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Psychology of Violence

Melissa E Dichter, Kristie A Thomas, Paul Crits-Christoph, Shannon N Ogden, Karin V Rhodes
Objective: The objective of this study was to better understand the experience of coercive control as a type of IPV by examining associations between coercive control and women's experiences of particular forms of violence, use of violence, and risk of future violence. Method: As part of a larger research study, data were collected from 553 women patients at two hospital emergency departments who had experienced recent IPV and unhealthy drinking. Baseline assessments, including measures of coercive control, danger, and experience and use of psychological, physical, and sexual forms of IPV in the prior three months were analyzed...
September 2018: Psychology of Violence
Ruby Charak, David DiLillo, Terri L Messman-Moore, Kim L Gratz
Objectives: The aims of the present study were to investigate latent classes of sexual victimization among young adult women based on characteristics of their victimization experiences (e.g., relationship with the perpetrator, nature of act, frequency), and examine differences in dimensions of emotion dysregulation across these classes and among non-victims. Method: Participants were 491 women in the age range of 18-25 years from the United States; of these, 335 participants ( M = 22...
September 2018: Psychology of Violence
Ruschelle M Leone, Michelle Haikalis, Dominic J Parrott, David DiLillo
Objectives: Bystander training is a promising form of sexual violence (SV) prevention that has proliferated in recent years. Though alcohol commonly accompanies SV, there has been little consideration of the potential impact of bystander alcohol intoxication on SV prevention. The aims of this commentary are to provide an integrative framework for understanding the proximal effect of alcohol on SV intervention, provide recommendations to spark novel research, and guide the application of research to bystander programming efforts...
September 2018: Psychology of Violence
Laurie James-Hawkins, Yuk Fai Cheong, Ruchira T Naved, Kathryn M Yount
Objective: Coercive control in marriage is common in patriarchal settings, but multilevel determinants are understudied. Method: Using a probability sample of 570 junior men (married, 18-34 years) from the Bangladesh survey of the 2011 UN Multi-Country Study of Men and Violence , we examined how exposure to violence in childhood and community-level gender norms were related to men's attitudes about gender equity and use of controlling behavior. We tested whether community-level gender norms moderated the relationship between men's exposure to violence in childhood and our outcomes...
September 2018: Psychology of Violence
Brooke A Ammerman, Ross Jacobucci, Michael S McCloskey
Objective: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been linked to many adverse outcomes, with more frequent NSSI increasing the likelihood of impairment, severity, and more serious self-harming behavior (e.g., suicidality; Andover & Gibb, 2010; Darke et al., 2010). Despite the determined importance of NSSI frequency in understanding the severity of one's behavior, there is still a need to identify which constructs may be influential in predicting frequency. The current study aimed to fill this gap by identifying which correlates are most important in relation to NSSI frequency through two exploratory data mining methods...
July 2018: Psychology of Violence
Kathryn H Howell, Idia B Thurston, Laura E Schwartz, Lacy E Jamison, Amanda J Hasselle
Objective: Research on adversity is often skewed toward assessing problematic functioning; yet many women display resilience following traumatic experiences. Examining individual, relational, community, and cultural variables can provide new knowledge about protective factors associated with resilience in women exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV). Controlling for demographics and circumstances of the violence, this study evaluated predictors of resilience, including spirituality, social support, community cohesion, and ethnic identity...
July 2018: Psychology of Violence
Caitlin Elsaesser
Objective: Community violence exposure is multi-dimensional, yet the majority of studies examining the relation of exposure and developmental outcomes employ measures that collapse a wide range of experiences into a global summed scale. Building on research conducted in child maltreatment indicating that the impact of exposure varies as a function of the nature of maltreatment, the present study examines the contribution of dimensions of exposure to community violence (i.e., type - hearing about violence, witnessing violence, victimization - and relationship to perpetrator) on three areas of adolescent functioning: depression, aggression, and attention problems...
July 2018: Psychology of Violence
Jacqueline Woerner, Antonia Abbey, Breanne R Helmers, Sheri E Pegram, Zunaira Jilani
Objective: Aggression is a common response to many types of social rejection. Men who respond aggressively to a woman's sexual rejection are likely to score high on risk factors associated with sexual aggression and to convince themselves that she is at fault. This study investigated how sexual dominance motivation and casual sex attitudes interact with "in the moment" hostile perceptions of the woman to predict the likelihood of an aggressive response. Method: Male participants ( N = 77) completed an online survey including self-report measures of sexual dominance motivation and casual sex attitudes...
May 2018: Psychology of Violence
John T Nanney, Erich J Conrad, Erin T Reuther, Rachel A Wamser-Nanney, Michael McCloskey, Joseph I Constans
Objective: The present study aimed to develop a novel, hospital-based motivational interviewing (MI) intervention for victims of armed community violence (MI-VoV) targeting patient-specific risk factors for future violence or violent victimization. Method: This uncontrolled pilot feasibility study examined a sample of patients (n = 71) hospitalized due to violent injury at a Level 1 Trauma Center in [Location Redacted for Masked Review] between January 2013 and May 2014...
March 2018: Psychology of Violence
Taylor A Burke, Brooke A Ammerman, Anne C Knorr, Lauren B Alloy, Michael S McCloskey
Objective: Despite the large literature on risk factors for suicide-related outcomes, few studies have examined risk for acting on suicidal thoughts among suicide ideators. The current study aimed to fill this gap by examining the role of acquired capability, as well as its hypothesized facilitator, painful and provocative events (PPEs), as motivators for behavior among individuals along the suicide continuum. Method: Undergraduates reporting suicidal ideation, suicide plans, suicide attempts without intent to die, or suicide attempts with intent to die (N=546) completed a measure of acquired capability for suicide, as well as assessments of exposure to PPEs...
