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Journal of Tissue Engineering

Samuel John, Marco Rainer Kesting, Philipp Paulitschke, Mechthild Stöckelhuber, Achim von Bomhard
Allogenic graft material and tissue engineering have recently shown promising results for the improvement of both esthetic and functional outcomes in the treatment of large skin defects. We chose human amniotic membrane as a cellular scaffold in order to develop a skin substitute for later in vivo uses. Various methods of de-epithelialization of the human amniotic membrane were evaluated by histological analysis including hematoxylin-eosin and laminin staining, optic coherence tomography, and scanning electron microscopy with 0...
January 2019: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Chinmaya Mahapatra, Jung-Ju Kim, Jung-Hwan Lee, Guang-Zhen Jin, Jonathan C Knowles, Hae-Won Kim
Bone/cartilage interfacial tissue engineering needs to satisfy the differential properties and architectures of the osteochondral region. Therefore, biphasic or multiphasic scaffolds that aim to mimic the gradient hierarchy are widely used. Here, we find that two differently structured (topographically) three-dimensional scaffolds, namely, "dense" and "nanofibrous" surfaces, show differential stimulation in osteo- and chondro-responses of cells. While the nanofibrous scaffolds accelerate the osteogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells, the dense scaffolds are better in preserving the phenotypes of chondrocytes...
January 2019: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Hee-Gyeong Yi, Yeong-Jin Choi, Jin Woo Jung, Jinah Jang, Tae-Ha Song, Suhun Chae, Minjun Ahn, Tae Hyun Choi, Jong-Won Rhie, Dong-Woo Cho
Autologous cartilages or synthetic nasal implants have been utilized in augmentative rhinoplasty to reconstruct the nasal shape for therapeutic and cosmetic purposes. Autologous cartilage is considered to be an ideal graft, but has drawbacks, such as limited cartilage source, requirements of additional surgery for obtaining autologous cartilage, and donor site morbidity. In contrast, synthetic nasal implants are abundantly available but have low biocompatibility than the autologous cartilages. Moreover, the currently used nasal cartilage grafts involve additional reshaping processes, by meticulous manual carving during surgery to fit the diverse nose shape of each patient...
January 2019: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Jianying Zhang, Daibang Nie, Kelly Williamson, Jorge L Rocha, MaCalus V Hogan, James H-C Wang
To understand the variable efficacy with platelet rich plasma (PRP) treatments for tendon injury, we determined the differential effects of proteinase-activated receptor (PAR)1- or PAR4-activated PRP (PAR1-PRP, PAR4-PRP) from humans on human patellar tendon stem/progenitor cells (TSCs) and tendon healing. We show that PAR1-PRP released VEGF, whereas PAR4-PRP released endostatin. Treatment of TSCs with PAR1-PRP increased collagen I expression and matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1), but cells treated with PAR4-PRP increased less collagen I and higher MMP-2 expression...
January 2019: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Chanyong Jung, Sangwan Kim, Taeuk Sun, Yong-Bum Cho, Minju Song
Regenerative endodontic procedures for immature permanent teeth with apical periodontitis confer biological advantages such as tooth homeostasis, enhanced immune defense system, and a functional pulp-dentin complex, in addition to clinical advantages such as the facilitation of root development. Currently, this procedure is recognized as a paradigm shift from restoration using materials to regenerate pulp-dentin tissues. Many studies have been conducted with regard to stem/progenitor cells, scaffolds, and biomolecules, associated with pulp tissue engineering...
January 2019: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Hyeonji Kim, Moon-Nyeo Park, Jisoo Kim, Jinah Jang, Hong-Kyun Kim, Dong-Woo Cho
Corneal transplantation is a typical surgical procedure for severe corneal diseases. However, the waiting time for a donor cornea has gradually increased due to a decrease in supply caused by an aging population and increased cases of laser-based surgeries. Artificial corneas were developed to meet the increase in demand; however, these approaches have suffered from material deterioration resulted by the limited tissue integration. Here, we introduce a cornea-derived decellularized extracellular matrix (Co-dECM) as a bioink for corneal regeneration...
