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Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences

A Vuagnat, F Jollant, M Abbar, K Hawton, C Quantin
AimsA large number of people present each day at hospitals for non-fatal deliberate self-harm (DSH). Examination of the short-term risk of non-fatal recurrence and mortality at the national level is of major importance for both individual medical decision-making and global organisation of care. METHODS: Following the almost exhaustive linkage (96%) of two national registries in France covering 45 million inhabitants (i.e. 70% of the whole population), information about hospitalisation for DSH in 2008-2009 and vital status at 1 year was obtained...
February 18, 2019: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
G Turrini, M Purgato, C Acarturk, M Anttila, T Au, F Ballette, M Bird, K Carswell, R Churchill, P Cuijpers, J Hall, L J Hansen, M Kösters, T Lantta, M Nosè, G Ostuzzi, M Sijbrandij, F Tedeschi, M Valimaki, J Wancata, R White, M van Ommeren, C Barbui
AimsIn the past few years, there has been an unprecedented increase in the number of forcibly displaced migrants worldwide, of which a substantial proportion is refugees and asylum seekers. Refugees and asylum seekers may experience high levels of psychological distress, and show high rates of mental health conditions. It is therefore timely and particularly relevant to assess whether current evidence supports the provision of psychosocial interventions for this population. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the efficacy and acceptability of psychosocial interventions compared with control conditions (treatment as usual/no treatment, waiting list, psychological placebo) aimed at reducing mental health problems in distressed refugees and asylum seekers...
February 11, 2019: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
S M Goodday, S Bondy, H K Brown, R Sutradhar, A Rhodes
AimsThe nature of the association between child psychiatric symptoms and adolescent suicide-related thoughts (SRT) and attempts (SA) remains unclear. Our objective was to assess whether child psychiatric symptoms from 6 to 10 years of age mediate the association between exposure to maternal depressive symptoms in childhood and offspring SRT and SA in adolescence. METHODS: A population-based cohort study was constructed by linking all eight cycles from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY), a nationally representative Canadian panel survey conducted from 1994 to 2009...
February 4, 2019: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
J L Hirschtick, S M Homan, G Rauscher, L H Rubin, T P Johnson, C E Peterson, V W Persky
AimsLittle is known about the potential health impact of police encounters despite a ubiquitous police presence in many disadvantaged urban environments. In this paper, we assess whether persistent or aggressive interactions with the police are associated with poor mental health outcomes in a sample of primarily low-income communities of colour in Chicago. METHODS: Between March 2015 and September 2016, we surveyed 1543 adults in ten diverse Chicago communities using a multistage probability design...
February 4, 2019: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
M Kingsbury, E Sucha, N J Horton, H Sampasa-Kanyinga, J M Murphy, S E Gilman, I Colman
AimsTo examine the impact of multiple psychiatric disorders over the lifetime on risk of mortality in the general population. METHODS: Data came from a random community-based sample of 1397 adults in Atlantic Canada, recruited in 1992. Major depression, dysthymia, panic disorder, generalised anxiety disorder and alcohol use disorders were assessed using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS). Vital status of participants through 2011 was determined using probabilistic linkages to the Canadian Mortality Database...
February 4, 2019: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Marco Solmi, Ai Konayagi, Trevor Thompson, Michele Fornaro, Christoph U Correll, Nicola Veronese
AimsA complex interaction exists between age, body mass index, medical conditions, polypharmacotherapy, smoking, alcohol use, education, nutrition, depressive symptoms, functioning and quality of life (QoL). We aimed to examine the inter-relationships among these variables, test whether depressive symptomology plays a central role in a large sample of adults, and determine the degree of association with life-style and health variables. METHODS: Regularised network analysis was applied to 3532 North-American adults aged ⩾45 years drawn from the Osteoarthritis Initiative...
January 30, 2019: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Yi-Lung Chen, Wei J Chen, Kuan-Chia Lin, Lih-Jong Shen, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
AimsThere has been a lack of prevalence estimates of DSM-5 mental disorders in child populations at the national level worldwide. This study estimated the lifetime and 6-month prevalence of mental disorders according to the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria in Taiwanese children. METHODS: Taiwan's National Epidemiological Study of Child Mental Disorders used the stratified cluster sampling to select 69 schools in Taiwan resulting in a nationally representative sample of 4816 children in grades 3 (n = 1352), 5 (n = 1297) and 7 (n = 2167)...
January 30, 2019: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
H W Jeuring, E O Hoogendijk, H C Comijs, D J H Deeg, A T F Beekman, M Huisman, M L Stek
AimsStudying birth-cohort differences in depression incidence and their explanatory factors may provide insight into the aetiology of depression and could help to optimise prevention strategies to reduce the worldwide burden of depression. METHODS: Data were used from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam, a nationally representative study among community dwelling older adults in the Netherlands. Cohort differences in depression incidence over a 10-year-period (score ⩾16 on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale) were tested using a cohort-sequential-longitudinal-design, comparing two identically measured cohorts of non-depressed 55-64-year-olds, born 10-years apart...
