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Journal of Signal Transduction

Łukasz Szymański, Damian Matak, Ewa Bartnik, Cezary Szczylik, Anna M Czarnecka
It is known that thyroid hormone is an important regulator of cancer development and metastasis. What is more, changes across the genome, as well as alternative splicing, may affect the activity of the thyroid hormone receptors. Mechanism of action of the thyroid hormone is different in every cancer; therefore in this review thyroid hormone and its receptor are presented as a regulator of renal cell carcinoma.
2016: Journal of Signal Transduction
Arpita Singh, Marc Rigatti, Andrew V Le, Cathrine R Carlson, Ion I Moraru, Kimberly L Dodge-Kafka
A-kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs) constitute a family of scaffolding proteins that contribute to spatiotemporal regulation of PKA-mediated phosphorylation events. In particular, AKAP7 is a family of alternatively spliced proteins that participates in cardiac calcium dynamics. Here, we demonstrate via pull-down from transfected cells and by direct protein-protein association that AKAP7γ self-associates. Self-association appears to be an isoform specific phenomenon, as AKAP7α did not associate with itself or with AKAP7γ...
2015: Journal of Signal Transduction
Travis J Jerde
Phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) is a critical cell endogenous inhibitor of phosphoinositide signaling in mammalian cells. PTEN dephosphorylates phosphoinositide trisphosphate (PIP3), and by so doing PTEN has the function of negative regulation of Akt, thereby inhibiting this key intracellular signal transduction pathway. In numerous cell types, PTEN loss-of-function mutations result in unopposed Akt signaling, producing numerous effects on cells. Numerous reports exist regarding mutations in PTEN leading to unregulated Akt and human disease, most notably cancer...
2015: Journal of Signal Transduction
N L Rukavina Mikusic, M C Kravetz, N M Kouyoumdzian, S L Della Penna, M I Rosón, B E Fernández, M R Choi
The physiological hydroelectrolytic balance and the redox steady state in the kidney are accomplished by an intricate interaction between signals from extrarenal and intrarenal sources and between antinatriuretic and natriuretic factors. Angiotensin II, atrial natriuretic peptide and intrarenal dopamine play a pivotal role in this interactive network. The balance between endogenous antioxidant agents like the renal dopaminergic system and atrial natriuretic peptide, by one side, and the prooxidant effect of the renin angiotensin system, by the other side, contributes to ensuring the normal function of the kidney...
2014: Journal of Signal Transduction
Aafaque Ahmad Khan, Varot K Sandhya, Priyata Singh, Deepak Parthasarathy, Awinav Kumar, Jayshree Advani, Rudrappa Gattu, Dhanya V Ranjit, Rama Vaidyanathan, Premendu Prakash Mathur, T S Keshava Prasad, F Mac Gabhann, Akhilesh Pandey, Rajesh Raju, Harsha Gowda
TEK tyrosine kinase is primarily expressed on endothelial cells and is most commonly referred to as TIE2. TIE2 is a receptor tyrosine kinase modulated by its ligands, angiopoietins, to regulate the development and remodeling of vascular system. It is also one of the critical pathways associated with tumor angiogenesis and familial venous malformations. Apart from the vascular system, TIE2 signaling is also associated with postnatal hematopoiesis. Despite the involvement of TIE2-angiopoietin system in several diseases, the downstream molecular events of TIE2-angiopoietin signaling are not reported in any pathway repository...
2014: Journal of Signal Transduction
Nobuo Sakata, Satoshi Kaneko, Souichi Ikeno, Yutaka Miura, Hidekazu Nakabayashi, Xue-Yuan Dong, Jin-Tang Dong, Taiki Tamaoki, Naoko Nakano, Susumu Itoh
α-Fetoprotein (AFP) is known to be highly produced in fetal liver despite its barely detectable level in normal adult liver. On the other hand, hepatocellular carcinoma often shows high expression of AFP. Thus, AFP seems to be an oncogenic marker. In our present study, we investigated how TGF-β signaling cooperates with AT motif-binding factor-1 (ATBF1) to inhibit AFP transcription. Indeed, the expression of AFP mRNA in HuH-7 cells was negatively regulated by TGF-β signaling. To further understand how TGF-β suppresses the transcription of the AFP gene, we analyzed the activity of the AFP promoter in the presence of TGF-β...
