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Journal of Dental Biomechanics

Nobuhiro Yoda, Yoshiki Matsudate, Masaru Abue, Guang Hong, Keiichi Sasaki
This study aimed to investigate the effect of attachment type on the load transmitted to implants and the residual ridge in a mandibular two-implant-supported overdenture in a model study. Ball attachments, locator attachments, and round-bar attachments were selected and examined. Static and dynamic vertical loads of 100 N were applied in the right first molar region. The load on the implants was measured by piezoelectric three-dimensional force transducers, and the load on the residual ridge beneath the denture base was measured using a tactile sheet sensor...
2015: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Shigeyuki Matsui, Eisaku Umezaki, Daigo Komazawa, Yuichiro Otsuka, Naoto Suda
Plastic brackets, as well as ceramic brackets, are used in various cases since they have excellent esthetics. However, their mechanical properties remain uncertain. The purpose of this study was to determine how deformation and stress distribution in esthetic brackets differ among materials under the same wire load. Using the digital image correlation method, we discovered the following: (1) the strain of the wings of plastic brackets is within 0.2% and that of ceramic and metal brackets is negligible, (2) polycarbonate brackets having a stainless steel slot show significantly smaller displacement than other plastic brackets, and (3) there is a significant difference between plastic brackets and ceramic and stainless steel brackets in terms of the displacement of the bracket wing...
2015: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Hiroya Ozaki, Jun-Ya Tominaga, Ryo Hamanaka, Mayumi Sumi, Pao-Chang Chiang, Motohiro Tanaka, Yoshiyuki Koga, Noriaki Yoshida
The porpose of this study was to determine the optimal length of power arms for achieving controlled anterior tooth movement in segmented arch mechanics combined with power arm. A three-dimensional finite element method was applied for the simulation of en masse anterior tooth retraction in segmented power arm mechanics. The type of tooth movement, namely, the location of center of rotation of the maxillary central incisor in association with power arm length, was calculated after the retraction force was applied...
2015: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Justin K Wong, Dan L Romanyk, Roger W Toogood, Giseon Heo, Jason P Carey, Paul W Major
Orthodontic literature has shown all ligation methods to behave similarly in the clinical situation; however, the reasoning behind this still requires further investigation. A novel frictional device able to measure forces at the level of the bracket along with a custom perturbation device was used to investigate the effect of perturbations on resistance to sliding (RS) using conventional and passive ligated brackets. 150 3M Victory Series twins (0.022 slot) and 150 Damon Q brackets (0.022 slot) were tested using an 0...
2014: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Keyoung Jin Chun, Jong Yeop Lee
There are two objectives. One is to show the differences in the mechanical properties of various dental restorative materials compared to those of enamel and dentin. The other is to ascertain which dental restorative materials are more suitable for clinical treatments. Amalgam, dental ceramic, gold alloy, dental resin, zirconia, and titanium alloy were processed as dental restorative material specimens. The specimens (width, height, and length of 1.2, 1.2, and 3.0 mm, respectively) were compressed at a constant loading speed of 0...
2014: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Alireza Nikkerdar
There are numerous intra-oral appliances that are used for many purposes in orthodontic practice. Some popular instances include those for anchorage preservation, distalizing plates, and expansion appliances. In maximum anchorage extraction cases, which are serious challenges for orthodontists, none of intra-oral devices can preserve the anchorage precisely. Butterfly arch with its unique design, configuration, and biomechanical properties is introduced here as a device that could enhance the posterior anchorage meticulously...
2014: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Loubna Shamseddine, Rita Eid, Fodda Homsy, Hasan Elhusseini
When fabricating indirect post and core, internal coronal walls are tapered to remove undercuts and allow a better adaptation. To evaluate the fracture strength of anterior tooth reconstructed with post and core and crowned, with two different taper of internal coronal walls, 6° and 30° to the long axis, two groups of 30 clear plastic analogues simulating endodontically treated maxillary central incisors were prepared. The analogues crowned were subjected to a compressive load with a 1-kN cell at a crosshead speed of 0...
