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International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685778/author-s-reply
#1
LETTER
Hwee Soo Jeong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685777/comments-on-the-association-between-workplace-environment-and-metabolic-syndrome
#2
LETTER
Mohammad Salehi-Marzijarani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685776/respiratory-exposure-to-toxic-gases-and-metal-fumes-produced-by-welding-processes-and-pulmonary-function-tests
#3
Younes Mehrifar, Zahra Zamanian, Hamideh Pirami
BACKGROUND: Welding is a common industrial process and is harmful to welders' health. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of toxic gases and metal fumes produced during 3 welding processes on welders' incidence of respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in an Iranian shipbuilding industrial factory in 2018. Using the simple census method, 60 welders were selected as the exposed group. 45 staff members of the administrative unit were also recruited to be served as the control group...
January 2019: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685775/development-and-validation-of-the-health-literacy-scale-for-workers
#4
Nemat Azizi, Mahmood Karimy, Rezvan Abedini, Bahram Armoon, Ali Montazeri
BACKGROUND: Health literacy has received growing attention in recent years to reduce health disparities. Health literate individuals can gain access, understand and use health information to maintain, improve and promote good health. OBJECTIVE: To develop and assess the psychometric properties of a tool for the measurement of health literacy among workers, the Health Literacy Scale for Workers (HELSW). METHODS: 15 companies were selected from the factories of the industrial city of Saveh...
January 2019: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685774/pesticide-exposure-and-stunting-among-children-in-agricultural-areas
#5
Apoina Kartini, Hertanto W Subagio, Suharyo Hadisaputro, Martha I Kartasurya, Suhartono Suhartono, Budiyono Budiyono
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of growth disorders among school-aged children in Indonesia is high (30.7%). Pesticides have been massively used in Indonesian agricultural areas. OBJECTIVE: To determine if exposure to pesticides is associated with stunting among children in agricultural areas. METHODS: This case-control study included 160 children (48 cases and 112 controls) aged 8-12 years. Exposure to pesticides was measured based on the history of the exposure since perinatal period, infancy, and childhood of the participants...
January 2019: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685773/exposure-to-electromagnetic-fields-of-high-voltage-overhead-power-lines-and-female-infertility
#6
Sedigheh Esmailzadeh, Mouloud Agajani Delavar, Ashraf Aleyassin, Sayyed Asghar Gholamian, Amirmasoud Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Living in the vicinity of high voltage power lines has brought about a range of health woes, but the effect of residential exposure to electromagnetic fields from the power lines on female fertility has not been explored yet. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis if residential proximity to high voltage power lines could be associated with the increased risk of female infertility. METHODS: In a case-control study, 462 women with confirmed diagnosis of unexplained infertility or behavioral and environmental factors were assessed between February 2014 and December 2016...
January 2019: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685772/the-association-between-green-space-and-the-prevalence-of-overweight-obesity-among-primary-school-children
#7
Shraddha Manandhar, Thunwadee Tachapattaworakul Suksaroj, Cheerawit Rattanapan
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight and obesity is a major health problem in many low- and middle-income countries such as Nepal. There is evidence indicating a significant association between health and access to green space. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity, and to identify its association with green space among primary school children in Kathmandu metropolitan city, Nepal. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 440 (195 male and 245 female) students studying in selected primary schools of Kathmandu metropolitan city...
January 2019: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30325361/effect-of-betel-areca-nut-chewing-on-fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-a-pilot-study
#8
YiChieh Kuo, Francis Fu-Sheng Wu, YingChung Lee, Theodore Rong-Yei Lin, Julian Crane, Robert Siebers
Betel (areca) nuts are extensively chewed in many countries. This has been associated with respiratory symptoms. We aimed to determine whether betel nut chewing is associated with acute changes in fractional exhaled nitric oxide, a non-invasive marker of airway inflammation. Betel nut chewing resulted in an immediate significant decline in fractional exhaled nitric oxide levels that persisted for up to 180 minutes. This effect has to be taken into account in epidemiological studies, reference ranges, and patient preparation...
October 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30325360/respiratory-and-dermal-symptoms-and-raised-serum-concentrations-of-biomarkers-of-oxidative-stress-among-pesticide-retailers
#9
Hamed Jalilian, Masoud Neghab, Mohsen Tatar, Shekoufeh Taheri
BACKGROUND: Recently concern has been raised regarding possible health effects resulting from exposure of a group of pesticide retailers to chemicals they handle. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of respiratory and dermal symptoms, as well as biomarkers of oxidative stress, among pesticide retailers and to compare them with those of an unexposed comparison group. METHODS: 70 male pesticide retailers and 64 male construction workers (served as the comparison group) were investigated...
October 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30325359/psychometric-properties-of-persian-version-of-the-short-form-workplace-social-capital-questionnaire-for-female-health-workers
#10
Mojgan Firouzbakht, Aram Tirgar, Abbas Ebadi, Hamid Sharif Nia, Tuula Oksanen, Anne Kouvonen, Mohammad Esmaeil Riahi
BACKGROUND: The workplace social capital is one of the important features of clinical work environment that improves the productivity and quality of services and safety through trust and social participation. Evaluation of workplace social capital requires a valid and reliable scale. The short-form workplace social capital questionnaire developed by Kouvonen has long been used to evaluate the workplace social capital. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the questionnaire among a group of female Iranian health care workers...
