Journals Journal of Adolescent and Youn...

Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Pandora Patterson, Rebecca L Jacobsen, Fiona E J McDonald, Chaya M Pflugeisen, Kit Bibby, Catherine Fiona Macpherson, Kate Thompson, Andrew Murnane, Antoinette Anazodo, Ursula M Sansom-Daly, Michael P Osborn, Allan Hayward, Cindy Kok, Rebecca H Johnson
Patient experience is positively associated with clinical effectiveness, quality care, and patient safety. This study examines the experience of care of adolescents and young adult (AYA) cancer patients from Australia and the United States, allowing a comparison of patient experiences in the context of different national models of cancer care delivery. Participants ( n  = 190) were aged 15-29 years and received cancer treatment from 2014 to 2019. Australians ( n  = 118) were recruited nationally by health care professionals...
May 22, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Vasanti Jhaveri, Celeste G Yergin, Alexis Jennings, Jessica Heft, Merry J Markham, Alice Rhoton-Vlasak
Purpose: Fertility preservation (FP) and family building are important considerations for quality survivorship for young cancer patients. Resident physicians across all specialties encounter reproductive-aged cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to assess resident physicians' attitudes and awareness about FP with the goal to identify specific educational gaps to direct future training. Methods: The Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved anonymous online survey was sent to resident physicians across specialties at three separate academic-affiliated campuses in one state...
May 16, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Laura Nerb, Emily Yang, Dominique Exume, Anna Dornisch, Beth Zhou, Teresa Helsten, Bonnie N Kaiser, Sally A D Romero, H Irene Su
Purpose: Oncofertility counseling of female cancer patients lacks efficient access to tailored and valid infertility risk estimates to support shared decision-making on fertility preservation treatments. The objective was to develop, conduct user-centered design, and plan clinic-based implementation of the Cancer Related Infertility Score Predictor (CRISP), a web-based tool to support infertility risk counseling. Methods: Using a mixed methods design, literature review was undertaken to abstract data on infertility, primary ovarian insufficiency, and amenorrhea risks of common cancer treatments...
May 12, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Hawa Sulemana, Aysun Ardic
Purpose: Studies reported that early diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of cervical cancer are influenced by knowledge, beliefs, and attitude toward screening. This descriptive-comparative study aimed to assess human papilloma virus (HPV) knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs in university students and the affecting factors and to compare between Turkish and Ghanaian students. Methods: The sample consists of 933 university students studying in 4 different faculties in 2 universities from Turkey and Ghana. The data were collected between November 2019 and February 2020...
May 10, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Dhasni Muthumuni, Ian Scott, Harvey Max Chochinov, Alyson L Mahar, Sheila N Garland, Fiona Schulte, Pascal Lambert, Lisa Lix, Allan Garland, Sapna Oberoi
Purpose: Cancer-related cognitive deficits (CRCDs) are common among young adults (YAs) (ages: 18-39) with cancer and can be debilitating. We aimed to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a virtual Coping with Brain Fog intervention among YAs with cancer. Our secondary aims were to explore the intervention's effect on cognitive functioning and psychological distress. Methods: This prospective feasibility study involved eight weekly, 90-minute virtual group sessions. Sessions focused on psychoeducation on CRCD, memory skills, task management, and psychological well-being...
May 8, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Yuriko Iwahata, Seido Takae, Hideyuki Iwahata, Kimikazu Matsumoto, Masahiro Hirayama, Junko Takita, Atsushi Manabe, Yuko Cho, Tomoaki Ikeda, Tadashi Maezawa, Mitsuru Miyachi, Dai Keino, Tomoe Koizumi, Tetsuya Mori, Naoki Shimizu, Teresa K Woodruff, Nao Suzuki
Purpose: Recently, direct communication with children about cancer seems to have shifted, but little is known about communication regarding discussions of future infertility risk due to cancer therapy. This study conducted cross-cultural comparisons between Japan and the United States to clarify communication patterns about cancer notification and develop appropriate information about fertility issues. Methods: An online survey was distributed to members of the Japanese Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology in July 2019 and the American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology in July 2020...
May 8, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Emily K Drake, Lori E Weeks, Michael van Manen, Hwayeon Danielle Shin, Helen Wong, Dani Taylor, Shelley McKibbon, Janet Curran
The primary purpose of this scoping review was to provide an overview of the existing evidence on the delivery of palliative and end-of-life care to adolescents and young adults (AYAs) living with cancer, by identifying knowledge gaps and discussing the key characteristics and types of evidence in this field. This study employed a JBI scoping review design. CINAHL (EBSCO), Embase (Elsevier), MEDLINE (Ovid), APA PsycINFO (EBSCO), and Web of Science (Science Citation Index Expanded and Social Sciences Citation Index; Clarivate Analytics) databases were searched along with grey literature sources to February 2022 for related studies on the delivery of palliative and end-of-life care for AYAs...
May 5, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Charlene S Rae, Ronald D Barr, Hsien Seow, Andrew Costa
Introduction: There is a lack of metrics to monitor and evaluate fertility care in adolescents and young adults with cancer. This study evaluated the indicator "proportion of cases attending a fertility consult visit ≤30 days from diagnosis of cancer" using the National Quality Forum (NQF) criteria. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study using administrative data available through the Institute of Clinical Evaluative Sciences in Ontario, Canada. Cases were included if they were diagnosed with a cancer between January 2005 and December 2019, and aged 15-39 years...