2014: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Mh Hong, Sm Choi
This study aimed to determine the effect of hardness change according to penetration depth in the laser fusing zone and observed the correlation of the microstructure as an Nd:YAG laser was irradiated to Ni-Cr alloy for dental use by setting the spot diameter size to various conditions. In all groups, the hardness depth profiles in the laser fusing zone and heat-affected zone (HAZ) had larger values than those of the base metal. In addition, the hardness values in places beyond the fusing zone and the HAZ were measured as being quantitatively lower...
2014: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Antoine Berberi, George Tehini, Khaldoun Rifai, Farah Bou Nasser Eddine, Bassam Badran, Haidar Akl
Leakage has been addressed as a major contributing factor to inflammatory reactions at the implant-abutment connection, leading to problems such as oral malodor, inflammation, and marginal bone loss. The aim of this study was to investigate in vitro the leakage at implant-abutment interface of OsseoSpeed™ implants connected to original and compatible abutments. A total of 28 OsseoSpeed implants were divided into four groups (n = 7). Each group was connected to four different abutments according to manufacturers' recommendations: group A (TiDesign™); group B (Natea™); group C (Dual™); and group D (Implanet™) abutments...
2014: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Satoshi Hirayama, Hirotoshi Iwai, Yasuhiro Tanimoto
Measurement of the strength of brittle materials, such as resin composites, is extremely difficult. Micro-indentation hardness testing is a convenient way of investigating the mechanical properties of a small volume of material. In this study, the mechanical properties of five commercially available flowable resin composites were investigated by the dynamic micro-indentation method. Additionally, the effects of inorganic-filler content on the dynamic hardness and elastic modulus of flowable composites obtained by this method were investigated...
2014: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Jie Gao, Yasuyuki Matsushita, Daisuke Esaki, Tatsuya Matsuzaki, Kiyoshi Koyano
Stress distribution in peri-implant bone in an edentulous maxilla following delayed and immediate loading implant and the effect of implant length on the maximum stress were evaluated by using two kinds of finite element analyses. A threaded implant was loaded with a 100 N vertical force, either immediately or delayed, and examined by finite element analysis with a simple contact relation or a bonding interaction between the implant and the bone, respectively. Higher stresses were observed in cortical bone around the implant neck following delayed loading and in the trabecular bone around the implant threading in the immediate loading model...
2014: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Kj Chun, Hh Choi, Jy Lee
The mechanical properties of enamel and dentin were studied using test specimens having the same shape and dimensions because these properties might vary with the experimental conditions and specimen shapes and dimensions. Healthy human teeth were used as specimens for mechanical tests. The stress (MPa), strain (%), and elastic modulus (E, MPa) of the specimens were obtained from compression tests. The maximum stresses of the enamel, dentin, and enamel-dentin specimens were 62.2 ± 23.8, 193.7 ± 30.6, and 126...
2014: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Fotios D Palamidakis, Athanasia Panou, Kyriaki G Papadokostaki, George Leontakianakos, Vassilis N Stathopoulos, Evangelos G Kontakiotis
This study aimed at providing a gauge device (Ekontak et al Gauge K-Device) in order to analyze the forces applied to teeth and periodontal tissues during dental practices in vitro. This force gauge device can be used in the investigation of the possible defect generation to tooth structures when overloaded forces are applied during dental procedures in vitro. Ekontak et al Gauge K-Device consists of three units: the specimen's holder, a high-performance digital force gauge, and the support frame. The holder was fabricated by an Al alloy providing a steady detachable attachment between the specimens and the force gauge's pin connector...