2014: Journal of Signal Transduction
Rajesh Raju, Shyam Mohan Palapetta, Varot K Sandhya, Apeksha Sahu, Abbas Alipoor, Lavanya Balakrishnan, Jayshree Advani, Bijesh George, K Ramachandra Kini, N P Geetha, H S Prakash, T S Keshava Prasad, Yu-Jung Chang, Linyi Chen, Akhilesh Pandey, Harsha Gowda
Fibroblast growth factor-1 (FGF-1) is a well characterized growth factor among the 22 members of the FGF superfamily in humans. It binds to all the four known FGF receptors and regulates a plethora of functions including cell growth, proliferation, migration, differentiation, and survival in different cell types. FGF-1 is involved in the regulation of diverse physiological processes such as development, angiogenesis, wound healing, adipogenesis, and neurogenesis. Deregulation of FGF-1 signaling is not only implicated in tumorigenesis but also is associated with tumor invasion and metastasis...
2014: Journal of Signal Transduction
Leif Hertz, Dan Song, Baoman Li, Ting Du, Junnan Xu, Li Gu, Ye Chen, Liang Peng
Chronic treatment with fluoxetine or other so-called serotonin-specific reuptake inhibitor antidepressants (SSRIs) or with a lithium salt "lithium", carbamazepine, or valproic acid, the three classical antibipolar drugs, exerts a multitude of effects on astrocytes, which in turn modulate astrocyte-neuronal interactions and brain function. In the case of the SSRIs, they are to a large extent due to 5-HT2B-mediated upregulation and editing of genes. These alterations induce alteration in effects of cPLA2, GluK2, and the 5-HT2B receptor, probably including increases in both glucose metabolism and glycogen turnover, which in combination have therapeutic effect on major depression...
2014: Journal of Signal Transduction
V M Salinas Zarate, A Magdaleno Méndez, B Domínguez Mancera, A Rodríguez Andrade, M Barrientos Morales, P Cervantes Acosta, A Hernández Beltrán, D Romero Salas, J L V Flores Hernández, E Monjaraz Guzmán, D R Félix Grijalva
Activation of the growth hormone (GH) secretagogue receptor (GHS-R) by synthetic GH releasing peptides (GHRP) or its endogenous ligand (Ghrelin) stimulates GH release. Though much is known about the signal transduction underlying short-term regulation, there is far less information on the mechanisms that produce long-term effects. In the current report, using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for GH detection and whole-cell patch-clamp recordings, we assessed the long-term actions of such regulatory factors on voltage-activated Ca(2+) currents in bovine somatotropes (BS) separated on a Percoll gradient and detected by immunohistochemistry...
2013: Journal of Signal Transduction
Panagiotis Apostolou, Maria Toloudi, Eleni Ioannou, Marina Chatziioannou, Eleni Kourtidou, Ioanna Vlachou, Ioannis Papasotiriou
The AP-1 transcription factor is a heterodimer protein that regulates gene expression in response to a variety of extrinsic stimuli through signal transduction. It is involved in processes including differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis. Among the genes it regulates are transcription factors that contribute to the stemness phenotype. Cancer stem cells have the ability to self-renew and initiate differentiation into heterogenic cancer cells, which may cause metastasis and relapses. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of AP-1 complexes, as well as the C-FOS and C-JUN genes, in relation to NANOG, OCT3/4, and SOX2 transcription factors...
2013: Journal of Signal Transduction
Alexander O Shpakov, Kira V Derkach
Diabetes mellitus (DM) induces a large number of diseases of the nervous, cardiovascular, and some other systems of the organism. One of the main causes of the diseases is the changes in the functional activity of hormonal signaling systems which lead to the alterations and abnormalities of the cellular processes and contribute to triggering and developing many DM complications. The key role in the control of physiological and biochemical processes belongs to the adenylyl cyclase (AC) signaling system, sensitive to biogenic amines and polypeptide hormones...
2013: Journal of Signal Transduction
Joseph C Loftus, Zhongbo Yang, Jean Kloss, Harshil Dhruv, Nhan L Tran, Daniel L Riggs
Glioma cell migration correlates with Pyk2 activity, but the intrinsic mechanism that regulates the activity of Pyk2 is not fully understood. Previous studies have supported a role for the N-terminal FERM domain in the regulation of Pyk2 activity as mutations in the FERM domain inhibit Pyk2 phosphorylation. To search for novel protein-protein interactions mediated by the Pyk2 FERM domain, we utilized a yeast two-hybrid genetic selection to identify the mammalian Ste20 homolog MAP4K4 as a binding partner for the Pyk2 FERM domain...
