Journals Journal of Ophthalmic Inflamma...

Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Padmamalini Mahendradas, Sai Bhakti Mishra, Rohini Sangoram, Sanjay Srinivasan, Ankush Kawali, Aditya Patil, Rohit Shetty
BACKGROUND: Immunologic and inflammatory adverse effects following vaccination against COVID-19 are being reported. While some reactions may develop denovo others concern its immunogenic effect in patients with pre-existing inflammatory conditions. METHODS: Retrospective consecutive patients diagnosed with ocular inflammatory manifestations within 8 weeks of receiving COVID-19 vaccination who presented to a tertiary eye care centre in South India. RESULTS: Ninety-eight eyes of 67 patients presenting with ocular inflammatory manifestations within 8 weeks following COVID-19 vaccination were studied...
September 23, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Samantha D Butterfield, Rona Z Silkiss
Dacryoadenitis is an inflammation of the lacrimal gland. This condition has an extensive differential diagnosis, requiring a thorough workup to identify the underlying etiology. If no etiology is identified, the condition is termed idiopathic dacryoadenitis. The purpose of this report is to present a case of idiopathic sclerosing dacryoadenitis and review the diagnostic process.We present a case of sclerosing dacryoadenitis non responsive to systemic antibiotics and steroids, improving after surgical debulking/biopsy...
September 19, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Magdalena Bazewicz, Jarmila Heissigerova, Carlos Pavesio, François Willermain, Janusz Skrzypecki
Sarcoidosis-associated uveitis, is the predominant ocular sarcoidosis presentation, which affects both adults and children. For adults, international ocular sarcoidosis criteria (IWOS) and sarcoidosis-associated uveitis criteria (SUN) are defined. However, for children they are not yet established internationally. Due to the specificity of pediatric manifestations of sarcoidosis, this task is even more challenging. In children, sarcoidosis is subdivided into Blau syndrome and early-onset sarcoidosis (BS/EOS) affecting younger children (< 5 years) and the one affecting older children with clinical presentation resembling adults...
September 18, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Rishi B Gupta, Julius Ilin, Chloe C Gottlieb
BACKGROUND: Uveitic macular edema is a complication of acute or chronic uveitis. Current treatment regiments frequently have numerous side effects, often requiring supplemental treatment. This study investigates the efficacy of dexamethasone (DEX) intravitreal implants as monotherapy for treatment of macular edema in non-infectious intermediate, posterior or panuveitis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Retrospective chart review of thirty patients with intermediate, posterior and panuveitis treated with DEX...
September 18, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Carolin Elhardt, Armin Wolf, Christian Maximilian Wertheimer
BACKGROUND: This case report describes the course and therapeutic management of a fast-spreading bacterial keratitis caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa). CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-year-old male contact lens wearer presented with a multi-resistant, fast spreading P. aeruginosa keratitis. After initial resistance to various antibiotic therapies, testing revealed a MDR P. aeruginosa. The keratitis was treated successfully with specially prepared 50 mg/ml off-label meropenem eye drops for 18 days as well as systemic meropenem for seven days with rapid improvement of the corneal infiltrate...
September 16, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Katie Myint, Namritha Patrao, Oana Vonica, Kaveh Vahdani
PURPOSE: To describe a case of recurrent orbital inflammation and superior orbital fissure syndrome associated with VEXAS (vacuoles, E1 enzyme, X-linked, auto-inflammatory, somatic) syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION: VEXAS syndrome is a recently identified multi-system inflammatory disease of late adult onset. The authors describe the case of a 76-year-old man who presented with recurrent episodes of orbital inflammation, with superior orbital fissure syndrome, dacryoadenitis and orbital myositis...
September 7, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Juan Sebastián Pineda-Sierra, Carlos Cifuentes-González, William Rojas-Carabali, Paula Tatiana Muñoz-Vargas, Alejandro Henao-Posada, Alejandra de-la-Torre
INTRODUCTION: Despite HLA-B27-associated uveitis is one of the most frequent etiologies of uveitis worldwide, there are scarce studies on the clinical spectrum of this disease and the implications of therapeutic strategies used in the Latin-American population, with none conducted in Colombia. Thus, this study aimed to describe the clinical characteristics of a cohort of patients with positive HLA-B27-associated uveitis in Colombia and evaluate the impact of systemic treatment on the recurrence rate...
