Uzair Jogiat, Daniel Sisson, Hannah Sasewich, Taufiq Islam, Donald Low, Gail Darling, Simon R Turner
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) guidelines have been incorporated across surgical specialties supported by the publication of evidence-based guidelines. The purpose of this research was to explore adherence to such guidelines among Canadian thoracic surgeons with respect to esophagectomy. A standardized questionnaire was developed comprising 43 validated ERAS recommendations. Additional questions such as the number of annual esophagectomies per institution, the clinical practice environment of the survey responder, preferred operative approach, and responder demographics were included...
March 21, 2023: Updates in Surgery
Francesco Ferrara, Claudio Guerci, Andrea Bondurri, Antonino Spinelli, Paola De Nardi
Colonic diverticulitis can be treated conservatively, but some cases require surgery. Patients can undergo Hartmann's procedure (H) or resection with primary anastomosis (RA), with or without diverting stoma. This multicenter observational retrospective study aims to evaluate the adherence to current guidelines by assessing the rate of RA and H in Lombardy, Italy, and to analyze differences in patients' features. This study included data collected from nine surgical units performing emergency surgery in Lombardy, in 2019 and 2021...
March 19, 2023: Updates in Surgery
Emanuele Botteri, Monica Ortenzi, Sophie Williams, Andrea Balla, Mauro Podda, Mario Guerrieri, Alberto Sartori
Since 2010, several guidelines and consensus papers have been proposed to support surgeons in the decision-making process (Cuccurullo et al. in Hernia 17(5):557-566, 2013; Silecchia et al. in Surg Endosc 29:2463-2484, 2015; Bittner et al. in Surg Endosc 33(11):3511-3549, 2015) with the conclusion that laparoscopic repair (LR) has gained popularity in the treatment of IH.To date, however, it is not yet clear as to the uptake of LR for IH on national basis. Only dated studies encompassing of all types of incisional hernia repairs are available in literature (Bisgaard et al...
March 14, 2023: Updates in Surgery
Caroline A Ricard, Jeffrey J Aalberg, Mohammed A Bawazeer, Benjamin P Johnson, Horacio M Hojman, Woon Cho Kim, Eric J Mahoney, Nikolay Bugaev
Emergent ventral hernia repair (eVHR) is associated with significant morbidity, yet there is no consensus regarding optimal surgical approach. We hypothesized that eVHR with synthetic mesh would have a higher readmission rate compared to primary eVHR or biologic mesh repair. Retrospective analysis of the Nationwide Readmissions Database (NRD) was conducted for patient entries between 2016 and 2018. Adult patients who underwent eVHR were included. Patient demographics, comorbidities, and surgical techniques were compared between readmitted and non-readmitted patients...
March 14, 2023: Updates in Surgery
Xiu-Mei Deng, Tian-Yu Zhu, Guo-Jun Wang, Bu-Lang Gao, Rui-Xin Li, Jing-Tao Wang
To investigate the clinical efficacy of laparoscopic total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis (TC-IRA) and laparoscopic subtotal colectomy with antiperistaltic cecorectal anastomosis (SC-ACRA) on adults with slow transit constipation (STC). One hundred and three patients with STC were assigned to the TC-IRA group (n = 53) and the SC-ACRA group (n = 50). The clinical data were analyzed. The surgery was successful in all patients (100%). Significantly (P = 0.03) more patients took anti-laxatives during hospitalization in the TC-IRA than the SC-ACRA group (39...
March 14, 2023: Updates in Surgery
Mauro Podda, Gianluca Pellino, Salomone Di Saverio, Federico Coccolini, Daniela Pacella, Stefano Piero Bernardo Cioffi, Francesco Virdis, Andrea Balla, Benedetto Ielpo, Francesco Pata, Gaetano Poillucci, Monica Ortenzi, Dimitrios Damaskos, Belinda De Simone, Massimo Sartelli, Ari Leppaniemi, Kumar Jayant, Fausto Catena, Antonio Giuliani, Marcello Di Martino, Adolfo Pisanu
The identification of high-risk patients in the early stages of infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN) is critical, because it could help the clinicians to adopt more effective management strategies. We conducted a post hoc analysis of the MANCTRA-1 international study to assess the association between clinical risk factors and mortality among adult patients with IPN. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression models were used to identify prognostic factors of mortality. We identified 247 consecutive patients with IPN hospitalised between January 2019 and December 2020...
