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International Journal of Proteomics

Shirley Fan, Eduardo B Moffa, Yizhi Xiao, Walter L Siqueira, Ken K-C Yeung
A common approach to isolate surface proteins from fungal and bacterial cells is to perform a proteolytic cleavage of proteins on the surface of intact cells suspended in solution. This paper describes miniaturization of this technique, in which cells are adhered on glass surfaces, and all sample treatments are conducted at μL volumes. Specifically, Candida albicans cells were attached onto HSA-coated glass slides. By depositing the appropriate reagent solutions on the adhered cells, we successfully performed cell washing, treatment with antifugal peptide, Histatin 5, and a proteolysis on intact cells with trypsin...
2016: International Journal of Proteomics
Radhiah Khairon, Noraziah Mohamad Zin, Mariati Abdul Rahman, Dayang Fredalina Basri
The aim of this study is to analyze the differential proteins in MRSA ATCC 33591 treated with aqueous extract from Q. infectoria gall. Protein extracts were obtained from MRSA cells by sonication and were separated by 2D polyacrylamide gels. Protein spots of interest were extracted from the gels and identified using LC-ESI-QTOF MS. The concentration of Q. infectoria extract used for 2D-gel electrophoresis was subinhibitory concentration. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of the extract against MRSA was 19...
2016: International Journal of Proteomics
Stephen A Luebker, Scott A Koepsell
Urea based protein extraction of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue provides the most efficient workflow for proteomics due to its compatibility with liquid chromatography electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS). This study optimizes the use of urea for proteomic analysis of clinical FFPE tissue. A series of protein extraction conditions manipulating temperature and buffer composition were compared to reduce carbamylation introduced by urea and increase protein detection...
2016: International Journal of Proteomics
Sue-Jie Koo, Heidi M Spratt, Kizhake V Soman, Susan Stafford, Shivali Gupta, John R Petersen, Maria P Zago, Muge N Kuyumcu-Martinez, Allan R Brasier, John E Wiktorowicz, Nisha Jain Garg
Nitric oxide (NO) protects the heart against ischemic injury; however, NO- and superoxide-dependent S-nitrosylation (S-NO) of cysteines can affect function of target proteins and play a role in disease outcome. We employed 2D-GE with thiol-labeling FL-maleimide dye and MALDI-TOF MS/MS to capture the quantitative changes in abundance and S-NO proteome of HF patients (versus healthy controls, n = 30/group). We identified 93 differentially abundant (59-increased/34-decreased) and 111 S-NO-modified (63-increased/48-decreased) protein spots, respectively, in HF subjects (versus controls, fold-change | ≥1...
2016: International Journal of Proteomics
Chiranjit Panja, Rakesh K S Setty, Gopal Vaidyanathan, Sanjay Ghosh
Yeast flavohemoglobin, YHb, encoded by the nuclear gene YHB1, has been implicated in the nitrosative stress responses in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. It is still unclear how S. cerevisiae can withstand this NO level in the absence of flavohemoglobin. To better understand the physiological function of flavohemoglobin in yeast, in the present study a label-free differential proteomics study has been carried out in wild-type and YHB1 deleted strains of S. cerevisiae grown under fermentative conditions. From the analysis, 417 proteins in Y190 and 392 proteins in ΔYHB1 were identified with high confidence...
2016: International Journal of Proteomics
Suman Mishra, Rajnikant Mishra
Potassium chloride (KCl) has been commonly used in homogenization buffer and procedures of protein extraction. It is known to facilitate release of membrane-associated molecules but the higher concentration of KCl may affect the integrity of mitochondria by breaching the electrostatic force between the lipids and proteins. Therefore, it has been intended to explore the effect of KCl on mitochondrial proteome. The mitochondria were isolated from the mice liver and sub-fractionated into mitochondrial matrix and outer mitochondrial membrane fraction...
2015: International Journal of Proteomics
Shiva Kalantari, Ameneh Jafari, Raheleh Moradpoor, Elmira Ghasemi, Ensieh Khalkhal
Urine has been in the center of attention among scientists of clinical proteomics in the past decade, because it is valuable source of proteins and peptides with a relative stable composition and easy to collect in large and repeated quantities with a noninvasive procedure. In this review, we discuss technical aspects of urinary proteomics in detail, including sample preparation, proteomic technologies, and their advantage and disadvantages. Several recent experiments are presented which applied urinary proteome for biomarker discovery in renal diseases including diabetic nephropathy, immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, lupus nephritis, membranous nephropathy, and acute kidney injury...
