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International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30997283/rehabilitation-following-subscapularis-tendon-repair
#1
Burak Altintas, Helen Bradley, Catherine Logan, Brooke Delvecchio, Nicole Anderson, Peter J Millett
Subscapularis (SSC) tendon tears are less common than tears of the remaining rotator cuff tendons, but one with serious consequences given its function as one of the main internal rotators and anterior stabilizers. Mild fraying involving the upper third of the tendon can be treated non-operatively; however, more substantive tears usually require repair in cases of pain or functional impairment. Given the importance of the subscapularis tendon in maintaining stability of the glenohumeral joint and performing internal rotation of the arm, surgical intervention with emphasis on repair may be recommended to eliminate pain and restore strength...
April 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30997282/rehabilitation-following-distal-biceps-repair
#2
Catherine A Logan, Amir Shahien, Daniel Haber, Zach Foster, Anna Farrington, Matthew T Provencher
Background and Purpose: Distal biceps rupture is less common than injury to the proximal biceps; however, injury distally has profound functional implications on activities which rely on power during elbow flexion and forearm supination. The majority of distal biceps ruptures can be treated with surgical repair of the distal biceps utilizing either a single or two-incision technique; both of which achieve comparable improved outcomes and reported minimal pain and disability at two years...
April 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30997281/post-concussive-changes-in-balance-and-postural-stability-measured-with-canesense%C3%A2-and-the-balance-error-scoring-system-bess-in-division-i-collegiate-football-players-a-case-series
#3
Luis A Feigenbaum, Kyoung J Kim, Ignacio A Gaunaurd, Lee D Kaplan, Vincent A Scavo, Christopher Bennett, Robert S Gailey
Introduction: Impairments in postural stability have been identified following sports-related concussion. CaneSense™ is a recently developed mobile lower limb motion capture system and mobile application for movement assessment which provides an objective measure of postural stability. One of the components within CaneSense™ is the Post-Concussive Excursion Index (PCEI), a measure of postural stability expressed as a percentage of symmetry between lower limbs. Purpose: The purpose of this case series is to examine pre- and post-concussion differences using two separate measures, CaneSense™, and a known test, the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS), in Division I collegiate football players...
April 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30997280/characterization-of-cervical-spine-impairments-in-children-and-adolescents-post-concussion
#4
Devashish Tiwari, Allon Goldberg, Amy Yorke, Gregory F Marchetti, Bara Alsalaheen
Background: Patients with concussion may present with cervical spine impairments, therefore accurate characterization of cervical post-concussion impairments is needed to develop targeted physical therapy interventions. Purpose: To characterize the type, frequency and severity of cervical impairments in children and adolescents referred for physical therapy after concussion.Study design: Retrospective, descriptive study. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted for 73 consecutive children and adolescents who received cervical physical therapy following a concussion...
April 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30997279/comparison-of-lateral-abdominal-muscle-thickness-in-young-male-soccer-players-with-and-without-low-back-pain
#5
Pardis Noormohammadpour, Shadi Mirzaei, Navid Moghadam, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Ramin Kordi
Background: While researchers have investigated low back pain (LBP) and its association with the thickness of trunk muscles in the general population, few articles have studied this relationship in athletes. Hypothesis/Purpose: To compare the lateral abdominal muscle thickness and other possible functional risk factors in young soccer players with and without LBP. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Thirty young male soccer players, with and without LBP, from the Premier League participated in this study...
April 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30997278/the-effect-of-novel-ankle-realigning-socks-on-dynamic-postural-stability-in-individuals-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#6
Takumi Kobayashi, Kota Watanabe, Toshikazu Ito, Masashi Tanaka, Masahiro Shida, Masaki Katayose, Kazuyoshi Gamada
Background: A dynamic postural stability deficit has been suggested to be present in individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI). Interventions to improve postural control in individuals with CAI have been reported, but they required a long period of and compliance with interventions. Purpose: To examine the effect of novel ankle-realigning socks on dynamic postural stability in individuals with CAI using the star excursion balance test (SEBT). Study Design: Case-control study...