October 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30325358/the-relationship-between-workplace-environment-and-metabolic-syndrome
#11
Hwee-Soo Jeong
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome, a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and diabetes, is recognized as an important health problem. OBJECTIVE: To investigated whether the workplace environment was associated with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional study using medical records and workplace environment reports of 1297 blue-collar Korean male workers who exposed to work hazards in one workplace. The metabolic syndrome was confirmed using the NCEP ATP III...
October 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30325357/effect-of-chronic-noise-exposure-on-aggressive-behavior-of-automotive-industry-workers
#12
Iraj Alimohammadi, Fakhradin Ahmadi Kanrash, Jamileh Abolghasemi, Hanieh Afrazandeh, Kazem Rahmani
BACKGROUND: Noise pollution is one of the important harmful physical factors in work environment in developed and developing countries. It not only causes a variety of physiological effects, but also accounts for psychological disorders. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of chronic exposure to noise on aggression in automotive industry workers. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study conducted in an Iranian automotive industry, a group of workers were randomly selected from different parts of the paint shop...
October 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30325356/ocular-exposure-to-particulate-matter-and-development-of-pterygium-a-case-control-study
#13
Carlos Alberto Ramirez, Manuel Pérez-Martinot, Delia Gil-Huayanay, Diego Urrunaga-Pastor, Vicente A Benites-Zapata
BACKGROUND: Formation of pterygium has been mainly attributed to exposure to the ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Other factors such as dry weather, wind exposure and microtrauma with dust particles, have been linked to development of pterygium. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between ocular exposure to particulate matter and development of pterygium. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted in a company dedicated to the production and marketing of toilets...
October 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30325355/the-ijoem-goes-all-digital
#14
EDITORIAL
Farrokh Habibzadeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29995023/authors-reply
#15
LETTER
Shabnam Abtahi, Mahyar Malekzadeh, Ghafour Nikravan, Abbas Ghaderi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29995022/comments-on-the-measurement-of-lung-cancer-tumor-markers-in-workers-of-a-glass-wool-company
#16
LETTER
Gary M Marsh, Autumn Bernal, Natalie Suder Egnot, Marisa Kreider
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29995021/outbreak-of-mushroom-poisoning-in-iran-april-may-2018
#17
Kambiz Soltaninejad
From April 28 to May 28, 2018, more than 1200 patients with impression of mushroom poisoning were referred to hospital emergency departments in 13 west and northwestern provinces, Iran; 112 (8.9%) patients were hospitalized and 19 were expired ( ie , a fatality rate of 1.5%). The outbreak began in Kermanshah province with increasing number of patients presenting with severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea soon after consumption of wild mushrooms. Lepiota brunneioncarnata, Hypholoma fascicalare, and Coprinopsis atramentaria have been involved in this outbreak...
July 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29995020/aberrant-dna-methylation-of-two-tumor-suppressor-genes-p14-arf-and-p15-ink4b-after-chronic-occupational-exposure-to-low-level-of-benzene
#18
Iraj Jamebozorgi, Tayebeh Majidizadeh, Gholamreza Pouryagoub, Frouzandeh Mahjoubi
BACKGROUND: Exposure to benzene would be associated with many diseases including leukemia. Epigenetic alterations seem to be among the main mechanisms involved. OBJECTIVE: To determine if chronic occupational exposure to low level of benzene would be associated with DNA methylation. METHODS: Global DNA methylation and promoter-specific methylation of the two tumor suppressor genes, p14ARF and p15INK4b , were assessed employing methylation-specific PCR using the DNA extracted from 40 petrochemical workers exposed to ambient benzene levels of <1 ppm, and 31 office workers not exposed to benzene or its derivatives...
July 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29995019/pesticide-exposure-and-thyroid-function-in-elementary-school-children-living-in-an-agricultural-area-brebes-district-indonesia
#19
Suhartono Suhartono, Apoina Kartini, Hertanto Wahyu Subagio, Budiyono Budiyono, Agustini Utari, Suratman Suratman, Mateus Sakundarno
BACKGROUND: Children living in agricultural areas are at risk of exposure to pesticides due to their involvement in agricultural activities. Pesticides are one of the chemicals classified as endocrine disrupting chemicals. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between exposure to organophosphate pesticides and the occurrence of thyroid dysfunction in children. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 66 children in two elementary schools located in an agricultural area in Brebes District, Indonesia, in 2015...
July 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29995018/association-between-the-increase-in-body-mass-index-and-medical-absenteeism-in-a-peruvian-mining-population
#20
Raúl Gomero, Ludy Murguía, Livia Calizaya, Christian R Mejia, Arnaldo Sánchez-B
BACKGROUND: Obesity and overweight are associated with work absenteeism of medical cause. However, there is little knowledge on the relationship between incremental body mass index (BMI) and absenteeism. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of annual increase in BMI on amount of prolonged absenteeism. METHODS: Data from a longitudinal historical cohort of workers of a mining camp in Peru between 2006 and 2014 were used for the analysis. Prolonged absenteeism of 30 days or more in one year was chosen as the dependent variable; annual increase in BMI was considered as the explanatory variable...
July 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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