2015: International Journal of Proteomics
Anna S Gerdtsson, Núria Malats, Anna Säll, Francisco X Real, Miquel Porta, Petter Skoog, Helena Persson, Christer Wingren, Carl A K Borrebaeck
Background. Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an aggressive disease with rapid tumor progression and poor prognosis. This study was motivated by the lack of sensitive and specific PDAC biomarkers and aimed to identify a diagnostic, serum protein signature for PDAC. Methods. To mimic a real life test situation, a multicenter trial comprising a serum sample cohort, including 338 patients with either PDAC or other pancreatic diseases (OPD) and controls with nonpancreatic conditions (NPC), was analyzed on 293-plex recombinant antibody microarrays targeting immunoregulatory and cancer-associated antigens...
2015: International Journal of Proteomics
Paula A Bousquet, Joe Alexander Sandvik, Magnus Ø Arntzen, Nina F Jeppesen Edin, Stine Christoffersen, Ute Krengel, Erik O Pettersen, Bernd Thiede
Hypoxia is an important and common characteristic of many human tumors. It is a challenge clinically due to the correlation with poor prognosis and resistance to radiation and chemotherapy. Understanding the biochemical response to hypoxia would facilitate the development of novel therapeutics for cancer treatment. Here, we investigate alterations in gene expression in response to hypoxia by quantitative proteome analysis using stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) in conjunction with LCMS/MS...
2015: International Journal of Proteomics
Yulanda M Williamson, Hercules Moura, Jennifer Whitmon, Adrian R Woolfitt, David M Schieltz, Jon C Rees, Stephanie Guo, Heather Kirkham, Daniel Bouck, Edwin W Ades, Maria Lucia Tondella, George M Carlone, Jacquelyn S Sampson, John R Barr
Bordetella pertussis (Bp) is the etiologic agent of pertussis (whooping cough), a highly communicable infection. Although pertussis is vaccine preventable, in recent years there has been increased incidence, despite high vaccine coverage. Possible reasons for the rise in cases include the following: Bp strain adaptation, waning vaccine immunity, increased surveillance, and improved clinical diagnostics. A pertussis outbreak impacted California (USA) in 2010; children and preadolescents were the most affected but the burden of disease fell mainly on infants...
2015: International Journal of Proteomics
Ulla Rüetschi, Martin Stenson, Sverker Hasselblom, Herman Nilsson-Ehle, Ulrika Hansson, Henrik Fagman, Per-Ola Andersson
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the most common lymphoma, is a heterogeneous disease where the outcome for patients with early relapse or refractory disease is very poor, even in the era of immunochemotherapy. In order to describe possible differences in global protein expression and network patterns, we performed a SILAC-based shotgun (LC-MS/MS) quantitative proteomic analysis in fresh-frozen tumor tissue from two groups of DLBCL patients with totally different clinical outcome: (i) early relapsed or refractory and (ii) long-term progression-free patients...
2015: International Journal of Proteomics
Najmuddin Mohd Saquib, Shilpa Jamwal, Mukul Kumar Midha, Hirdya Narain Verma, Venkatasamy Manivel
Even though endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress associated with mycobacterial infection has been well studied, the molecular basis of ER as a crucial organelle to determine the fate of Mtb is yet to be established. Here, we have studied the ability of Mtb to manipulate the ultrastructural architecture of macrophage ER and found that the ER-phenotypes associated with virulent (H37Rv) and avirulent (H37Ra) strains were different: a rough ER (RER) with the former against a smooth ER (SER) with the later. Further, the functional attributes of these changes were probed by MS-based quantitative proteomics (133 ER proteins) and lipidomics (8 phospholipids)...
2015: International Journal of Proteomics
Zaiddodine Pashandi, Neda Saraygord-Afshari, Hossein Naderi-Manesh, Mostafa Naderi
Objective. Sulfur mustard (SM) is a highly reactive alkylating agent which produces ocular, respiratory, and skin damages. Eyes are the most sensitive organ to SM due to high intrinsic metabolic and rapid turnover rate of corneal epithelium and aqueous-mucous interfaces of the cornea and conjunctiva. Here we investigate underlying molecular mechanism of SM exposure delayed effects which is still a controversial issue after about 30 years. Materials and Methods. Following ethical approval, we have analyzed serum proteome of ten severe SM exposed male patients with delayed eye symptoms with two-dimensional electrophoresis followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight/time-of-flight mass spectrometry...
2015: International Journal of Proteomics
Arvind Kumar Tiwari, Rajeev Srivastava
During the past, there was a massive growth of knowledge of unknown proteins with the advancement of high throughput microarray technologies. Protein function prediction is the most challenging problem in bioinformatics. In the past, the homology based approaches were used to predict the protein function, but they failed when a new protein was different from the previous one. Therefore, to alleviate the problems associated with homology based traditional approaches, numerous computational intelligence techniques have been proposed in the recent past...