2013: Journal of Signal Transduction
Akihiro Fujii, Yuko Kase, Chiaki Suzuki, Akihito Kamizono, Teruaki Imada
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), a highly purified immunoglobulin fraction prepared from pooled plasma of several thousand donors, increased anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 production, while decreased proinflammatory cytokine IL-12p70 production in bone-marrow-derived mouse dendritic cells (BMDCs) stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The changes of cytokine production were confirmed with the transcription levels of these cytokines. To study the mechanisms of this bidirectional effect, we investigated changes of intracellular molecules in the LPS-induced signaling pathway and observed that IVIG upregulated ERK1/2 phosphorylation while downregulated p38 MAPK phosphorylation...
2013: Journal of Signal Transduction
Donna J Webb, Claire M Brown, Kris A DeMali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2012: Journal of Signal Transduction
Laura Cerchia, Juan-Carlos Martinez Montero, Parisa Monfared
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2012: Journal of Signal Transduction
Tammy Tamayo, Liliana Grajales, Jesús García
Satellite cells can maintain or repair muscle because they possess stem cell properties, making them a valuable option for cell therapy. However, cell transplants into skeletal muscle of patients with muscular dystrophy are limited by donor cell attachment, migration, and survival in the host tissue. Cells used for therapy are selected based on specific markers present in the plasma membrane. Although many markers have been identified, there is a need to find a marker that is expressed at different states in satellite cells, activated, quiescent, or differentiated cell...
2012: Journal of Signal Transduction
Takashi W Ijiri, A K M Mahbub Hasan, Ken-Ichi Sato
In sexual reproduction, two gamete cells (i.e., egg and sperm) fuse (fertilization) to create a newborn with a genetic identity distinct from those of the parents. In the course of these developmental processes, a variety of signal transduction events occur simultaneously in each of the two gametes, as well as in the fertilized egg/zygote/early embryo. In particular, a growing body of knowledge suggests that the tyrosine kinase Src and/or other protein-tyrosine kinases are important elements that facilitate successful implementation of the aforementioned processes in many animal species...
2012: Journal of Signal Transduction
Audra A Kramer, Nicholas E Ingraham, Emily J Sharpe, Michelle Mynlieff
Influx of calcium through voltage-dependent channels regulates processes throughout the nervous system. Specifically, influx through L-type channels plays a variety of roles in early neuronal development and is commonly modulated by G-protein-coupled receptors such as GABA(B) receptors. Of the four isoforms of L-type channels, only Ca(V)1.2 and Ca(V)1.3 are predominately expressed in the nervous system. Both isoforms are inhibited by the same pharmacological agents, so it has been difficult to determine the role of specific isoforms in physiological processes...
2012: Journal of Signal Transduction
Linda Yu, Alicia B Moore, Lysandra Castro, Xiaohua Gao, Hoang-Long C Huynh, Michelle Klippel, Norris D Flagler, Yi Lu, Grace E Kissling, Darlene Dixon
Estrogen and growth factors play a major role in uterine leiomyoma (UtLM) growth possibly through interactions of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) and estrogen receptor-alpha (ERα) signaling. We determined the genomic and nongenomic effects of 17β-estradiol (E(2)) on IGF-IR/MAPKp44/42 signaling and gene expression in human UtLM cells with intact or silenced IGF-IR. Analysis by RT(2) Profiler PCR-array showed genes involved in IGF-IR/MAPK signaling were upregulated in UtLM cells by E(2) including cyclin D kinases, MAPKs, and MAPK kinases; RTK signaling mediator, GRB2; transcriptional factors ELK1 and E2F1; CCNB2 involved in cell cycle progression, proliferation, and survival; and COL1A1 associated with collagen synthesis...
2012: Journal of Signal Transduction
Ruby A Fernandez, Premanand Sundivakkam, Kimberly A Smith, Amy S Zeifman, Abigail R Drennan, Jason X-J Yuan
Pulmonary circulation is an important circulatory system in which the body brings in oxygen. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive and fatal disease that predominantly affects women. Sustained pulmonary vasoconstriction, excessive pulmonary vascular remodeling, in situ thrombosis, and increased pulmonary vascular stiffness are the major causes for the elevated pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) in patients with PAH. The elevated PVR causes an increase in afterload in the right ventricle, leading to right ventricular hypertrophy, right heart failure, and eventually death...
2012: Journal of Signal Transduction
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