March 2018: Psychology of Violence
Nickholas Grant, Gabriel J Merrin, Matthew T King, Dorothy L Espelage
Objective: Family violence and peer deviance have shown to be related to bullying perpetration. Although there are several cross-sectional investigations of these two factors in relation to bullying behavior, no known studies have examined their interactive associations. The current study examines the longitudinal associations of both factors on bullying perpetration using a multi-level approach. Method: Participants included 1,194 5th , 6th , and 7th grade students from four middle schools in a Midwest county...
2018: Psychology of Violence
Meagan J Brem, Autumn Rae Florimbio, JoAnna Elmquist, Ryan C Shorey, Gregory L Stuart
Objective: Men with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) traits are at an increased risk for consuming alcohol and perpetrating intimate partner violence (IPV). However, previous research has neglected malleable mechanisms potentially responsible for the link between ASPD traits, alcohol problems, and IPV perpetration. Efforts to improve the efficacy of batterer intervention programs (BIPs) would benefit from exploration of such malleable mechanisms. The present study is the first to examine distress tolerance as one such mechanism linking men's ASPD traits to their alcohol problems and IPV perpetration...
2018: Psychology of Violence
Antonia Abbey, Sheri E Pegram, Jacqueline Woerner, Rhiana Wegner
Objective: To provide evidence regarding the construct validity of a sexual aggression proxy in which male participants go on multiple virtual dates with a woman. A unique strength of this proxy is participants' opportunity to make choices throughout the simulation about how they interact with their virtual date. These decisions determine their exposure to the female agent's sexual refusals. Method: Piloting included focus groups (n = 82), surveys (n = 95), and cognitive interviews (n = 32)...
2018: Psychology of Violence
Emily R Dworkin, Emily Newton, Nicole E Allen
Objective: After sexual assault, survivors often reach to others for support and receive a range of reactions. Although these reactions have been characterized by researchers as positive (e.g., emotional support) or negative (e.g., victim blaming), survivors vary in their perceptions in ways that do not always match this framework. The goal of this research was to examine the degree to which designations of reactions as "positive" or "negative" fits across types of reactions and explain instances of mismatch between these designations and survivors' perceptions...
2018: Psychology of Violence
Rhiana Wegner, Kelly Cue Davis, Cynthia A Stappenbeck, Kelly F Kajumulo, Jeanette Norris, William H George
Objective: To extend previous research demonstrating that intoxicated men high in hostility toward women report stronger intentions to use coercive condom use resistance (CUR) tactics to have unprotected sex by examining the role of women's condom request style. Methods: Community, non-problem drinking men, ages 21-30 ( N = 296) completed standard alcohol administration procedures and read an eroticized story of a casual sexual interaction. Following the woman's request to use a condom, intentions to engage in coercive CUR tactics were assessed...
October 2017: Psychology of Violence
Angelo M DiBello, Teresa M Preddy, Camilla S Øverup, Clayton Neighbors
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine links across romantic partner relational victimization, depressive symptoms, and drinking problems during young adulthood. We were interested in evaluating depression as a mediator of the association between relational victimization by one's romantic partner, drinking problems, and the conditional indirect effects of relationship satisfaction. Method: 269 individuals aged 18 to 26 years (68% female, M age = 22...
October 2017: Psychology of Violence
Viktor Burlaka, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Olena Savchuk, Sandra A Graham-Bermann
Objective: To assess the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) in a sample of Ukrainian mothers of schoolchildren, and to examine the relationship between IPV and family, parent, and child characteristics utilizing multilevel models. Method: Mothers of children aged 9-16 (n = 278, 93.5% Ukrainians) answered the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS2) assessing IPV. We also examined the relationship between IPV and maternal age, education, employment and marital status, family income, and rural or urban residence...
July 2017: Psychology of Violence
Tyson R Reuter, Michael E Newcomb, Sarah W Whitton, Brian Mustanski
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is an important public health problem with high prevalence and serious costs. Although literature has largely focused on IPV among heterosexuals, studies have recently begun examining IPV in LGBT samples, with mounting evidence suggesting IPV may be more common among LGBT individuals than heterosexuals. Less research has examined the specific health consequences of IPV in this population, particularly across time and among young people, and it remains unclear whether experiences of IPV differ between subgroups within the LGBT population (e...
January 2017: Psychology of Violence
Kathryn M Yount, Kathleen H Krause
OBJECTIVE: To provide the first study in Vietnam of how gendered social learning about violence and exposure to non-family institutions influence women's attitudes about a wife's recourse after physical IPV. METHOD: A probability sample of 532 married women, ages 18-50 years, was surveyed in July-August, 2012 in Mỹ Hào district. We fit a multivariate linear regression model to estimate correlates of favoring recourse in six situations using a validated attitudinal scale...
January 2017: Psychology of Violence
Robin J Lewis, Tyler B Mason, Barbara A Winstead, Michelle L Kelley
OBJECTIVE: This study proposed and tested the first conceptual model of sexual minority specific (discrimination, internalized homophobia) and more general risk factors (perpetrator and partner alcohol use, anger, relationship satisfaction) for intimate partner violence among partnered lesbian women. METHOD: Self-identified lesbian women ( N =1048) were recruited from online market research panels. Participants completed an online survey that included measures of minority stress, anger, alcohol use and alcohol-related problems, relationship satisfaction, psychological aggression, and physical violence...
January 2017: Psychology of Violence
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