March 11, 2023: Updates in Surgery
Domenico Mascagni, Chiara Eberspacher, Gabriele Naldini, Francesco Leone Arcieri, Pietro Mascagni, Roberto Cirocchi, Georgi Popivanov, Pierpaolo Sileri, Stefano Arcieri
Perirectal hematoma (PH) is one of the most feared complications of stapling procedures. Literature reviews have reported only a few works on PH, most of them describing isolated treatment approaches and severe outcomes. The aim of this study was to analyze a homogenous case series of PH and to define a treatment algorithm for huge postoperative PHs. A retrospective analysis of a prospective database of three high-volume proctology units was performed between 2008 and 2018, and all PH cases were analyzed. In all, 3058 patients underwent stapling procedures for hemorrhoidal disease or obstructed defecation syndrome with internal prolapse...
March 10, 2023: Updates in Surgery
Paolo Pietro Bianchi, Adelona Salaj, Bernardo Rocco, Giampaolo Formisano
The diffusion of robotic surgery is rapidly and constantly growing in different surgical specialties. Recently, novel robotic platforms have entered into the market. To date, however, most of the reports on their clinical use have specifically focused on gynecological and urological surgery. In this study, we present the first three robotic-assisted colectomies performed with the new Hugo RAS system (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA). The surgical team had previous robotic experience and completed simulation training and an official 2-day cadaver laboratory session...
March 10, 2023: Updates in Surgery
Michael El Boghdady, Beatrice Marianne Ewalds-Kvist
INTRODUCTION: Racial/ethnic discrimination indicates the stereotyped or unkind conduct of superiority towards other persons based on their race or skin color. The UK General Medical Council published a statement supporting zero-tolerance approach to racism in the workplace. We aimed to systematically review racial discrimination in surgery and answer the following questions: (1) Does racial/ethnic discrimination in surgery exist in citations from the last 5 years. (2) If yes, are ways suggested to reduce racial/ethnic discrimination in surgery? METHODS: The systematic review was performed in compliance with the PRISMA guidelines along AMSTAR 2...
March 10, 2023: Updates in Surgery
Liu Li, Xiaochen Wan, Yonglei Zhang, Minghai Zhao, Jinjun Ren, Yongchao Zhang
BACKGROUND: To investigate the factors associated with acute kidney injury (AKI) in postoperative colorectal cancer (CRC) patients and develop a risk prediction model. METHODS: The clinical data of 389 CRC patients were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into AKI (n = 30) and non-AKI groups (n = 359) according to KDIGO diagnostic criteria. Demographic data, the presence of underlying diseases, perioperative conditions and related examination results were compared between the two groups...
March 9, 2023: Updates in Surgery
Claudia Reali, Anuradha Ashok Thrikandiyur, Masuda Begum, Greg Wynn
Parastomal hernias can affect significantly quality of life in patients who often had underwent major operations. The incidence and recurrence is still high although many techniques have been introduced to improve outcomes. Hence, there is still no agreement on what procedure has better results when it comes to repairing a parostomal hernia. Our aim is to compare outcomes of laparoscopic and open parastomal hernia repair in terms of recurrence, reoperations, post-operative complications and length of stay. Sixty-three parastomal hernia repairs were performed in a single Colorectal Centre over a period of 4 years...
March 7, 2023: Updates in Surgery
Edward Ram, Matan Kayzer, Yaniv Zager, Roi Anteby, Ido Nachmany, Dan Carter, Raanan Meyer, Nir Horesh
Laser Hemorrhoidoplasty (LHP) is a novel therapeutic option for hemorrhoids. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the post-operative outcomes of patients undergoing LHP surgery based on hemorrhoid grade. A retrospective analysis of a prospective database of all patients who underwent LHP surgery between September 2018 and October 2021 was performed. Patients' demographics, clinical perioperative data, and post-operative outcomes were recorded and analyzed. One hundred and sixty two patients that underwent laser hemorrhoidoplasty (LHP) were included...
March 7, 2023: Updates in Surgery
R Sgarzani, G Macrì, A Gurrado, A Curcio, F De Lorenzi, V Galimberti, C Garusi, M Bocchiotti, M Roncella, F Rovera, G Caputo, A Sgarella, L Barone Adesi, D Terribile, R Nonnis, P Frittelli, B Cagli, S Tenna, I Baldelli, A Cordova, R Elia, M Salgarello
COVID-19 pandemic had an impact on surgical activities. The aim of this multi-centric, retrospective study was to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on breast surgery. The patients who operated during the pre-pandemic year 2019 were compared to those operated in 2020. Fourteen Breast Care Units provided data on breast surgical procedures performed in 2020 and 2019: total number of breast-conserving surgery (BCS), number of 1st level oncoplastic breast surgery (OBS), number of 2nd level OBS; total number of mastectomies, mastectomies without reconstruction, mastectomies with a tissue expander, mastectomies with direct to implant (DTI) reconstruction, mastectomies with immediate flap reconstruction; total number of delayed reconstructions, number of expanders to implant reconstructions, number of delayed flap reconstructions...
