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Industrial Psychiatry Journal

Rashmi Baid, Rakesh Agarwal
Sexual functioning is an integral part of human life. Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) adversely affects quality of life and general well-being. The Food and Drug Administration recently approved flibanserin, for treatment of female hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD), regarded as the most common FSD, amid great controversy. A novel multifunctional serotonin agonist and antagonist, flibanserin, has been shown to be efficacious in treating HSDD but with a rather tenacious side effect profile. We review this interesting drug in its entirety...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Nishtha Chawla, Priyanka Yadav, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Sudhir K Khandelwal
Little is known about the entity of delirious mania, apart from a few reports. Delirious mania, though a potentially lethal condition, has not found a place in the current classification system. We discuss the approach to the identification and management of delirious mania in a female patient presenting with catatonic and delirious features, with a past history of recurrent mood episodes. However, it must be emphasized that it is likely to be a rare clinical presentation of bipolar disorder and should not be the first diagnostic consideration...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Sandeep Grover, Aseem Mehra, Devakshi Dua
Succubus is also known as demon female lover who approaches males in their dreams to have sex. This is the phenomenon which is rarely described in psychiatric literature. It is more identified as a cultural belief in different religions. We report the two cases diagnosed with schizophrenia, who reported this rare phenomenon of succubus as part of their psychopathology and discuss the phenomenon of succubus.
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
K V Guruprakash, S G Mehta, Bajpai Atul, Jyoti Prakash, K J Divinakumar, S A Khan, P Patra
Introduction: Medical postgraduate student experience considerable stress during their training, which may cause agony to the individual or affect care rendered to the patient. Significant burnout and psychopathology has not been uncommon. Materials and Methods: A study was done to assess the relation between perceived stress, coping pattern, burnout, and general psychopathology among the postgraduate medical students. Results: Perceived stress was associated with higher scores on general psychopathology and burnout...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Nitin Anand, Praveen A Jain, Santosh Prabhu, Christofer Thomas, Aneesh Bhat, P V Prathyusha, Shrinivasa U Bhat, Kimberly Young, Anish V Cherian
Background: Excessive internet use, psychological distress, and its inter-relationship among university students can impact their academic progress, scholastic competence, career goals, and extracurricular interests. Thus, a need exists to evaluate the addictive internet use among university students. Objectives: This study was set up to examine the internet use behaviors, internet addiction (IA), and its association with psychological distress primarily depression among a large group of university students from South India...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Charan Singh Jilowa, Parth Singh Meena, Mahendra Jain, Gaurav Dhanda, Krishan Kumar Sharma, Anil Kumar Kumawat, Yogesh Dosodiya, Sunil Moond
Context: Both psychiatry as a specialty and mental illnesses carry a lot of stigmatizing attitudes. Even medical professionals are not immune to prevailing stigma. Psychiatrists are perceived to have less scientific attitude, earn less money, to be less respected, and to have less prestige. Aims: The present study was designed to know the attitude of medical students with different years of exposure to medical education, toward psychiatry as a specialty. Settings and Design: The study was conducted at JLN medical College, Ajmer...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Nimisha D Desai, Paragkumar Chavda, Sandeep H Shah, Nilima Shah, Saurabh N Shah, Elavatsala Sharma
Background: Looking at the burden of suicide, there is a dire need for medical schools to incorporate suicide prevention training. Effective communication helps in early detection and management of suicidal behavior. Medical students can act as a GATEKEEPER if they receive adequate training. Methodology: This was an educational intervention study done at tertiary care teaching hospital to assess the knowledge and attitude of medical students toward depression and suicide and to impart and assess communication skills for suicide prevention in one of the four batches of students in 4th semester...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Rupesh Enagandula, Shipra Singh, Gaurav W Adgaonkar, Alka A Subramanyam, Ravindra M Kamath
Background: In the current era, the use of electronic media in the form of Internet has increased exponentially, particularly among children, and has led to their excessive involvement in Internet. In this context, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) children were found to have increased tendency for this addiction. Aims and Objectives: The aim is to study and compare Internet addiction between ADHD and normal children and the relation of demographic profile to Internet addiction...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Prathamesh S Kulkarni, Shubhangi R Parkar, Natasha Kate, Kaneenica Ninawe, Rimple Limbachiya
Background: India's corporate sector has grown steadily over the past decade, and it is providing a lot of work opportunities to Indian youth. Around 20% of employees in the corporate sector in India smoke cigarettes. In general, addictive behaviors including smoking are associated with certain personality dimensions. Hence, we conducted a study with the aims to assess the level of nicotine dependence in tobacco smokers (working in corporate sector), study their personality profile, and association of their personality traits with continuing smoking behavior...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Amit Kumar, Pookala Shivaram Bhat, Sumalatha Ryali
Background: To cope with the challenges in the health-care delivery system and to guarantee the quality of care rendered and client satisfaction on the care received, it is important to know how satisfied health-care workers are with their quality of life, job and what characteristics influence their quality of life. This study was undertaken in a tertiary care hospital to assess the same using validated questionnaires. Aim: This study aims to study the quality of life among the health workers (doctors and nurses) of a large multispecialty tertiary care hospital and the psychosocial factors influencing it...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Neha Sharma, Ram Chandra Das, Kalpana Srivastava, Rucha Upasani
