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Online Journal of Public Health Informatics

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30680056/public-health-quality-improvement-exchange-a-tool-to-support-advancements-in-public-health-practice
#1
Stephen L Brown, Barbara L Massoudi, Jamie M Pina, Kusuma Madamala
Objectives: The Public Health Quality Improvement Exchange(PHQIX) is a free, openly available online community that supports public health practitioners in the rapidly evolving landscape of public health quality improvement (QI). This article's objective is to describe the user-centered development of PHQIX and its current content and examine how elements of a QI initiative may vary by an organization's characteristics or QI experience. Methods: PHQIX was developed by taking a user-centered iterative design approach, seeking early and continued input from users to gather requirements for the website...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30680055/safe-food-management-and-smartphone-technology-investigating-the-impact-of-an-app-on-consumer-knowledge-retention
#2
Adeola Bamgboje-Ayodele, Leonie Ellis, Paul Turner
Objectives: Diffusion of smartphones has normalised consumers' use of mobile applications (apps). But how do app designs and contexts of use interact with differential consumer attributes to impact on their effectiveness, usability and value over time? For consumer food safety, answering these questions is of importance as numerous food choices increase challenges in safe food management (SFM). This research reports on results of a randomised field experiment with Australian consumers using an SFM mobile app developed by the researchers...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30680054/websites-as-a-tool-for-public-health-education-determining-the-trustworthiness-of-health-websites-on-ebola-disease
#3
Ronak Hamzehei, Masoumeh Ansari, Shahabedin Rahmatizadeh, Saeideh Valizadeh-Haghi
Objectives: Health service providers use internet as a tool for the spreading of health information and people often go on the web to acquire information about a disease. A wide range of information with varying qualities and by authors with varying degrees of credibility has thus become accessible by the public. Most people believe that the health information available on the internet is reliable. This issue reveals the need for having a critical view of the health information available online that is directly related to people's life...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30680053/monitoring-public-health-reporting-data-tracking-in-cancer-registries
#4
Abdulrahman M Jabour, Brian E Dixon
Introduction: Timeliness of data availability is a key performance measure in cancer reporting. Previous studies evaluated timeliness of cancer reporting using a single metric, yet this metric obscures the details within each step of the reporting process. To enhance understanding of cancer reporting processes, we measured the timeliness of discrete cancer reporting steps and examined changes in timeliness across a decade. Methods: We analyzed 76,259 cases of breast, colorectal and lung cancer reported to the Indiana State Cancer Registry between 2001 and 2011...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30680052/ehealth-literacy-and-general-interest-in-using-online-health-information-a-survey-among-patients-with-dental-diseases
#5
Saeideh Valizadeh-Haghi, Shahabedin Rahmatizadeh
Objectives: The aim of the study is to explore the eHealth literacy and general interest in using eHealth information among patients with dental diseases. Methods: A total of 171 patients with dental diseases completed the survey including the eHEALS. The effect of participants' age, gender and education on eHealth literacy was assessed. Spearman's correlation coefficient was also used to assess the correlation between the importance of access to health information and the usefulness of the internet for decision-making...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30349636/enhancing-rural-population-health-care-access-and-outcomes-through-the-telehealth-ecosystem%C3%A2-model
#6
Brenda A Leath, Lucenia W Dunn, Antwon Alsobrook, Madeline L Darden
The article highlights the Telehealth EcoSystem™ model, a holistic cross-sector approach for socioeconomic revitalization, connectivity, interoperability and technology infrastructure development to address health equity for rural underserved communities. Two guiding frameworks, Community & Economic Development (CED) and Collective Impact, provided the foundation for the Telehealth EcoSystem™ model. Public and private organizational capacities are addressed by comprehensive healthcare and social service delivery through stakeholder engagement and collaborative decision-making processes...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30349635/lessons-learned-from-introducing-a-village-health-registry-in-malawi
#7
REVIEW
Prestor J Kubalalika
The Village Health Registry (VHR) was a community health data collection tool introduced in 1998. It was first introduced in Mwanza district of Malawi with the objectives of collecting community-based data, analysing and taking action in a local setting. The tool was collecting and updating data such as demography, immunization status for children under one year, growth monitoring for children under five, monitoring of all pregnant women, incidence of malaria, acute respiratory infections, diarrhoea cases, water and sanitation and deaths, by visiting households in every village every month...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30349634/a-causally-na%C3%A3-ve-and-rigid-population-model-of-disease-occurrence-given-two-non-independent-risk-factors
