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Journals Journal of Clinical Orthopaedi...

Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38585385/current-updates-in-msk-infection-imaging-a-narrative-review
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
M Shihabul Hassan, J Stevenson, G Gandikota, A Veeratterapillay, K D P Bhamidipaty, R Botchu
This article presents a comprehensive overview of the diagnostic utility of existing imaging techniques including radiography, computed tomography, ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and radionuclide imaging in the context of the most common orthopaedic or musculoskeletal infections. It also includes illustrative images showcasing significant findings in various musculoskeletal infections including osteomyelitis, cellulitis, septic arthritis, necrotising infections and peri-prosthetic joint infections and their associated complications...
April 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38585384/next-generation-sequencing-in-orthopaedic-infections-where-is-the-road-headed
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Madhan Jeyaraman, Naveen Jeyaraman, Arulkumar Nallakumarasamy, Swaminathan Ramasubramanian, Sathish Muthu
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has emerged as a game changer in the field of orthopaedic diagnostics, notably in the detection and management of infections associated with prosthetic joints and implants. This paper conducts an exhaustive examination of the pivotal role, outcomes, and prospective future uses of NGS in diagnosing orthopaedic infections. In comparison to conventional culture-based methods, NGS offers a marked improvement in sensitivity thereby facilitating prompt and comprehensive identification of pathogens...
April 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38585383/prehabilitation-a-proactive-approach-to-enhancing-outcomes-in-joint-replacement-surgery
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Raju Vaishya, Ravi Prakash Mahajan, Anupam Sibal
Prehabilitation is an emerging proactive and preventive approach to healthcare that focuses on preparing individuals for upcoming medical interventions or procedures. It aims to optimize physical and mental health before the planned medical and surgical interventions. By integrating exercise, psychological support, and lifestyle modifications, prehabilitation empowers individuals to face medical interventions with increased resilience and a higher likelihood of successful outcomes. Prehabilitation helps patients build strength and endurance, which can enhance their ability to withstand the physical stress of surgery and contribute to faster recovery...
April 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38577563/management-of-non-unions-of-the-malleolar-fractures-current-evidence
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chin Yik Tan, Gowreeson Thevendran
Although malleolar non-union is uncommon, it is associated with significant morbidity. Managing this problem requires understanding ankle fracture biomechanics and bone healing. We present in this article the pertinent points to be considered in evaluating and managing patients with malleolar non-union. Our discussion will focus on the important risk factors contributing to this problem, and the need to carefully consider the biomechanical stability and the biological environment to ensure successful bony unions...
April 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38577562/current-concepts-in-ankle-microinstability-and-ankle-functional-instability
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Susanna Basciani, Biagio Zampogna, Pietro Gregori, Saseendar Shanmugasundaram, Matteo Guelfi, Andrea Marinozzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38586185/mri-in-shoulder-arthropathies-a-short-review
#6
REVIEW
Mahesh Prakash, Madhurima Sharma, Anindita Sinha, Shayeri Roy Choudhury, Devendra Kumar Chouhan
Arthropathies are a frequent cause of shoulder pain and comprise of a wide range of clinical entities that may pose a diagnostic challenge. Though history and clinical examination remain vital, imaging plays a pivotal role in accurate diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) remains an invaluable tool for imaging evaluation of shoulder involvement by various arthropathies. With attention to characteristic imaging features, radiologist may be able to differentiate between various disease processes affecting the shoulder joint...
March 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38586184/role-of-placental-membrane-in-acl-graft-healing-a-series-of-18-patients
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Reetadyuti Mukhopadhyay, Debashish Chanda, Anuj Chawla, Chirag Arora
INTRODUCTION: ACL injuries are common and the standard treatment remains to be ACL reconstruction. Controversy still remains around graft ligamentisation and various methods have been experimented to augment this process. In this series we discuss the outcome of using dehydrated umbilical cord derived membrane in ACL reconstruction. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A prospective Level IV analysis of outcome in 30 consecutive patients of complete isolated ACL tear presenting to us between May 2022 to September 2022 was done...
