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Journals International Journal of Healt...

International Journal of Health Sciences

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38455603/prevalence-of-co-infection-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-diagnosed-tuberculosis-cases-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Naif H Alanazi, Asif Hanif
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to find pooled prevalence and risk factors of co-infection of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in diagnosed tuberculosis (TB) cases. METHODS: Search engines including PubMed and Google Scholar were used to find literature using search terms such as "co-infection," "HIV," "Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome," TB and "Prevalence" among others. All original studies conducted on the prevalence of HIV co-infection among diagnosed TB patients that were freely available in full length had a clear methodology and relevant results were included in the study...
2024: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38455602/%C3%AE-caryophyllene-attenuates-oxidative-stress-and-hepatocellular-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-type-2-diabetic-rats-induced-with-high-fat-and-fructose-diets
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Vadivel Mani, Ipsita Dash, Sangeeta Chandrashekar, Muninathan Natarajan
OBJECTIVE: Hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and systemic resistance to insulin are typical manifestations of type 2 diabetes mellitus. One of the main pathophysiological alterations in insulin-sensitive organs is mitochondrial malfunction associated with oxidative stress and diminished fuel utilization. β-Caryophyllene (BCP) has qualities that are anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, antioxidant, hypolipidemic, and hypoglycemic. In this work, rats suffering from type 2 diabetes were given a diet high in fat and sugar with the aim of examining the ameliorative effects of BCP on oxidative stress-mediated hepatic mitochondrial dysfunction...
2024: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38455601/the-synergistic-effect-of-oxaliplatin-and-punicalagin-on-colon-cancer-cells-caco-2-death
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hadeil Muhanna Alsufiani
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study are to investigate the synergistic effect of oxaliplatin (oxa) and punicalagin (pun) on the death of colon cancer cells (Caco-2) by apoptosis and autophagy. METHODS: The effects of the combined treatments (5 μM oxa + 50 μM pun, 5 μM oxa + 75 μM pun, 20 μM oxa + 50 μM pun, and 5 μM oxa + 75 μM pun) were compared with untreated Caco2 cells (control) or cells treated with oxa alone...
2024: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38455600/therapeutic-potentials-of-catalase-mechanisms-applications-and-future-perspectives
#4
EDITORIAL
Zafar Rasheed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38455599/prediction-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-adults-from-saudi-arabia-using-the-logarithm-of-triglyceride-hdl-cholesterol-ratio
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sami A Althwab, Waleed Al Abdulmonem, Khaled S Allemailem, Saud A Alarifi, Essam M Hamad
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death globally. Metabolic syndrome (MtS) is a risk factor that increases the likelihood of CVD. The atherogenic index (AIP), calculated as the logarithm of the ratio of triglycerides (TG) to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) cholesterol in plasma, is a valuable marker for highly atherogenic small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol particles. This study aimed to explore MtS prevalence and investigate the potential of using the AIP as a predictor for CVD risk factors in adults from the Qassim region of Saudi Arabia...
2024: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38455598/developing-an-attitude-toward-polio-vaccination-scale-and-establishing-its-psychometric-properties-in-pakistani-context-for-indigenous-and-international-researchers
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Warda Saleh, Humaira Jami, Muhammad Kamran, Ghulam Muhammad Kundi
OBJECTIVES: Negative attitudes toward polio vaccination in Pakistan are threatening the global polio eradication efforts by encouraging vaccine refusals and attacks on polio workers. The present research explored the underlying dimensions of these attitudes and their correlates: Uncertainty and belief in conspiracy theories. METHODS: This research began with the development of an item pool generated with the help of an open-ended survey of university students (n = 44)...
2024: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38455597/green-synthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-from-euphorbia-milii-plant-extract-for-enhanced-antibacterial-and-enzyme-inhibition-effects
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Saud Bawazeer
OBJECTIVES: Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are gaining increasing attention in biomedical applications due to their unique properties. Green synthesis methods are environmentally friendly and have demonstrated potential for AgNP production. This study explores the green synthesis of AgNPs using the methanolic extract of Euphorbia milii , a plant known for its medicinal properties. The primary objectives of this research were to synthesize AgNPs using E. milii extract, characterize the nanoparticles (NPs) using various techniques, and evaluate their antibacterial and enzyme inhibitory activities...
