journal
Journals Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallie...

Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882905/enzymes-in-peri-implant-sulcular-fluid-a-window-into-periodontal-health-a-comprehensive-review
#1
REVIEW
Gautham Kumar, Prabhu M Natarajan, Maher A F Al Shayeb, Anuradha Ganesan
Enzymes in peri-implant sulcular fluid (PISF) have emerged as essential biomarkers in the field of periodontics, providing critical insights into the health and stability of dental implants. This essay explores the significance of various enzymes in PISF, including matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), elastase, alkaline phosphatase, acid phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), in assessing the local inflammatory environment and diagnosing peri-implant diseases. The analysis of these enzymes facilitates early detection of complications, personalized treatment planning, and long-term monitoring, emphasizing the need for a multidisciplinary approach to patient care...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882904/utilizing-artificial-intelligence-application-for-diagnosis-of-oral-lesions-and-assisting-young-oral-histopathologist-in-deriving-diagnosis-from-provided-features-a-pilot-study
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Atikul Islam, Abhishek Banerjee, Sisca Meida Wati, Sumita Banerjee, Deepti Shrivastava, Kumar Chandan Srivastava
BACKGROUND: AI in healthcare services is advancing every day, with a focus on uprising cognitive capabilities. Higher cognitive functions in AI entail performing intricate processes like decision-making, problem-solving, perception, and reasoning. This advanced cognition surpasses basic data handling, encompassing skills to grasp ideas, understand and apply information contextually, and derive novel insights from previous experiences and acquired knowledge. ChatGPT, a natural language processing model, exemplifies this evolution by engaging in conversations with humans, furnishing responses to inquiries...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882903/impact-of-bio-impedance-emitted-from-wearable-smart-watches-on-skin-microbiota-a-pilot-study
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Deepthi S Kumar, Manimuthu M Sankar
Smart watches (SWs), which offer users a variety of features including bio-impedance measurements, have grown significantly in popularity as wearable health monitoring devices. Electrical currents are used in bio-impedance technology to measure things like body composition and hydration levels. However, little is known about how these electrical currents might affect the skin's microbiota, which is vital for preserving skin health. This summary of the possible effects of bio-impedance measurements from SWs on the skin microbiota is intended...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882902/dental-attrition-and-its-association-with-the-signs-and-symptoms-of-tmj-dysfunction-and-radiographic-condylar-changes-an-observational-study
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
J John H Deepak, S Ramasamy, E Gracelin Ranjitha, M Kandasamy, R Thanigainathan, Rajkumar M Sana
To determine the level of dental attrition and its relation to signs of TMJ dysfunction adding to condylar alterations analyzed by conventional TMJ Tomography and to propose the correlation between dental attrition and signs of TMJ dysfunction and condylar changes. Patients for the study were selected from the regular outpatient Department of Oral Medicine, Diagnosis and Radiology, Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, with performed criteria. The radiographic examination of TMJ is performed by the PLANMECA OPG machine using the tomographic program...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882901/dentists-perception-of-mysmartalign-clear-aligner-treatment
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
I Bevin Shaga, K Priya, Selvakumar Ramar, S Srinidhi, G Chandra Mohan, Sukanya Ranganathan, S M M Moulvi, Bhuvaneswari Mani
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To assess the dentist perception of efficiency, treatment outcome, and stability of the tooth movement treated with mysmartalign clear aligner therapy (MSA CAT). MATERIALS AND METHOD: A cross-sectional web-based questionnaire survey was carried out to evaluate the dentist perception of MYSMARTALIGN (MSA). To determine the sample size, a pilot study has been carried out and the final sample arrived was 4990 subjects. The current study's inclusion criteria took into account those who had finished their BDS and MDS as well as dentists and orthodontists who had been using the MSA CAT system on their patients for the previous 7 years...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882900/prevalence-of-adverse-respiratory-symptoms-among-e-cigarette-users-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sami M Alrasheedi, Mousa N Alrashdi, Lama S Alhumaidan, Ahmad Alkhdairi, Ali M Alzweihary, Omar M Alhussaini, Lama S Alharbi, Amirah N Albalawi, Turki F Almutairi, Osama A G Alharbi, Afaf A M Bashal