January 26, 2019: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Erwin Dejasse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2019: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
C Christ, M Ten Have, R de Graaf, D J F van Schaik, M J Kikkert, J J M Dekker, A T F Beekman
AimsPsychiatric patients are at increased risk to become victim of violence. It remains unknown whether subjects of the general population with mental disorders are at risk of victimisation as well. In addition, it remains unclear whether the risk of victimisation differs across specific disorders. This study aimed to determine whether a broad range of mood, anxiety and substance use disorders at baseline predict adult violent (physical and/or sexual) and psychological victimisation at 3-year follow-up, also after adjustment for childhood trauma...
January 17, 2019: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
C Glasheen, V Forman-Hoffman, S Hedden, T Ridenour, J Wang, J Porter
AimsResidential instability, including transience (i.e. unusually frequent mobility), is associated with higher risk for emotional and behavioural problems in children and young adults. However, most studies have not compared the effect of recent v. more distal moves on mental health or on mental health treatment. This study examined associations between recent (past year) and distal (past 2-4 years) residential transience and past year major depressive episode (MDE) and mental health treatment in a nationally representative sample of US adolescents aged 12-17...
January 15, 2019: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Marianna Purgato, Geetha Jayaram, Pamela J Surkan, Judith Bass, Paul Bolton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2019: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Pim Cuijpers, Eirini Karyotaki, Mirjam Reijnders, David D Ebert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2019: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
A Koyanagi, B Stubbs, E Lara, N Veronese, D Vancampfort, L Smith, J M Haro, H Oh, J E DeVylder
AimsCognitive deficits are an important factor in the pathogenesis of psychosis. Subjective cognitive complaints (SCCs) are often considered to be a precursor of objective cognitive deficits, but there are no studies specifically on SCC and psychotic experiences (PE). Thus, we assessed the association between SCC and PE using data from 48 low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: Community-based cross-sectional data of the World Health Survey were analysed. Two questions on subjective memory and learning complaints in the past 30 days were used to create a SCC scale ranging from 0 to 10 with higher scores representing more severe SCC...
December 26, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
D Giacco, V J Bird, T Ahmad, M Bauer, A Lasalvia, V Lorant, E Miglietta, J Moskalewicz, P Nicaise, A Pfennig, M Welbel, S Priebe
AimsA core question in the debate about how to organise mental healthcare is whether in- and out-patient treatment should be provided by the same (personal continuity) or different psychiatrists (specialisation). The controversial debate drives costly organisational changes in several European countries, which have gone in opposing directions. The existing evidence is based on small and low-quality studies which tend to favour whatever the new experimental organisation is.We compared 1-year clinical outcomes of personal continuity and specialisation in routine care in a large scale study across five European countries...
December 18, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Zhen-Zhen Liu, Ze-Ying Wang, Qi-Gui Bo, Zhen-Biao Qi, Ru-Juan Xu, Cun-Xian Jia, Xianchen Liu
AimsSuicidal behaviours in adolescents are prevalent and multifactorial. This study was conducted to examine the associations between exposure to suicide attempt (ESA) or suicide death (ESD) and suicidal behaviours in a large sample of Chinese adolescents. METHODS: Participants included for the analysis were 11 831 adolescent students who participated in the baseline survey of the Shandong Adolescent Behavior and Health Cohort (SABHC). Participants were sampled from five middle and three high schools in three counties of Shandong province, China...
December 11, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
C Anderson, E J Robinson, A-M Krooupa, C Henderson
AimsSince 2008 England's anti-stigma programme Time to Change has lobbied media outlets about stigmatising coverage and worked with them to promote accurate and non-stigmatising coverage. While this may have an impact on coverage and hence attitudes, it is also possible that coverage can change in response to improving attitudes, through the creation of a market demand for less stigmatising coverage. This study evaluates English newspaper coverage of mental health topics between 2008 and 2016. METHOD: Articles covering mental health in 27 newspapers were retrieved using keyword searches on two randomly chosen days each month in 2008-2016, excluding 2012 and 2015 due to restricted resources...
December 4, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Andrea Fiorillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Ioana A Cristea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
O Gureje, S Seedat, L Kola, J Appiah-Poku, C Othieno, B Harris, V Makanjuola, L N Price, O O Ayinde, O Esan
AimsIn low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) in general and sub-Sahara African (SSA) countries in particular, there is both a large treatment gap for mental disorders and a relative paucity of empirical evidence about how to fill this gap. This is more so for severe mental disorders, such as psychosis, which impose an additional vulnerability for human rights abuse on its sufferers. A major factor for the lack of evidence is the few numbers of active mental health (MH) researchers on the continent and the distance between the little evidence generated and the policy-making process...
November 27, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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