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Journals Anesthesiology Research and Pr...

Anesthesiology Research and Practice

https://read.qxmd.com/read/37383276/anticipated-vs-experienced-pain-at-site-of-spinal-needle-insertion-in-patients-undergoing-elective-lower-segment-caesarean-section-perspective-from-resource-limited-region
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Waleed Bin Ghaffar, Fauzia Minai
BACKGROUND: Despite significant advantages, approximately 20% of pregnant patients refuse spinal anaesthesia in caesarean section due to fear of spinal needle prick. Studies have shown that the patient's expectation of pain is higher than what they experience in real. The objective was to evaluate the difference between anticipated and actually experienced pain at the spinal needle insertion site in spinal anaesthesia for pregnant women undergoing elective lower segment caesarean section (ELSCS)...
2023: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36890908/intramuscular-ketamine-effect-on-postnasal-surgery-agitation-a-prospective-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Husam A Almajali, Ali M Abu Dalo, Nidal M Al-Soud, Ali Almajali, Abdelrazzaq Alrfooh, Thani Alawamreh, Hamza Al-Wreikat
This study investigates the effect of intramuscular ketamine on emergence agitation (EA) following septoplasty and open septorhinoplasty (OSRP) when administered at subanesthetic doses at the end of surgery. A random sample of 160 ASA I-II adult patients who underwent septoplasty or OSRP between May and October, 2022, was divided into two groups of eighty patients each: ketamine (Group K) and saline (Group S) with the latter serving as the control group. At the end of surgery immediately after turning off the inhalational agent, Group K was administered with intramuscular 2 ml of normal saline containing 0...
2023: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36714040/impact-of-ketamine-on-quality-of-recovery-after-laparoscopic-surgery-a-single-centre-single-blinded-trial-using-the-qor-15-questionnaire
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Helder Pereira, Maria Inês Graça, Diana Fonseca, Alfredo Mendes-Castro, Fernando Abelha
BACKGROUND: The quality of recovery is a cluster of patient-related outcomes that emphasise not only pain but different physical and emotional dimensions. Traditionally, ketamine is used to improve postoperative analgesia and avoid opioid consumption and opioid-related side effects. OBJECTIVE: The present study sought to evaluate if intraoperative ketamine administration (as a part of multimodal analgesia) influences the quality of recovery after laparoscopic surgery...
2023: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36704543/icu-managed-patients-epidemiology-characteristics-and-outcomes-a-retrospective-single-center-study
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ahmed Muhammad Bashir, Marian Muse Osman, Hawa Nuradin Mohamed, Ifrah Adan Hilowle, Halima Abdulkadir Ahmed, Abdirahman Abdikadir Osman, Osman Abubakar Fiidow
BACKGROUND: Resources are limited, and it is exceedingly difficult to provide intensive care in developing nations. In Somalia, intensive care unit (ICU) care was introduced only a few years ago. PURPOSE: In this study, we aimed to determine the epidemiology, characteristics, and outcome of ICU-managed patients in a tertiary hospital in Mogadishu. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the files of 1082 patients admitted to our ICU during the year 2021...
2023: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36660020/perioperative-respiratory-outcome-of-patients-with-eosinophilia-a-cohort-study-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nari M Lyngdoh, Rajani Thabah, Sunny Aggarwal, Laltanpuii Sailo, Raju Shakya, Julie Wahlang, Badondor Shylla, Chhandasi Naskar
BACKGROUND: A respiratory adverse event is one of the main causes of critical events in the perioperative period. Perioperative distress symptoms like cough and stridor have been reported to occur in patients with hyperreactive airways. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the relationship between blood eosinophil count and perioperative adverse respiratory events among different age groups of patients who require general anesthesia for different types of surgeries...
2023: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36589598/effects-of-benson-relaxation-technique-and-music-therapy-on-the-anxiety-of-primiparous-women-prior-to-cesarean-section-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sedigheh Nosrati Abarghoee, Abbas Mardani, Robabe Baha, Nasrin Fadaee Aghdam, Mahboobeh Khajeh, Fatemeh Eskandari, Mojtaba Vaismoradi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Primiparous women experience high levels of anxiety before cesarean section. Therefore, this research aimed to investigate the effects of the Benson Relaxation Technique (BRT) and Music Therapy (MT) on the anxiety of primiparous women prior to cesarean section. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was carried out on 105 women scheduled for cesarean section. They were randomly assigned into three groups: BRT, MT, and control ( n  = 35 per group)...
2022: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36466749/effect-of-dexmedetomidine-low-doses-with-or-without-midazolam-in-cats-clinical-hemodynamic-blood-gas-analysis-and-echocardiographic-effects
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marina Lopes Castro, Bruna Maia Cerqueira Câmara, Maira Souza Oliveira Barreto, Raphael Rocha Wenceslau, Andressa Karollini E Silva, Natália Fagundes, Renata Andrade Silva, Eutálio Luiz Mariani Pimenta, Suzane Lilian Beier
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to compare the sedative, cardiorespiratory, echocardiographic, and blood gas effects of dexmedetomidine and methadone associated or not with midazolam for restraint chemistry in cats. METHODS: Eighteen healthy young cats (4.06 ± 0.48 kg) were randomly sedated with two protocols, through the intramuscular route: dexmedetomidine (5  µ g.kg-1 ), methadone (0.3 mg. kg-1 ) and midazolam (0...
