Peter D Vu, Vishal Bansal, Aila Malik, Alexa Ryder, Jason W Chen
Congenitally absent or hypoplastic L5-S1 facet (zygapophyseal) joints are an aberrated rarity, with less than 30 reported cases. This absence of facet joint and contralateral hypertrophic facet provides a continuum of presentations that can complicate low back pain (LBP) diagnoses and management. A broad differential including lumbar facet syndrome, disc degeneration, spinal stenosis, herniated radiculopathy, spondyloarthropathies and sacroiliac joint pain should be considered initially, with the flexibility for other diagnoses...
September 29, 2023: Pain Management
Orlando Landrum, Lizandra Marcondes, Toni Egharevba, Karina Gritsenko
Prescription-strength (8%) capsaicin topical system is a US FDA-approved treatment for painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy of the feet. A 30 min application of the capsaicin 8% topical system can provide sustained (up to 3 months) local pain relief by desensitizing and reducing TRPV1-expressing cutaneous fibers. Capsaicin is not absorbed systemically; despite associated application-site discomfort, capsaicin 8% topical system is well tolerated, with no known drug interactions or contraindications, and could offer clinical advantages over oral options...
September 26, 2023: Pain Management
Mehdi Nasr Isfahani, Keivan Naseh, Keihan Golshani
Aim: This study compared the effect of the conventional technique of procedural sedation and the mini-dose intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA). Patients & methods: 45 patients received IVRA, and 47 received iv. ketamine. The pain score, emergency department (ED) length of stay and patients' satisfaction were compared. Results: The study revealed that not only the levels of hemodynamic parameters but also their stability, and the patient's satisfaction in the IVRA group were significantly better. The patients' pain score and ED length of stay were also significantly decreased in those who received IVRA...
September 18, 2023: Pain Management
Abdul S Alvi, Jamal A Nasir, Muhammad A Nizam, Muhammad M Hamdani, Nabeel A Bhangar, Syed A Sibtain, Ali S Lalani, Michiel C Warlé
Aim: To study the efficacy of quadratus lumborum block (QLB) and transversus abdominis plane (TAP) in laparoscopic nephrectomy patients. Materials & methods: We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials for QLB and/or TAP technique compared with each other or a control. Results: Direct analysis of 24 h post-op pain score at rest for each compared with control showed significant reduction (QLB [mean differences, MD [95% CI]: -1.12 [-1.87,-0.36]; p = 0.004) and TAP (MD [95% CI]: -0...
September 18, 2023: Pain Management
John A Socci, Yogen Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2023: Pain Management
Sina Marzoughi, David Ripsman, May Ong
Background: We have previously shown that subanesthetic ketamine infusions effectively reduce refractory pain. However, the effects of ketamine infusions on comorbid conditions of depression and anxiety have not been explored in this patient population. Methods: We investigated the effects of ketamine on mood and anxiety in patients with refractory chronic pain treated with 7-14 days of subanesthetic continuous intravenous ketamine infusions, using well-validated clinical scales. Results: There was a significant 52% reduction in pain severity and 33% reduction in pain interference scores following ketamine treatment...
September 1, 2023: Pain Management
Ramesh Boinpally, Wayne Chen, Danielle McGeeney, Joel M Trugman
Aim: Atogepant, a calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonist, is a substrate of OATP and metabolized by CYP3A4. Effect of multiple-dose itraconazole (strong CYP3A4 inhibitor), single-dose rifampin (strong OATP inhibitor) and multiple-dose rifampin (strong CYP3A4 inducer) on single-dose pharmacokinetics (PK) and safety of atogepant were assessed. Methods: Two phase I, open-label, single-center, crossover trials enrolled healthy adults. Results: Cmax and AUC of atogepant increased when co-administered with itraconazole...
August 31, 2023: Pain Management
Mamata Pandey, Elan Paluck, Shelly Maierhoffer, Darlene Rude, Larry Oakes, Radhika Marwah
Aim: The chronic pain clinic (CPC) was established to address chronic non-cancer pain and opioid-related harm. Materials & methods: Employing community participatory research design First Nation Metis representatives, clinicians and a researcher collectively agreed to document lessons learned from healthcare providers' perspective, 1 year post-clinic-implementation. 17 individual interviews were conducted. Results: Thematic analysis revealed that a multidisciplinary team offered client-centered care, education, counseling and multimodal treatment options...