#8
Olaf Dammann, Kenneth Chui, Anselm Blumer
We describe a computational population model with two risk factors and one outcome variable in which the prevalence (%) of all three variables, the association between each risk factor and the disease, as well as the association between the two risk factors is the input. We briefly describe three examples: retinopathy of prematurity, diabetes in Panama, and smoking and obesity as risk factors for diabetes. We describe and discuss the simulation results in these three scenarios including how the published information is used as input and how changes in risk factor prevalence changes outcome prevalence...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30349633/effective-uses-of-social-media-in-public-health-and-medicine-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#9
Dean Giustini, Syed Mustafa Ali, Matthew Fraser, Maged N Kamel Boulos
Introduction: Research examining the effective uses of social media (SM) in public health and medicine, especially in the form of systematic reviews (SRs), has grown considerably in the past decade. To our knowledge, no comprehensive synthesis of this literature has been conducted to date. Aims and methods: To conduct a systematic review of systematic reviews of the benefits and harms ("effects") of SM tools and platforms (such as Twitter and Facebook) in public health and medicine...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30349632/design-choices-for-automated-disease-surveillance-in-the-social-web
#10
Mark Abraham Magumba, Peter Nabende, Ernest Mwebaze
The social web has emerged as a dominant information architecture accelerating technology innovation on an unprecedented scale. The utility of these developments to public health use cases like disease surveillance, information dissemination, outbreak prediction and so forth has been widely investigated and variously demonstrated in work spanning several published experimental studies and deployed systems. In this paper we provide an overview of automated disease surveillance efforts based on the social web characterized by their different high level design choices regarding functional aspects like user participation and language parsing approaches...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30349631/food-trends-and-popular-nutrition-advice-online-implications-for-public-health
#11
Divya Ramachandran, James Kite, Amy Jo Vassallo, Josephine Y Chau, Stephanie Partridge, Becky Freeman, Timothy Gill
Objectives: Consumers routinely seek health and nutrition-related information from online sources, including social media platforms. This study identified popular online nutrition content to examine the advice and assess alignment with the Australian Guideline to Healthy Eating (AGHE). Methods: We used Facebook page "likes" as an indicator of popularity to identify online nutrition and diet content. Websites and blogs associated with pages that had more than 100,000 Australian likes on 7th September 2017 were included...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30349630/a-comparison-of-electronic-medical-record-data-to-paper-records-in-antiretroviral-therapy-clinic-in-ethiopia-what-is-affecting-the-quality-of-the-data
#12
Rahel Abiy, Kassahun Gashu, Tarekegn Asemaw, Mebratu Mitiku, Berhanu Fekadie, Zeleke Abebaw, Adane Mamuye, Ashenafi Tazebew, Alemayehu Teklu, Fedilu Nurhussien, Mihiretu Kebede, Fleur Fritz, Binyam Tilahun
Background: Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) care is a lifelong treatment, which needs accurate and reliable data collected for long period of time. Poor quality of medical records data remains a challenge and is directly related to the quality of care of patients. To improve this, there is an increasing trend to implement electronic medical record (EMR) in hospitals. However, there is little evidence on the impact of EMR on the quality of health data in low- resource setting hospitals like Ethiopia...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30349629/doctors-attitude-and-willingness-to-use-electronic-medical-records-at-the-lagos-university-teaching-hospital-lagos-nigeria
#13
(no author information available yet)
Background: There have been few studies conducted on Electronic Medical Records (EMR) among medical doctors who practice in resource limited settings. This study aimed to assess the attitude to and willingness of medical doctors at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital to use EMR and to identify the factors that are associated with the willingness to use EMR. Methods: A stratified sampling method was used to select medical doctors to participate in the study according to their experience and professional cadre...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30349628/the-effects-of-mobile-phone-use-in-clinical-practice-in-cape-coast-teaching-hospital
#14
Emmanuel Kusi Achampong, Gabriel Keney, Nathaniel Ofori Attah
Background: Information technology has become an inevitable, constitutive element of the healthcare institution as well as health education. This study investigates the effects of mobile phone use in clinical practice at the Cape Coast Teaching Hospital. The use of mobile phones to access health information by health professionals has the potential to improve the provision of health service to the population. In addition, primary care physicians can use mobile phones to communicate with their patients before and after they are discharged, thereby improving the health of individual patients and the population at large...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30349627/cross-disciplinary-consultancy-to-bridge-public-health-technical-needs-and-analytic-developers-negation-detection-use-case
