Journals Clinical Medicine Insights. Ca...

Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Soumitra Das, Sakshi Prasad, Shivakumar Ajay Kumar, Rutendo Denise Makonyonga, Mayada Saadoun, Reid Mergler
Delusion of pregnancy is defined as a persistent belief that one is pregnant despite concrete evidence to the contrary. Despite being reported as an isolated event, delusion of pregnancy has been reported in many patients with underlying psychiatric conditions such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, psychotic depression, and other physiological disorders of mental function. This case study reports a case of a 44-year-old, drug-naïve female with delusion of pregnancy affected by paranoid schizophrenia...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Ilias Tahiri, Abderrahim Bourial, Wahib Lahlou, Mounir Rghioui, Amal Hajjij, Abderrahmane Al Bouzidi, Mohamed Zalagh, Abdessamad El Azhari, Fouad Benariba
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatoses are a rare group of autosomal dominant tumor suppressor phacomatoses syndromes. Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1 or Von Recklinghausen's disease) is the most commonly found type of neurofibromatosis, and constitutes the most commonly found autosomal dominant disease of the nervous system. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 14-year-old boy who reported a 3-year-history of a slowly enlarging right lateral cervical mass. He has a medical history of a progressive limping gait disorder with scoliotic attitude...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
George Uchenna Eleje, Gerald Okanandu Udigwe, Chigozie Geoffrey Okafor, Tobechi Kingsley Njoku, Chukwuemeka Chukwubuikem Okoro, Chukwudubem Chinagorom Onyejiaka, Emeka Philip Igbodike, Onyeka Chukwudalu Ekwebene, Ekeuda Uchenna Nwankwo, Perpetua Chinedu Okolie, Emmanuel Chukwubuikem Egwuatu, John Chukwuebuka Nkesi, Obinna Carl Okafor, Chidimma Maryvianny Okeke, Divinefavour Echezona Malachy, Ogechi Odinakachukwu Dimgba, Nwabueze Chidozie Okeke, Kenechukwu Chukwudum Okeke, Bernard Kachi Nwadili, Harrison Chiro Ugwuoroko, Casmir Chukwudi Madubuko, Lambert Chukwu Onyejiaku
BACKGROUND: Uterine dehiscence is a separation of uterine musculature with intact uterine serosa. It can be encountered at the time of cesarean delivery, suspected on obstetric ultrasound or diagnosed in-between pregnancies. The antenatal diagnosis may occasionally elude the Obstetricians. This particular case demonstrates an intra-operative diagnosis of uterine dehiscence with missed antenatal ultrasound diagnosis in an asymptomatic woman. CASE PRESENTATION: She was a 32-year-old Nigerian second gravida who booked for antenatal care at 32 weeks of gestation following a referral from her attending Obstetrician from a neighboring state due to relocation...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Sulgi Kim, Steven M Johnson, Erin Lopez, Taylor Stack, Meredith M Lamb, Abdullah L Zeatoun, Ibtisam Mohammad, Daniel Alicea Delgado, Meghan Norris, Christine Klatt-Cromwell, Brian Thorp, Charles S Ebert, Brent A Senior, Adam J Kimple
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis is a rare autoimmune disease that affects small to medium-sized blood vessels throughout the body. Here, we present a case of an infratemporal mass that was the result of granulomatosis with polyangiitis. A 51-year-old male presented to the emergency department due to right cheek and facial pain that he had been experiencing for 2 to 3 months. An MRI revealed a mass within the right infratemporal and pterygopalatine fossae extending into the inferior right orbital fissure along the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve (V2) and the vidian nerve causing concern for malignancy...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
D Chabanov, D Tsintzas, G Vithoulkas
Infective endocarditis is a deadly disease, associated with high mortality and morbidity. We present a case of a 14-year-old boy with antibiotic-resistant infective endocarditis who was treated with classical homeopathy. The case is analyzed according to the general reactivity of the organism and the Levels of Health theory.
