journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756501/the-roles-of-intrinsic-motivation-and-capability-related-factors-in-cognitive-effort-based-decision-making
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alyssa Randez, Sébastien Hélie
Individual differences in cognitive effort-based decision-making can be used to reveal human motivations to invest effort into a given task. Preferences among options that differ by dimensions related to demand levels (i.e., the interaction of task characteristics and performance measures) are also heavily influenced by how likely a person can succeed at a given option. However, most existing cognitive effort-based research has focused primarily on demand-related factors, leading to confounding inferences about the motivation behind these choices...
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756500/the-effects-of-demand-resource-relationship-on-work-family-conflict-under-chinese-culture-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tianjiao Li, Zhiwei Helian, Ling Hu, Mengyuan Ma
Chinese work and lifestyle are undergoing dramatic changes caused by constantly changing technology and new policies. The demand-resource dynamic relationship, which leads to work-family conflict (WFC), has become increasingly complicated. However, very little is known about the combined effects of different factors from work and family spheres on WFC. This study aims to explore (1) the discrepancy between fit and misfit, (2) the discrepancy of the different degrees of fit, and (3) the discrepancy of the different degrees of misfit from two perspectives: work demand-family resource and work resource-family demand...
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756499/editorial-technological-solutions-helping-to-train-specialists-interviewing-skills-of-possible-victims-and-witnesses
#3
EDITORIAL
Kristjan Kask, Gunn Astrid Baugerud, Renate Volbert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756498/association-between-plasma-long-chain-polyunsaturated-n-3-fatty-acids-concentrations-and-cognitive-function-findings-from-nhanes-iii
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaojing Li, Zijie Huang, Yueqin Tian, Xing Chen, Haidong Wu, Tong Wang
BACKGROUND: With increased life expectancy, cognitive decline has emerged as a prevalent neurodegenerative disorder. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the correlation between concentrations of Plasma long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) and cognitive performance in elderly Americans. METHODS: Data were analyzed from older adults enrolled in two NHANES cycles. Participants completed four cognitive assessments, including the Immediate Recall Test (IRT), Delayed Recall Test (DRT), Animal Fluency Test (AFT), and Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST)...
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756497/negative-life-events-and-college-students-adjustment-the-mediating-role-of-self-esteem-and-the-moderating-role-of-grade
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaoshan Quan, Ji Sun
The present research explored the relationship among negative life events, self-esteem, grade, and adjustment of college students. In total, 1,717 college students were investigated by the adolescent life events scale, Rosenberg self-esteem inventory, and Chinese college students' adjustment scale. The results showed that negative life events were negatively correlated with self-esteem and college students' adjustment. Moreover, self-esteem was positively correlated with college students' adjustment. Negative life events significantly negatively predicted college students' adjustment, and self-esteem mediated the relationship between negative life events and college students' adjustment...
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756496/you-re-not-alone-imagery-rescripting-for-adolescents-who-self-harm
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elisa Schmied, Lisa Hack, Bernhard Connemann, Zrinka Sosic-Vasic, Julia Kroener
INTRODUCTION: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), which refers to the deliberate act of causing harm to one's own body without the intent to commit suicide, occurs in 20% of youth. Interestingly, approximately 90% of individuals who engage in self-harm report intrusive mental imagery thereof shortly prior to the act of NSSI. Previous research has demonstrated that imagery rescripting (IR) is an effective technique to treat intrusive mental images and associated clinical symptoms, such as emotion dysregulation, in various psychiatric disorders...
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756495/does-adult-attachment-mediate-the-relationship-between-primary-emotion-traits-and-eating-disorder-symptoms
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lisa Roithmeier, Jürgen Fuchshuber, Theresa Prandstätter, Deborah Andres, Beate Schmautz, Andreas Schwerdtfeger, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer
OBJECTIVES: Primary emotion traits and attachment patterns, have been linked to various mental disorders. This study aims to shed more light on the less studied relationship with eating disorder (ED) symptoms. METHODS: A total of 921 non-clinical subjects (69.9% females) were assessed for primary emotions traits (B-ANPS-GL), attachment insecurity (ECR-RD8), and eating disorder pathology (EDE-Q8). A theoretically derived model was evaluated by means of a path analysis with attachment anxiety as assumed mediator variable...
