Read by QxMD icon Read

Translational Behavioral Medicine

Marije L van der Lee, Melanie P J Schellekens
Since Descartes introduced dualism, body and mind have been seen as separate entities. The latent disease model, the view that symptoms are caused by an underlying disease, was possible within the dualistic paradigm. This paradigm, although successful in some aspects of medicine, is also assumed to underlie psychiatric disorders. As an alternative to the latent disease model, the network approach conceptualizes disorders as complex networks of causally connected symptoms. It offers a new way of understanding psychiatric disorders by directing attention away from the underlying cause and towards the symptoms and their functional interconnectedness, making the distinction between mental and physical symptoms obsolete...
February 12, 2019: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Jennifer B McClure, Melissa L Anderson, Chloe Krakauer, Paula Blasi, Terry Bush, Jennifer Nelson, Sheryl L Catz
Smokers are at high risk of oral disease and report sub-optimal oral hygiene. Improving smokers' oral hygiene could reduce their future disease risk. The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of a novel, multi-modal oral health promotion program (Oral Health 4 Life; OH4L) targeted to socioeconomically disadvantaged smokers and delivered through state-funded tobacco quitlines. Smokers (n = 718) were randomized to standard quitline care or standard care plus OH4L. OH4L recipients received a comprehensive behavioral intervention and were advised of the benefits of routine oral hygiene, encouraged to brush and floss daily (for better oral health and to manage cigarette cravings), and provided a toothbrush and floss...
February 12, 2019: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Shane N Sweet, Emilie Michalovic, Kristy Baxter, Justine Baron, Heather L Gainforth
This article reported on the reach, effectiveness, and maintenance dimensions of a RE-AIM (reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance) analysis to evaluate Praxis 2016, a conference aimed to develop solutions to overcome challenges to translating research into practice in the spinal cord injury (SCI) community. Reach indicators were collected from the Praxis 2016 organizing committee. For effectiveness and maintenance, attendees (n = 106) completed a questionnaire pre-, post-, and 9-month post-Praxis 2016 assessing (a) capability (e...
February 12, 2019: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Leonie Cranney, Blythe O'Hara, Joanne Gale, Chris Rissel, Adrian Bauman, Philayrath Phongsavan
The Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service (GHS), an effective 6-month telephone-based healthy lifestyle coaching service, includes a population-targeted diabetes prevention module (DPM) tailored for adults at risk for type 2 diabetes. This study determined DPM's reach and impact on anthropometric and lifestyle risk factors. Pre-post evaluation design examined self-reported anthropometric (body weight, waist circumference) and lifestyle risk factors (physical activity and dietary behaviors) of DPM participants...
February 8, 2019: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Jessica E Bourne, Elena Ivanova, Heather L Gainforth, Mary E Jung # NCT02164474. Registered on June 12, 2014.
February 4, 2019: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Colleen A Redding, David Goldberg, Kathleen M Weber, Hui-Qing Yin, Andrea L Paiva, Jane Burke-Miller, Mardge H Cohen, Joseph S Rossi
People with and at risk for HIV have high rates of smoking, increasing their morbidity and mortality. Effective cessation interventions are needed for this group. Transtheoretical model (TTM)-tailored interventions have demonstrated efficacy, but measures need cross-validation in this population. TTM cessation measures were evaluated in women smokers with and at risk for HIV (N = 111) from Chicago Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS). Confirmatory factor analyses evaluated measurement models. MANOVAs examined relationships between constructs and stage subgroups...
February 4, 2019: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Melanie Barwick, Raluca Barac, Melissa Kimber, Lindsay Akrong, Sabine N Johnson, Charles E Cunningham, Kathryn Bennett, Graham Ashbourne, Tim Godden
Despite a growing policy push for the provision of services based on evidence, evidence-based treatments for children and youth with mental health challenges have poor uptake, yielding limited benefit. With a view to improving implementation in child behavioral health, we investigated a complementary implementation approach informed by three implementation frameworks in the context of implementing motivational interviewing in four child and youth behavioral health agencies: the Active Implementation Frameworks (AIF) (process), the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (factors), and the Implementation Outcomes Framework (evaluation)...
January 30, 2019: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Gianluca Franceschini, Alba Di Leone, Riccardo Masetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2019: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Jayson J Spas, Joanna Buscemi, Ravi Prasad, E Amy Janke, Claudio R Nigg
Opioid use has become an epidemic in the USA. Although there are safe uses for opioids to help manage acute pain, the effects of long-term use and any misuse of opioids can have grave outcomes, including death. To provide an empirically based "ask" for increased funding from the federal government to increase the reimbursement for and the integration of the behavioral component of Medication-Assisted-Treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorders, current policy was reviewed and important gaps in funding and treatment fidelity were identified...
January 25, 2019: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Jamie M Zoellner, Kathleen J Porter, Wen You, Paul A Estabrooks, Katelynn Perzynski, Pamela A Ray, Eleanor S Cantrell
SIPsmartER is a theory-based, 6-month, multi-component health literacy intervention shown to improve sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) behaviors among adults in rural, southwest Virginia. The objective of this pilot trial was to understand the reach and effectiveness of SIPsmartER when delivered by existing staff in public health practice settings. This pre-post research design was conducted in partnership with four medically underserved southwest Virginia Department of Health (VDH) districts. Validated measures and standardized data collection techniques were used...
January 24, 2019: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Yong Yang
Studies of health behaviors and behavior intervention have begun to explore the potential of agent-based modeling (ABM). A review of how ABMs have been used in health behavior, behavior intervention, and corresponding insights is warranted. The goal of this study was to provide a narrative review of the applications of ABMs in health behavior change and intervention. I will focus on two perspectives: (a) the mechanism of behavior and behavior change and (b) ABMs' use for behavior intervention. I identified and reviewed 17 ABMs applied to behaviors including physical activity, diet, alcoholic drinking, smoking, and drug use...