Electronic cigarettes, frequently referred to as e-cigarettes, have emerged as a controversial and rapidly growing phenomenon in the realm of tobacco and nicotine consumption worldwide. This study reports the prevalence of respiratory symptoms among e-cigarette users. This study also helps to understand the potential harmful effects and importance of quitting e-cigarette smoking. An observational cross-sectional study was carried out in Saudi Arabia. The study period was from September 2022 to August 2023. The sample size was 447 participants...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882899/synthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-by-solanum-trilobatum-l-aqueous-extract-and-their-antibacterial-activity
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aksitha Sakthiraj
Solanum trilobatum L. (Solanaceae), commonly known as nightshade, has been traditionally used by various populations to treat a variety of ailments. Environment-friendly alternatives to chemical and physical procedures for the synthesis of nanomaterials have been proposed. In this research, the hot plate combustion method is used to synthesize nickel oxide nanoparticles (AgNPs) from silver nitrate and S. trilobatum leaf extract. According to X-ray diffraction (XRD) tests, the cubic phase was face-centered, had good crystallinity, and had average crystallite sizes...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882898/comparison-of-automatically-controlled-injection-system-with-a-traditional-syringe-for-multiple-infiltrations-in-children-aged-6-12-years-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fahanna Beegum, Eman Monier, Shaimaa N Elshaboury, Abeer I Alghofaili, Mohammed A Habibullah, S Karthika
Children's conduct is significantly impacted by pain during dental procedures. Children's pain and discomfort can be reduced using computer-controlled local anesthetic delivery, which applies a steady, gradual flow of the anesthetic solution into the tissues. Using a self-report anxiety scale, the study aimed to assess and compare children's perceptions of discomfort following a new auto-controlled injection method to a traditional local anesthetic procedure. A total of 25 children, ages 6-12 requiring the use of local anesthesia for treatment on both sides of the arch were selected...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882897/whole-slide-imaging-wsi-versus-traditional-microscopy-tm-through-evaluation-of-parameters-in-oral-histopathology-a-pilot-study
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Atikul Islam, Abhishek Banerjee, Sisca M Wati, Bireswar Roy, Kumarjyoti Chatterjee, Kumari N Singhania
BACKGROUND: histopathology plays a pivotal role in clinical diagnosis, research, and medical education. In recent years, whole slide imaging (wsi) has emerged as a potential alternative to traditional microscopy for pathological examination. This study aims to provide a comprehensive comparison of wsi and traditional microscopy(tm) in various aspects of histopathology practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, total of 30 cases comprising of oral premalignant and malignant cases which were diagnostically challenging was considered from the archives of the institute for validation...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882896/knowledge-and-perception-of-artificial-intelligence-among-faculty-members-and-students-at-batterjee-medical-college
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Asim M Alshanberi, Ahmed H Mousa, Sama A Hashim, Reem S Almutairi, Sara Alrehali, Aisha M Hamisu, Mohammed Shaikhomer, Shakeel A Ansari
BACKGROUND: Mounting research suggests that artificial intelligence (AI) is one of the innovations that aid in the patient's diagnosis and treatment, but unfortunately limited research has been conducted in this regard in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Hence, this study aimed to assess the level of knowledge and awareness of AI among faculty members and medicine students in one of the premier medical colleges in KSA. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at Batterjee Medical College (BMC), Jeddah (KSA), from November 2022 to April 2023...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882895/bioactive-biosilicate-cements-in-pediatric-dentistry-a-review-of-the-latest-materials
#11
REVIEW
Sonu Acharya, N Raghunath, Rachappa M Mallikarjun, Triveni Nalawade, Deepa Gurunathan, Brinda S Godhi