August 31, 2023: Pain Management
Tony V Pham, James Doorley, Martha Kenney, Jin Hui Joo, Amanda J Shallcross, Michael Kincade, Jonathan Jackson, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
A 2019 review article modified the socio-ecological model to contextualize pain disparities among different ethnoracial groups; however, the broad scope of this 2019 review necessitates deeper socio-ecological inspection of pain within each ethnoracial group. In this narrative review, we expanded upon this 2019 article by adopting inclusion criteria that would capture a more nuanced spectrum of socio-ecological findings on chronic pain within the Black community. Our search yielded a large, rich body of literature composed of 174 articles that shed further socio-ecological light on how chronic pain within the Black community is influenced by implicit bias among providers, psychological and physical comorbidities, experiences of societal and institutional racism and biomedical distrust, and the interplay among these factors...
August 31, 2023: Pain Management
Andrew M Blumenfeld, Liron Rabany, Alon Ironi, Alit Stark-Inbar, Dagan Harris, Rashmi B Halker Singh, Andrea M Harriott
Aim: To evaluate the onset, magnitude and persistence of efficacy of remote electrical neuromodulation (REN) compared with placebo for the preventive treatment of migraine. Materials & methods: Analysis was conducted on data from a prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, which assessed the efficacy of REN for the prevention of migraine. The number of monthly migraine days (MMD) per group was calculated in 2-week intervals and compared between the groups. Results: Differences between the active (N = 95) and placebo (N = 84) groups reached significance at 2 weeks: therapeutic gain 0...
August 24, 2023: Pain Management
Loren Francis, Jackson Condrey, Christopher Wolla, Tara Kelly, Bethany Wolf, Ryan McFadden, Adam Brown, Sanford Zeigler, Sylvia H Wilson
Aim: Anesthesia for cardiac surgery has evolved toward fast-track recovery strategies incorporating non opioid analgesics and regional anesthesia. Materials & methods: This retrospective cohort study compared opioid consumption, pain scores and length of stay in patients who underwent cardiac surgery via median sternotomy and did or did not receive preoperative parasternal intercostal plane block catheters with postoperative ropivacaine infusions. Results: Postoperative opioid consumption and postoperative pain scores did not differ...
August 24, 2023: Pain Management
German William Rangel, Karina Ortega Agón, Daniela Rangel Santos, Juan Pablo Duran, Karol Nathalia Cabeza Diaz
Singultus is the sudden onset of erratic diaphragmatic and intercostal muscle contraction immediately followed by laryngeal closure. Pathophysiology involves afferent, central and efferent components. Bilateral phrenic nerve block was performed to a 46-year-old woman with a brain tumor with persistent hiccups, with initially positive response but later symptom recurrence. Bilateral pulsed radiofrequency of the phrenic nerve was performed guided by ultrasonography (US). In the follow-up, absence of hiccups was confirmed...
August 16, 2023: Pain Management
Elizabeth Khusid, Briana Lui, Andrea Ibarra, Kristine Villegas, Robert S White
While racial/ethnic disparities in maternal outcomes including mortality and severe maternal morbidity are well documented, there is limited information on disparities in obstetric anesthesia practices. This paper reviews literature on racial/ethnic disparities in peripartum anesthesia administration and postpartum pain management. Current literature demonstrates racial/ethnic disparities in several aspects of obstetric anesthesia care including neuraxial administration for vaginal labor pain, neuraxial versus general anesthesia for cesarean delivery, post neuraxial anesthesia complications, postpartum pain management and postdural puncture headache treatment practices...
August 11, 2023: Pain Management
Jeimylo C de Castro, Daniel Wang, Jeffrey Strakowski, Dessy R Emril, George C Chang Chien
This case report describes the successful treatment of neuroma pain in the setting of below knee amputations using alpha-2-macroglobulin (A2M). A 34-year-old female patient presented with 9 months of stump pain despite conservative treatment. The exam revealed persistent pain through rest periods and weight-bearing status during therapy. Ultrasound showed neuroma formation with neovascularization. The patient underwent two A2M hydrodissection treatments, 2 weeks apart. The patient reported significant pain relief...