Introduction: Scholastic backwardness is a common phenomenon with multifactorial etiology. Behavioral problems are known to occur in children who are scholastically backward (SB). These may be a part of the broad phenomenon, or may exist in cause and effect relationship with scholastic backwardness. Aims: The aim of this study is to study the presence of behavioral problems associated with scholastic backwardness in school-going children in Pune cantonment. Materials and Methods: A total of 300school children aged 8-14 years studying in Class III-IX from two government-aided semi-Marathi schools in Pune cantonment were screened for scholastic backwardness and evaluation of behavioral problems was carried out for positive cases and matched controls...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Shruti Srivastava, Manjeet Singh Bhatia, Priyanka Gautam
Introduction: Somatization disorder is a debilitating condition, in which patients have multiple physical complaints with no explained cause and no relief even after consultations. Aim: The present study examined the association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels, quality of life, disability, and symptom profile in long standing with somatization disorder. Methods: One-hundred three patients of somatization disorder suffering for ≥2 years, visiting psychiatry outpatient clinic during two consecutive summer season (April to June) of 2015-2016 were recruited...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Manoj Kumar Sahoo, Harshita Biswas, Sanjay Kumar Agarwal
Background: Suicide ranks as the second cause of death worldwide among 15-19 years olds, with at least one lakh adolescents dying by suicide every year. Therefore, research on understanding the dynamics of suicide attempts in adolescents can be used as a means of suicide prevention. Objective: The objective of this study is to understand the psychological, social, and personality factors contributing to deliberate self-harm/suicide attempt in patients of adolescent age group admitted to Tata Main Hospital, Jamshedpur...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Vinay Singh Chauhan, Shubra Nautiyal, Rajat Garg, Kirti S Chauhan
Background and Objectives: Relapse is a complex and dynamic phenomenon that appears to be determined by biological, psychological, and social factors and an interaction among these. This study examined the association between demographic variables, clinical parameters, and psychosocial factors that predict the vulnerability to relapse in cases of alcohol dependence syndrome. Materials and Methods: Structured assessments of clinical/demographic parameters, relapse precipitants, life events, and dysfunction were carried out among patients with alcohol dependence syndrome ( n = 100) who had relapsed and compared with those ( n = 100) who had managed to remain abstinent...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
D Bhattacharyya, M Namdeo, A K Dwivedi
Background: Coping style adopted by a person has been identified as an important factor in precipitating or preventing an intentional self-harm attempt. While the influence of reactive coping has received lot of research attention, effects of proactive coping on suicidal behavior has not been studied, even though it is known that proactive coping is associated with better mental health. The authors in the current study sought to investigate the relationship of proactive coping style with attempted deliberate self-harm...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Manish Kumar, Anwesha Mondal
Background: Internet use is one of the most important tools of our present-day society whose impact is felt on college students such as increased use of Internet. It brings change in mood, an inability to control the amount of time spent with the Internet, withdrawal symptoms when not engaged, a diminishing social life, and adverse work or academic consequences, and it also affects self-esteem of the students. Objective: The main objective of this study is to explore the Internet use and its relation to psychopathology and self-esteem among college students...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Narendra Nath Samantaray, Suprakash Chaudhury, Preeti Singh
Background: The majority of treatment research on obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has focused on emotional processing theory (EPT)-based exposure-based interventions. Despite the outcomes of EPT-based exposure and response prevention (ERP), a sizeable percentage of patients do not respond whereas 50%-60% of those who respond experience at least partial relapse at follow-up assessments. Inhibitory learning theory (ILT) provides a novel foundation for understanding how exposure therapy can be maximized to overcome such deficits but has not been adequately studied and compared to other evidence-based management in OCD...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Vijaya Kumar, Ajit Avasthi, Sandeep Grover
Aim: The aim of this study was to study somatosensory amplification, health anxiety (hypochondriasis), and alexithymia among patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and to evaluate the association of these variables with the severity of GAD. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional design was employed, and patients were recruited from the outpatient clinic of the psychiatry department of a multispecialty tertiary care medical institute in North India. The patients who were clinically diagnosed to have GAD by the two independent qualified psychiatrists were screened with Mini International Neuropsychiatry Interview to confirm the diagnosis...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Preethi Menon, Suprakash Chaudhury, Daniel Saldanha, Samiksha Sahu, Vasdev Singh, Vinayak Pathak
Background: Medical studies are very challenging. As a result of the demands placed on them, students may be under stress, and this may affect their behavior and performance. Not many Indian studies have delved into this problem. Aim: The aim of the study is to assess the levels of stress and its associated adverse behavioral effects in undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care medical college. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive, and analytical study included medical students from 2nd to 4th year who had given informed consent to participate in the study...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Rahul Ganavadiya, B R Chandrashekar, Pallavi Singh, Ruchika Gupta, Poonam Tomar Rana, Shubham Jain
Context: Tobacco and alcohol addiction has emerged as a major public health issue in most of the regions of the world. It has resulted in enormous disability, disease, and death and acquired the dimension of an epidemic. It is estimated that five million preventable deaths occur every year globally, attributable to tobacco use. The number is expected to double by 2020 if death due to tobacco continues to occur at the same rate. Alcohol, on the other hand, contributes to 25% of all deaths in the age group of 20-39 years...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
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