2024: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38455596/protective-effects-of-n-acetylcysteine-and-s-adenosyl-lmethionine-against-nephrotoxicity-and-immunotoxicity-induced-by-ochratoxin-a-in-rats
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nuha A Alkhattabi, Fares K Khalifa, Huda A Al Doghaither, Ayat B Al-Ghafari, Nesrin Ibrahim Tarbiah, Aliaa Sabban
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to investigate the nephroprotective and immunoprotective effects of S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAMe) in comparison to N-acetylcysteine (NAC) against ochratoxin A (OTA) - intoxication. METHODS: Forty-eight adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were categorized into four groups: Control; OTA intoxication (5 mg OTA/kg diet); OTA + NAC, rats received 200 mg NAC/day before feeding balanced diet contaminated with OTA; and (OTA + SAMe)...
2024: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38188900/anticoagulative-activity-of-commiphora-gileadensis-aspirin-and-heparin-on-blood-coagulation-profiles-in-na%C3%A3-ve-mice
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ayman Saeed Alhazmi
OBJECTIVE: Commiphora gileadensis is a small tree under the genus Commiphora . Previous studies showed medical applications, such as antibacterial and antihypertensive, for C. gileadensis . METHODS: Sixty naïve mice were classified into six groups: control, C. gileadensis sap-treated group, C. gileadensis methanol extract-treated group, C. gileadensis acetone extract-treated group, heparin-treated group, and aspirin-treated group. Blood samples from each mouse in the six groups were collected in EDTA, sodium citrate, and heparin tubes...
2024: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38188899/a-comparable-risk-of-extensively-drug-resistant-typhoid-fever-in-the-pediatric-cohort-during-the-covid-19-pandemic
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maria Khan, Maria Tasneem Khattak, Amina Gul, Muhammad Riaz, Fatima Tu Zahra
OBJECTIVE: The number of extremely drug-resistant (XDR) Salmonella typhi isolates is growing in the northwest of Pakistan, where health-care facilities are already under strain due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) issue. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, we currently describe the first widespread appearance of an XDR Salmonella typhi epidemic during the COVID-19 pandemic. This strain of Salmonella typhi is resistant to all first- and second-line drugs and even the third-generation cephalosporin...
2024: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38188898/periodontal-health-status-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-case-control-study
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pooja Singh, Umesh Pratap Verma, Ajay Kumar Verma, Prashant Gupta, Anjani Kumar Pathak, Rameshwari Singhal, Shalini Kaushal
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the periodontal health status of individuals with lung cancer in the North Indian population. In addition, the study aimed to determine the levels of human beta-defensin2 (Hbd-2) in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and serum samples collected from the participants. METHODS: The study consisted of a total of 90 participants, who were categorized into three groups: Group 1 included 30 healthy individuals, Group 2 comprised 30 patients with chronic periodontitis, and Group 3 involved 30 patients diagnosed with both lung cancer and chronic periodontitis...
2024: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38188897/prescription-practices-of-physicians-quality-of-care-and-patients-safety-a-mixed-methods-comprehensive-study
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Muhammad Ahmed Abdullah, Ameer Sikander Ahmed, Babar Tasneem Shaikh, Mohammad Bilal Kaleem, Abdullah Sumbal, Zahid Naeem
OBJECTIVES: Amidst inconsistent prescribing patterns and potentially harmful medication errors in the field of medical practice, this study endeavored to explore the prescription practices of physicians in Rawalpindi metropolitan city in Pakistan. METHODS: A mixed method study was conducted based on the analysis of 1232 prescriptions gathered from 16 pharmacies, along with in-depth interviews with 13 practicing physicians. The prescriptions were assessed for legibility, polypharmacy, patient details, history, diagnosis, and other relevant information...
