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East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30563954/sexually-violent-predator-law-in-the-united-states
#1
A R Felthous, J Ko
Sexually violent predator (SVP) laws in the United States are controversial. They tend to be opposed by academics, libertarians, and professional organisations but are supported by states and the Supreme Court. This study reviews the history of SVP legislation, compares features of SVP laws among states, and summarise requirements by the Supreme Court that shaped these laws. Features of SVP laws include identification of sexual offenders with mental abnormality that predisposes them to sexually offending behaviours in the future, and standards of proof for conditional or unconditional release...
December 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30563953/people-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disorders-in-the-united-kingdom-criminal-justice-system
#2
V Chester
This review aims to describe the way in which people with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities (IDD) are treated within the criminal justice system (CJS) in the United Kingdom (UK). The relevant empirical literature and national reports are reviewed, and the current care model for offenders with IDD described. The care of people with IDD within the CJS is relatively advanced in UK; however, offenders with IDD experience difficulties at all stages. This includes engagement with police and the courts, accessing adapted therapies, and after discharge from inpatient care or release from custody...
December 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30563952/diminished-responsibility-law-reform-in-the-united-kingdom-and-personal-perspective-on-forensic-psychiatric-practice-in-hong-kong
#3
A Cy Liu
This commentary discusses law reform on diminished responsibility in the United Kingdom and provides a personal perspective on forensic psychiatric practice relating to diminished responsibility in Hong Kong.
December 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30563951/maternal-infanticide-and-filicide-in-a-psychiatric-custodial-institution-in-hong-kong
#4
D Tang, B Siu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the history, legislation, and psychiatric perspective of filicide, to compare the characteristics of mothers who committed neonaticide versus infanticide, and to discuss the infanticide law in Hong Kong. METHODS: Data of mothers remanded to the Siu Lam Psychiatric Centre from 2008 to 2016 for filicide were reviewed, as were data of filicide from the Child Fatality Review Reports published by the Social Welfare Department...
December 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30563950/prevalence-and-screening-of-mental-illness-among-remand-prisoners-in-hong-kong
#5
K Kw Chow, O Chan, M Wm Yu, C Sl Lo, D Yy Tang, D Ly Chow, B Wm Siu, E Fc Cheung
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to validate the Correctional Mental Health Screen (CMHS) in the Hong Kong prison population and determine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among remand prisoners in Hong Kong and the associated factors of mental illness. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted at the Lai Chi Kok Reception Centre and the Tai Lam Centre for Women in Hong Kong. Remand prisoners aged ≥21 years were recruited between May and August 2014. Sociodemographic and clinical data were collected...
December 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30563949/combination-of-psychiatric-and-psychological-approaches-in-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-sexual-offenders
#6
O Chan, S Lam
This review discusses the association between mental disorders and sexual offending, and provides an overview of the combination of psychiatric and psychological approaches to assess and treat sexual offenders at the Sex Offender Evaluation and Treatment Unit in Siu Lam Psychiatric Centre in Hong Kong.
December 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30563948/compulsory-admission-in-hong-kong-balance-between-paternalism-and-patient-liberty
#7
B Wm Siu, E C Fistein, H W Leung, L Sy Chan, C K Yan, A Ch Lai, K K Yuen, K K Ng
In Hong Kong, compulsory admission is governed by the Mental Health Ordinance Section 31 (detention of a patient under observation), Section 32 (extension of period of detention for such a patient), Section 36 (detention of certified patients), and the sections in Part IV for hospital order, transfer order, and removal order. Mental health professionals adopt both legal criteria and practice criteria for compulsory admission. The present study discusses the harm principle, the patient's decision-making capacity, the multi-axial framework for compulsory admission, and the balance between paternalism and patient liberty...
December 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30563947/profiling-mentally-ill-offenders-in-hong-kong-a-5-year-retrospective-review-study
#8
B Wm Siu, O Chan, C Cy Au-Yeung, K Kw Chow, A Cy Liu, D Yy Tang, S H Lui, E Fc Cheung, M Lam
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of mental illness in offenders referred to psychiatrists from January 2011 to March 2016 and any associations between crime and mental illness in these offenders. METHODS: Case notes of offenders referred to psychiatrists at the Siu Lam Psychiatric Centre from 1 January 2011 to 31 March 2016 were reviewed. Data on sex, age on admission, educational level, principal psychiatric diagnosis, index offence, source and reason of referral, and outcome were collected...
December 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30563946/forensic-psychiatric-services-in-hong-kong
#9
EDITORIAL
B Wm Siu, M Lam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30146499/video-feedback-on-mother-child-interactions-in-perinatal-psychiatric-service-in-hong-kong
#10
LETTER
P Y Chung, W Y Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30146498/attitude-of-medical-students-in-paraguay-towards-homosexuality
#11
J Torales, I Barrios, A Torres, N Dunjo, M G Benitez, J Villalba, A Ventriglio, D Bhugra
INTRODUCTION: The attitude of medical students towards homosexuality may affect the quality of care for homosexual patients. This study aimed to describe the attitude of medical students at the National University of Asuncion, Paraguay towards homosexuality. METHODS: This observational, cross-sectional study was conducted in June 2016 in consecutive medical students from the National University of Asunción (Santa Rosa del Aguaray branch), Paraguay. The 10-item attitude towards homosexuality scale (EAH-10) was used to assess participants' acceptance/ rejection of homosexuals as individuals, homosexuality as a sexual orientation, and public manifestations of homosexuality...
