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International Journal of Preventive Medicine

Salman Khazaei, Mehdi Yaseri, Shahrzad Nematollahi, Zahra Zobdeh, Vida Sheikh, Mohammad Ali Mansournia
Background: Hemodialysis (HD) is one of the treatments provided to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. A few studies have investigated the survival rate of HD patients in Iran. Hence, we decided to investigate the survival rate and it is predictors among Iranian ESRD patients. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study conducted in 165 HD patients in Tuyserkan city (Hamadan province) during 20 years from 1996 to 2015. The checklist used to gather information was comprised of patients' demographic and clinical information...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Reza Ghadimi, Seyyed Reza Hosseini, Samaneh Asefi, Ali Bijani, Behzad Heidari, Mansour Babaei
Background: Smoking has deleterious effects on bone mass and is associated with the subsequent development of osteoporosis, particularly in elderly participants. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of smoking in the elderly male smokers. Methods: All male participants aged 60 years and older of the Amirkola cohort who performed bone densitometry entered the study. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (FN) using the dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry method...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Narges Amel Zabihi, Seyed Mojtaba Mousavi, Maryam Mahmoudabady, Mohammad Soukhtanloo, Farzaneh Sohrabi, Saeed Niazmand
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a prime risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The convincing experimental and clinical evidence indicated that the onset of DM is closely associated with oxidative stress and that the generation of reactive oxygen species increases in both the types of diabetes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Teucrium polium (TP) hydroalcoholic extract on the blood glucose, cholesterol, triglyceride, and oxidative stress markers of the heart and aorta in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Leila Mohammadinia, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Safoora Gharibzadeh, Payam Roshanferk, Hossein Malekafzali
Background: Social determinants of health (SDH) provide a platform in improving health society such as safety. Safety is essential for children because it is directly related to the health and development. The objective of this study was to evaluate the current home safety in the capital city of Iran for children below five years by community-based initiative and its association with common SDH variables. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, considering community- and family-based initiative...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Saide Miri, Tahereh Safari, Gholam Reza Komeili, Mehdi Nematbakhsh, Abbass Ali Niazi, Mehdi Jahantigh, Hossein Bagheri, Fatemeh Maghool
Background: L-arginine is an important precursor for the formation of nitric oxide (NO). According to previous studies, NO function is related to gender. Likewise, chronic renal diseases have lower prevalence in female. Gentamicin (GM) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic. According to some studies, males are more sensitive to GM renal nephrotoxicity. This study attempts to find protective effects of L-arginine on GM nephrotoxicity in male and female rats. Methods: Male and female rats were divided into eight groups: Rats were randomly assigned to 8 groups each including both male and female rats...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Peter Schwandt, Gerda-Maria Haas
Objectives: The PEP Family Heart Study is a perspective community-based long-term project for the whole family to improve cardiovascular health aiming to assess and to amend risk factors in children and their parents by lifestyle change. Methods: A total of 48,667 subjects (24,927 adults and 23,740 children) from 3,370 families living in 94% of the elementary school districts of Nuremberg (Germany) participated in this observational study from 1993/1994 -2007/2008...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Vajihe Izadi, Bagher Larijani, Leila Azadbakht
Coffee and green tea are two of most usual consumed beverages in the world which have several benefit components. Coffee and green tea have significantly inverse correlation with obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. Adiponectin and leptin are the adipokines mostly secreted from adipose tissue and play the important roles on the status of chronic diseases. In the present study, we aimed to review the evidence about relationship between these beverages and adiponectin and leptin levels. We searched in PubMed to January 2013 using several key words such as coffee, green tea, caffeine, leptin, adiponectin, and adipokines...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Kambiz Abachizadeh, Yalda Soleiman Ekhtiari, Ali-Asghar Kolahi
Background: Smoking is a modifiable risk factor for noncommunicable diseases with a wide range of harmful health outcomes. Identification of sociodemographic characteristics of smokers can be a guideline to development of effective intervention proportional to target population. This study aimed to determine smoking pattern and its associated sociodemographic factors in Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted based on data from the sixth round of nationwide STEPwise approach to Surveillance (STEPS) survey in the 31 provinces of Iran...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Marzieh Nasrazadani, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Emanuela Dreassi, Behzad Mahaki
Background: According to the last report of Iran cancer registry, stomach, colorectal, and bladder cancers are the most prevalent cancers. The present study focused on separating the latent risk surface into shared and disease-specific components. Methods: In this study, data consisting of stomach, colorectal, and bladder cancers in 30 provinces of Iran during 2004-2009 are considered. These data are analyzed by polytomous logit model. The incidence of stomach cancer acts as the reference category (the surrogate for smoking)...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Fariborz Khorvash, Helia Hemasian, Shahab Shahabi, Arvin Shahzamani, Erfan Sheikhbahaei, Ahmad Chitsaz
Background: Patients who experienced transient ischemic attack (TIA) are at high-risk for cardiovascular events. This study aims to evaluate diagnostic value of carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) and ABCD2 score for predicting cardiovascular events in long-term follow-up after TIA. We prospectively included sixty patients with TIA who admitted to hospital from March 2016 to August 2016. Methods: Duplex ultrasonography of internal carotid arteries was performed...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Fatemeh Cheraghali, Saeedeh Shojaee-Aliabadi, Seyede Marzieh Hosseini, Leila Mirmoghtadaie, Amir Mohammad Mortazavian, Kiandokht Ghanati, Abdol-Samad Abedi, Masumeh Moslemi
