journal
Journals Journal of Neurogastroenterolo...

Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38533644/consistency-of-feces-affects-defecatory-function
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Daming Sun, Kar Man Lo, Ssu-Chi Chen, Wing Wa Leung, Cherry Wong, Tony Mak, Simon Ng, Kaori Futaba, Hans Gregersen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: It is a common belief that constipated patients have hard feces that contributes to the difficulties defecating. To the best of our knowledge, no studies had been published on controlled evacuation of simulated feces with different consistencies. METHODS: Twelve normal subjects were recruited for studies with the simulated feces device "Fecobionics" of different consistency (silicone shore 0A-40A corresponding to Bristol Stool Form Scale types 2-4)...
March 27, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38321628/masculinity-rather-than-biological-sex-is-associated-with-psychological-comorbidities-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yong Sung Kim, Ju Yup Lee, Jung-Wook Kim, Seung Joo Kang, Jung Ho Park, Hyun Jin Kim, Seung-Ho Jang, Ji-Hyeon Kim, Jung-Hwan Oh
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) generally shows sex differences, and psychiatric comorbidities play an important role in its pathogenesis. We aim to measure the levels of gender roles and investigate their relationship with psychiatric factors in patients with IBS versus healthy controls. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with IBS by Rome III and whose colonoscopy findings were normal were enrolled at multiple sites in Korea. The participants completed the Korean Sex Role Inventory-Short Form (KSRI-SF) to assess masculinity and femininity, the stress questionnaire, the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS), and the 36-item Short Form Health Survey questionnaire to assess the quality of life (QOL)...
February 7, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38576374/ambulatory-impedance-ph-assessment-is-the-industry-standard-but-is-it-always-the-best-choice
#3
LETTER
Frederick W Woodley, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Raul Sanchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38576373/the-effect-of-clostridium-butyricum-on-gut-microbial-changes-and-functional-profiles-of-metabolism-in-high-fat-diet-fed-rats-depending-on-age-and-sex
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Soo In Choi, Nayoung Kim, Yonghoon Choi, Ryoung Hee Nam, Jae Young Jang, Sung-Yup Cho
BACKGROUND/AIMS: A high-fat diet (HFD) causes dysbiosis and promotes inflammatory responses in the colon. This study aims to evaluate the effects of Clostridium butyricum on HFD-induced gut microbial changes in rats. METHODS: Six-week-old Fischer-344 rats with both sexes were given a control or HFD during 8 weeks, and 1-to-100-fold diluted Clostridium butyricum were administered by gavage. Fecal microbiota analyses were conducted using 16S ribosomal RNA metagenomic sequencing and predictive functional profiling of microbial communities in metabolism...
April 30, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38576372/multimorbidity-of-allergic-diseases-is-associated-with-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-a-young-japanese-population
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yasunori Yamamoto, Shinya Furukawa, Teruki Miyake, Junichi Watanabe, Yukihiro Nakamura, Yoshihiro Taguchi, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Aki Kato, Katsunori Kusumoto, Osamu Yoshida, Eiji Takeshita, Yoshio Ikeda, Naofumi Yamamoto, Yuka Saeki, Osamu Yamaguchi, Yoichi Hiasa
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although certain allergic diseases have been reported to be associated with the prevalence of functional dyspepsia (FD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), it is unclear whether the presence of multiple allergic diseases further increases the prevalence of FD and IBS. The aim of this study is to determine this issue in young people. METHODS: A cohort of 8923 Japanese university students was enrolled and diagnoses of FD and IBS were confirmed using Rome III criteria...
April 30, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38576371/effect-of-trimebutine-and-rifaximin-on-breath-hydrogen-and-methane-by-glucose-breath-test-in-patients-with-functional-bloating-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ik Hyun Jo, Chang-Nyol Paik, Ji Min Lee, Do Seon Song, Yeon-Ji Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Drugs that stabilize intestinal motility may improve the efficacy of nonabsorbable antibiotics, such as rifaximin, against small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). We compared the efficacy of rifaximin alone with that of its combination with trimebutine maleate against SIBO. METHODS: We performed a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial (https://cris.nih.go.kr, no. KCT0004836) that included patients with functional bloating, no constipation, and SIBO using the hydrogen (H2 )-methane (CH4 ) glucose breath test (GBT)...