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756494/report-from-a-tibetan-monastery-eeg-neural-correlates-of-concentrative-and-analytical-meditation
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bruno Neri, Alejandro Luis Callara, Nicola Vanello, Danilo Menicucci, Andrea Zaccaro, Andrea Piarulli, Marco Laurino, Ngawang Norbu, Jampa Kechok, Ngawang Sherab, Angelo Gemignani
The positive effects of meditation on human wellbeing are indisputable, ranging from emotion regulation improvement to stress reduction and present-moment awareness enhancement. Changes in brain activity regulate and support these phenomena. However, the heterogeneity of meditation practices and their cultural background, as well as their poor categorization limit the generalization of results to all types of meditation. Here, we took advantage of a collaboration with the very singular and precious community of the Monks and Geshes of the Tibetan University of Sera-Jey in India to study the neural correlates of the two main types of meditation recognized in Tibetan Buddhism, namely concentrative and analytical meditation...
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756493/the-influence-of-social-feedback-on-reward-learning-in-the-iowa-gambling-task
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ming Peng, Qiaochu Duan, Xiaoying Yang, Rui Tang, Lei Zhang, Hanshu Zhang, Xu Li
Learning, an important activity for both human and animals, has long been a focal point of research. During the learning process, subjects assimilate not only their own information but also information from others, a phenomenon known as social learning. While numerous studies have explored the impact of social feedback as a reward/punishment during learning, few studies have investigated whether social feedback facilitates or inhibits the learning of environmental rewards/punishments. This study aims to test the effects of social feedback on economic feedback and its cognitive processes by using the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT)...
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756492/conventionality-matters-in-chinese-metaphor-but-not-simile-comprehension-evidence-from-event-related-potentials
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yan Yu, Feng Gu, Yongqing Li, Jianghua Han
Metaphor and simile, two prevalent forms of figurative language widely employed in daily communication, serve as significant research subjects in linguistics. The Career of Metaphor Theory in cognitive linguistics posits that as conventionality increases, the cognitive mechanisms of metaphor comprehension shift from "comparison" to "categorization." In line with this notion, prior electrophysiological investigations have revealed that novel metaphors elicit a stronger N400 brain response compared to conventional metaphors...
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756491/the-role-of-the-target-language-culture-on-arabic-learners-fondness-for-arabic-poetry
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Li Gao, Kai Wang, Qian Yang, Yiwei Lu
As an important carrier of culture, poetry plays a significant role in deepening language learners' understanding of the target language culture as well as enhancing their language skills; however, the effect of the target language culture on language learners' enjoyment of poetry remains unclear. The study served as an attempt to shed light on the point of whether the target language culture has different effects on high- and low-level Chinese Arabic learners' fondness for Arabic poetry with the use of pictures related to Arabic culture and those not related to Arabic culture...
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756490/empowerment-and-social-inclusion-through-para-sports-a-qualitative-study-on-women-with-physical-impairments-in-saudi-arabia
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Majed M Alhumaid, Yuhanis Adnan, Mohamed A Said, Maryam A Alobaid, Selina Khoo
BACKGROUND: Participation in sports represents a potent means of empowerment and social inclusion. Nevertheless, women with physical impairments encounter specific challenges in accessing Para sports. The main aim of this study is to present the experiential participation and achievements in sports of women with physical impairments in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Twenty women athletes with physical impairments who engaged in competitive Para sports in Saudi Arabia were interviewed...
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756489/laughter-in-everyday-life-an-event-based-experience-sampling-method-study-using-wrist-worn-wearables
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stefan Stieger, Selina Volsa, David Willinger, David Lewetz, Bernad Batinic
Laughter is a universal, nonverbal vocal expression of broad significance for humans. Interestingly, rather little is known about how often we laugh and how laughter is associated with our personality. In a large, event-based, experience sampling method study ( N  = 52; k  = 9,261 assessments) using wrist-worn wearables and a physical analogue scale, we analyzed belly laughs and fit of laughter events in participants' everyday life for 4 weeks. Additionally, we assessed associations with laughter frequency such as personality, happiness, life satisfaction, gelotophobia (i...