Pediatric dentistry plays a critical role in ensuring the oral health and well-being of children and adolescents. The quest for effective dental materials that are safe, biocompatible, and capable of promoting natural remineralization has led to the emergence of biosilicate cements as a promising advancement in this field. Biosilicate cements are bioactive materials composed of amorphous silica, calcium oxide, phosphorus pentoxide, and other trace elements. The bioactivity of biosilicate cements allows them to interact with living tissues, promoting remineralization and stimulating the formation of hydroxyapatite, a vital component of teeth and bones...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882894/estimation-of-mbc-mic-ratio-of-herbal-extracts-against-common-endodontic-pathogens
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chetana S Makade, Pratima R Shenoi, Bhoomendra A Bhongade, Shrikant A Shingane, Prajakta C Ambulkar, Akhilesh M Shewale
Herbal extracts have evoked interest owing to the small number of terpenoids and phenolic compounds, which impart antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC), and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) of four herbal extracts (lemon grass oil, basil oil, peppermint oil, and Obicure tea extract) against endodontic pathogens along with the MIC: MBC/MFC ratio were evaluated. The antimicrobial activity by detecting the MIC of three essential oils and tea extract was evaluated against eight common endodontic pathogens by the broth dilution method, while MBC was detected by subculturing onto blood agar from the first -three to five tubes from the MIC dilution tubes (showing no turbidity), which were plated on blood agar...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882893/canal-centering-and-apical-transportation-ability-of-similar-cross-section-niti-instruments-working-with-different-kinematics-micro-ct-based-in-vitro-analysis
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohammed S Shareef, Smitha Reddy, Aisha Habeeb, Thakur Veerandar Singh, Tamanna Firdaus, Priyendu Bhattacharjee
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating the canal-centering and apical transportation ability of endodontic file systems working with different kinematics but of similar cross section. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty human maxillary first molar mesiobuccal (MB) roots were assigned to three experimental groups based on instrumentation techniques: Reciproc Blue (RB), Mtwo (M2), and OneShape (OS). Pre- and post-instrumentation micro-computed tomographic analysis was performed. Centering ability and apical transportation were analyzed at 3 mm, 6 mm, and 9 mm short of the apex...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882892/effect-of-various-etching-techniques-on-shear-strength-of-newer-generation-composites
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wasifoddin A Chaudhari, Aparna Birajdar, Karna Jani, Mrunal V Deshmukh, Gargkumar C Thakar, Sarang N Soni
AIM: To evaluate the effect of lasers on the shear bond strength of Giomer and G-aenial flo composite using three different etching techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 60 Samples (extracted human premolar teeth) are cut horizontally using a diamond disk to expose a flat occlusal surface involving enamel and dentin. On exposed occlusal surfaces, etching is done by various methods. These were divided into six groups of ten samples each as follows: group I (acid etched for Giomer), group II (acid etched for G-aenial flo composite), group III (laser etched for Giomer), group IV (Laser etched for G-aenial flo composite), group V (air abrasion etched for Giomer), group VI (Air abrasion etched for G-aenial flo composite)...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882891/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-the-interns-about-exfoliative-cytology-in-a-tertiary-care-dental-hospital-in-bhubaneswar-city-a-questionnaire-based-survey
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sankha S Chakraborty, S Bhuvaneshwari, Balaji Manohar, Yashshwini Shroff, Niva Mahapatra, Awneet Kaur
The most significant accomplishment of dentists is the early detection of oral dysplasia or the rapid diagnosis of potentially malignant lesions. An additional test that assists in the diagnosis of numerous oral illnesses is exfoliative cytology. This study was conducted among dental professionals in the city of Bhubaneswar to assess their exfoliative cytology knowledge, attitudes, and practices. Fifty-eight dental interns participated in a cross-sectional, descriptive, Web-based questionnaire study. The findings reveal that while some interns were knowledgeable about some components of exfoliative cytology in oral cancer (OC) screening, they lacked a thorough understanding of other crucial elements...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882890/risk-factors-of-early-childhood-caries-among-preschool-children-in-madipakkam-chennai-cross-sectional-survey