May 5, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Emily R Haines, Lauren Lux, Jacob Stein, Catherine Swift, Melissa Matson, Julie Childers, Daniel Kleissler, Deborah K Mayer, Nicklaus Steiner, Lucy Steiner, Donald Rosenstein, Stuart Gold, Andrew B Smitherman
Purpose: Every year, nearly 100,000 adolescents and young adults (15-39 years, AYAs) are diagnosed with cancer in the United States and many have unmet physical, psychosocial, and practical needs during and after cancer treatment. In response to demands for improved cancer care delivery for this population, specialized AYA cancer programs have emerged across the country. However, cancer centers face multilevel barriers to developing and implementing AYA cancer programs and would benefit from more robust guidance on how to approach AYA program development...
May 4, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Savannah V Wooten, Behrang Amini, J Andrew Livingston, Michelle A T Hildebrandt, Joya Chandra, Susan C Gilchrist, Michael Roth, Eugenie Kleinerman
Background: Adolescents and young adult (AYA) patients with sarcoma are at heightened risk of reduced physical capacity and disease-related weakness. Sit-to-stand (STS) performance correlates with lower extremity functionality and activities of daily living; however, little is known regarding the relationship between muscular status and STS performance in patients with sarcoma. This study assessed STS performance in patients with sarcoma and the association between STS performance and the skeletal muscle index (SMI) and skeletal muscle density (SMD)...
May 4, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Karen Neylon, Caoimhe Condren, Suzanne Guerin, Kathy Looney
Adolescents and young adults with cancer (AYACs) have become recognized as a unique group in recent years. The unique developmental context and related challenges of being a young person with a cancer diagnosis can lead to a distinct and diverse set of psychosocial issues. Existing research has attempted to explore these psychosocial needs and challenges and to develop appropriate and individualized interventions. However, the needs of this group remain unmet, with ongoing calls for individualized support. This systematic review addressed the research question, "what are the psychosocial needs of AYACs aged 15-24 years?...
May 2, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Melissa P Beauchemin, Michael E Roth, Susan K Parsons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Amisha Singh, Steven Thorpe, Theresa Keegan, Frances Maguire, Marcio Malogolowkin, Renata Abrahão, Sheri Spunt, Janai Carr-Asher, Elysia Alvarez
Purpose: Synovial sarcoma (SS) is a rare, high-grade soft tissue tumor that requires multidisciplinary and multimodal care with surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. We examined the impact of sociodemographic and clinical factors on treatment patterns and survival in localized SS patients. Methods: Adolescents and young adults (AYAs, 15-39 years) and older adults ("adults," ≥40 years) diagnosed with localized SS from 2000 to 2018 were identified in the California Cancer Registry. Multivariable logistic regression identified clinical and sociodemographic factors associated with receipt of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy...
April 27, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Vivek Ghosh, Swarnaditya Roy, Ekta Dhamija, Ruchi Rathore, Lalit Kumar, Ahitagni Biswas
Isolated extramedullary relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the breast is extremely rare. We herein report a case of a 38-year-old female with B cell ALL, who had isolated extramedullary relapse initially in the left breast and subsequently in the right breast, 3 and 4 years, respectively, after hematopoietic allogenic stem cell transplantation. She was successfully salvaged with bilateral whole breast radiotherapy, 24 Gy/12 fractions/2.5 weeks. This brief report highlights the importance of awareness of extramedullary leukemic relapse in the breast as one of the differential diagnoses of breast masses in the context of ALL...
April 24, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Tara Brown, Sunita Ramocan, Rebecca Block, Wendy Poage
Adolescent young adult (AYA) cancer survivors continue to have substantive unmet needs. Literature and insights from a task force of survivors, caregivers, and survivor advocates convened by Servier Pharmaceuticals indicate desires for peer created and provided support. This secondary data analysis of information from the task force identified unmet needs in five domains and solutions explored for four prioritized needs. Ultimately, four actionable solution concepts were selected by the task force for further development...
April 21, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Archie Bleyer
Purpose: This study aimed to identify cancer incidence trends in the United States and globally in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) 15-39 years of age, by sex, and to speculate on causes for trend changes. Methods : For the United States, SEER*Stat was used to obtain average annual percent change (AAPC) trends in cancer incidence during the period 2000-2019 among 395,163 AYAs. For global data, the source was the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation and its sociodemographic index (SDI) classification system...
April 19, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Jeff Phan, Valérie Laurence, Perrine Marec-Berard, Camille Cordero, Christèle Riberon, Cécile Flahault
Purpose: The appreciation of peer support can vary from one country to another due to the cultural and relational differences. This study explores what perceptions French adolescents and young adults (AYAs) in post-treatment for cancer have of the place of sick peers during their treatment and what can make barriers to meet them. Methods: A semistructured interview has been proposed 6 months after the end of cancer treatments. A thematic analysis has been conducted to highlight the major themes and subthemes identified through the participants' discourses...
March 30, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Alfonso Hoyos-Martinez, Michael E Scheurer, Wendy Allen-Rhoades, M Fatih Okcu, Vincent E Horne
Purpose: Treatment sequelae compromising reproductive health are highly prevalent in childhood cancer survivors, and a main determinant of health and quality of life. Follicular reserve determines ovarian function life span; thus, its preservation is important in the care of female survivors. Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a biomarker to measure functional ovarian reserve. We aimed to evaluate the effect of leuprolide during gonadotoxic therapy on pubertal females' post-treatment functional ovarian reserve using AMH levels...
March 28, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Masako Okamura, Maiko Fujimori, Eiichi Saito, Yuko Osugi, Nobuya Akizuki, Yosuke Uchitomi
There are two purposes to this study. The first purpose was to develop a communication skills training (CST) program for oncologists working with adolescents and young adults (AYA-CST). The second purpose was to evaluate the program's feasibility. The online AYA-CST program was a half-day workshop including a didactic lecture, role-playing with simulated patients and discussions in a small group. All six oncologists who participated in the program satisfactorily completed it. Our AYA-CST program seems feasible and will be tested further in a randomized control study...
March 27, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Ronald D Barr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2023: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
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