April 30, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38576370/factors-associated-with-the-prevalence-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-the-miyagi-part-of-the-tohoku-medical-megabank-project-community-based-cohort-study
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kumi Nakaya, Naoki Nakaya, Mana Kogure, Rieko Hatanaka, Ippei Chiba, Ikumi Kanno, Satoshi Nagaie, Tomohiro Nakamura, Motoyori Kanazawa, Soichi Ogishima, Nobuo Fuse, Shin Fukudo, Atsushi Hozawa
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The objective of this research is to examine factors related to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) prevalence in a large population-based study. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with participants in the Miyagi part of the Tohoku Medical Megabank Project Community-Based cohort study who completed the Rome II Modular Questionnaire. Multivariate odds ratios (ORs) for the presence of IBS and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for the reference group were calculated for each factor...
April 30, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38576369/the-effects-of-fermented-rice-drink-with-lactiplantibacillus-plantarum-jsa22-in-overweight-irritable-bowel-syndrome-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nam-Hee Kim, Hye Sun Choi, Moon Young Lee, Hyunbin Seong, Nam Soo Han, Hae-Jin Hu, Yong Sung Kim, Jung Ho Park
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aims to investigate the effect of a fermented rice drink with Lactiplantibacillus plantarum JSA22 on symptoms, blood tests, microbiomes, and fecal metabolites in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) who were overweight. METHODS: Sixty overweight (body mass index ≥ 23 kg/m2 ) patients aged between 20 and 65 with IBS were enrolled. Patients were divided into 2 groups and administered either a fermented rice drink or an nonfermented rice drink for a month...
April 30, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38576368/retrograde-cricopharyngeus-dysfunction-a-new-motility-disorder-single-center-case-series-and-treatment-results
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stijn Arnaert, Joris Arts, Karlien Raymenants, Filip Baert, Kathelijne Delsupehe
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Retrograde cricopharyngeus dysfunction (R-CPD) is a new clinical entity characterized by inability to belch and associated symptoms of loud gurgling noises, chest and/or abdominal pressure, abdominal bloating, and excessive flatulence. R-CPD can be treated with botulinum toxin (BT) injection in the upper esophageal sphincter. We hereby report patient demographics, symptomatology, and treatment results of a series of consecutive patients who presented at our center. METHODS: Data on 50 consecutive patients presenting with R-CPD were prospectively collected using a standardized questionnaire prior to, 1 month after treatment and at the end of follow-up...
April 30, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38576367/common-pathophysiological-mechanisms-and-treatment-of-diabetic-gastroparesis
#10
REVIEW
Yu-Xin Zhang, Yan-Jiao Zhang, Min Li, Jia-Xing Tian, Xiao-Lin Tong
Diabetic gastroparesis (DGP) is a common complication of diabetes mellitus, marked by gastrointestinal motility disorder, a delayed gastric emptying present in the absence of mechanical obstruction. Clinical manifestations include postprandial fullness and epigastric discomfort, bloating, nausea, and vomiting. DGP may significantly affect the quality of life and productivity of patients. Research on the relationship between gastrointestinal dynamics and DGP has received much attention because of the increasing prevalence of DGP...
April 30, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38576366/opioid-induced-constipation-old-and-new-concepts-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Francesco Squeo, Francesca Celiberto, Enzo Ierardi, Francesco Russo, Giuseppe Riezzo, Benedetta D'Attoma, Alfredo Di Leo, Giuseppe Losurdo
Daily use of opioid analgesics has significantly increased in recent years due to an increasing prevalence of conditions associated with chronic pain. Opioid-induced constipation (OIC) is one of the most common, under-recognized, and under-treated side effects of opioid analgesics. OIC significantly reduces the quality of life by causing psychological distress, lowering work productivity, and increasing access to healthcare facilities. The economic and social burden of OIC led to the development of precise strategies for daily clinical practice...