January 2019: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Jake Casson, Owen G Davies, Carol-Anne Smith, Matthew J Dalby, Catherine C Berry
Disseminated breast cancer cells have the capacity to metastasise to the bone marrow and reside in a dormant state within the mesenchymal stem cell niche. Research has focussed on paracrine signalling factors, such as soluble proteins, within the microenvironment. However, it is now clear extracellular vesicles secreted by resident mesenchymal stem cells into this microenvironment also play a key role in the initiation of dormancy. Dormancy encourages reduced cell proliferation and migration, while upregulating cell adhesion, thus retaining the cancer cells within the bone marrow microenvironment...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Runze Jin, Guangtai Song, Jihua Chai, Xiaohui Gou, Guohua Yuan, Zhi Chen
Concentrated growth factor, a novel autologous plasma extract, contained various growth factors which promoted tissue regeneration. In this study, we aimed to investigate the biological effects of concentrated growth factor on human dental pulp stem cells. The microstructure and biocompatibility of concentrated growth factor scaffolds were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy. Cell proliferation and migration, odontoblastic and endothelial cell differentiation potential were assessed after exposing dental pulp stem cells to different concentrations (5%, 10%, 20%, 50%, or 80%) of concentrated growth factor extracts...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Valeria Purpura, Elena Bondioli, Eric J Cunningham, Giovanni De Luca, Daniela Capirossi, Evandro Nigrisoli, Tyler Drozd, Matthew Serody, Vincenzo Aiello, Davide Melandri
The circumcision of males is emphatically linked to numerous sexual dysfunctions. Many of the purported benefits do not hold up to the scrutiny of extensive literature surveys. Involuntary circumcision, particularly when not medically warranted, is also associated with many psychological and emotional traumas. Current methods to reconstruct the ablated tissue have significant drawbacks and produce a simple substitute that merely imitates the natural foreskin. Extracellular matrix-based scaffolds have been shown to be highly effective in the repair and regeneration of soft tissues; however, due to the unique nature of the foreskin tissue, commercially available biomaterial scaffolds would yield poor results...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Erik Ab Hughes, Andrew Parkes, Richard L Williams, Mike J Jenkins, Liam M Grover
Spinal fusion devices can be fabricated from composites based on combining hydroxyapatite and poly(ether ether ketone) phases. These implants serve as load-bearing scaffolds for the formation of new bone tissue between adjacent vertebrae. In this work, we report a novel approach to covalently bond hydroxyapatite and poly(ether ether ketone) to produce a novel composite formulation with enhanced interfacial adhesion between phases. Compared to non-linked composites (HA_PEEK), covalently linked composites (HA_L_PEEK), loaded with 1...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Jolanta B Norelli, Dawid P Plaza, Drew N Stal, Anish M Varghese, Haixiang Liang, Daniel A Grande
The purpose of this study was to characterize rat adipose-derived stem cells, induce adipose-derived stem cell tenogenesis, and analyze adipose-derived stem cell effects on tendon repair in vivo. Adipose-derived stem cells demonstrated an immunomodulatory, pro-angiogenic, and pro-proliferatory profile in vitro. Tenogenesis was induced for 1, 7, 14, and 21 days with 24 combinations of growth differentiation factor-5, 6, and 7 and platelet-derived growth factor-BB. Adipose-derived stem cells expression of scleraxis and collagen type I increased the most after 14 days of induction with growth differentiation factor-6 and platelet-derived growth factor-BB...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Qiang Chang, Junrong Cai, Ying Wang, Ruijia Yang, Malcolm Xing, Feng Lu
Soft tissue generation, especially in large tissue, is a major challenge in reconstructive surgery to treat congenital deformities, posttraumatic repair, and cancer rehabilitation. The concern is along with the donor site morbidity, donor tissue shortage, and flap necrosis. Here, we report a dissection-free adipose tissue chamber-based novel guided adipose tissue regeneration strategy in a bioreactor of elastic gelatin cryogel and polydopamine-assisted platelet immobilization intended to improve angiogenesis and generate large adipose tissue in situ...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Renata Kelly da Palma, Paula Fratini, Gustavo Sá Schiavo Matias, Andressa Daronco Cereta, Leticia Lopes Guimarães, Adriana Raquel de Almeida Anunciação, Luis Vicente Franco de Oliveira, Ramon Farre, Maria Angelica Miglino
Contrary to conventional research animals, horses naturally develop asthma, a disease in which the extracellular matrix of the lung plays a significant role. Hence, the horse lung extracellular matrix appears to be an ideal candidate model for in vitro studying the mechanisms and potential treatments for asthma. However, so far, such model to study cell-extracellular matrix interactions in asthma has not been developed. The aim of this study was to establish a protocol for equine lung decellularization that maintains the architecture of the extracellular matrix and could be used in the future as an in vitro model for therapeutic treatment in asthma...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Ioannis Azoidis, Sophie C Cox, Owen G Davies