2022: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36398042/strategy-for-calculating-magnesium-sulfate-dose-in-obese-patients-a-randomized-blinded-trial
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sebastião E Silva Filho, Omar S Klinsky, Miguel A M C Gonzalez, Sandro Dainez, Flavio Angelis, Joaquim E Vieira
BACKGROUND: Magnesium sulfate has analgesic properties during the postoperative period. However, there is a knowledge gap in pharmacology related to the use of the real, ideal, or corrected ideal body weight to calculate its dose in obese patients. This trial compared postoperative analgesia using actual and corrected ideal body weight. METHODS: Seventy-five obese patients scheduled to undergo laparoscopic gastroplasty or cholecystectomy under general anesthesia were randomly assigned to three groups...
2022: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36339775/intraoperative-analgesia-with-magnesium-sulfate-versus-remifentanil-guided-by-plethysmographic-stress-index-in-post-bariatric-dermolipectomy-a-randomized-study
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
S E Silva Filho, S Dainez, M A M C Gonzalez, F Angelis, J E Vieira, C S Sandes
BACKGROUND: Magnesium sulfate reduces pain scores and analgesic consumption. Its use as an analgesic resource in opioid-free or opioid-sparing techniques have also been tested. The evaluation of the antinociceptive potency of drugs and doses indirectly, through hemodynamic oscillations has been questioned. A relatively new algorithm called the plethysmographic stress index has been considered sensitive and relatively specific as a parameter for assessing the need for intraoperative analgesia...
2022: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36312452/protecting-the-airway-and-the-physician-lessons-from-214-cases-of-endotracheal-intubation-litigation
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jean Daniel Eloy, Anna A Pashkova, Molly Amin, Christy Anthony, Daisy Munoz, Yuriy Gubenko, Shivani Patel, Anna Korban, Andrea Perales, Peter F Svider, Jean Anderson Eloy
OBJECTIVE: Medicolegal examination of an intervention as common as endotracheal intubation may be valuable to physicians in many specialties. Our objectives were to comprehensively detail the factors raised in litigation to better educate physicians on strategies for minimizing liability and augmenting patient safety. METHODS: Publicly available court records were searched for pertinent litigation. Ultimately, 214 jury verdict and settlement reports were examined for various factors, including outcome, award, geographic location, defendant specialty, setting in which an injury occurred, patient demographics, and other causes of malpractice...
2022: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36225251/lumbar-erector-spinae-plane-block-for-total-hip-arthroplasty-comparing-24-hour-opioid-requirements-a-randomized-controlled-study
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dahlia Townsend, Nasir Siddique, Atsumi Kimura, Yaacov Chein, Eli Kamara, John Pope, Mitchell Weiser, Singh Nair, Iyabo Muse
DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled trial. Patients . Sixty-three adult patients with an American Society of Anesthesiologists Status I-III who are undergoing elective primary total hip arthroplasty. Interventions. Patients were randomized to the control group (no block) or the ESPB group (preoperative ultrasound-guided lumbar ESPB). Intraoperatively, all patients received spinal anesthesia with moderate sedation. Postoperatively, patients received a standardized multimodal analgesia protocol...
2022: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36225250/effectiveness-of-prophylactic-bolus-ephedrine-versus-norepinephrine-for-management-of-postspinal-hypotension-during-elective-caesarean-section-in-resource-limited-setting-a-prospective-cohort-study
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mitiku Desalegn, Tewoderos Shitemaw, Habtamu Tamrat
BACKGROUND: Spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section is the preferred technique since it provides better maternal safety and neonatal outcome compared to general anaesthesia. Hypotension is the most common complication after spinal anaesthesia. The study aims to determine the effectiveness of a prophylactic bolus dose of norepinephrine and ephedrine on the management of postspinal hypotension during caesarean section. METHOD: An institutional-based prospective cohort study was conducted on 84 pregnant women undergoing elective caesarean section...
2022: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36212781/prevalence-of-emergence-delirium-in-children-undergoing-tonsillectomy-and-adenoidectomy
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Katie Liu, Christopher Liu, Seckin O Ulualp
OBJECTIVE: Emergence delirium (ED) is associated with behavioral disturbances and psychomotor agitation, increased risk of selfinjury, delayed discharge, and parental dissatisfaction with quality of care. Otolaryngology procedures are associated with an increased risk of ED. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of ED in children who had tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A), assess the characteristics of children who had ED, and ascertain the recovery times of patients with ED...