August 8, 2023: Pain Management
Eliana Ege, Daniel Briggi, Saba Javed, Albert Huh, Billy K Huh
Aim: To assess the effects of diabetes mellitus (DM) and related variables on surgical site infection (SSI) risk in neuromodulation. Methods: This retrospective study followed patients who underwent neuromodulation procedures for at least 9 months to identify postoperative infections. Demographics, clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes were compared. Results: Of 195 cases included, 5 (2.6%) resulted in SSIs. Median HbA1c was significantly higher for the cases with SSIs (8.2 vs 5.6%; p = 0...
July 28, 2023: Pain Management
Clarence Kong, Irvan J Bubic, Audrey A Tran, Gary Tan, Anthony J Medak, Jessica Oswald
The genicular nerve block (GNB) performed under ultrasound is a common procedure in the perioperative and outpatient setting for the treatment of surgical knee pain and osteoarthritis. It provides motor-sparing analgesia to the knee, making it a potential alternative to other modes of pain management in the emergency department (ED). We present an elderly woman with acute-on-chronic osteoarthritic knee pain which was relieved for a week after a GNB during her ED visit. In patients with knee pain, the ultrasound guided GNB has the potential to provide short-term analgesia for patients with pain refractory to other modes of analgesia...
July 17, 2023: Pain Management
Vishal Bansal, Mayank Aranke, Peter Vu, Saba Javed
Aim: Serotonin syndrome (SS) is a life-threatening syndrome that occurs with the use of serotonergic drugs, most commonly due to two or more agents. Cerebral palsy is associated with mood disorders, and more commonly pain, with a prevalence of up to 50-80%. Case presentation: A 58-year-old female with cerebral palsy, metastatic malignancy and mood disorder who presented to the emergency department with acute-on-chronic pain, and signs of SS. She was initiated on iv. dilaudid, titrated off oral medications and scheduled for a left-sided sacroiliac joint injection...
July 17, 2023: Pain Management
Francielle Joyce Fuckner Leonel, Lauana de Paula, Gustavo Cezar Raab Ferreira, Dariel Matheus Dos Reis do Nascimento, Talita Gianello Gnoato Zotz, Julia Milena de Melo, Ana Carolina Brandt de Macedo
The aim of this study is to compare the effects of two suspension training (ST) protocols on pain and musculoskeletal function in women with chronic low back pain (CLBP). The study will be randomized, controlled, blinded clinical trial. Women aged 18-60 years who present CLBP will be selected. They will be randomized into three groups: STG1, which will carry out the program with difficulty progression in the exercises; STG2, in which the progression will be made by increasing the number of sets; and control group...
July 17, 2023: Pain Management
Ristiawan M Laksono, Taufiq A Siswagama, Aswoco A Asmoro, Hasan Sjahrir, Andi Mt Musba, Willy Halim, Walter van der Weegen, Kris Vissers
Aim: Before establishing a multidisciplinary pain center (MPC), the pain problem, healthcare professionals (HCP) perceptions, expectations and the potential challenges of multidisciplinary pain center establishment need to be identified. Methods: A quantitative survey study on 1058 Indonesian HCP. The study uses a national inquiry sent by the national International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) chapter for pain. Results: 99.0% of respondents had met patients with pain as the primary complaint and acute pain as the most common complaint...
July 17, 2023: Pain Management
Amy Paul, Seleshi Demissie, Patrick J Schmidlein, Eleny Romanos-Sirakis
Aim: Assess pediatric and emergency medicine (EM) resident comfort treating and assessing pediatric pain. Materials & methods: Pediatric and EM residents at a single institution (SIUH Northwell Health in New York) completed an anonymous survey 6 months into the academic year regarding comfort assessing and treating pediatric pain. Results: A total of 40 (16/24 EM and 24/24 pediatric) residents completed this survey: 20% (8/24) pediatric first year residents, 40% (16/40) pediatric second year and above, 20% (8/40) EM first year and 20% (8/40) EM second year and above...
July 12, 2023: Pain Management
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