Extracellular vesicles comprise a heterogenous population of exosomes and microvesicles that have critical roles in intercellular signalling and tissue development. These complex particles have been implicated as mediators of the therapeutic effects of stem cells via the transfer of an assorted cargo of proteins and nucleic acids, which can modulate inflammation and enhance endogenous regeneration in a range of tissues. In addition, extracellular vesicles have the capacity to be loaded with therapeutic molecules for targeted delivery of pharmaceuticals...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
James R Henstock, Michael Rotherham, Alicia J El Haj
Magnetic ion channel activation technology uses superparamagnetic nanoparticles conjugated with targeting antibodies to apply mechanical force directly to stretch-activated ion channels on the cell surface, stimulating mechanotransduction and downstream processes. This technique has been reported to promote differentiation towards musculoskeletal cell types and enhance mineralisation. Previous studies have shown how mesenchymal stem cells injected into a pre-mineralised environment such as a foetal chick epiphysis, results in large-scale osteogenesis at the target site...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Jung-Hwan Lee, Min Young Lee, Yohan Lim, Jonathan Knowles, Hae-Won Kim
Auditory function takes a major part in human life. While sensorineural hearing loss is related with many factors including genetic disorders, age and noise, the clear causes are not well understood. Even more, the currently available treatments with drugs cause side effects, which thus are considered suboptimal. Here, we communicate the delivery systems with biomaterials that can be possible therapeutic options to restore hearing and vestibular functions. We introduce briefly the various pathological factors related with hearing loss and the limitation of current therapies, detail the recent studies on delivery systems including nanoparticles and hydrogels and discuss future clinical availability...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Ho-Jin Moon, Jung-Hwan Lee, Joong-Hyun Kim, Jonathan C Knowles, Yong-Bum Cho, Dong-Hoon Shin, Hae-Hyoung Lee, Hae-Won Kim
Mineral trioxide aggregate, which comprises three major inorganic components, namely, tricalcium silicate (C3S), dicalcium silicate (C2S), and tricalcium aluminate (C3A), is promising regenerative cement for dentistry. While mineral trioxide aggregate has been successfully applied in retrograde filling, the exact role of each component in the mineral trioxide aggregate system is largely unexplored. In this study, we individually synthesized the three components, namely, C3S, C2A, and C3A, and then mixed them to achieve various compositions (a total of 14 compositions including those similar to mineral trioxide aggregate)...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Guang-Zhen Jin, Hae-Won Kim
Dedifferentiation of chondrocytes remains a major problem in cartilage tissue engineering. The development of hydrogels that can preserve chondrogenic phenotype and prevent chondrocyte dedifferentiation is a meaningful strategy to solve dedifferentiation problem of chondrocytes. In the present study, three gels were prepared (alginate gel (Alg gel), type I collagen gel (Col gel), and their combination gel (Alg/Col gel)), and the in vitro efficacy of chondrocytes culture while preserving their phenotypes was investigated...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Patrick Rider, Željka Perić Kačarević, Said Alkildani, Sujith Retnasingh, Mike Barbeck
Bioprinting is the process of creating three-dimensional structures consisting of biomaterials, cells, and biomolecules. The current additive manufacturing techniques, inkjet-, extrusion-, and laser-based, create hydrogel structures for cellular encapsulation and support. The requirements for each technique, as well as the technical challenges of printing living cells, are discussed and compared. This review encompasses the current research of bioprinting for tissue engineering and its potential for creating tissue-mimicking structures...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Jianying Zhang, Daibang Nie, Jorge L Rocha, MaCalus V Hogan, James H-C Wang
In this study, we report that human plantar fascia consists of two distinct tissues with differential structural properties. These tissues also contain stem/progenitor cells with differential biological properties. The mechanobiological responses of these two plantar fascia stem cells also differ in terms of expression of collagen I and IV, non-ligament-related genes, and proinflammatory genes. The production of inflammatory agents (prostaglandin E2 , interleukin-6) and matrix degradative enzymes (matrix metalloproteinase-1, matrix metalloproteinase-2) are also different between the two types of plantar fascia stem cells...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
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