January 11, 2019: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Sharon L Manne, Barbara L Smith, Sara Frederick, Anna Mitarotondo, Deborah A Kashy, Laurie J Kirstein
The use of contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) is increasing among breast cancer patients who are at average or "sporadic" risk for contralateral breast cancer. Because CPM provides no survival benefit for these patients, it is not medically recommended for them. Decision support aids may facilitate more informed, higher quality CPM decision. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of B-Sure, an online decision support aid to facilitate informed decisions regarding CPM, and to compare the impact of B-Sure in increasing CPM knowledge, reducing decisional conflict, and increasing preparedness to make the CPM decision among breast cancer patients at sporadic risk who are considering CPM...
January 4, 2019: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Hannah G Calvert, Hannah G Lane, Carolina M Bejarano, Kelli Snow, Kate Hoppe, Nicole Alfonsin, Lindsey Turner, Jordan A Carlson
Classroom-based physical activity (CBPA) is increasingly recommended as a method to support children's physical activity, health, and academic performance. Many adoption-ready programs exist to aid in the implementation of CBPA in schools; yet, implementation rates remain low. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent to which resources provided by adoption-ready CBPA programs addressed theory-based implementation contextual factors to support implementation. Existing CBPA programs (N = 37) were identified through Internet searches and all materials (e...
December 26, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Caroline M Angel, Mahlet A Woldetsadik, Nicholas J Armstrong, Brandon B Young, Rachel K Linsner, Rosalinda V Maury, John M Pinter
The U.S. military veteran serving nonprofit, Team Red, White & Blue (RWB), defined an "enriched life" as having physical, mental, and emotional health; supportive relationships; and a sense of purpose. Until now, no corresponding measure of an "enriched life" existed for the purposes of clinical assessment and research. The primary objective of this study was to explore the psychometric properties of the Enriched Life Scale (ELS) in veteran and civilian samples. Our secondary objective was to examine differences in ELS scores in subgroups of veterans who had combat deployments and service-related injuries...
December 22, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
John A Gallis, Gary G Bennett, Dori M Steinberg, Sandy Askew, Elizabeth L Turner
The multiphase optimization strategy (MOST) is an increasingly popular framework to prepare, optimize, and evaluate multicomponent behavioral health interventions. Within this framework, it is common to use a factorial trial to assemble an optimized multicomponent intervention by simultaneously testing several intervention components. With the possibility of a large number of conditions (unique combinations of components) and a goal to balance conditions on both sample size (for statistical efficiency) and baseline covariates (for internal validity), such trials face additional randomization challenges compared to the standard two-arm trial...
December 22, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Hannah C Espeleta, Dana M Bakula, Alexandria M Delozier, Megan N Perez, Christina M Sharkey, Larry L Mullins
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are consistently associated with deleterious health outcomes in adolescence and adulthood. Although research has implicated health-risk behaviors as a possible link in this relationship, the role of health care management skills has yet to be examined in this context. Transition readiness, defined as health care management skills during the transition from adolescence to adulthood, may be relevant in understanding health risk among individuals with ACEs. The present study evaluated health care management skills in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) transitioning to adult services, as AYA skills during this period set the stage for long-term health care management skills...
December 19, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Shawna L Ehlers, Kimberly Davis, Shirley M Bluethmann, Lisa M Quintiliani, Jeffrey Kendall, Raj M Ratwani, Michael A Diefenbach, Kristi D Graves
Accreditation standards are at the forefront of evolving healthcare systems, setting metrics for high-quality care. Healthcare outcomes (health, experience, cost, provider satisfaction/burn out) are becoming mutual goals of the patient, provider, payer, and healthcare system. Achieving high-quality outcomes in cancer care necessitates collaboration among interdisciplinary teams of clinical providers, administrators, patient advocates, caregivers, and researchers. Dissemination and implementation science provides necessary frameworks to organize the efforts of these implementation teams, inclusive of identifying facilitators and barriers to implementation of accreditation standards...
December 19, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Victor E Ezeugwu, Patricia J Manns
Prolonged sedentary behavior is a problem immediately following a stroke and it persists from the acute to chronic phases of recovery. Frequently interrupting sedentary time might help to mitigate the associated detrimental health consequences. The purpose of this article was to describe the process followed in the systematic development and implementation of a theory- and home-based sedentary behavior change intervention for people with stroke. The Intervention Mapping protocol was used to design, develop and implement a STand Up Frequently From Stroke (STUFFS) program aimed at reducing prolonged sedentary behavior after stroke...
December 19, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Thomas A D'Agostino, Abenaa M Brewster, Susan K Peterson, Isabelle Bedrosian, Patricia A Parker
Rates of contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) have risen substantially, yet little is known about how and to what extent CPM is discussed within surgical oncology visits at the time of treatment decision-making. We examined CPM discussions in naturally occurring interactions between sporadic breast cancer patients and their surgical oncology providers. Women with early-stage unilateral disease were recruited before their first surgical visit and completed brief questionnaires to determine study eligibility and interest in treatment options...
December 18, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Amber Martinson, Julia Craner, Jamie Clinton-Lont
Primary Care Mental Health Integration (PC-MHI) visits are mandated to be brief, limited in number, and delivered in the primary care practice area. Current evidence-based protocols for Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Pain (CBT-CP) do not meet these PC-MHI requirements, however, and thus PC-MHI providers are often left with the daunting task of modifying these protocols for the primary care setting. The aims of the current study were to examine effectiveness for a brief CBT-CP Group (6, 50-min sessions) for patients seen in primary care with various chronic pain conditions and to assess whether opioid medication use was associated with treatment outcomes...
December 18, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"