April 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30997277/evaluating-the-relationship-between-clinical-assessments-of-apparent-hamstring-tightness-a-correlational-analysis
#7
Brittany L Hansberger, Rick Loutsch, Christy Hancock, Robert Bonser, Alli Zeigel, Russell T Baker
Background: Hamstring tightness is a common condition typically assessed via the active knee extension (AKE), passive straight leg raise (PSLR), V-sit and reach (VSR), and finger-floor-distance (FFD). Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between four common clinical tests of apparent hamstring tightness. A secondary purpose was to compare the differences in correlations between sub-groups based on positive test findings. Study Design: Descriptive, correlational laboratory design...
April 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30997276/injury-incidence-in-competitive-cross-country-skiers-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Sonya G A Worth, Duncan A Reid, Alan B Howard, Sharon M Henry
Background/Purpose: Endurance sports, including cross-country skiing, require long hours of repetitive training potentially increasing the chance of injury, yet injury incidence and risk factors for adult cross-country skiers remain relatively unexplored. Data for elite adult north American competitive cross-country skiers is unexplored. A 12 month prospective surveillance study was undertaken to calculate the injury incidence and exposure of cross-country skiers. Injuries by anatomic location and mechanism of injury were calculated...
April 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30997275/a-novel-test-to-assess-change-of-direction-development-reliability-and-rehabilitation-considerations
#9
Haley Worst, Nancy Henderson, Ryan Decarreau, George Davies
Background: Several researchers have investigated functional testing with regard to return to sport decision making. Change of direction activities play a role in the advancement of rehabilitation as an athlete progresses towards return to sport. Few studies have assessed tests that measure change of direction tasks. Purpose: The primary purpose of this study was to establish test-retest and intra- and inter-rater reliability of performing the Change of Lateral Direction (COLD) test...
April 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30997274/efficacy-of-perturbation-enhanced-neuromuscular-training-on-hamstring-and-quadriceps-onset-time-activation-and-knee-flexion-during-a-tuck-jump-task
#10
Amir Letafatkar, Reza Rajabi, Hooman Minoonejad, Pouya Rabiei
Background: Deficits in dynamic neuromuscular control of the knee may contribute to the higher incidence of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), specifically in female athletes. Little is known about the effects of preventive training programs on muscle onset time and activation during functional tasks. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of perturbation-enhanced neuromuscular training on hamstring and quadriceps onset time and activation, and knee flexion angle in female athletes with quadriceps dominance (QD) deficit during a tuck-jump (TJ) task...
April 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30997273/interrater-and-test-retest-reliability-of-the-y-balance-test-in-healthy-early-adolescent-female-athletes
#11
Eric T Greenberg, Matthew Barle, Erica Glassmann, Min-Kyung Jung
Background: Adolescence is the stage of development marked by peak rates of skeletal growth resulting in impaired dynamic postural control and increased injury risk, especially in female athletes. Reliable tests of dynamic postural control are needed to help identify athletes with balance deficits and assess changes in limb function after injury. Purpose: To estimate the interrater and test-retest (intrarater) reliability of the Y-Balance Test in a group of early adolescent females over a one-month period when administered by novice raters...
April 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30997272/the-modified-star-excursion-balance-and-y-balance-test-results-differ-when-assessing-physically-active-healthy-adolescent-females
#12
A Bulow, J E Anderson, J R Leiter, P B MacDonald, J Peeler
Background: The modified Star Excursion Balance Test (mSEBT) and Y-Balance Test (YBT) are two common methods for clinical assessment of dynamic balance. Clinicians often use only one of these test methods and one outcome factor when screening for lower extremity injury risk. Dynamic balance scores are known to vary by age, sex and sport. The physically active adolescent female is at high risk for sustaining lower extremity injuries, specifically to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)...
April 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30997271/defining-lower-extremity-dominance-the-relationship-between-preferred-lower-extremity-and-two-functional-tasks
#13
Christopher R Carcia, Paul A Cacolice, Scott McGeary
Background: A commonly utilized operational definition of lower extremity (LE) dominance assumes the LE with which a participant prefers to kick a ball with is the same preferred LE a participant would choose for a unilateral landing task. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the preferred lower extremity (LE) when performing a unilateral landing and kicking task. The authors hypothesized a strong correlation between the LE the participant chose for the landing task and the LE the participant chose for the kicking task would be evident...
