journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38983144/assessing-patient-perception-and-preferences-for-outcomes-in-lung-cancer-resection-surgery-a-cross-sectional-study
#41
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Matthew Shiu Hang Wong, Aina Pons, Paulo De Sousa, Chiara Proli, Simon Jordan, Sofina Begum, Silviu Buderi, Eric Lim
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection is the primary treatment for early-stage lung cancer, but little is known about the outcomes that truly matter to patients. This aim of our study was to identify the aspects of postoperative outcomes that matter most to patients undergoing lung cancer surgery and explore the influence of clinical and demographic factors on their importance ratings. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of patients undergoing lung resection for non-small cell lung cancer at our institution from November 2021 to May 2022...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38983143/riociguat-as-bridging-therapy-to-pulmonary-endarterectomy-in-patients-with-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#42
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zhaohua Zhang, Jingwen Liu, Yanan Zhen, Xiaopeng Liu, Mingyuan Xu, Junyu Ma, Jianyan Wen, Peng Liu
BACKGROUND: In operable chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) patients, the utilization of bridging therapy with targeted medications prior to pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) remains a topic of controversy, despite being common in cases of severe hemodynamic impairment. This study aims to assess the impact of riociguat as a bridging therapy on postoperative hemodynamics and outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study involving patients undergoing PEA from December 2016 to November 2023...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38983142/clipless-internal-mammary-artery-harvesting-for-minimally-invasive-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-using-the-shear-tip-harmonic-scalpel
#43
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yong Chae Jung, Yooyoung Chong, Min-Woong Kang, Sung Joon Han, Hyun Jin Cho, Sang-Jun Park, Man-Shik Shim
BACKGROUND: The internal mammary artery (IMA) is the most commonly used graft in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) because of its superior long-term patency rate. However, its small diameter poses challenges in handling, and any vascular damage that may occur during harvesting can significantly affect surgical outcomes. The primary focus during IMA harvesting is to ensure safe and effective hemostasis without direct vascular injury, while ensuring secure and reliable ligation of the vascular branches...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38983141/factors-associated-with-mortality-in-acute-respiratory-failure-patients-without-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#44
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tanuwong Viarasilpa, Watsamon Wattananiyom, Surat Tongyoo, Thummaporn Naorungroj, Preecha Thomrongpairoj, Chairat Permpikul
BACKGROUND: Excess tidal volume and driving pressure were associated with increased mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Still, the appropriate mechanical ventilation strategy for patients who do not have ARDS needs to be understood. This study aimed to identify risk factors for mortality in acute respiratory failure patients without ARDS. METHODS: We included all mechanically ventilated patients who did not meet the criteria for ARDS and were admitted to the medical intensive care unit (ICU) from October 2017 to September 2018...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38983140/special-requirements-for-tnm-staging-in-esophageal-cancer
#45
EDITORIAL
Magnus Sundbom, Gustav Linder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38983139/lobar-lung-transplantation-in-the-mouse
#46
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jiang Shi, Caikang Luo, Yu Xu, Xiaoxue Cheng, Jiaqin Zhang, Guilin Peng, Chao Yang, Mengyang Liu, Wenhua Liang, Xin Xu, Jianxing He
BACKGROUND: As an important supplementary approach to clinical in orthotopic lung transplantation (LTx), lobar LTx currently lacks a stable animal model and in the orthotopic left LTx model, the right lung of the donor mouse is completely removed and discarded. We introduce a novel mouse lobar LTx model that potentially provides a mouse model for clinical lobar LTx and increase the utilization rate of the experimental donor. METHODS: Lobar and orthotopic left LTx were performed in syngeneic strain combinations...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38983138/long-term-outcomes-of-surgical-reconstruction-for-post-tuberculosis-tracheobronchial-stenosis-a-7-year-follow-up-in-a-tuberculosis-endemic-region
#47
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Truong Thanh Thiet, Nguyen Thanh Trung, Khuu Tan Phat, Nguyen Huu Lan, Le Tien Dung, Le Viet Anh, Nguyen Hoai Nam, Nguyen Lam Vuong
