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International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering

Eugene B Postnikov, Maria O Tsoy, Polina A Timoshina, Dmitry E Postnov
The laser speckle contrast analysis (LASCA) is one of the most applicable tools in microcirculation studies. While the basic idea, as well as experimental setup for this method, are fairly simple, there is still the room for advancing of data processing algorithms. Specifically, the conventional realizations of LASCA method may limit the spatial and/or temporal resolution and thus fail in the detection of very small contrast objects since they based on the fixed-size rectangular sliding window function. We suggest an alternative data processing algorithm based on the usage of the Gaussian sliding filter for a sequential determination of both spatial and temporal parts of the speckle contrast...
February 8, 2019: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Ruben Doste, David Soto-Iglesias, Gabriel Bernardino, Alejandro Alcaine, Rafael Sebastian, Sophie Giffard-Roisin, M Sermesant, Antonio Berruezo, Damian Sanchez-Quintana, Oscar Camara
Rule-based methods are often used for assigning fiber orientation to cardiac anatomical models. However, existing methods have been developed using data mostly from the left ventricle. As a consequence, fiber information obtained from rule-based methods often does not match histological data in other areas of the heart such as the right ventricle, having a negative impact in cardiac simulations beyond the left ventricle. In this work, we present a rule-based method where fiber orientation is separately modeled in each ventricle following observations from histology...
February 5, 2019: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
X Wang, R Das, J Fernandez
Multiscale models of bone remodelling which incorporate clinically important features at a wide range of spatial scales are computationally intractable. In addition, there is a large gap in existing bone remodelling literature which deals with Haversian level cortical bone remodelling behaviour and its effect on whole organ bone strength. In this study, we present an integration between continuum mechanics and surrogate modelling as an efficient circumvention to the problem of intractability, linked with an intricate 3D cortical bone remodelling algorithm which captures realistic microanatomical features at the Haversian level...
January 31, 2019: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Vladimir Yushutin, Annalisa Quaini, Sheereen Majd, Maxim Olshanskii
Conservative and non-conservative phase-field models are considered for the numerical simulation of lateral phase separation and coarsening in biological membranes. An unfitted finite element method is devised for these models to allow for a flexible treatment of complex shapes in the absence of an explicit surface parametrization. For a set of biologically relevant shapes and parameter values, the paper compares the dynamic coarsening produced by conservative and non-conservative numerical models, its dependence on certain geometric characteristics and convergence to the final equilibrium...
January 29, 2019: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Duc Duy Nguyen, Guo-Wei Wei
MOTIVATION: Despite its great success in various physical modeling, differential geometry (DG) has rarely been devised as a versatile tool for analyzing large, diverse and complex molecular and biomolecular datasets due to the limited understanding of its potential power in dimensionality reduction and its ability to encode essential chemical and biological information in differentiable manifolds. RESULTS: We put forward a differential geometry based geometric learning (DG-GL) hypothesis that the intrinsic physics of three-dimensional (3D) molecular structures lies on a family of low-dimensional manifolds embedded in a high-dimensional data space...
January 28, 2019: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Yan Wang, Li Bai
Optical coherence Tomography (OCT) relies on optical interferometry to provide non-invasive imaging of living tissues. In addition to its 3D imaging capacity for medical diagnosis, its potential use for recovering optical parameters of biological tissues for biological and pathological analyses has also been explored by researchers, as pathological changes in tissue alter the micro-structure of the tissue and therefore its optical properties. We aim to develop a new approach to OCT data analysis by estimating optical properties of tissues from OCT scans which are invisible in the scans...
January 28, 2019: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
I Dehghan-Hamani, N Arjmand, A Shirazi-Adl
Traditional load-control musculoskeletal and finite element (FE) models of the spine fail to accurately predict in vivo intervertebral joint loads due mainly to the simplifications and assumptions when estimating redundant trunk muscle forces. An alternative powerful protocol that bypasses the calculation of muscle forces is to drive the detailed FE models by image-based in vivo displacements. Development of subject-specific models, however, both involves the risk of extensive radiation exposures while imaging in supine and upright postures and is time consuming in terms of the reconstruction of the vertebrae, discs, ligaments and facets geometries...