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756488/editorial-spectator-sport-and-fan-behavior-a-sequel
#14
EDITORIAL
Yair Galily, Simon Pack, Ilan Tamir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756487/motivational-drivers-and-sense-of-belonging-unpacking-the-persistence-in-chinese-martial-arts-practice-among-international-practitioners
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xueying Cao, Hui Lyu
BACKGROUND: Chinese Martial Arts (CMAs) have garnered a global following, with their rich historical and cultural heritage transcending geographical and cultural differences, sparking profound interest among an international community. As an increasing number of non-Chinese individuals persist in practicing CMAs, investigating the motivations behind their continued participation has emerged as a compelling question. This study aims to delve deeper into the factors driving international practitioners to sustain their practice of CMAs, thereby broadening our understanding of the global resonance of CMAs...
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756486/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-spanish-sensory-processing-sensitivity-questionnaire-s-spsq
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pedro J Salinas-Quintana, Rodolfo Barría-Ramírez, Bianca P Acevedo, Alejandro Vega-Muñoz, Manuela Pérez-Chacón, Antonio Chacón
Sensory Processing Sensitivity (SPS) is a temperament trait rooted in biology, and is distinguished by heightened awareness, emotional responsiveness, and sensitivity to environmental stimuli. In this study, we aimed to enable the assessment of SPS within Spanish-speaking populations. To achieve this, we translated, adapted, and validated the Sensory Processing Sensitivity Questionnaire (SPSQ), which offers a comprehensive evaluation of SPS, encompassing both positive and negative aspects of the trait. Participants were 1,004 (844 females, mean age 37) mainly from Chile (964), and 40 were from other Spanish-speaking regions...
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756485/trauma-sensitive-school-concepts-for-students-with-a-refugee-background-a-review-of-international-studies
#17
Eva J Lembke, Friedrich Linderkamp, Gino Casale
Children and adolescents with a refugee background are at high risk for traumatization. Once they arrive in safe countries, schools are the institutions where teachers are responsible for caring for them sensitively and competently. Furthermore, schools are organized in learning groups consisting of multiple peers of the same age, which provides excellent opportunities for social learning and experiences of social support. In this respect, schools are the appropriate places where preventive concepts can be applied to students with a refugee background...
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756484/editorial-addiction-and-social-behaviors-in-the-post-pandemic-world
#18
EDITORIAL
Iina Savolainen, Nicholas Kerry, Anu Sirola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38756483/the-effect-of-cognitive-load-ego-depletion-induction-and-time-restriction-on-moral-judgments-about-sacrificial-dilemmas-a-meta-analysis
#19
Paul Rehren
Greene's influential dual-process model of moral cognition (mDPM) proposes that when people engage in Type 2 processing, they tend to make consequentialist moral judgments. One important source of empirical support for this claim comes from studies that ask participants to make moral judgments while experimentally manipulating Type 2 processing. This paper presents a meta-analysis of the published psychological literature on the effect of four standard cognitive-processing manipulations (cognitive load; ego depletion; induction; time restriction) on moral judgments about sacrificial moral dilemmas [ n = 44; k = 68; total N = 14, 003; M ( N ) = 194...
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38751768/time-management-practice-and-associated-factors-among-health-professionals-working-in-public-and-private-hospitals-in-dessie-city-northeast-ethiopia-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ali Yimer, Amsalu Feleke, Lake Yazachew, Mohammed Ahmed, Seada Seid, Mohammed Adem, Semira Muhidin Mustofa, Merkineh Markos, Nurye Sirage, Abdulaziz Kebede Kassaw, Nuru Muhammed Mustefa, Dawed Ali, Endalkachew Dellie
BACKGROUND: Time management is a widely ignored concern in all types of organizations, including the healthcare system, despite its crucial role in the achievement of personal and organizational goals. Therefore, determining the practice of time management and its associated factors among health professionals is of paramount importance. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess time management practice and associated factors among health professionals working in public and private hospitals in Dessie City, Northeast Ethiopia...
2024: Frontiers in Psychology
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