BACKGROUND: Surgical reconstruction is often necessary for severe tracheobronchial stenosis resulting from tuberculosis (TB). However, the long-term efficacy of this approach remains unclear. This study investigated the safety and long-term outcomes of surgery for severe post-TB tracheobronchial stenosis. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 48 patients with severe post-TB tracheobronchial stenosis who underwent surgical reconstruction between 2015 and 2018 in a TB-endemic region...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38983137/can-routine-quantitative-flow-ratio-guide-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#48
EDITORIAL
Joseph M O'Brien, Dennis T L Wong, Adam J Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38983136/an-analysis-of-residual-lung-volume-changes-after-segmentectomy-based-on-three-dimensional-computed-tomography
#49
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Miyuki Abe, Atsushi Osoegawa, Takashi Karashima, Shinkichi Takamori, Yohei Takumi, Kenji Sugio
BACKGROUND: Based on the results of JCOG0802 and CALGB studies, segmentectomy has considered to be a standard procedure for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). After lobectomy, the residual cavity is filled with mediastinal and diaphragmatic deviations, and compensatory volume changes are present in the residual lungs. In this study, we examined the efficacy of segmentectomy, a surgical procedure, by focusing on its impact on postoperative lung volume and function. METHODS: We enrolled 77 patients who underwent segmentectomy as their initial surgical procedure, excluding those with additional lung resections and those who lacked postoperative computed tomography imaging...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38983135/size-matching-in-lung-transplantation-by-computed-tomography-for-end-stage-interstitial-disease-a-retrospective-analysis
#50
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mathieu Coblence, Harry Etienne, Arnaud Roussel, Quentin Pellenc, Pierre Cerceau, Raphaël Borie, Philippe Montravers, Hervé Mal, Antoine Khalil, Yves Castier, Pierre Mordant
BACKGROUND: Size matching between donors and recipients is a major issue in lung transplantation (LTx), especially in patients with restrictive lung disease (RLD). This study aims to evaluate computed tomography (CT) as an additional method for defining the total lung capacity (TLC) in patients with end-stage interstitial disease awaiting LTx. METHODS: Clinical data and CT scans from patients who underwent a first LTx from January 2014 to July 2018 in Bichat Hospital, Paris, were prospectively included in a database...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38983134/anatomical-partial-lobectomy-implications-in-the-light-of-jcog0802-wjog4607l-and-calgb140503-alliance-trials
#51
EDITORIAL
Piergiorgio Muriana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38983133/more-isn-t-always-better-antibiotic-duration-after-surgical-decortication-in-pleural-empyema
#52
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Devon C Freudenberger, Daniel Scheese, Luke G Wolfe, Bhavishya U Ramamoorthy, Leslie M Burrell, Carlos A Puig, Rachit D Shah, Walker A Julliard
BACKGROUND: While ample high-level evidence supports the limited use of antibiotics post-source control in intraabdominal infections, there is a paucity of available data in guiding antibiotic duration for intrathoracic infections. This study aims to analyze patient outcomes among those who have undergone surgical decortication for parapneumonic pleural empyema, comparing cases managed with infectious disease (ID) specialists against those without, and to identify predictive factors influencing antibiotic duration post-source control...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38883689/thoracoscopic-surgery-for-rare-congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformations-in-adults-a-decade-of-retrospective-study
#53
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yuqing Zhao, Huimin Jia
BACKGROUND: Congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) is a rare benign deformity of the lungs in adults. Our study aimed to evaluate the clinical features and compare the effect of thoracoscopic lobectomy and wedge resection for adult CPAMs. METHODS: This was a retrospective study including eighteen adults with CPAMs recruited between 2013 and 2023. Radiological scans and pulmonary function test (PFT) were performed before operation. All the patients were treated with thoracoscopic approach, which were categorized into groups of lobectomy and wedge resection...
May 31, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38883688/presurgical-invasive-mediastinal-staging-in-lung-cancer-unexpected-n2-and-long-term-survival-a-registry-based-study-with-data-from-the-spanish-group-for-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery
#54
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Iker López, Borja Aguinagalde, Iratxe Urreta, Iñigo Royo, Sergio Bolufer, Laura Sánchez, Jon Zabaleta, Arantza Fernández-Monge, Raúl Embún
BACKGROUND: Mediastinal lymph node staging is a key element in the diagnosis of lung cancer. The combination of computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET) has improved staging but some circumstances are known to influence their negative predictive value. The objective of this study was to assess the impact on survival of avoiding invasive mediastinal staging in surgical lung cancer patients with negative mediastinum in CT and PET and intermediate risk of unexpected pN2...