April 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30997270/validity-of-hand-held-dynamometry-in-measuring-quadriceps-strength-and-rate-of-torque-development
#14
Joseph Lesnak, Dillon Anderson, Brooke Farmer, Dimitrios Katsavelis, Terry L Grindstaff
Background: A hand-held dynamometer (HHD) offers a reliable and valid method to quantify quadriceps strength in a clinical environment. While measures of peak strength provide functional insights, most daily activities are performed quickly and do not require maximum strength. Rate of torque development (RTD) measures better reflect both the demands of daily activity and athletic movements. The capacity to obtain RTD measures in clinical settings is possible with an HHD, but the validity of RTD measures has not been quantified...
April 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30997269/use-of-2-dimensional-sagittal-kinematic-variables-to-estimate-ground-reaction-force-during-running
#15
Joshua D White, Nina Carson, Brian S Baum, Mark F Reinking, Thomas G McPoil
Background: Variations in vertical loading rates have been associated with overuse injuries of the lower extremity; however, they are typically collected using 3-dimensional motion capture systems and in-ground force plates not available to most clinicians because of cost and space constraints. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if kinetic measures commonly used to describe lower extremity loading characteristics could be estimated from step rate and specific sagittal plane kinematic variables captured using 2-dimensional motion analysis during treadmill running...
April 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30997268/erratum
#16
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 846 in vol. 13, PMID: 30276017.].
April 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30746302/restoring-knee-extensor-strength-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-clinical-commentary
#17
Matthew Buckthorpe, Giovanni La Rosa, Francesco Della Villa
One of the main priorities of rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) surgery is the restoration of knee extensor muscle strength. Residual deficits in knee extensor muscle size and strength after injury are linked to poor biomechanics, reduced knee function, increased knee osteoarthritis risk, as well as heightened risk of re-injury upon return to sport. Most studies indicate that knee extensor muscle strength is typically not resolved prior to return to sport. This clinical commentary discusses strategies to optimize and accelerate the recovery of knee extensor strength post-surgery, with the purpose to support the clinician with evidence-based strategies to implement into clinical practice...
February 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30746301/treatment-of-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-as-a-contractile-dysfunction-a-clinical-commentary
#18
Guido Spargoli
Background and purpose: Rotator cuff (RC) tendinopathy is a common disorder affecting many individuals, both in athletic and sedentary settings. Etiology of RC pathology or the most effective conservative treatment are not totally understood. The Mechanical Diagnosis and Treatment (MDT®) method is a widely known rehabilitative technique that allows therapists to diagnose and treat spinal, and peripheral mechanical disorders. Therefore, the purpose of this clinical commentary is to briefly describe RC tendinopathy, and its management using the MDT® method...
February 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30746300/non-operative-management-of-individuals-with-non-arthritic-hip-pain-a-literature-review
#19
Ryan P McGovern, RobRoy L Martin, Benjamin R Kivlan, John J Christoforetti
Background: Non-arthritic hip pain is defined as being related to pathologies of the intra-articular structures of the hip that can be symptomatic. A trial of non-operative management is commonly recommended before consideration of surgery for individuals with non-arthritic hip conditions. There is a need to describe a non-operative or conservative treatment plan for individuals with non-arthritic hip pain. Purpose: The purpose of this literature review was to systematically examine the literature in order to identify and provide evidence for non-operative or conservative management of individuals with non-arthritic hip pain...
February 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30746299/can-injury-risk-category-be-changed-in-athletes-an-analysis-of-an-injury-prevention-system
#20
Bethany J Huebner, Phillip J Plisky, Kyle B Kiesel, Kate Schwartzkopf-Phifer
Background and Purpose: Researchers have used an injury risk algorithm utilizing demographic data, injury history, the Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS™) and Lower Quarter Y Balance Test™ (YBT™) scores to categorize individual injury risk. The purpose of this study was to identify if a group-based hybrid injury prevention program utilizing key factors from previous research with the addition of an individualized approach can modify the injury risk category of athletes. Study Design: Cohort Study...
February 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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