March 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38495682/early-and-1-year-mortality-of-native-geriatric-distal-femur-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-time-to-event-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Yanjinlkham Chuluunbaatar, Nawal Benachar, Harnoor Khroud-Dhillon, Ananth Srinivasan, Djamila Rojoa, Firas Raheman
PURPOSE: Distal femur fractures (DFF) account for 6% of all femoral fractures and predominate in females. The current 1-year mortality of DFF is currently reported to be between 10 and 38%, a wide margin, and confounded by multiple factors including age, high energy mechanisms, pathological and periprosthetic fractures. The purpose of this study was to assess and determine all-cause mortality following geriatric native distal femur fractures at 30 days, six months and one year. METHODS: - The databases Cochrane CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE and NHS NICE Healthcare Databases Advanced Search Interface were searched in accordance with PRISMA guidelines...
March 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38495681/impact-of-vision-impairment-on-discharge-destination-for-patients-with-hip-fracture
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jacarri Tollette, Victor Heh, Jessica M Wiseman, Catherine C Quatman-Yates, Sayoko Moroi, Carmen E Quatman
INTRODUCTION: Vision impairment (VI) due to low vision or blindness is a major sensory health problem affecting quality of life and contributing to increased risk of falls and hip fractures (HF). Up to 60% of patients with hip fracture have VI, and VI increases further susceptibility to falls due to mobility challenges after HF. We sought to determine if VI affects discharge destination for patients with HF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 2015 Inpatient Medicare claims was performed and VI, blindness/low vision), HF and HF surgery were identified using ICD-9, and ICD-10 codes...
March 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38463138/current-concept-review-of-achilles-tendinopathy
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pradeep Moonot, Shubham Dakhode
Achilles tendinopathy is a common overuse injury affecting the ankle and foot. It manifests as a clinical condition that includes pain, edema, and decreased functionality. This condition can be broadly categorized into two main types based on anatomical location: insertional and noninsertional tendinopathy. The development of Achilles tendinopathy involves various factors, both internal and external. Patients with Achilles tendinopathy often experience stiffness worsened by prolonged rest, and pain exacerbated by physical activity...
March 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38450414/shorter-length-of-stay-and-significant-cost-savings-with-ambulatory-surgery-primary-unilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-asians-using-enhanced-recovery-protocols
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wu Chean Lee, Eng Chuan Neoh, Luak Pak Wong, Kelvin Guoping Tan
INTRODUCTION: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has reduced the length of stay (LOS) and cost of TKA in the Western population. Asians had been identified to be at higher odds of non-home discharge following TKA due to cultural differences. The efficacy of ERAS in TKA for Asian patients is less known. We aimed to investigate the efficacy of ERAS in reducing the LOS, transition to ambulatory surgery, improving home discharges, and reducing cost in an Asian population following TKA...
March 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38450413/global-research-output-and-highly-cited-publications-on-prosthetic-joint-infections-a-bibliometric-analysis-2003-2022
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Raju Vaishya, Brij Mohan Gupta, Mallikarjun M Kappi, Ghouse Modin Nabeesab Mamdapur, Abhishek Vaish
BACKGROUNDAND AIMS: Prosthetic Joint Infection (PJI) is a serious clinical problem after Arthroplasty. The research field on PJI is emerging, but there is a paucity of information on the most impactful publications on it. This prompted us to conduct a bibliometric analysis of the global research output, from 2003 to 2022, to identify the growth of publications, the key players in this research field and to evaluate the characteristics of highly-cited publications (HCPs) on the PJI. METHODS: Publications related to PJI research were identified globally from the Scopus database, using specific keywords, covering the literature from 2003 to 2022...
March 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38450412/percutaneous-elevation-of-proximal-tibia-depressed-fractures-using-modified-new-instrument
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
V S Ravindranath, Ranjith Kumar Yalamanchili, Sukarna Reddy Palla, Venu Madhav Vuthpala, Anand Reddy Baddula, Praveen Singh
Proximal tibia depression fracture often occur isolated or in conjunction with complex fracture presentations and elevation of such depression is required to retard arthritis in long term. Conventional open reduction by sub meniscal approach has many percutaneous alternatives from arthroscopy assisted reduction to balloon tibioplasty. Few authors even reported usage of PCL jig and percutaneous pins to elevate, while the primary author has previously described an instrument to elevate the depressed fragment percutaneously...
March 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38444773/risk-factors-for-tibial-infections-following-osteosynthesis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Diana Niebuhr, Thomas Mattson, Niels Martin Jensen, Bjarke Viberg, Signe Steenstrup Jensen
AIM: This study aimed to quantitatively summarise risk factors associated with surgical site infection (SSI) following surgically managed tibial fractures. METHOD: We searched the Embase/Medline, Cochrane Library, and Scopus databases for relevant studies in October 2023. We included original studies investigating risk factors for SSI following surgically managed traumatic tibial fractures that included ≥10 adult patients with SSIs. Meta-analysis was performed when >5 studies investigated the same risk factor...
