Journals International Journal of Surge...

International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Nathan J Alcasid, Kian C Banks, Angela Sun, Jeffrey B Velotta
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: NUT (nuclear protein in testis) carcinoma of the lung is an aggressive, poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma that has a poor prognosis. Currently, there are no recommended guidelines with limited literature regarding the management of primary NUT carcinoma of the lung. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old male presented with 2 weeks of intractable chest pain and shortness of breath and was found to have Stage IV pleural NUT carcinoma...
March 20, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Gosa Bejiga
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Bucket-handle mesenteric tear (BHMT) is a type of intestinal mesenteric injury where the intestine separates from its mesentery resulting in ischemia and perforation. Traumatic abdominal wall hernia (TAWH) is a disruption of the abdominal wall muscles and fascia in the presence of intact skin. BHMT and TAWH following bicycle handlebar injury in adults are rare. TAWH and generalized abdominal tenderness led to emergent surgical treatment in our patient. I aim to report these rare clinical entities in an adult patient with the management...
March 20, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Saransh Verma, Harshita Dubey, Swati Gupta, Amar Ranjan, Harsh Goel, Anil Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix (NECC) is a rare variant of cervical cancer with poor prognosis and high mortality. Recurrence is seen with multi-organ metastasis including liver. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65 year old female presented with vaginal bleeding for the past one year. Cervical cancer screening and biopsy demonstrated poorly differentiated squamous carcinoma. Immunohistochemistry showed positive expression of chromogranin, synaptophysin, pancytokeratin, TTP1, and CEA and negative expression of p40 and estrogen receptors...
March 20, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Yansheng Jin, Yanrong Zhai, Maoxiao Fan, Xiaozhong Li
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: The treatment of a complex calciphylaxis wound with infection continues to be a significant challenge in a clinical situation. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of an 87-year-old man presented with a nontraumatic painful ulcer on his right heel. Calciphylaxis was diagnosed by the biopsy. Although a serial therapy of sodium thiosulphate, tramadol hydrochloride, frequent dressing changes, and conventional surgical debridement initiated, the worsening skin wound covered with a necrotic base and blackish eschar was formed...
March 20, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Lubna Mushtaque Vohra, Tarbia Hamid, Romana Idress
INTRODUCTION: Borderline phyllodes tumors are very infrequent breast tumors encountered by surgeons. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a young woman with a very large borderline phyllodes tumor measuring 20 cm × 20 cm, involving almost all of the breast, causing gross asymmetry of the breasts. DISCUSSION: The patient wished to maintain symmetry following the surgery as a result of which a simple mastectomy followed by implant based Immediate breast reconstruction was planned...
March 20, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Andre Marolop Pangihutan Siahaan, Martin Susanto, Donny Luis, Muhammad Chairul, Sonny Giat Raja Saragih, Ade Ricky Harahap
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Progressive epidural hematoma (PEDH) after traumatic brain injury is usually found in the first 24 h after accident. However, EDH enlargement on day six after admission is rarely observed. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present the case of a 14-year-old boy who presented to the emergency room after a car accident with only a headache without any neurological deficit. The computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a slight epidural hematoma, which then treated expectantly...
March 20, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Yohannis Derbew Molla, Mezgebu Alemneh Assefa, Aklilu Yiheyis Abraha
BACKGROUND: Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a polymicrobial, both aerobic and anaerobic, synergistic necrotizing fasciitis of the perineal, genital, or perianal regions. It is a rapidly progressive and fulminant soft tissue infection and it is potentially fatal. Fournier's gangrene has been shown to be strongly associated with diabetes, chronic alcoholism, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), lymphoproliferative diseases, chronic steroid abuse, and cytotoxic drugs. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old Ethiopian male patient with no previous medical history presented to the emergency department with a four-day history of perineal pain, swelling, and discharge...
March 19, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Zephania Saitabau Abraham, Aveline Aloyce Kahinga
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Unilateral choanal atresia is a congenital anomaly where a newborn baby is born with a unilateral imperforate posterior nare. In most of the time the diagnosis may be missed for years after birth. A rhinolith is an entity formed by gradual deposition and coating of different salts of calcium and magnesium over an endogenous or exogenous nidus in the nasal cavity. Coexistence of a rhinolith and choanal atresia is a very rare encounter in clinical practice and to the best of our knowledge this is perhaps the first documented case in Tanzania...
March 18, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Tadesse Girma, Tilahun Habte Nureta, Dabessa Mossisa Abebe
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Type 1 neurofibromatosis (NF1) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by NF1 gene mutation, which is associated with several types of tumors. GIST is an intestinal stromal tumor arising from interstitial cells of Cajal in the intestine. GIST is one of the neoplasms seen in NF1 and usually affects elderly individuals with a median age around 60-65 years but rarely occur in children, adolescent and young adults. CASE PRESENTATION: An 18-year-old male patient presented to our hospital with abdominal swelling of one-year duration...
March 18, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Salik Hamid, Ashok Gadré, Liselott Fornander, Johanna Sjöwall, Måns Muhrbeck
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Clostridial myonecrosis (CM), or gas gangrene, is a rare necrotizing muscle infection caused most often by Clostridium perfringens or C. septicum. Inoculation can occur either traumatically or spontaneously. CM has a high mortality rate if not treated promptly. CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old male presented to the emergency department (ED) with sudden onset left flank pain and fever. Repeated CT scans demonstrated progressive edema around the left iliopsoas muscle with gas formation and bleeding...