2013: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Henning Dathe, Hans Nägerl, Dietmar Kubein-Meesenburg
The center of resistance is a concept in theoretical orthodontics used to describe tooth movement under loads. It is commonly used to qualitatively predict tooth movement without recourse to complex equations or simulations. We start with a survey of the historical origin of the technical term. After this, the periodontal ligament is idealized as a linear elastic suspension. The mathematical formalism of vector and tensor calculus will clarify our reasoning. We show that a point such as the center of resistance basically only exists in two dimensions or in very special symmetric spatial configurations...
2013: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Garrett W Melenka, David S Nobes, Paul W Major, Jason P Carey
Braces are used by orthodontists to correct the misalignment of teeth in the mouth. Archwire rotation is a particular procedure used to correct tooth inclination. Wire rotation can result in deformation to the orthodontic brackets, and an orthodontic torque simulator has been designed to examine this wire-bracket interaction. An optical technique has been employed to measure the deformation due to size and geometric constraints of the orthodontic brackets. Images of orthodontic brackets are collected using a stereo microscope and two charge-coupled device cameras, and deformation of orthodontic brackets is measured using a three-dimensional digital image correlation technique...
2013: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Noriyuki Wakabayashi, Tetsuya Suzuki
The purpose of this study was to analyze the stress and strain inside of the oral mucosa in partially-edentulous patients. The patient-specific finite element models of the mucosa and the bone were constructed using the CT images and in-vivo surface measurement during a continuous load. The mean initial shear modulus of 8.3 × 10(-5) (GPa) and the mean relaxation time of 503 (s) were determined as the viscoelastic properties of the mucosa. The increase of the highest maximum compressive strain during the continuous loading was observed in all the patients, however; the intensity of strain was not in accordance with the thickness of the mucosa...
2013: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Hongyan Sun, Andrew Lau, Young C Heo, Lianshan Lin, Ralph Delong, Alex Fok
A preliminary study was conducted on the development of an intelligent dental handpiece with functionality to detect subtle changes in mechanical properties of tooth tissue during milling. Such equipment would be able to adopt changes in cutting parameters and make real-time measurements to avoid tooth tissue damage caused by overexertion and overextension of the cutting tool. A modified dental handpiece, instrumented with strain gauges, microphone, displacement sensor, and air pressure sensor, was mounted to a linear movement table and used to mill three to four cavities in >50 bovine teeth...
2013: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Konstantinos X Michalakis, Pasquale Calvani, Hiroshi Hirayama
This article discusses the connection of teeth to implants, in order to restore partial edentulism. The main problem arising from this connection is tooth intrusion, which can occur in up to 7.3% of the cases. The justification of this complication is being attempted through the perspective of biomechanics of the involved anatomical structures, that is, the periodontal ligament and the bone, as well as that of the teeth- and implant-supported fixed partial dentures.
2012: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Jun-Ya Tominaga, Pao-Chang Chiang, Hiroya Ozaki, Motohiro Tanaka, Yoshiyuki Koga, Christoph Bourauel, Noriaki Yoshida
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of the play between the bracket and the archwire on anterior tooth movement subjected to the retraction force from various lengths of power arms in sliding mechanics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A three-dimensional finite element method was used to simulate en masse anterior tooth retraction in sliding mechanics. The displacements of the maxillary incisor and the archwire deformation were calculated when the retraction force was applied...
2012: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Ana L Machado, Bruna C Bochio, Amanda F Wady, Janaina H Jorge, Sebastião V Canevarolo, Carlos E Vergani
This study evaluated the impact strength of a denture base resin (Lucitone 550-L) and four reline resins (Tokuyama Rebase II-T; Ufi Gel Hard-U; New Truliner-NT, and Kooliner-K), both intact and in a reline combination (L/L, L/T, L/U, L/NT, and L/K). For each group (n = 20), half of the specimens were thermocycled before testing. Charpy tests were performed, and the impact strengths were calculated. Data were analyzed by two-way analyses of variance and Tukey's test (p = 0.05). For the intact groups, mean impact strength values for L (1...
2012: Journal of Dental Biomechanics
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