January 25, 2019: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Neeraj Kavan Chakshu, Jason Carson, Igor Sazonov, Perumal Nithiarasu
In this work we propose a methodology to detect the severity of carotid stenosis from a video of a human face with the help of a coupled blood flow and head vibration model. This semi-active digital twin model is an attempt to link non-invasive video of a patient face to the percentage of carotid occlusion. The pulsatile nature of blood flow through the carotid arteries induces a subtle head vibration. This vibration is a potential indicator of carotid stenosis severity and it is exploited in the present study...
January 15, 2019: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Rocío Rodríguez-Cantano, Joakim Sundnes, Marie Rognes
Computational cardiac modelling is a mature area of biomedical computing, and is currently evolving from a pure research tool to aiding in clinical decision making. Assessing the reliability of computational model predictions is a key factor for clinical use, and uncertainty quantification (UQ) and sensitivity analysis are important parts of such an assessment. In this study, we apply UQ in computational heart mechanics to study uncertainty both in material parameters characterizing global myocardial stiffness and in the local muscle fiber orientation that governs tissue anisotropy...
January 11, 2019: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
J Ortún-Terrazas, J Cegoñino, U Santana-Penín, U Santana-Mora, A Pérez Del Palomar
The periodontal ligament (PDL) is a soft biological tissue that connects the tooth with the trabecular bone of the mandible. It plays a key role in load transmission and is primarily responsible for bone resorption and most common periodontal diseases. Although several numerical studies have analysed the biomechanical response of the PDL, most did not consider its porous fibrous structure, and only a few analysed damage to the PDL. This study presents an innovative numerical formulation of a porous fibrous hyperelastic damage material model for the PDL...
January 9, 2019: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Heleen Fehervary, Jos Vander Sloten, Nele Famaey
A correct estimation of the material parameters from a planar biaxial test is crucial since they will affect the outcome of the finite element model in which they are used. In a virtual planar biaxial experiment, a difference can be noticed in the stress calculated from the force measured experimentally at the rakes and the actual stress at the center of the sample. As a consequence, a classic parameter fitting does not result in a correct estimation of the material parameters. This difference is caused by the boundary conditions of the set-up and is among others dependent on the sample material...
November 29, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Tomasz Gajewski, Krzysztof Szajek, Hubert Stępak, Tomasz Łodygowski, Grzegorz Oszkinis
In interventional procedures the balloon inflation is used to occlude the artery and thus reduce bleeding. There is no practically accepted measure of the procedure efficiency. A finite element method model with state of the art modelling techniques was built in order to predict the occlusions levels under the influence of different balloon inflation and its material stiffness. The geometries of a healthy human thoracic aorta and an occlusion balloon were idealized. The non-linear constitutive material of Gasser-Ogden-Holzapfel model was employed for the thoracic aorta, the balloon was model as the hyperelastic model...
November 16, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Yanzhi Liu, Feifei Jiang, Jie Chen
OBJECTIVE: Finite element (FE) method's correctness depends heavily on modeling method. This study aimed at determining whether the interfaces at bracket-wire and between teeth can be simplified for multi-teeth FE analysis. METHOD: A three-dimensional FE model of a mandible was created from cone-beam computed tomography scan. Due to symmetry, only a half of the mandible was modeled, which consisted of five teeth (1st premolar extraction and only 1st molar), brackets and archwire, periodontal ligament (PDL), cortical bone and cancellous bone...
November 14, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Robert Rapadamnaba, Franck Nicoud, Bijan Mohammadi
Using a previously developed inversion platform for functional cerebral medical imaging with ensemble Kalman filters, this work analyses the sensitivity of the results with respect to different parameters entering the physical model and inversion procedure, such as the inlet flow rate from the heart, the choice of the boundary conditions and the non-symmetry in the network terminations. It also proposes an alternative low complexity construction for the covariance matrix of the hemodynamic parameters of a network of arteries including the circle of Willis...
