae persist to provide guidance during myofiber and microvessel regeneration...
February 14, 2023: Skeletal Muscle
Jair Marques, Engy Shokry, Olaf Uhl, Lisa Baber, Fabian Hofmeister, Stefanie Jarmusch, Martin Bidlingmaier, Uta Ferrari, Berthold Koletzko, Michael Drey
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is one of the most predominant musculoskeletal diseases of the elderly, defined as age-related progressive and generalized loss of muscle mass with a simultaneous reduction in muscle strength and/or function. Using metabolomics, we aimed to examine the association between sarcopenia and the plasma metabolic profile of sarcopenic patients, measured using a targeted HPLC-MS/MS platform. METHODS: Plasma samples from 22 (17 men) hip fracture patients undergoing surgery (8 sarcopenic, age 81...
January 19, 2023: Skeletal Muscle
Jackie L McCourt, Kristen M Stearns-Reider, Hafsa Mamsa, Pranav Kannan, Mohammad Hossein Afsharinia, Cynthia Shu, Elizabeth M Gibbs, Kara M Shin, Yerbol Z Kurmangaliyev, Lauren R Schmitt, Kirk C Hansen, Rachelle H Crosbie
BACKGROUND: The dystrophin-glycoprotein complex (DGC) is a critical adhesion complex of the muscle cell membrane, providing a mechanical link between the extracellular matrix (ECM) and the cortical cytoskeleton that stabilizes the sarcolemma during repeated muscle contractions. One integral component of the DGC is the transmembrane protein, sarcospan (SSPN). Overexpression of SSPN in the skeletal muscle of mdx mice (murine model of DMD) restores muscle fiber attachment to the ECM in part through an associated increase in utrophin and integrin adhesion complexes at the cell membrane, protecting the muscle from contraction-induced injury...
January 6, 2023: Skeletal Muscle
Dana J Murdock, Ning Wu, Joseph S Grimsby, Roberto A Calle, Stephen Donahue, David J Glass, Mark W Sleeman, Robert J Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is defined as age-related low muscle mass and function, and can also describe the loss of muscle mass in certain medical conditions, such as sarcopenic obesity. Sarcopenic obesity describes loss of muscle and function in obese individuals; however, as sarcopenia is an age-related condition and obesity can occur in any age group, a more accurate term is obesity with low lean muscle mass (OLLMM). Given limited data on OLLMM (particularly in those aged < 65 years), the purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of OLLMM in adults aged ≥ 20 years in the USA...
December 21, 2022: Skeletal Muscle
Zoe White, Zeren Sun, Elodie Sauge, Dan Cox, Graham Donen, Dmitri Pechkovsky, Volker Straub, Gordon A Francis, Pascal Bernatchez
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (MD) type 2B (LGMD2B) and Duchenne MD (DMD) are caused by mutations to the Dysferlin and Dystrophin genes, respectively. We have recently demonstrated in typically mild dysferlin- and dystrophin-deficient mouse models that increased plasma cholesterol levels severely exacerbate muscle wasting, and that DMD patients display primary dyslipidemia characterized by elevated plasma cholesterol and triglycerides. Herein, we investigate lipoprotein abnormalities in LGMD2B and if statin therapy protects dysferlin-deficient mice (Dysf) from muscle damage...
November 29, 2022: Skeletal Muscle
Keitaro Yamanouchi, Yukie Tanaka, Masanari Ikeda, Shizuka Kato, Ryosuke Okino, Hiroki Nishi, Fumihiko Hakuno, Shin-Ichiro Takahashi, James Chambers, Takashi Matsuwaki, Kazuyuki Uchida
BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked muscle disease caused by a complete lack of dystrophin, which stabilizes the plasma membrane of myofibers. The orofacial function is affected in an advanced stage of DMD and this often leads to an eating disorder such as dysphagia. Dysphagia is caused by multiple etiologies including decreased mastication and swallowing. Therefore, preventing the functional declines of mastication and swallowing in DMD is important to improve the patient's quality of life...
October 19, 2022: Skeletal Muscle
Francesca Magri, Sara Antognozzi, Michela Ripolone, Simona Zanotti, Laura Napoli, Patrizia Ciscato, Daniele Velardo, Giulietta Scuvera, Valeria Nicotra, Antonella Giacobbe, Donatella Milani, Francesco Fortunato, Manuela Garbellini, Monica Sciacco, Stefania Corti, Giacomo Pietro Comi, Dario Ronchi
BACKGROUND: Choline kinase beta (CHKB) catalyzes the first step in the de novo biosynthesis of phosphatidyl choline and phosphatidylethanolamine via the Kennedy pathway. Derangement of this pathway might also influence the homeostasis of mitochondrial membranes. Autosomal recessive CHKB mutations cause a rare form of congenital muscular dystrophy known as megaconial congenital muscular dystrophy (MCMD). CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a novel proband presenting MCMD due to unpublished CHKB mutations...
September 29, 2022: Skeletal Muscle
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.