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Journal of Injury & Violence Research

Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh, Maryam Babakhani, Farzad Jalilian, Masoumeh Vaezi, Fatemeh Jalilian, Shiva Khashij, Behrooz Hamzeh
BACKGROUND: Pedestrians are one of the most vulnerable groups of road users that potentially are at risk for road traffic injuries and deaths. The present paper reports an application of the Prototype Willingness Model (PWM) to the prediction of road-crossing behaviors among students from Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS) in the west of Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out among a sample of 315 medical students who were randomly selected from seven faculties of KUMS in 2017 according to their size, and who filled out a self-administered questionnaire containing a scenario depicting a potentially hazardous road-crossing behavior, followed by items measuring the PWM constructs...
February 16, 2019: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Mohammadreza Shokouhi, Khadijeh Nasiriani, Hamidreza Khankeh, Hosein Fallahzadeh, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh
BACKGROUND: Building fires can be a great threat to the safety of residents, and can lead to economic and social damage. Exploring the views of stakeholders is a great source for understanding the factors that affect fires. The purpose of this study was to explore stakeholders' experiences of unintentional fire-related injuries in residential buildings in Iran. METHODS: This qualitative study was carried out using grounded theory. The study was conducted in Iran, in 2017...
February 16, 2019: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Bindu Kalesan, Yi Zuo, Ramachandran S Vasan, Sandro Galea
BACKGROUND: National conversation has justifiably been concerned with firearm-related deaths and much less attention has been paid to the consequences of surviving a firearm injury. We assessed the risk of hospital readmission, length of stay (LOS) during hospitalization, and costs within 90-days after surviving an index firearm injury and compared these data with pedestrians and occupants involved in motor vehicle crash (MVC). METHODS: Nationwide Readmission Database, a nationally representative readmission database from 2013 and 2014 was used to create a retrospective cohort study...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Sabrina Brown, Jacqueline Seals
BACKGROUND: Suicide consistently ranks in the top ten causes of death nationally. The purpose of this study was to develop a novel coding scheme to determine what percentage of suicide cases from 2005-2015 in Kentucky involved violence when intimate partner problems were identified. Currently, researchers using the national dataset, containing these data, only have the option to identify intimate partner problems unless each case is reviewed individually. METHODS: Data from the Kentucky Violent Death Reporting System from 2005-2015 were used to create a subset of cases where intimate partner problems were identified and qualitative and quantitative analysis of the death scene investigation incident narratives was conducted to identify cases where intimate partner violence also contributed to the suicide...
January 13, 2019: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Kamal Hasanzadeh, Shaker Salarylak, Shahrokh Amiri, Mina Golestani, Nasrin Shahedifar
BACKGROUND: Motorcycling is one of the main causes of injury, and motorcyclists are vulnerable to road traffic injuries. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in adults is presumably one of the determinants of road traffic injuries and motorcyclists' risky behavior. Despite the few studies on the relationship between motorcycle injuries and adult ADHD, their association has not been investigated using standardized instruments. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between motorcyclists' adult ADHD and risky riding behaviors...
January 12, 2019: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Mohammadreza Shokouhi, Khadijeh Nasiriani, Zahra Cheraghi, Ali Ardalan, Hamidreza Khankeh, Hosein Fallahzadeh, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh
BACKGROUND: Every year, a large number of people lose their lives or become injured seriously as a result of fires. Fires in buildings pose a great threat to resident safety. The aim of this systematic review is to identify preventive measures for fire-related injuries in residential buildings, taking into account associated risk factors. METHODS: In this study, a systematic review was performed of all studies conducted in the field of residential building fires, influencing factors and available safety procedures...
November 11, 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Nasim Yousefnia, Nafisehsadat Nekuei, Ziba Farajzadegan
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence (DV) can threaten women's health. Healthcare providers (HCPs) may be the first to come into contact with a victim of DV. Their appropriate performance regarding a victim of DV can decrease its complications. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between HCPs' performance regarding women experiencing DV, demographic characteristics, and attitudes towards their management. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 300 emergency and maternity HCPs were selected using quota random sampling from February to May 2016...
July 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Ali Khavanin, Javad Malakouti, Vahid Gharibi, Narges Khanjani, Hamidreza Mokarami, Mohammad Hossein Ebrahimi
BACKGROUND: Working at height has always been considered as one of the most dangerous industrial activities. Workers' fitness including their physical and psychological ability plays a key role in prevention of occupational accidents. This research was conducted to investigate the physical and mental fitness of telecommunication tower climbers as well as their job stress. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among employees of a contracting company which worked in the field of telecommunication tower installation in Iran during 2016...
July 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Mehdi Moradinazar, Farid Najafi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost
BACKGROUND: Stigma of suicide attempt (SA) results in not asking friends and relatives for help. Others' awareness of an individual's SA sometimes can solve his/her problems and reduce rates of SA. This study is intended to examine the degree of SA visibility through deliberate self-poisoning (DSP), which is the most common method of SA in Iran. METHODS: In order to study visibility, all individuals who had attempted to suicide by DSP and had been referred to the western Iran poisoning center during April-June, 2016 were entered to the study...
July 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Tooba Hoseini Azizi, Sima Sadat Hejazi, Ahmad Kameli
BACKGROUND: Falling from a tree is one of the major causes of serious injuries in farmers but it can be prevented. Walnut is one of the most important agricultural products in Iran and falling from walnut trees is common during the season of harvest. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of complications due to falling from walnut tree in patients referred to the emergency department of Imam Ali Hospital in Bojnurd City, Iran. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted on 127 patients with injuries due to falling from the walnut tree in Bojnurd City, Iran, in the walnut harvest season of August 2013 to November 2014...