2022: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36147900/contributing-factors-to-operating-room-delays-identified-from-an-electronic-health-record-a-retrospective-study
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Scott M Pappada, Thomas J Papadimos, Sadik Khuder, Sean T Mack, Peyton Z Beachy, Andrew B Casabianca
The operating room (OR) is considered a major cost center and revenue generator for hospitals. Multiple factors contribute to OR delays and impact patient safety, patient satisfaction scores, and hospital financial performance. Reducing OR delays allows better utilization of OR resources and staffing and improves patient satisfaction while decreasing operating costs. Accurate scheduling can be the basis to achieve these goals. The objective of this initial study was to identify factors not normally documented in the electronic health record (EHR) that may contribute to or be indicators of OR delays...
2022: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36119120/prevalence-of-emergence-delirium-and-associated-factors-among-older-patients-who-underwent-elective-surgery-a-multicenter-observational-study
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gezahegn Tesfaye Mekonin, Megersa Kelbesa Olika, Mitiku Birhanu Wedajo, Ashanafi Tolasa Badada, Abebe Dukessa Dubiwak, Tajera Tageza Ilala, Mamo Nigatu Gebre
Background: Emergence delirium is a common and serious postoperative complication in older surgical patients. It occurs at any time in the perioperative period, during or immediately following emergence from general anesthesia. Unfortunately, it is highly associated with postoperative complications such as a decrease in functional capacity, prolonged hospital stay, an increase in health care costs, and morbidity and mortality. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of emergence delirium and associated factors among older patients who underwent elective surgery in the teaching hospitals of Ethiopia at the postanesthesia care unit in 2021...
2022: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36092854/achieving-lumbar-epidural-block-competency-in-inexperienced-trainees-after-a-structured-epidural-teaching-model-a-randomized-single-blind-prospective-comparison-of-cusum-learning-curves
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marco Scorzoni, Gian Luigi Gonnella, Emanuele Capogna, Matteo Velardo, Pietro Paolo Giuri, Mariano Ciancia, Giorgio Capogna, Gaetano Draisci
Aim: The aim of this randomized, prospective study was to investigate whether the use of the structured epidural teaching model (SETM) may affect the learning curve for lumbar epidural block in novice trainees when compared with a standard teaching module. Introduction: There is a paucity of literature regarding the efficacy of teaching epidural blocks and comparisons between the different educational approaches. Method: Forty-four PGY3 anesthesia trainees were randomized to receive (study group) or to not receive (control group) the SDM (structured didactic model) before the beginning of their 6 months clinical practice rotation in labor and delivery suites...
2022: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36092853/the-effect-of-cell-salvage-on-bleeding-and-transfusion-needs-in-cardiac-surgery
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Frixos Tachias, Evangelia Samara, Anastasios Petrou, Agathi Karakosta, Stavros Siminelakis, Efstratios Apostolakis, Petros Tzimas
INTRODUCTION: Cell salvaging is well established in the blood management of cardiac patients, but there remain some concerns about its effects on perioperative bleeding and transfusion variables. This randomized controlled study investigated the potential effects of the centrifuged end-product on bleeding, transfusion rates, and other transfusion-related variables in adult cardiac surgery patients submitted to extracorporeal circulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were randomly chosen to receive (cell-salvage group, 99 patients) or not to receive (control group, 110 patients) the centrifuged product of a cell salvage apparatus...
2022: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36059921/comparison-of-low-dose-promethazine-and-dexamethasone-against-ondansetron-monotherapy-given-as-antiemetic-prophylaxis-during-myomectomy-under-spinal-anesthesia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Emmanuel Onokpite, Abiodun Oyinpreye Jasper, Philomina Nosa Edomwonyi
Background: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) prophylaxis is still inadequate for a significant proportion of women undergoing myomectomy under spinal anesthesia; and it substantially decreases patient's quality of postoperative recovery. Current protocol and practice favor the use of combination therapy like promethazine/dexamethasone for PONV prophylaxis with minimal side effects and cost advantages in low-resource climes. Methodology . Seventy American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) class I or II women aged 21-65 years scheduled for myomectomy were recruited and randomized into group A (promethazine/dexamethasone group) and group B (ondansetron group)...
2022: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36039350/retracted-a-posterior-tap-block-provides-more-effective-analgesia-than-a-lateral-tap-block-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-gynecologic-surgery-a-retrospective-study
#39
Anesthesiology Research And Practice
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/4598583.].
2022: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35959195/development-of-a-delirium-risk-predication-model-among-icu-patients-in-oman
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rasha Khamis Al-Hoodar, Eilean Rathinasamy Lazarus, Omar Alomari, Omar Alzaabi
Background: Delirium is a common disorder among patients admitted to intensive care units. Identification of the predicators of delirium is very important to improve the patient's quality of life. Methods: This study was conducted in a prospective observational design to build a predictive model for delirium among ICU patients in Oman. A sample of 153 adult ICU patients from two main hospitals participated in the study. The Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist (ICDSC) was used to assess the participants for delirium twice daily...
2022: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
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