August 30, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Alicia Vázquez, Marisol I González, José L Reyes
Inflammatory ocular diseases are characterized by the presence of a persistent inflammatory response which cause tissue injury, decrease visual acuity and in severe cases, blindness. Several cytokines represent a therapeutic opportunity since they are key amplifiers of these pathologies, and thus neutralizing agents against them have been developed. Amongst others, macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), an early produced inflammatory cytokine, has consistently been found elevated in patients with distinct ocular diseases (inflammatory and autoimmune)...
August 25, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Hannah W Ng, Rachael L Niederer
Multiple evanescent white dot syndrome has been reported to occur following COVID-19 vaccination and also secondary to COVID-19 infection. Increasingly, patients are querying their risk from further vaccination against COVID-19, vaccination for other diseases (such as influenza) and the risk of disease with COVID-19 infection itself. Here we report an interesting case in which the patient developed MEWDS following COVID vaccination, then, one year later, developed MEWDS in the fellow eye associated with COVID-19 infection...
August 24, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Manuel Paez-Escamilla, Sonny Caplash, Gagan Kalra, Jamie Odden, Danielle Price, Oscar C Marroquin, Stephen Koscumb, Patrick Commiskey, Chad Indermill, Jerome Finkelstein, Anna G Gushchin, Andreea Coca, Thomas R Friberg, Andrew W Eller, Denise S Gallagher, Jean C Harwick, Evan L Waxman, Jay Chhablani, Gabrielle Bonhomme, Colin Prensky, Alexander J Anetakis, Joseph N Martel, Erika Massicotte, Raphaelle Ores, Jean-Francois Girmens, Thomas M Pearce, Jose-Alain Sahel, Kunal Dansingani, Mark Westcott, Marie-Helene Errera
PURPOSE: Posterior uveitis is a common chorioretinal pathology affecting all ages worldwide and is a frequent reason for referral to the retina clinic. The spectrum of etiologies for uveitis is very broad and includes infectious and auto-immune diseases. Inflammation can be confined to the eye or may be a part of systemic disease. A useful outline is therefore proposed to aid in the correct diagnosis of these challenging entities. The situation is further complicated by the fact that many neoplastic conditions resemble features of posterior uveitis; they are known as "masqueraders of uveitis"...
August 17, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Lorenzo Fabozzi, Ilaria Testi, Laura De Benito-Llopis, Carlos Pavesio
PURPOSE: To describe unusual clinical features and therapeutic management of a case of cytomegalovirus (CMV) ocular disease in a patient on immunomodulatory therapy. SETTING/VENUE: Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK. METHODS: Medical history, clinical findings, investigation results, and multimodal imaging were retrospectively collected. RESULTS: A 61-year-old, South-East Asian man, developed CMV-related endotheliitis and occlusive retinal vasculitis, diagnosed by wide-angle fluorescein angiography...
August 4, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Rym Maamouri, Aida Jallouli, Olfa Béizig, Monia Cheour
Typical clinical manifestations of ocular toxocariasis are central posterior granuloma, peripheral granuloma and chronic endophthalmitis. Herein we report the presence of peripheral subretinal cysts in two cases with a presumed ocular toxocariasis (OT).
August 2, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Mathilde Leclercq, Paul Goupillou, Hélène Gomez, Marc Muraine, Ygal Benhamou, Nicolas Girszyn, Julie Gueudry
PURPOSE: The efficacy of tocilizumab in refractory chronic noninfectious uveitis has been previously reported, but no data comparing intravenous and subcutaneous tocilizumab in uveitis are available. RESULTS: We report a case series of patients with chronic noninfectious uveitis with incomplete efficacy of subcutaneous tocilizumab, improved after switching to intravenous routes. Improvement of visual acuity was observed with intravenous tocilizumab for all patients...