Background: Walnut green husk (WGH) extract has been known as potential preventive and therapeutic antioxidants and antimicrobials due to its high polyphenol content. In this study, preparation of spray dried WGH extract-loaded microcapsules by maltodextrin and its blending with two other natural biodegradable polymers, pectin, or alginate were investigated. Methods: In this study, encapsulation efficiency (EE), total phenol content (Folin-Ciocalteu reagent method), antioxidant (DPPH scavenging assay) and antimicrobial activities (agar well diffusion method) structural (SEM and FTIR studies), and release properties of WGH extract-loaded microcapsules were investigated...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Fereshteh Ashtari, Arezoo Karimi, Ali Delpisheh, Rokhsareh Meamar, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Salman Daliri
Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease associated with inflammation of the central nervous system in humans. This disease is the most common neurological disease, especially in young people. Various factors, including biological, genetic, and environmental factors, are effective on the prevalence of MS disease. This study intends to determine the relationship between geographical factors, and the prevalence of MS disease was performed. Methods: This ecological study was carried out on 2000 patients with diagnosis of MS during the years 2001-2014 in Isfahan province...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Behzad Barekatain, Samira Saraeian, Maryam Farghadani, Amir Mohammad Armanian, Armindokht Shahsanaee, Elham Rouhani, Ali Safaei
Background: Germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is the most common brain hemorrhage in preterm neonates. The importance of this hemorrhage lies in its severe complications. There is no definite treatment for IVH in neonates; therefore, the prevention of IVH should be considered. Some studies have shown that Vitamin E can probably decrease the risk of IVH and the other study has not shown its efficacy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of Vitamin E on incidence and severity of IVH in preterm neonates...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Zahra Zamanian, Zahra Sedaghat, Younes Mehrifar
Background: Petrol is an integral ingredient in industrial world. According to the US Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, there are typically more than 150 chemicals in petrol, including small amounts of benzene, toluene, xylene, ethyl benzene, and trace amounts of some contaminants, such as lead. The aim of this study was to measure the possible deleterious effect of long-term exposure to petrol on blood parameters and liver function. Methods: This is a case-control study conducted on 160 participants...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Mohtasham Ghaffari, Tahereh Nabavi Rad, Samira Mohammadi, Sakineh Rakhshanderou
Background: Screening is the most important action in the early diagnosis of breast cancer. This study investigates the impact of educational intervention based on the integrated behavioral model on breast cancer screening behavior in women in Karaj City, 2016. Methods: This semi-experimental study was conducted on 138 women who were attended to health centers in Mohammad Shahr city. The samples were selected using cluster sampling and were randomly divided into two groups, experimental and control group...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Seyede Maryam Lotfipur-Rafsanjani, Ali Ravari, Zohreh Ghorashi, Saiedeh Haji-Maghsoudi, Jafar Akbarinasab, Reza Bekhradi
Introduction: This study evaluated the effects of geranium aromatherapy massage on premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Methods: A total of 120 female students with diagnosed PMS were randomly divided into three groups as control group, aromatherapy massage group, and massage group. Essential oil of geranium 2% in almond oil and sweet almond oil were used in aromatherapy massage group and massage group, respectively. Aromatherapy massage protocol was run for 8 weeks. Results: The study revealed that aromatherapy massage decreased the PMS physical and mental symptoms and massage therapy decreased the PMS physical and mental symptoms too ( P < 0...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Zahra Kavosi, Mohsen Bayati, Masoud Arefnezhad, Enayatollah Homaie Rad, Abdosaleh Jaafari
Introduction: High-cost sharing in physician care may result in worse health outcomes and financial burdens for individuals, and it reduces needed health-care utilization. Hence, this study examines the impact of cost sharing on utilization of Physician care. Methods: In the present study, multistage sampling ( n = 1610) was done to collect general physician utilization and quality of life. Count data model was used to analyze the effect of cost sharing and other factor on the ratio of referring to the general physician...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Maryam Miraghajani, Nahid Rafie, Hossein Hajianfar, Bagher Larijani, Leila Azadbakht
Cancer is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, which increases health-care costs. It has been reported that some dietary components such as aged garlic, one of the garlic preparations with no strong odor and harsh irritating taste, exhibits anticancer effects. This review summarizes the potential beneficial effects of aged garlic on cancer incidences as well as prevention and improvement of factors related to malignancy. Electronic databases, including MEDLINE, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar were searched...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Leila Mardanian Dehkordi
Background: The present research conducted with aim to determine the health-promoting behaviors (HPBs) of public of Isfahan, and study the associations of HPBs with demographic characteristics. Methods: In a cross-sectional study conducted on 369 people without heart disease living in Isfahan, HPBs were assessed using a questionnaire which consists of two parts: personal information and Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP-II). Data were analyzed by t -test and one-way analysis of variance...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
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2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
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