#15
Mike Conway, Danielle Mowery, Amy Ising, Sumithra Velupillai, Son Doan, Julia Gunn, Michael Donovan, Caleb Wiedeman, Lance Ballester, Karl Soetebier, Catherine Tong, Howard Burkom
This paper describes a continuing initiative of the International Society for Disease Surveillance designed to bring together public health practitioners and analytics solution developers from both academia and industry. Funded by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, a series of consultancies have been conducted on a range of topics of pressing concern to public health (e.g. developing methods to enhance prediction of asthma exacerbation, developing tools for asyndromic surveillance from chief complaints). The topic of this final consultancy, conducted at the University of Utah in January 2017, is focused on defining a roadmap for the development of algorithms, tools, and datasets for improving the capabilities of text processing algorithms to identify negated terms (i...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30349626/duplication-of-effort-across-development-projects-in-nigeria-an-example-using-the-master-health-facility-list
#16
REVIEW
Olusesan Ayodeji Makinde, Emmanuel C Meribole, Kolawole Azeez Oyediran, Fadeke A Fadeyibi, Marc Cunningham, Yetunde Hussein-Fajugbagbe, Femi Toye, Akin Oyemakinde, Stephanie Mullen
Objective: Duplication of effort across development projects is often the resultant effect of poor donor coordination in low- and middle- income countries which receive development assistance. This paper examines the persistence of duplication through a case study of health facility listing exercises in Nigeria. Methods: Document reviews, key informant interviews, and a stakeholder's meeting were undertaken to identify similar health facility listing exercises between 2010 and 2016...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30349625/successful-public-health-information-system-database-integration-projects-a-qualitative-study
#17
REVIEW
Matthew Roberts
Objective: To explore the most important public health information system database integration project success factors to include: technological, organizational, project-specific, or external. Methods: This study involved a cross-case design. Cases were identified through literal replication logic and screened through a survey and review of available literature. Study participants were interviewed through hour-long sessions steered by a semi-structured guide. Survey responses, interview transcripts and available documents were coded and analyzed deductively, and matrices were developed to illustrate relationships...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30349624/and-ghana-was-scared-media-representations-of-the-risk-of-an-ebola-outbreak-in-ghana
#18
Iddrisu Seidu
Introduction: The 2014 Ebola virus outbreak in parts of West Africa marked the 25th occurrence of the disease since its discovery in 1976. While earlier outbreaks in Central and Eastern Africa had limited geographical extension and little media coverage, news media interest in the 2014 epidemic was remarkably high. In countries like Ghana, where the risk of imported infection was estimated to be among the highest, news coverage for the epidemic proliferated. This study aimed to describe and analyze the central themes which characterized media representations of the risk of Ebola outbreak in Ghana...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30349623/user-rating-activity-within-kiwi-a-technology-for-public-health-event-monitoring-and-early-warning-signal-detection
#19
Ellie Andres, Shamir Mukhi
Objectives: To review user signal rating activity within the Canadian Network for Public Health Intelligence's (CNPHI's) Knowledge Integration using Web-based Intelligence (KIWI) technology by answering the following questions: (1) who is rating, (2) how are users rating, and (3) how well are users rating? Methods: KIWI rating data was extracted from the CNPHI platform. Zoonotic & Emerging program signals with first rating occurring between January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2017 were included...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30349622/evaluation-of-data-exchange-process-for-interoperability-and-impact-on-electronic-laboratory-reporting-quality-to-a-state-public-health-agency
#20
Sripriya Rajamani, Ann Kayser, Emily Emerson, Sarah Solarz
Background: Past and present national initiatives advocate for electronic exchange of health data and emphasize interoperability. The critical role of public health in the context of disease surveillance was recognized with recommendations for electronic laboratory reporting (ELR). Many public health agencies have seen a trend towards centralization of information technology services which adds another layer of complexity to interoperability efforts. Objectives: The study objective was to understand the process of data exchange and its impact on the quality of data being transmitted in the context of electronic laboratory reporting to public health...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
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