March 18, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ming Ni, Dong Wang
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: The common complications of triamcinolone acetonide injection are subcutaneous atrophy and hypopigmentation. Several therapies have been reported, including autologous fat grafting, saline injection, and various filler injections. However, severe cases of both subcutaneous atrophy and hypopigmentation occurring together are rare. In this case report, we present a successful autologous fat transplantation treatment to address multiple severe subcutaneous atrophy and hypopigmentation caused by triamcinolone acetonide injection...
March 18, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ahmad Jabir Rahyussalim, Faiz Muhammad Al As'ady, Mochammad Kamal Nasser, Tri Kurniawati
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Degeneration process occurs in humans after reaching their maximum potential. The degeneration process in the spine includes osteoporosis and degenerative disc disease, however, the conventional treatment causes many post-operative complications. Minimally invasive procedures have recently been carried out considering the same expected outcome and minimally injuring other tissues. Biological approaches using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and secretomes are more promising for bone-related issues...
March 17, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Amrit Bhusal, Prashant Rai, Anju Pradhan, Ajay Agrawal
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Leiomyoma is the most common gynecologic tumor which may show atypical locations and degenerations. Cystic degeneration is said to be found in 4 % of all degenerations. Endometriosis, the presence of endometrial glands and stroma at extrauterine sites, is a common gynaecological condition seen in 10 % to 15 % of reproductive-age women usually being associated with various degrees of fertility problems. CASE PRESENTATION: 40 years old woman with P1L1A2, with secondary sub-fertility for 5 years, presented with chief complaints of dysmenorrhoea for 1 year initially around the menstrual cycle relieving with analgesics but later not limited to the menstrual cycle and pain not relieving with analgesics since 1 month...
March 17, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Oadi N Shrateh, Afnan W M Jobran, Rabee Adwan, Zeyad Al-Maslamani, Ayman Tarifi
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Pressure ulcers (known as pressure injuries) occur when a bony prominence, such as the sacrum, is subjected to prolonged pressure and can result in soft tissue injury. Continuous and attentive repositioning is necessary to prevent and cure pressure-induced wounds. CASE PRESENTATION: A 49-year-old patient who presented to the hospital with a case of paraplegia post spinal injury due to Road Traffic Accident, with a huge infected sacral bed sore and complaints of generalized weakness and fever...
March 17, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Mohamed Fadhel Chtourou, Hazem Beji, Slim Zribi, Yassine Kallel, Mahdi Bouassida, Hassen Touinsi
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: A pancreatic pseudocyst is a known complication of acute and chronic pancreatitis. A pseudocyst rupture into the abdomen causes peritonitis, which can be fatal if surgical treatment is delayed. Here in we report the case of a 46-year-old woman presenting with a pancreatic pseudocyst doubly complicated with infection and rupture causing sepsis shock. CASE PRESENTATION: A 46 year-old-woman, with a history of chronic pancreatitis four years prior complicated with a pancreatic pseudocyst of 3 cm, presented to our emergency department with clinical signs of generalized peritonitis...
March 17, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Michel Samaan, Fatima Abdulmoain Idres, Yacin Hawa, Marwa Madania
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Arterial injury is a rare complication following hip fracture surgery. If not diagnosed appropriately, can lead to life- or limb-threatening situations. This report describes a case of late iatrogenic arterial injury, four weeks following surgery for intertrochanteric fracture. CASE PRESENTATION: An 89-year-old woman suffered an intertrochanteric fracture. The deep femoral artery was injured four weeks after fracture treatment by dynamic hip screw, following increase of range of motion during the rehabilitation exercises...
March 17, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Mario Pacilli, Alberto Gerundo, Giovanna Pavone, Alberto Fersini, Antonio Ambrosi, Nicola Tartaglia
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Metastatic localization of melanoma often affects the gastrointestinal tract, with reference to the small intestine. CASE PRESENTATION: In this work we present the clinical course of a patient affected by a surgically treated melanoma of the right conjunctiva, suddenly manifesting abdominal symptomatology. The abdominal computed tomography scan (CT scan) show evidence of free air into the peritoneal cavity, cholecystitis and brain lesions highly suspicious for metastases...
March 17, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Sarah Mirzaie, Theodore X Hu, Lu Yang, Katy L Lawson, Mark D Girgis
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Heterotopic Pancreas (HP) is defined by the presence of pancreatic tissue in an anatomically distinct location from the main pancreas. While often clinically silent, it may present symptomatically. If located in the gastric antrum, HP may cause gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). The objective of this paper is to present a rare case of HP in the gastric antrum causing GOO. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we report a 43-year-old man who presented with abdominal pain and non-bilious emesis in the setting of COVID-19 infection and alcohol consumption...
March 16, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Murad Habib, Hajra Fazeelat Bajwa, Muhammad Abbas, Muhammad Amjad Chaudhary
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Diphallia is extremely rare urological anomaly with reported incidence of 1 in 5-6 million live births. It can present as complete or incomplete diphallia. In most of the cases it is associated with complex urological, gastrointestinal or anorectal malformations. CASE PRESENTATION: We report here case of a newborn who was presented to us at 1st day of life with diphallia and anorectal malformation. He had true diphallia with two separate uretheral orifices...
March 16, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ahmed Nasir Hanifi, Zekrullah Baset, Abdul Sami Ibrahimkhil, Ahmed Maseh Haidary, Mehmood Shah Rahimi, Haider Ali Malakzai
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Teratoma is a germ cell tumor originating from pluripotent germ cells and embryonal cells that commonly occurs in the gonads with only 15 % of it arising in extragonadal sites. In infants and children, teratomas of the head and neck are uncommon that comprise 0.47 %-6 % of all teratomas, and their occurrence in parotid gland is extremely rare. It is considered a diagnostic pitfall preoperatively, and their definite diagnosis can only be made upon surgery followed by histopathological examination...
March 15, 2023: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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