July 18, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Maamouri Rym, Houman Yasmine, Abdelaziz Marwa, Helal Imen, Cheour Monia
PURPOSE: To describe clinical features and the course of a case of non-necrotizing herpetic retinitis secondary to Varicella zoster virus (VZV). MATERIEL AND METHODS: A single case report documented with multimodal imaging. RESULTS: A 52-year-old female patient with a past medical history of diabetes mellitus who presented with painful red right eye (OD). Ophthalmic examination showed perilimbal conjunctival nodule, granulomatous anterior uveitis, sectoral iris atrophy and increased intraocular pressure...
July 6, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Olena Protsyk, Roberto Gallego-Pinazo, Rosa Dolz-Marco
PURPOSE: To describe the occurrence of an acute macular neuroretinopathy (AMN) after administration of a Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 23-year-old female presented bilateral visual loss one week after the first dose of COVID-19 vaccine. Fundus examination revealed the classic wedge-shaped lesions with petaloid configuration around both foveas. Hypo-reflective macular lesions are evident in the near-infrared reflectance image...
June 29, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Amit K Reddy, D Claire Miller, Amol A Sura, S R Rathinam, John A Gonzales, Radhika Thundikandy, Anuradha Kanakath, Bala Murugan, Rajesh Vedhanayaki, Lyndell L Lim, Eric B Suhler, Thuy Doan, Hassan A Al-Dhibi, Debra A Goldstein, Lourdes Arellanes-Garcia, Nisha R Acharya
BACKGROUND: The antimetabolites methotrexate (MTX) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) are commonly used as initial corticosteroid-sparing treatment for uveitis. There is little data examining risk factors for failing both MTX and MMF. The objective of this study is to determine risk factors for failing both MTX and MMF in patients with non-infectious uveitis. MAIN BODY: This is a sub-analysis of the First-line Antimetabolites as Steroid-sparing Treatment (FAST) uveitis trial, which was an international, multicenter, block-randomized, observer-masked, comparative effectiveness trial comparing MTX and MMF as initial treatments for non-infectious uveitis...
June 9, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Abdullah Albahlal, Waleed Khayyat, Sulaiman M Alsulaiman
PURPOSE: To report a case of combined central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) with cilioretinal artery occlusion (CLRAO) that heralded the development of frosted branch angiitis (FBA). CASE REPORT: A 25-year-old healthy male presented with sudden painless visual loss in his left eye with a visual acuity (VA) of 20/300. Fundus exam and fluorescein angiography showed signs of combined CRVO and CLRAO. Without treatment, his vision gradually improved until it reached 20/30 within four months...
May 25, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Mehrdad Motamed Shariati, Mojtaba Abrishami, Shahin Jahani, Ali Bolouki, Mohamad-Reza Ansari-Astaneh, Seyedeh Maryam Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Currently, large populations have been vaccinated against COVID-19. The whole inactivated Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine has been the main available COVID-19 vaccine in Iran. Ocular inflammatory reactions have been reported following vaccination. The present case reports aim to introduce four cases of uveitis after the Sinopharm vaccine administration. CASE PRESENTATION: Our first reported case is a 38-year-old woman with a positive medical history of inactive ulcerative colitis...
May 19, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Najiha Rahman, Jose Carlo M Artiaga, Konstantinos Bouras, Joshua Luis, Angela Rees, Mark Westcott
BACKGROUND: Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease is an idiopathic autoimmune disease which targets melanin-containing tissues such as the uvea, meninges, ear and skin. This typically presents in the eye with acute findings of granulomatous anterior uveitis, diffuse choroidal thickening, multiple focal areas of sub-retinal fluid and, in severe cases, optic nerve involvement with bullous serous retinal detachment can occur. Early initiation of treatment has been advocated to prevent progression to the chronic stage of the disease, which can result to a sunset glow fundus with devastatingly poor visual outcome...
May 19, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Pooja Bansal, Maninder Singh, Yashi Gupta, Nikhil Gotmare, Meenakshi Thakar, Ritu Arora
BACKGROUND: Sympathetic ophthalmia is a rare disease that can present as bilateral granulomatous uveitis after a penetrating trauma or surgery in one eye. FINDINGS: We report a case of a 47-year-old male with history of decreased vision in the right eye, six months after sustaining severe chemical injury in the left eye. He was diagnosed with sympathetic ophthalmia and was treated with corticosteroids and long-term immunosuppressive therapy, leading to complete resolution of intraocular inflammation...
May 16, 2023: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
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