2024: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38188896/metabolic-consequences-of-flavonoid-and-saponin-extracts-from-gongronema-latifolium-leaves-in-offspring-of-rats-that-consumed-sucrose-during-lactation
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cynthia Nwaewu Okokwu, Bond Ugochukwu Anyaehie, David Chibuike Ikwuka, Amechi Katchy, Okwute Michael Ochayi
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the metabolic consequences of saponin and flavonoid extracts of Gongronema latifolium leaves in rat offspring whose mothers consumed sucrose during breastfeeding. METHODS: Thirty-two female albino Wistar rats were randomly assigned to control group, given water only: sucrose group, given sucrose solution only; flavonoid groups, given sucrose solution and 100 mg/kg b.w. and 200 mg/kg b.w. of flavonoid and saponin groups, given sucrose solution and 100 mg/kg b...
2024: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38188895/nephrotic-syndrome-pretibial-epidermolysis-bullosa-in-a-patient-with-cd151-tetraspanin-defect-a-case-report
#14
Khamisa Almokali, Hissah Alshalawi, Marwh G Aldriwesh, Raniah S Alotibi
Nephrotic syndrome (NS)-epidermolysis bullosa (EB) sensorineural deafness syndrome is an autosomal recessive rare genetic disease caused by a CD151 gene homozygous mutation on chromosome 11p15.5. In this report, we discuss a rare case related to a Saudi patient with genetic syndrome who presented with NS and EB. Whole genome sequencing results indicated a homozygous pathogenic variant identified in the CD151 gene (c.493C>T p.(Arg165*), which was consistent with a genetic diagnosis of autosomal recessive nephropathy with pretibial EB and deafness syndrome...
2024: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38188894/melanoma-awareness-programs-and-their-impact-on-the-life-of-australian-queenslanders-a-concise-analysis
#15
EDITORIAL
Naila Rasheed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38481538/retracted-assessment-of-the-low-field-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-the-brain-scan-imaging-of-the-infant-hydrocephalus
#16
(no author information available yet)
[This retracts the article on p. 44 in vol. 17.].
2023: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37929239/management-of-allergic-disorders-in-saudi-arabia-challenges-and-future-perspectives
#17
EDITORIAL
Zafar Rasheed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2023: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37929238/differential-expression-of-cancer-stem-cell-markers-and-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-il-1%C3%AE-in-the-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-oral-submucosal-fibrosis
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shriddha Awasthi, Sharique Ahmad, Rahul Gupta, Mohammed Shariq Iqbal, Ausaf Ahmad
OBJECTIVES: The poor prognosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is vastly due to late diagnosis. The oral submucosal fibrosis (OSMF) is often unnoticed pathology linked with high risk of malignancy. Recently, we demonstrated that the clinicopathological alterations in OSMF and OSCC patients were correlated with cancer stem cell (CSCs) markers (CD133 and CD44). However, the parallel alterations of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) with CSCs expression are largely unexplored. Thus, we aimed to investigate the relationship between IL-1β alterations and CSC marker expression in both OSMF and OSCC situations...
2023: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37929237/caffeine-lactic-acid-or-nothing-what-effect-does-expectation-have-on-men-s-performance-and-perceived-exertion-during-an-upper-body-muscular-endurance-task
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dara Campelo, Alexander J Koch, Marco Machado
OBJECTIVE: We tested the impact of subjects' belief in an ingested substance's ergogenic or ergolytic properties on muscular endurance performance and perceived exertion. METHODS: Trained men ( n = 15, age = 41 ± 4 y; body mass = 82.1 ± 15.8 kg; height = 173 ± 8 cm; experience = 7.4 ± 2.3 y) completed one set to failure at 80% repetition maximum of the bench press under three conditions. In all conditions, subjects ingested capsules of an identical, inert substance (300 mg cellulose), but, in a randomized order, subjects were told that they were either ingesting caffeine (Placebo), lactic acid (Nocebo), or cellulose (Control) and received information on the respective alleged ergogenic/ergolytic/neutral effects of each...
2023: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37929236/isolated-benign-neutropenia-in-healthy-individuals-from-saudi-arabia-s-central-region-a-comprehensive-study
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ahmad AlShomar
OBJECTIVES: Neutrophils are the most common cell types in circulation and are considered the first line of defense in the immune system against microorganisms. This study was undertaken to investigate the occurrence of isolated benign neutropenia (IBN) among healthy individuals in the central region of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed complete blood count tests as part of routine checkups for chronic health conditions from April to September 2022...
2023: International Journal of Health Sciences
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