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
K Manikandan, N Megalaa, Subramanian Valliappan, K Nandini, Lourdu V Rani, Senthil Dakshinamurthi, Nagappan Nagappan
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a major oral health problem, mainly in socially disadvantaged populations. ECC affects infants and preschool children worldwide. AIM: A survey to identify the factors influencing the ECC among preschool children in Madipakkam, Chennai. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted among 3-5-year-old preschool children in Madipakkam, Chennai. Three schoolchildren participated in the study...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882889/pharmacological-effect-of-copper-oxide-nanoparticles-of-azadirachta-indica-leaf-extract-and-application-for-its-antibacterial-properties
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
R K Naven Kumar, Azhagu Madhavan Sivalingam, Arockia Alex, Neha Brahma
Nanoparticles prepared from bio-reduction agents are of keen interest to researchers around the globe due to their ability to mitigate the harmful effects of chemicals. In this regard, the present study aims to synthesize copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs). CuNPs show a characteristic absorption peak at 347 nm, while SEM reveals the spherical but agglomerated shape of CuNPs of the size within the range of 51.26-56.66 nm. The crystallite size measured by using XRD was found to be within a range of 23.38-46...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882888/knowledge-and-awareness-of-detecting-oral-premalignant-lesions-among-dental-students-interns-and-practitioners-in-saudi-arabia
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Farah Almutairi, Abrar Alawad, Yara Alshaya, Yasser Alotaibi, Faraj Alotaiby
Oral malignant lesions are the most common malignancy of which majority are diagnosed in advanced stages in Saudi Arabia. Patients with oral malignant lesion are first seen by general dental practitioners and dental students. Multiple surveys have been conducted and published to assess the students, interns, and dentists' awareness and attitude toward oral premalignant lesions worldwide. However, little is known about this issue in Saudi Arabia. We aimed to assess knowledge and awareness of detecting oral premalignant lesions among dental students, dental interns, and practitioners in Saudi Arabia...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882887/green-synthesis-of-ganoderma-lucidum-mediated-silver-nanoparticles-and-its-microbial-activity-against-oral-pathogenic-microbes-an-in-vitro-study
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Balakrishnan Devi Parameswari, Manickam Rajakumar, Annapoorni Hariharan, Senthil Kumar, Kasim Mohamed, Suma Ballal
Nanotechnology is developing into a fast-expanding discipline with applications in science and technology, and nanostructures are a crucial research tool in many fields. Due to their remarkable electrical, optical, magnetic, catalytic, and pharmacological capabilities, metal and metal oxide nanoparticles (NPs) have drawn study interest. Natural elements (plants, microorganisms, fungi, etc.) are utilized in a chemical-free, environmentally benign way to synthesize metals and metal oxides. The optical, electrical, and antimicrobial qualities of silver nanoparticle (AgNP) make them a popular choice...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882886/ultrastructural-changes-of-synapses-in-the-hippocampus-of-sprague-dawley-rat-brain-following-exposure-to-naphthalene-balls
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Koduvai S V Angu Bala Ganesh, Sharath Soman, Sharon Roshin Reginald, Andamuthu Yamunadevi, Omnath P Yadav
INTRODUCTION: The synaptic contacts play an important role in central nervous system (CNS) functioning. Ultrastructural features of synapses in CNS are not studied in naphthalene neurotoxicity model. MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY: In the present work, transmission electron microscopy was used for studying the ultrastructural features of synapses in the hippocampus of Sprague Dawley rat brain, on subsequent exposure to naphthalene balls. The ultrastructural changes were observed for naphthalene low dose (200 mg), high dose (400 mg) after the treatment for 28 days, and post-delayed toxicity phase after 14 days in Sprague Dawley rats...
April 2024: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
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