November 13, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Ayse Cetin, Mehmet Sahin
A parallel fully-coupled (monolithic) fluid-structure interaction (FSI) algorithm has been applied to the deformation of red blood cells (RBCs) in capillaries, where cell deformability has significant effects on blood rheology. In the present FSI algorithm, fluid domain is discretized using the side-centered unstructured finite volume method based on Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) formulation, meanwhile solid domain is discretized with the classical Galerkin finite element formulation for the Saint Venant-Kirchhoff material in a Lagrangian frame...
November 13, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Dermot O'Rourke, Murk Bottema, Mark Taylor
Total hip replacements must be robust to patient variability for long-term success in the population. The challenge during the design process is evaluating an implant in a diverse population but the computational cost of simulating a population of subject-specific finite element (FE) models is not practical. We examined five strategies to generate representative subsets of subjects from a cohort of 103 implanted hip joint FE models to approximate the variability in output metrics. Comparing to the median and distribution of the 95th percentile composite peak micromotion (CPM) and polar gap in the full cohort (CPM median: 136 μm, interquartile range (IQR): 74 - 230 μm) (Polar Gap median: 467 μm, IQR: 434 - 548 μm), the Anatomic Sampling strategy (12 subjects) achieved the best balance of computational cost and approximation of the output metrics (CPM median: 169 μm, IQR: 78 - 236 μm) (Polar Gap median: 469 μm, IQR: 448 - 537 μm)...
November 5, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Juan R Cebral, Fernando Mut, Piyusha Gade, Fangzhou Cheng, Yasutaka Tobe, Juhana Frosen, Anne M Robertson
INTRODUCTION: Connecting local hemodynamics, biomechanics, and tissue properties in cerebral aneurysms is important for understanding the processes of wall degeneration and subsequent aneurysm progression and rupture. This challenging problem requires integration of data from multiple sources. METHODS: This paper describes the tools and techniques developed to integrate data from multiple sources, including clinical information, 3D imaging, intraoperative videos, ex vivo micro-computed tomography (CT), and multiphoton microscopy...
November 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Simone di Gregorio, Luca Possenti, Simone di Gregorio, Fannie Maria Gerosa, Giorgio Raimondi, Giustina Casagrande, Maria Laura Costantino, Paolo Zunino
We present a two phase model for microcirculation that describes the interaction of plasma with red blood cells. The model takes into account of typical effects characterizing the microcirculation, such as the Fahraeus-Lindqvist effect and plasma skimming. Besides these features, the model describes the interaction of capillaries with the surrounding tissue. More precisely, the model accounts for the interaction of capillary transmural flow with the surrounding interstitial pressure. Furthermore, the capillaries are represented as one-dimensional channels with arbitrary, possibly curved configuration...
October 24, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Wei Fan, Li-Xin Guo
This study aimed to examine breakage risk of the bilateral pedicle screw (BPS) fixation system under static and vibration loadings after three different types of lumbar interbody fusion surgery. A previously validated intact L1-sacrum finite element model was modified to simulate anterior, posterior, and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF, PLIF, and TLIF, respectively) with BPS fixation system (consisting of pedicle screws and rigid connecting rods) at L4-L5. As a risk parameter for breakage, the von Mises stresses in the pedicle screws and the rods for the ALIF, PLIF, and TLIF models under static loading (flexion, extension, lateral bending, and axial torsion moments) and vibration loading (sinusoidal vertical load) were calculated and compared...
October 7, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Shashank Srivastava, Suresh Bhalla
Directly bonded piezo sensor, conventionally employed in the electromechanical impedance (EMI) technique, although a proven candidate for structural health monitoring, is severely constrained in its application in the biomedical field due to its bonding requirement. In contrast, nonbonded piezo sensor (NBPS) provides a viable platform to assess the condition of human bones, tissues, and other biomedical subjects using the EMI technique without inflicting pain or irritation to the skin. The name NBPS was coined to emphasize that there was no direct bonding between the PZT patch and the live subject; instead, the PZT patch was bonded to a supporting medium, which maintains the mechanical interaction between the PZT patch and the subject...
October 3, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
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