September 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30146497/audit-of-mental-capacity-assessment-by-primary-care-physicians-versus-consultation-liaison-psychiatrists
#12
C Yw Chan, S Wl Yong, A S Mhaisalkar, G L Sin, S H Poon, S M Tan
OBJECTIVE: To review the mental capacity assessment of in-patients referred to consultation-liaison psychiatrists and to compare the assessment first made by primary care physicians. METHODS: Medical records of in-patients who were referred to consultation-liaison psychiatrists for mental capacity assessment between May and October 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Assessment was first made by a primary care physician; complex cases were referred to a consultation-liaison psychiatrist...
September 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30146496/association-of-suicidal-ideation-with-demographic-lifestyle-and-health-factors-in-malaysians
#13
Y K Cheah, M Azahadi, S N Phang, N H Abd Manaf
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of suicidal ideation with demographic, lifestyle, and health factors, using data from National Health and Morbidity Survey 2011 (NHMS 2011) of Malaysia. METHODS: The NHMS 2011 included 10,141 respondents. Independent variables of suicidal ideation were income, age, household size, sex, ethnicity, education, marital status, smoking, physical activity, and self-rated health. The risk factors of suicidal ideation were determined using logistic regression analysis...
September 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30146495/aripiprazole-versus-lithium-in-management-of-acute-mania-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
S S Shafti
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare aripiprazole with lithium for the effectiveness of treating Iranian male patients with acute mania. METHODS: A total of 30 male in-patients with bipolar I disorder who presented with relapse or new emergence of an episode of acute mania were equally randomised to receive 4 weeks of aripiprazole (5 mg uncoated tablets) or lithium carbonate (300 mg uncoated tablets) according to standard practice guidelines and titration protocols...
September 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30146494/premorbid-adjustment-in-predicting-symptom-severity-and-social-cognitive-deficits-in-schizophrenia
#15
R L Dewangan, P Singh
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia patients have deficits in premorbid adjustment (PMA) and social cognition (SC); both deficits are associated with symptom severity, neuro-cognitive deficits, and prognosis. This study aimed to determine symptom severity and two domains of SC deficit by assessing specific areas of PMA in schizophrenia patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 60 male and 60 female patients with paranoid schizophrenia aged 20 to 35 years from two psychiatric inpatient departments of Chhattisgarh state of India...
September 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29921744/clozapine-related-paroxysmal-supraventricular-tachycardia-a-case-report
#16
S J Kim, M S Gim
Clozapine is considered to be more effective than other antipsychotic drugs for treating treatmentresistant schizophrenia. However, side effects of clozapine include agranulocytosis and, less commonly, cardiovascular disease, which is occasionally fatal. We describe a 56-year-old woman who developed clozapine-related paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia during clozapine dose titration and had a recurrence despite being treated with verapamil. For treatment-resistant schizophrenia, a slow titration of the clozapine dose is necessary, and potential cardiac side-effects should be monitored...
June 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29921743/arachnoid-cyst-causing-depression-and-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-a-case-report
#17
M Shettar, R Karkal, R Misra, A Kakunje, V V Mohan Chandran, R D Mendonsa
Arachnoid cysts are benign space-occupying brain lesions that contain cerebrospinal fluid. Most cases are congenital in origin, caused by failed fusion of the arachnoid membrane early in fetal development. Cases are often incidentally detected on neuroimaging; however, rarely patients present with neuropsychiatric manifestations when cysts expand and cause a midline shift, compression of nearby brain tissue or cerebrospinal fluid compartments or both. We report a case of a 56-year-old woman with no past history or family history of psychiatric illness who developed acute-onset right-sided weakness, depressive symptoms, and other neuropsychiatric deficits...
June 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29921742/attitude-of-indian-medical-students-towards-homosexuality
#18
A Kar, S Mukherjee, A Ventriglio, D Bhugra
INTRODUCTION: It is important to understand the attitude of medical students towards homosexuality, as this may affect patient care. METHODS: Year 2 and 3 students at Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, India were asked to selfadminister an 18-item questionnaire anonymously. Internal consistency of the questionnaire statements was high (Cronbach's alpha of 0.91). There were five responses for each statement: strongly agree, generally agree, unsure, generally disagree, and strongly disagree...
June 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29921741/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-c-reactive-protein-level-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-before-and-after-pharmacotherapy
#19
A Adhikari, R Dikshit, S Karia, S Sonavane, N Shah, A De Sousa
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) level are useful biomarkers of inflammation. This study aimed to assess NLR and CRP level in patients with major depressive disorder before and after pharmacotherapy to determine whether NLR or CRP could be used as biomarkers of severity of major depression and whether there was any sex difference. METHODOLOGY: Patients with major depression who received no pharmacotherapy 1 month prior to the study were included...
June 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29921740/association-between-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-subunit-2b-gene-polymorphisms-and-personality-traits-in-a-young-japanese-population
#20
S Narita, Y Onozawa, E Yoshihara, D Nishizawa, M Numajiri, K Ikeda, K Iwahashi
OBJECTIVE: The N -methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit 2B (GluN2B) is involved in regulation of anxiety and depression and nervous activity in the brain. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of the GluN2B gene ( GRIN2B ) are associated with human mental function and behaviour. We investigated whether four GRIN2B polymorphisms (rs7301328, rs1806201, rs1805247, and rs1805502) affect characterisation of personality traits. METHODS: In 248 young people, GRIN2B polymorphisms were analysed, and personality traits were assessed using the Neuroticism Extraversion Openness-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
June 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
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