March 6, 2023: Updates in Surgery
Kayhan Ozdemir, Ahmet Tarik Harmantepe, Emre Gonullu, Belma Kocer, Zulfu Bayhan
Although multifocality is common in patients with papillary thyroid cancer, its effects on lymphatic metastasis and the necessity of central dissection in the presence of multifocality are still controversial. In our clinic, 258 patients who underwent thyroidectomy between 2015 and 2020 and were found to have papillary thyroid cancer in postoperative pathology reports were analyzed. The tumor characteristics contributing to central lymph node metastasis positivity were evaluated. Lymph node metastases were not significantly increased in the presence of multifocality...
March 5, 2023: Updates in Surgery
Zheng He, Xi Yang Yang, Xing-Guang Yang, Peng-Ju Zhao, Yi Li, Ji-Wu Yang
This study was performed to retrospectively analyze and compare the related clinical indicators between extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) and non-ELAPE under laparoscopic for low rectal cancer. From June 2018 to September 2021, a total of 80 patients with low rectal cancer who underwent either of the above two types of surgeries at our Hospital were enrolled. Patients were divided into the ELAPE group and non-ELAPE group based on the different surgical methods. Preoperative general indicators, intraoperative indicators, postoperative complications, positive circumferential resection margin rate, local recurrence rate, hospital stay length, hospital expenses, and other related indicators were compared between the two groups...
March 4, 2023: Updates in Surgery
Mohamed Alasmar, Iona McKechnie, Ramakrishna P C Chaparala
BACKGROUND: Emergency surgery for a hiatus hernia is usually a high-risk procedure in acutely unwell patients. Common surgical techniques include reduction of the hernia, cruropexy then either fundoplication or gastropexy with a gastrostomy. This is an observational study in a tertiary referral centre for complicated hiatus hernias to compare recurrence rates between these two techniques. METHODS: Eighty patients are included in this study, from October 2012 to November 2020...
March 3, 2023: Updates in Surgery
Marco Sparavigna, Marco Gipponi, Luca Carmisciano, Simonetta Franchelli, Giulia Atzori, Chiara Cornacchia, Raquel Diaz, Federica Murelli, Francesca Depaoli, Daniele Friedman, Piero Fregatti
Oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery (OBCS) is increasingly used to treat breast cancer with the dual purpose of performing a radical oncological resection while minimizing the risk of post-operative deformities. The aim of the study was to evaluate the patient outcomes after Level II OBCS as regards oncological safety and patient satisfaction. Between 2015 and 2020, a cohort of 109 women consecutively underwent treatment for breast cancer with bilateral oncoplastic breast-conserving volume displacement surgery; patient satisfaction was measured with BREAST-Q questionnaire...
March 2, 2023: Updates in Surgery
Maria Teresa Castaldi, Mathias Palmer, Daniel Moritz Felsenreich, Jorge Con, Roberto Bergamaschi
There is currently no standardized robotic surgery training program in General Surgery Residency. RAST involves three modules: ergonomics, psychomotor, and procedural. This study aimed to report the results of module 1, which assessed the responsiveness of 27 PGY (postgraduate year) 1-5 general surgery residents (GSRs) to simulated patient cart docking, and to evaluate the residents' perception of the educational environment from 2021 to 2022. GSRs prepared with pre-training educational video and multiple-choice questions test (MCQs)...
March 2, 2023: Updates in Surgery
Elettra Ugliono, Fabrizio Rebecchi, Serena Mantova, Giulia Osella, Ahmed Mohammed Farid Mahmoud Hamdy Mansour, Mario Morino
Persistent symptoms despite adequate Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPI) treatment are described in up to 40% of patients with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). The efficacy of Laparoscopic Antireflux Surgery (LARS) in PPI non-responder patients is still unclear. This observational study aims to report the long-term clinical outcomes and predictors of dissatisfaction in a cohort of refractory GERD patients submitted to LARS. Patients with preoperative refractory symptoms and objective GERD evidence submitted to LARS between 2008 and 2016 were included in the study...
March 2, 2023: Updates in Surgery
Giulio Illuminati, Antonio D'Urso, Enrico Fiori, Saverio Cerasari, Priscilla Nardi, Alfonso Lapergola, Rocco Pasqua, Salvatore Sorrenti, Daniele Pironi, Augusto Lauro, Vito D'Andrea
The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare the results of laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) with those of open total gastrectomy (OTG) for advanced gastric cancer. Patients undergoing total gastrectomy for a T4a, N0-3a-b, M0 gastric adenocarcinoma were divided into two groups. Patients in group A (n = 122) underwent LAG, whereas patients in group B (n = 109) underwent OTG. Mean length of follow-up was 39 months. Primary study's endpoints were postoperative mortality and morbidity, overall late survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS)...
February 28, 2023: Updates in Surgery
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