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Ousman Adal, Asmamaw Abebe
OBJECTIVES: The study investigated the sero-status of human immunodeficiency virus among healthcare workers in Addis Ababa public hospitals. METHODS: A multi-centered, institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted from September 18, 2022, to October 30, 2022. A simple random sampling method and semi-structured, self-administered questionnaires were used to collect the data, which were analyzed using statistical package for social science version 25. A binary logistic regression model was used to identify factors associated with the sero-status of healthcare workers' post-exposure blood and body fluids for the human immunodeficiency virus...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Manuela Amorós, José Carlos Mora Palma, María Esteve, Mercedes Salado, Mónica G Macatangga, Guadalupe Aguarón Benítez, Pablo Luque, Javier Cortés
Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC) affects millions of women worldwide, severely impairing their quality of life. Despite the existence of multiple induction and maintenance therapeutic strategies, mainly based on antifungals, relapse rates are still high. Palomacare® is a vaginal gel containing, among others, hyaluronic acid and Centella asiatica , with repairing and moisturizing properties. A series of 5 clinical cases showed that symptoms improved and even disappeared in women with RVVC receiving Palomacare® ...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Faith Michael, Jamie Farrow, Anthony Main
BACKGROUND: The current literature focuses on the risk of infective endocarditis (IE) following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). However, the risk of IE in patients waiting for TAVI is not well-studied. We present a unique case of a patient waiting for TAVI with decompensated heart failure who was found to have a large mitral vegetation, and consider risk factors for the development of IE in this population. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of an 85-year-old male with severe aortic stenosis and recurrent small bowel angiodysplasias, requiring frequent blood transfusions and intravenous iron...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Mirlinda Sopi Krasniqi, Zana Sllamniku Dalipi, Donika Kastrati Dragidella, Labinota Kondirolli
Orofacial granulomatosis is a condition that manifests clinically as painless labial enlargement, perioral and mucosal edema, oral ulcers, and gingivitis. It is characterized by non-necrotizing granulomatous inflammation of the oral and maxillofacial region. When the swelling only affects the lips, the pathology is called Miescher's granulomatous cheilitis; however, when it also causes facial paresis and lingua plicata, it is known as Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome. We report a case that was successfully treated with a combination of a local (intralesional) steroid, a systemic antibiotic, and a systemic steroid...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Mayra Alejandra Arenas-Beltran, Oscar Mauricio Muñoz Velandia
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is an ANCA-associated vasculitis characterized by the development of necrotizing granulomas rich in eosinophils and vasculitis of small and medium vessels, with compromise of the respiratory tract, peripheral nervous system, and least frequent ocular involvement. We report the case of a 54-year-old Caucasian man with a history of EGPA who presented ocular pain, red eye, vision loss, and evidence of scleral slimming compatible with necrotizing scleritis. The patient was treated with systemic steroids and cyclophosphamide, which reduced the ocular pain but did not improve visual acuity, needing surgical treatment of the scleral coverage defect...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Youssef Ali M Alqahtani, Mohammed Fahad Aljabri, Mohammed Ahmed Mohammed Oshi, Naglaa M Kamal, Waleed Elhaj, Sara A Abosabie, Salma As Abosabie
INTRODUCTION: In children, idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is relatively uncommon. It is characterized by an increase in intracranial pressure, in the absence of evidence of underlying brain disease, structural abnormalities, hydrocephalus, or abnormal meningeal improvement. However, very rarely it can occur without papilledema, even though it is the most recognizable clinical sign. Due to this, a delay in diagnosis can lead to severe visual impairments. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a patient with a chronic headache but no papilledema...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Ceren Sezgin, Fatih Duzgun, Gozde Mutevelizade, Gul Gumuser, Elvan Sayit
Bladder hernias usually begin asymptomatically and are discovered incidentally at the time of discovery. Preoperative diagnosis of bladder hernias is important to reduce the risk of bladder injury during surgery. Although F-18 FDG PET/CT is applied for oncological purposes, benign conditions should also be taken into account when evaluating the implants. In this article, a case of bladder hernia, which can be confused with pathological cancer involvement, with the diagnosis of F-18 FDG PET/CT performed in a 73-year-old male patient with renal cell carcinoma is presented...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Orlando González-Macea, María Cristina Martínez-Ávila, Marien Pérez, Ingrid Tibocha Gordon, Bárbara Arroyo Salgado