July 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Reza Mohammadi, Katarina Bohm
BACKGROUND: Pre-hospital time management provides better access to victims of road traffic crashes (RTCs) and can help minimize preventable deaths, injuries and disabilities. While most studies have been focused on measuring various time intervals in the pre-hospital phase, to our best knowledge there is no study exploring the barriers and facilitators that affects these various intervals qualitatively. The present study aimed to explore factors affecting various time intervals relating to road traffic incidents in the pre-hospital phase and provides suggestions for improvements in Iran...
July 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Ahmed Alshahethi, Abdulwahed Al Serouri, Yousef S Khader
BACKGROUND: The burden and pattern of unintentional child injuries in Yemen are not yet studied. This study aimed to determine the rate of unintentional injuries and their associated factors and describe the pattern of these injuries among schoolchildren in Sana'a city, Yemen. METHODS: A cross-sectional school-based study was conducted among students in grades 9-12 in Sana'a Capital City. A total of 10 schools were selected using multistage sampling technique. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data...
July 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
David C Schwebel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Jafar Bazyar, Hamid Safarpour, Salman Daliri, Arezoo Karimi, Meysam Safi Keykaleh, Mohammad Bazyar
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence during pregnancy is a public health crisis, because it affects both mother and fetus simultaneously, resulting in irreversible consequences for mothers and their newborns. This study was performed to determine the prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy in the world and Iran as meta-analysis. METHODS: This study is a meta-analysis on the prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy in the world and Iran that was conductedon Persian and English published articles up to 2015...
July 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Mandy A O'Hara
Bilateral skull fractures in infancy may result from accidental or abusive injury. Consultation with a child abuse pediatrician may assist with determining the likelihood of accident or abuse. Diagnostic considerations for the infant with bilateral skull fractures are reviewed, including single impact, double impact, and compression mechanisms of injury, as well as the possibility of accessory sutures as skull fracture mimics. Illustrative cases exemplify the evaluative process, including obtaining a detailed history, assessing for the presence or absence of additional physical or radiographic signs of injury, screening for psychosoical risk, and obtaining three-dimensional reconstruction of CT bone images...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Ghasem Mousavi, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Ali Ardalan, Hamidreza Khankeh, Abbas Ostadtaghizadeh, Mohammad Kamali, Gholamreza Raissi
BACKGROUND: Internationally, inclusion of physical rehabilitation services during early disaster response is relatively new. The aim of the study was to gain an understanding of disaster relief physical rehabilitation in Iran. METHODS: A qualitative study design was employed and sixteen semi-structured interviews were conducted for data collection. Content analysis was used for data analysis. The participants in this study were purposively selected among people who experienced the Bam (2003) and Varzaghan (2012) earthquakes...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Ahmad Kalateh Sadati, Nooshin Zarei, Hossein Argasi, Seyed Taghi Heydari
BACKGROUND: Female Sex workers (FSWs) are a marginalized group. Although some studies have shown various types of violence against sex workers, it is a subject which needs more in-depth knowledge. METHODS: This is a conventional content study conducted on 18 street sex workers in Shiraz, Iran. RESULTS: The present study observed that sex workers had extensive experience in five forms of violence: physical, barbaric, psychological, sexual, deception and robbery...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Jessica L Mckee, Ian A Mckee, Chad G Ball, Edward Tan, Alan Moloff, Paul McBeth, Anthony LaPorta, Brad Bennett, Dennis Filips, Carrie Teicher, Andrew W Kirkpatrick
BACKGROUND: Craniomaxillofacial (CMF) injuries are very common in both civilian and military settings. Nearly half of all civilian trauma incidents include a scalp laceration and historical rates of CMF battle injuries increased from 16%-21% to 42.2%. The scalp is highly vascular tissue and uncontrolled bleeding can lead to hypotension, shock and death. Therefore, enabling on-scene providers, both military and civilian, to immediately manage scalp and face lacerations, in a manner that allows them to still function in a tactical way, offers operational advantages...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Roshanak Vameghi, Sedigheh Amir Ali Akbari, Hamid Alavi Majd, Firoozeh Sajedi, Homeira Sajjadi
BACKGROUND: Given the significant health effects of domestic violence against women, the present study was conducted in 2016, in Tehran, Iran in order to compare the socioeconomic status, perceived social support and mental status in women of reproductive age experiencing and not experiencing domestic violence. METHODS: This descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was conducted on 500 women. The data collection tools used included questionnaires: demographic information, Socioeconomic, Beck's Depression, Spielberger's Anxiety, Cohen's Perceived Stress, Sarason's Perceived Social Support and WHO's Domestic Violence Inventory...
January 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Thomas Brockamp, Paola Koenen, Manuel Mutschler, Michael Köhler, Bertil Bouillon, Uli Schmucker, Michael Caspers, Working Group Injury Prevention Of The German Trauma Society
BACKGROUND: Road traffic collisions (RTC) remain a major problem especially among young road users. Injury prevention measures and licensing systems have increasingly been developed to counteract some of the negative effects of RTCs in youth. The Prevent Alcohol and Risk Related Trauma in Youth (P.A.R.T.Y.) program is an injury prevention program that promotes prevention through reality education. In this study, the impact of the program on different sociodemographic subgroups of school students was analyzed...
January 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
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