2014: International Journal of Proteomics
Xinyu Deng, Morris Kohanfars, Huan Ming Hsu, Puneet Souda, Joe Capri, Julian P Whitelegge, Helena R Chang
Because of the absence of a clear therapeutic target for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), conventional chemotherapy is the only available systemic treatment option for these patients. Despite chemotherapy treatment, TNBC patients still have worse prognosis when compared with other breast cancer patients. The study is to investigate unique phosphorylated proteins expressed in chemoresistant TNBC cell lines. In the current study, twelve TNBC cell lines were subjected to drug sensitivity assays against chemotherapy drugs docetaxel, doxorubicin, gemcitabine, and cisplatin...
2014: International Journal of Proteomics
Vladislav Victorovich Khrustalev, Eugene Victorovich Barkovsky, Tatyana Aleksandrovna Khrustaleva
We used 3D structures of a highly redundant set of bacterial proteins encoded by genes of high, average, and low GC-content. Four types of connecting bridges-regions situated between any of two major elements of secondary structure (alpha helices and beta strands)-containing a pure random coil were compared with connecting bridges containing 3/10 helices. We included discovered trends in the original "VVTAK Connecting Bridges" algorithm, which is able to predict more probable conformation for a given connecting bridge...
2014: International Journal of Proteomics
Christoph Jedmowski, Ahmed Ashoub, Tobias Beckhaus, Thomas Berberich, Michael Karas, Wolfgang Brüggemann
The adaptive response of Sorghum bicolor landraces from Egypt to drought stress and following recovery was analyzed using two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis, 2D-DIGE. Physiological measurements and proteome alterations of accession number 11434, drought tolerant, and accession number 11431, drought sensitive, were compared to their relative control values after drought stress and following recovery. Differentially expressed proteins were analysed by Matrix assisted laser desorption ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry, MALDI-TOF-MS...
2014: International Journal of Proteomics
Azadeh Jamalian, Evert-Jan Sneekes, Lennard J M Dekker, Mario Ursem, Theo M Luider, Peter C Burgers
We investigated calcium-binding motifs of peptides and their recognition of active functionalities for coordination. This investigation generates the fundamentals to design carrier material for calcium-bound peptide-peptide interactions. Interactions of different peptides with active calcium domains were investigated. Evaluation of selectivity was performed by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry by infusing solutions containing two different peptides (P1 and P2) in the presence of calcium ions. In addition to signals for monomer species, intense dimer signals are observed for the heterodimer ions (P1 ⋯ Ca(2+) ⋯ P2) (⋯ represents the noncovalent binding of calcium with the peptide) in the positive ion mode and for ions ([P1-2H](2-) ⋯ Ca(2+) ⋯ [P2-2H](2-)) in the negative ion mode...
2014: International Journal of Proteomics
Sanja Kiprijanovska, Sotir Stavridis, Oliver Stankov, Selim Komina, Gordana Petrusevska, Momir Polenakovic, Katarina Davalieva
Proteome analysis of the urine has shown that urine contains disease-specific information for a variety of urogenital system disorders, including prostate cancer (PCa). The aim of this study was to determine the protein components of urine from PCa patients. Urine from 8 patients with clinically and histologically confirmed PCa was analyzed by conventional 2D PAGE. The MS identification of the most prominent 125 spots from the urine map revealed 45 distinct proteins. According to Gene Ontology, the identified proteins are involved in a variety of biological processes, majority of them are secreted (71%), and half of them are enzymes or transporters...
2014: International Journal of Proteomics
Ernesto S Nakayasu, Si Wu, Michael A Sydor, Anil K Shukla, Karl K Weitz, Ronald J Moore, Kim K Hixson, Jong-Seo Kim, Vladislav A Petyuk, Matthew E Monroe, Ljiljiana Pasa-Tolic, Wei-Jun Qian, Richard D Smith, Joshua N Adkins, Charles Ansong
Lysine acetylation is a common protein posttranslational modification that regulates a variety of biological processes. A major bottleneck to fully understanding the functional aspects of lysine acetylation is the difficulty in measuring the proportion of lysine residues that are acetylated. Here we describe a mass spectrometry method using a combination of isotope labeling and detection of a diagnostic fragment ion to determine the stoichiometry of protein lysine acetylation. Using this technique, we determined the modification occupancy for ~750 acetylated peptides from mammalian cell lysates...
2014: International Journal of Proteomics
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