March 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38435398/stress-fractures-of-the-foot-current-evidence-on-management
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Thumri Paavana, R Rammohan, Kartik Hariharan
Stress fractures are a consequence of repeated submaximal loads with inadequate time for recovery and biologic repair or remodelling. The foot and ankle complex (FAC) represents a common site for development of stress fractures. Whilst the overall incidence of stress fractures is low, they are prevalent in athletes and military personnel causing significant time away from sports or work. Within these populations, certain stress fractures directly correlate to specific activities. Factors that commonly influence these fractures include an acute increase in new repetitive physical activity combined with muscle fatigue, training errors or improper athletic techniques, which challenge the regenerative and remodelling capacity of bone...
March 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38435397/chronic-syndesmotic-instability-current-evidence-on-management
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abdul-Rahman Gomaa, Lyndon Mason
This review article discusses the current evidence on the management of chronic syndesmotic instability. Conservative treatment has a limited role, and surgical intervention is most commonly reported as the mainstay of treatment, however the literature consists of small case series and descriptions of operative techniques, and thus the evidence base for any treatment is weak. Surgical options include arthroscopic debridement alone, static fixation with cortical screws, dynamic fixation with suture-button devices, and ligamentous repair or augmentation...
March 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38425335/high-tibial-osteotomy-combined-with-cartilage-restoration-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors
#17
REVIEW
S Ali Ghasemi, Evan Kolesnick, Benjamin C Murray, Benjamin E Leiby, Arthur R Bartolozzi, Kenneth R Zaslav
BACKGROUND: Focal chondral defects are often treated with cartilage restoration procedures. Malalignment often accompanies chondral defects. High tibial osteotomy (HTO), classically utilized to treat uni-compartmental knee osteoarthritis, corrects malalignment. HTO combined with cartilage restoration procedures can treat uni-compartmental osteoarthritis and focal chondral defects. PURPOSE: To assess outcomes of combined HTO and cartilage restoration procedures and review prognostic factors that may assist in preoperative planning and patient counseling...
March 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38390563/double-figure-of-eight-technique-using-fiber-tape-for-acute-high-grade-acromioclavicular-joint-dislocations-reconstruction-technique
#18
REVIEW
Prahalad Kumar Singhi, Sivakumar Raju, Ajay Gowtham
Acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocations are not uncommon injuries. High-grade dislocations can be managed by arthroscopic as well as open techniques, but the most important thing is to address both vertical and horizontal stability. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the functional outcome of a cost effective double figure of eight technique of stabilizing both coracoclavicular and acromioclavicular ligaments in acute high-grade disruption (Type IIIB -VI) using fibre tape. This study was performed at our tertiary care centre from 2017 to 2020 after appropriate IRB approval and patient consent...
March 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38370427/outcomes-of-early-treatment-of-radial-dysplasia
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Phi Duong Nguyen, Terry Richard Light, Tuong Trong Mai
PURPOSE: Radial dysplasia, also termed radial club hand is an abnormality along the longitudinal axis of the hand characterized by hypoplasia or aplasia of radial structures. Surgery that centralize the wrist on the distal end of the ulna gives quite good results in terms of anatomical recovery but affecting range of motion of the wrist and fingers, limbs length. We conducted this study to evaluate the outcome of serial casting followed by centralization at our institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective study involving 20 pediatric patients with 25 limbs affected by Bayne Types III and IV radial dysplasia, with an average follow-up period of 4...
March 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38370426/minimally-invasive-endoscopic-management-of-tubercular-tenosynovitis-of-the-anterior-tibial-tendon
#20
Ankit Khurana, Nitin Kumar, Himanshu Bansal, Jitender Saini, Jujhar Singh, Vandana Chugh
UNLABELLED: The incidence of tubercular tenosynovitis around the foot and ankle is rare even in endemic areas. We present an unusual case involving the isolated tubercular tenosynovitis of the Anterior Tibial tendon, which was successfully managed through a combination of medical treatment and endoscopic intervention. Our patient, a 30-year-old female, sought medical attention due to a gradually worsening painful swelling localized to the anterior aspect of her left ankle. Diagnostic imaging, specifically Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), revealed alterations in signal intensity within the Anterior Tibial tendon...
March 2024: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
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