May 31, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38883687/increasing-serum-complement-component-1q-is-associated-with-worse-prognosis-in-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-treated-with-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#55
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jiazhuo Tang, Yang Fu, Yuxiao Song, Jiaxin Yin, Jun Wang, Hugo Arasanz, Bicheng Zhang
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of readily available clinical markers of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) immunotherapy efficacy. Previous studies have found that overexpressed complement component 1q (C1q) promotes macrophage M2 polarization and an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. This study aimed to evaluate the association between serum C1q and the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in patients with advanced NSCLC. METHODS: A total of 168 patients with advanced NSCLC who received ICIs in the Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University were included in this study...
May 31, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38883686/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-hydroxychloroquine-for-covid-19-prophylaxis-and-clinical-assessment-an-updated-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#56
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xudong Han, Wei Shi, Ya Yang
BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a disease that affected tens of millions of people, upended the lives of countless individuals around the globe. The chloroquine (CQ) and its analogue hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) were the most frequently cited as potential treatments and preventatives against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The primary aim of this investigation was to scrutinize the effectiveness and safety of HCQ for COVID-19 prevention and to present powerful evidence and reference for clinical practice...
May 31, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38883685/non-intubated-bronchoscopic-tracheobronchial-surgeries-with-electroencephalogram-monitored-intravenous-anesthesia-feasibility-and-outcomes
#57
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yu Fang, Ching-Kai Lin, Zong-Han Yao, Hung-Jen Fan, Ya-Jung Cheng
BACKGROUND: Anesthesia remains challenging for bronchoscopic tracheobronchial surgeries (BTS) involving surgical manipulations for central airway obstruction within shared airways. To provide complete airway use through intervention with spontaneous breathing without endotracheal tubes, monitored non-intubated anesthesia has been successfully applied with electroencephalogram-derived monitored total intravenous anesthesia. This study evaluated the feasibility and the outcomes of BTS with monitored non-intubated anesthesia...
May 31, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38883684/comparison-of-frailty-indexes-as-predictors-of-clinical-outcomes-after-major-thoracic-surgery
#58
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sara Parini, Danila Azzolina, Fabio Massera, Christian Garlisi, Esther Papalia, Guido Baietto, Giulia Bora, Maria Giovanna Mastromarino, Michela Barini, Enrico Ruffini, Alessandro Carriero, Ottavio Rena
BACKGROUND: Despite greater appreciation for the importance of frailty in surgical patients, due to improved understanding that frailty is often linked to poor outcomes, the optimal method of assessment remains unknown. In this study, we sought to evaluate the prevalence of frailty in patients considered for elective thoracic surgery and to test the ability of several frailty measurements to predict postoperative outcomes. METHODS: Patients included were candidates for major elective thoracic surgery...
May 31, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38883683/ct-findings-prognosis-and-follow-up-of-pulmonary-artery-periadventitial-hematoma-with-aortic-dissection-a-retrospective-single-center-study
#59
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hirofumi Koike, Eijun Sueyoshi, Chika Somagawa, Hiroki Nagayama, Ryo Toya
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary artery periadventitial hematoma (PAPH) with aortic dissection (AD) is a rare condition but has been reported to correlate with prognosis. However, there are few cases of PAPH, and the relationship with computed tomography (CT) findings of AD are unknown. This study aimed to evaluate CT findings and early prognosis in patients with PAPH in AD. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of data from patients with Stanford type A AD diagnosed with contrast-enhanced CT in our institution from April 2008 to February 2023; 316 patients were included in the analyses...
May 31, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38883682/causal-relationship-between-renal-function-and-risk-of-esophageal-cancer-insights-from-mendelian-randomization
#60
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yi Shi, Qingyue Zeng, Shuangqing Li, Di Deng
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated a potential correlation between renal function and risk of cancer. However, establishing a causal relationship is challenging. To address this, we employed Mendelian randomization (MR), a novel method that utilizes genotype data to simulate randomized trial groups, to investigate whether there is a causal correlation between renal function and the esophageal cancer (EC) risk. METHODS: MR analysis was conducted with the individual-level data on EC from the UK Biobank published dataset...
May 31, 2024: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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