April 30, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38576365/how-does-esophageal-smooth-muscle-change-after-denervation-in-achalasia
#12
EDITORIAL
Yu Kyung Cho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38576364/exploring-the-atypical-allergy-spectrum-in-disorders-of-gut-brain-interactions-from-food-to-aeroallergens
#13
EDITORIAL
Kewin T H Siah, Yong Sung Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38576363/retrograde-cricopharyngeus-dysfunction-inability-of-belch-due-to-upper-esophageal-sphincter-relaxation-failure
#14
EDITORIAL
Kee Wook Jung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38173165/editing-multichannel-intraluminal-impedance-ph-tracings-to-reduce-non-reflux-related-esophageal-acidification
#15
LETTER
Frederick W Woodley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38173164/tagging-an-air-swallow-from-the-bottom%C3%A2-up-is-more-efficient-than-from-the-top%C3%A2-down
#16
LETTER
Frederick W Woodley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38173163/can-small-fiber-neuropathy-explain-the-overlap-gastrointestinal-and-non-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-some-irritable-bowel-syndrome-patients
#17
LETTER
Amanda C Y Chan, Kewin T H Siah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38173162/clinical-trial-efficacy-of-mosapride-controlled-release-and-nortriptyline-in-patients-with-functional-dyspepsia-a-multicenter-double-placebo-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-parallel-clinical-study
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chung Hyun Tae, Ra Ri Cha, Jung-Hwan Oh, Tae-Guen Gweon, Jong Kyu Park, Ki Bae Bang, Kyung Ho Song, Cheal Wung Huh, Ju Yup Lee, Cheol Min Shin, Jong Wook Kim, Young Hoon Youn, Joong Goo Kwon
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Prokinetic agents and neuromodulators are among the treatment options for functional dyspepsia (FD), but their comparative efficacy is unclear. We aimed to compare the efficacy of mosapride controlled-release (CR) and nortriptyline in patients with FD after 4 weeks of treatment. METHODS: Participants with FD were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive mosapride CR (mosapride CR 15 mg and nortriptyline placebo) or nortriptyline (mosapride CR placebo and nortriptyline 10 mg) in double-placebo, double-blinded, randomized controlled, parallel clinical study...
January 30, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38173161/relationship-between-colonic-transit-response-to-eating-with-self-reported-constipation-severity-in-constipated-patients-according-to-the-phenotype
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
David Deutsch, Michel Bouchoucha, Julien Uzan, Gheorghe Airinei, Jean-Marc Sabate, Robert Benamouzig
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Eating is the major synchronizer of gastrointestinal motility and secretions. The present study aims to evaluate the interplay between self-perceived constipation severity (CS) and colonic response to eating in constipated patients according to the phenotype. METHODS: We included 387 consecutive outpatients complaining of Rome IV chronic idiopathic constipation. Likert scales for CS, abdominal pain severity, bloating severity, depression and anxiety assessment, total and segmental colonic transit time (CTT), and colonic transit response to eating (CTRE) were performed in all patients...
January 30, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38173160/efficacy-of-quadruple-coated-probiotics-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-parallel-group-study
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Young Hoon Chang, Yoon Jin Choi, Cheol Min Shin, Jin Seok Moon, Tae-Yoon Kim, Hyuk Yoon, Young Soo Park, Nayoung Kim, Dong Ho Lee
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy of quadruple-coated probiotics (gQlab) in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), focusing on sex differences and IBS subtypes. METHODS: One hundred and nine Rome III-diagnosed IBS patients were randomized into either a gQlab or placebo group and received either gQlab or a placebo for 4 weeks. Participants replied to questionnaires assessing compliance, symptoms, and safety. Fecal samples were collected at 0 and 4 weeks to measure the probiotic levels using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and to perform metagenomic analysis via 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing...
January 30, 2024: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
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