CONTEXT: Acute febrile disease (AFI) in endemic tropical areas is a frequent reason for consulting the emergency services. Infection by 2 or more etiological agents may modify clinical and laboratory parameters, making diagnosis and treatment a challenge. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a patient who came from Africa and consults in Colombia, with AFI with thrombocytopenia that was eventually diagnosed to have concurrent infection with Plasmodium falciparum malaria and dengue...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Aaron Jodar, Luis Soto, Eva Turell, Javier Cortés
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) affects nearly one-third of women worldwide and may predispose patients to sexually transmitted infections or pelvic inflammatory disease. Currently recommended treatment is based on antibiotic use, which poses problems such as antibiotic resistance and the development of secondary vaginal candidiasis. Palomacare® is a non-hormonal vaginal gel containing hyaluronic acid, Centella asiatica and prebiotics, with repairing and moisturizing properties used for dysbiosis healing as an adjuvant treatment...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Zahra Momayez Sanat, Negar Mohammadi Ganjaroudi, Ali Pirsalehi
BACKGROUND: Bupropion is a dopamine reuptake inhibitor, which is prescribed as an effective drug for the treatment of depression and as a complementary drug for smoking cessation in more than 50 countries. Although constipation and nausea are known as side effects of Bupropion, gastric ulcer has not been previously reported. CASE PRESENTATION: In this case report a 28-year-old woman presented with a gastric ulcer 8 months after beginning depression treatment with Bupropion 150 mg once daily...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Ahmed Badran, Saad Salman Ali, Tarek Ziad Arabi, Abdullaah Khaleel Hinkston, Abdullah Shaik, Mahmoud A Elshenawy, Dahish Ajarim
Human epidermal growth factor receptor-positive breast cancer is an aggressive cancer which represents approximately a quarter of all breast cancers worldwide. Recent advances have led to the development of targeted therapies, such as trastuzumab (H), which have significantly improved prognosis. Such therapies are currently used alongside other chemotherapeutic agents, such as paclitaxel (P) and gemcitabine (G). The most common side effects of PGH combination therapy include thrombocytopenia and anemias. However, there have been no previous reports of myositis resulting from this combination...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Effat Iranijam, Somaieh Matin, Mohammad Negaresh
Multiple myeloma is a hematologic malignancy and a subtype of plasma cell dyscrasias, which accounts for 13% of all hematologic malignancies. It mainly affects older adults and is diagnosed in only 2% of the young population under the age of 40 years. This report presents a 33-year-old man diagnosed with Multiple myeloma with 4 poor prognostic specifications consisting of amplification of the 1q21, Translocation of t(4;14), deletion of the 6q21 and 13q14, along with decreased chromosome count to 44, X,-Y...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Mohammad Eslamian, Maryam Goharian, Ghazal Ghasempour Dabaghi, Mehrdad Rabiee Rad
The adult Bochdalek hernia is one of the right-sided diaphragmatic hernias that less than 30 cases reported until now. Here, we report a 64-year-old female patient who presented with dyspnea, abdominal pain, and nausea. Primary imaging showed a right-sided diaphragmatic hernia that contained the liver and right colon. At first, the patient underwent a right posterior thoracotomy, and the diaphragmatic defect was repaired. After 2 days, abdominal peritonitis happened then a midline laparotomy was performed...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
George Uchenna Eleje, Gerald Okanandu Udigwe, Tobechi Kingsley Njoku, Chukwuemeka Chukwubuikem Okoro, Chukwudubem Chinagorom Onyejiaka, Eric Chukwudi Ihekwoaba, Chinedu Onwuka Ndukwe, Onyedika Promise Anaedu, Michael Emeka Chiemeka, Chigozie Geoffrey Okafor, Onyeka Chukwudalu Ekwebene, Confidence Chinaza Offor, Odili Aloysius Okoye, Perpetua Chinedu Okolie, Divinefavour Echezona Malachy, Chimdindu Ifunanya Maduagwu, Jane-Rita Ifeoma Mmuotoo, Ekeuda Uchenna Nwankwo, Chimezuru Ogechi Duru, Emeka Philip Igbodike, Nnaedozie Paul Obiegbu, Joy Chisom Agbo, Nwabueze Chidozie Okeke, Ogonna Onyeka Ezenwafor, Henry Chinedu Nneji, Ogechi Odinakachukwu Dimgba, James Egwuatu Okonkwo
BACKGROUND: Ovarian ectopic pregnancy is a rare form of non-tubal ectopic pregnancy. It can rupture before the end of the first trimester, causing hemoperitoneum, and present with signs and symptoms similar to other commoner abdominal emergencies or the pregnancy can continue intraperitoneally. Therefore, they are not often diagnosed preoperatively. Ultrasound can assist in diagnosis of ovarian ectopic pregnancy but the findings could be ambiguous or inconclusive. We present a case of ruptured ovarian ectopic pregnancy at the second trimester causing massive hemoperitoneum that was suspected as an intrabdominal malignancy co-existing with intrabdominal pregnancy...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Parham Samimisedeh, Fatemeh Sehati, Elmira Jafari Afshar
BACKGROUND: Myocarditis is considered a serious adverse event after COVID-19 infection. The risk and severity of myocarditis after COVID-19 disease decreased significantly in the vaccinated population. We present a case of cardiac magnetic resonance proven fulminant myocarditis following COVID-19 disease in a young female who was previously vaccinated with 2 doses of the BIBP (Sinopharm) vaccine. CASE SUMMARY: A 29-year-old female was referred to the hospital with acute chest pain, dyspnea, and nausea...
2023: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
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